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Pre-COP Expert Meeting 22/10/2009 Addis-Ababa 1 The PRE-COP HIGH LEVEL EXPERT MEETING ON AFRICAN MINISTERIAL CONFERENCE ON ENVIRONMENT (AMCEN), Addis Ababa,

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Presentation on theme: "Pre-COP Expert Meeting 22/10/2009 Addis-Ababa 1 The PRE-COP HIGH LEVEL EXPERT MEETING ON AFRICAN MINISTERIAL CONFERENCE ON ENVIRONMENT (AMCEN), Addis Ababa,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Pre-COP Expert Meeting 22/10/2009 Addis-Ababa 1 The PRE-COP HIGH LEVEL EXPERT MEETING ON AFRICAN MINISTERIAL CONFERENCE ON ENVIRONMENT (AMCEN), Addis Ababa, 22 October, 2009 Draft Comprehensive Framework for climate change in Africa: Programmes and Initiatives By Dorothy Amwata

2 Pre-COP Expert Meeting 22/10/2009 Addis-Ababa 2 Outine Africas context Stocktaking exercise Adaptation Mitigation Supporting and enabling measures: Capacity building, finance and technology and development Insights Sub-regional synthesis Final analysis

3 Pre-COP Expert Meeting 22/10/2009 Addis-Ababa 3 Context Key elements Adaptation Mitigation Enabling measures (capacity building, finances and technology transfer and development)

4 Pre-COP Expert Meeting 22/10/2009 Addis-Ababa 4 African consultation processes AMCEN 12th special session, 14 th -18 June 2009 Outline of comprehensive CC programmes Scoping of CC adaptation Declarations 2nd Africa Regional Platform for DRR Consultative Meeting, 5-7 May, Nairobi institutional FWs, observation, monitoring, early warning; knowledge, innovation, education to build a safety nets and resilience at all levels; AMCEN 3 rd special session, 25 th -30 th May 2009 Reaffirmed the comprehensive CC programmes Declarations African common position

5 Pre-COP Expert Meeting 22/10/2009 Addis-Ababa 5 Stocktaking exercise International institutions/organisations UN Bodies: UNDP, UNEP, FAO World wide fund for nature (WWF) African wildlife foundation (AWF) International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Stockholm environment institute (SEI) International Development Research Centre IDRC Action Aid, international Centre de coopération internationale en recherché agronomique pour le développement (CIRAD), Global climate change observation systems (GCOS) Global environmental change and food systems (GECAFS) GLOWA Hadley Centre International Centre for Theoretical Physics (ICTP) World Vision USAID etc…

6 Pre-COP Expert Meeting 22/10/2009 Addis-Ababa 6 Stocktaking cont… Regional institutions Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA) African Development Bank (AfDB), NEPAD Observatoire du Sahara et du Sahel (OSS), COMESA, ICPAC ATPS, CEEPA, CGIAR, AIACC, ICRAF COMIFAC ECABREN ENDA FAN FANRPAN Oxfam ACMAD, ACTS, AFRICARE, ASARECA, FARA Tyndell Centre etc…

7 Pre-COP Expert Meeting 22/10/2009 Addis-Ababa 7 Adaptation Disaster risk reduction; early warning, preparedness, emergency response and post disaster recovery; Sectoral planning and implementation: adaptation in key sectors water, agriculture, coastal zones, health, infrastructure, biodiversity and ecosystems, forests, energy, urban management and tourism, including cross sectoral implications; and Building economic and social resilience through diversification of economies to reduce dependence on climate sensitive sectors

8 Pre-COP Expert Meeting 22/10/2009 Addis-Ababa 8 Global initiatives 1. Advancing Capacity for CCA(ACCCA/UNITAR) Build capacity for climate change risks management through pilot actions 2. Climate Change CD (C3D) Innovative training and capacity building 3. CD for Adaptation to CC and GHG Mitigation (C3D+) Support development of adaptation measures and mitigation strategies 4. EuroAfrica-ICT Initiative Strategic cooperation between European and African ICT organisations

9 Pre-COP Expert Meeting 22/10/2009 Addis-Ababa 9 Regional initiatives 1. Adaptation Learning Mechanism KS Common platform for climate information 2. EAD DFID CC Adaptive Capacity Building Capacity development through innovations to build community resilience to CC 3. Assessments of Impacts and Adaptations to CC (AIACC) in Multiple Regions and Sectors Funding, training, mentoring of scientists to undertake multi-sector, multi-country research priorities 4. ClimDev Africa Integrating climate risk into policy decision making processes

