Presentation on theme: "Reflections on African Positions / Programmes: What Bolts need to be fastened? (E.GS from REDD + / AFOLU) Peter A Minang ICRAF / ASB Partnership (AMCEN."— Presentation transcript:
Reflections on African Positions / Programmes: What Bolts need to be fastened? (E.GS from REDD + / AFOLU) Peter A Minang ICRAF / ASB Partnership (AMCEN Addis meeting, October 2009)
Africa has never done better at negotiations Congratulations to our negotiators CAN WE DO BETTER? YES WE CAN
Building our Positions on sound analysis and experience REDD Readiness / demonstration projects Africa = <25% of the 179 national activities and projects surveyed, or 45% less than Indonesia. Does this imply same for AIJ and CDM?
REDD+ and REDD ++ (AFOLU) are complementary for Africa Rainforests =100 Million people Other forest outside of rainforests= 500 Million Agroforestry = 1.9m sq Km Agriculture= 1.8m sq km Agroforestry = Adaptation and mitigation
Mitigation Potential of Agriculture in Africa Congo Basin countries also need agriculture (e.g Cameroon is 50% non rainforest, Katanga province in DRC is not rainforest) Agriculture 1004 Mt CO2-eq/yr until 2030 At $ 10 =
Agroforestry, C, Profitability and adaptation
Hence Please see these as opportunities for every one and support each others perspective It is just a question of speed: REDD at 80km/hr and Agric at 10 km/hr AMCEN in May recommended broadening to include agroforestry and agriculture
Funds and Markets are complementary and necessary for Africa So far our finance emphasis has been on funds (RIGHT and LEGITIMATE) BUT What does experience tell us Carbon Market Billion USD in 2008 If Africa targets and accesses10% = 12.6 Billion Available for REDD so far= 2- 3 Billion Adaptation fund= 300 m World Bank System= 1.2 Billion Pledged (GEF ? Etc)
When is a number not enough? – 67 Billion for Adaptation? Yes there has been good discussion on the governance- Who manages and how to access? BUT Why have we been funding this within the UNFCCC? (Except for NAPA) How do we distribute these funds? What criteria for G77 group of countries What are we going to spend this on in our countries?
Are we paying attention to NAMAs? If no why? Yes, South Africa, Algeria, Senegal OUT of 53? But others are doing that big time Do we see the advantages for the energy sectors for which we have great potential- Solar, wind etc Do we have thoughts about mechanisms for conditional / non-conditional funding for NAMAs?
Some final thoughts to keep in mind!!!! 1)THE DEVIL IS IN THE DETAIL 1)ADAPTING TO CLIMATE CHANGE IN AFRICA WOULD ONLY HAPPEN IF AND WHEN WE DO THE WORK