10 Pre-COP Expert Meeting 22/10/2009 Addis-Ababa Capacity strengthening in the LDCs for ACC (CLACC) Capacity strengthening for adaptation to climate change 6. Supporting Integrated & Comprehensive Approaches to CCA in Africa Incorporate climate change risks into national development plans 7. African Climate Change Policy Centre Base of knowledge to strengthen efforts and capacities to address Climate Change Regional initiatives (cont…)

11 Pre-COP Expert Meeting 22/10/2009 Addis-Ababa 11 Regional initiatives cont… 8. Advancing Climate Change Adaptation in Africa Research & capacity development programme 9. CC and Development Adapting by Reducing Vulnerability (CC DARE) Integrate climate change risks into national development planning and decision-making. 10. Community-based Adaptation (CBA) Programme New knowledge and capacity to respond to unique community-based adaptation needs

12 Pre-COP Expert Meeting 22/10/2009 Addis-Ababa 12 Insights on Adaptation 1. Disaster risk reduction Focuses on preparedness: early warning, vulnerability assessments Projects rather than programmes Poor coordination and networking Observation and monitoring systems are inadequate Emergency response and post disaster recovery? 2. Sectoral planning &implementation Projects rather than programmes Limited coordination, collaboration & interactions Poor knowledge management: fragmented information and data

13 Pre-COP Expert Meeting 22/10/2009 Addis-Ababa 13 Insights on adaptation cont… Limited cross-sectoral linkages More on planning than concrete actions 3. Building economic resilience Projects rather programmes Limited coordination, collaboration & interactions

14 Pre-COP Expert Meeting 22/10/2009 Addis-Ababa 14 Preliminaries Increased awareness and knowledge on CC Li Limited networking, partnership and collaboration Inadequate integration into institutional and policy FWs Adaptation is a process and location specific Coordination and harmonisation by funding agencies

15 Pre-COP Expert Meeting 22/10/2009 Addis-Ababa 15 Mitigation Energy sector Reduced emissions from deforestation forest degradation Land use, land use change and forestry Using and maximising opportunities from the international carbon

16 Pre-COP Expert Meeting 22/10/2009 Addis-Ababa 16 Mitigation initiatives The Nairobi Framework of Action Building capacity in developing CDM project activities UNDP and UNEP Co-operation on Climate Change Enable countries to access carbon finance and cleaner technologies to stimulate SD UNEP – RISOE : Capacity Development for the Clean Development Mechanism (CD4CDM project) Establish GHG emission reduction projects in the energy sector

17 Pre-COP Expert Meeting 22/10/2009 Addis-Ababa 17 Mitigation initiatives cont… UNDP and UNEP Co-operation on Climate Change Access to carbon finance and cleaner technologies to stimulate SD. UNEP – RISOE : Capacity Development for the Clean Development Mechanism (CD4CDM) GHG emission reduction projects in the energy sector. Francophone Partnership initiative on CDM Global partnership for SD, on carbon markets initiatives Carbon finance for sustainable energy in Africa (CF-SEA) CDM project and capacity development

18 Pre-COP Expert Meeting 22/10/2009 Addis-Ababa 18 Mitigation programmes cont… Support for the Development and Uptake of CDM Projects in the Industrial Sector (UNIDO) Innovative partnerships to unlock the CDM potential in industrial sector Africa-Assist Sub-programme Develop and transact CDM projects Carbone finance for Agriculture, Sylviculture, Conservation and Action against Deforestation (CASCADE) Promote carbon finance transactions in agroforestry and biomass for voluntary carbon markets UNEP GHG abatement costing studies Review of the OECD/IPCC guidelines for national GHG inventories

19 Pre-COP Expert Meeting 22/10/2009 Addis-Ababa 19 Mitigation remains secondary Energy, Industry, Agriculture and Agroforestry remain the focal Based on CDM projects which still remain insufficient Great potential on REDD+, LULUCF etc Limited institutional and individual capacity Insights on mitigation

20 Pre-COP Expert Meeting 22/10/2009 Addis-Ababa 20 Enabling measures 1. Capacity building Mobilisation &strengthening of existing capacities (institutional and individual levels) Institutional coordination, collaboration and networking 2. Financing Coordination and harmonisation: funding agencies 3. Technology development and transfer

21 Pre-COP Expert Meeting 22/10/2009 Addis-Ababa 21 Thank You


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