Presentation on theme: "NIH Grant Mechanisms and Funding Process"— Presentation transcript:
1NIH Grant Mechanisms and Funding Process Misrak Gezmu, Ph.D.NIH, NIAIDASA Caucus of Academic representativesFor Chairs of Programs in Statistics/ BiostatisticsAugust 1, 2009ASA, Alexandria, VA
2Outline Overview of NIH extramural activities. NIH Funding mechanisms and Activity codes.Funding Opportunity Announcements.New InvestigatorsApplication submission and where to get helpReview and Funding process.Contact information.
3National Institute of Health (NIH) 27 institutes and centersMost institutes are disease specific.Eg. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), National Cancer Institute (NCI).Each institute has different programs, Eg. Statistical methods research for infectious diseases at NIAID.National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIGMS). General Biomedical Research.Center for Scientific Review.CSR handles the review process for NIH grant applications
4NIH Extramural activity NIH funds the best scientific research projects to improve the public health.Approximately 80% of NIH’s budget is allocated for funding research projects.The merit of each application is reviewed by NIH’s peer review system
5Funding mechanisms Grants Contracts Cooperative Agreement Investigator(s) responsible for developing the concepts, methods, and approach for a research project.ContractsThe Institute is responsible for establishing the detailed requirements.Cooperative AgreementBoth the awarding unit and the recipient have substantial responsibility.Project is contracted out.
6Research Grants. Unsolicited: Solicited Principal Investigator initiated. The researcher works in the research interest of an Institute.SolicitedRequest for Application (RFA):Initiative sponsored by one or more Institutes requesting application in a well defined area.Program Announcement (PA):Announcement in stated scientific area, one or more ICs.
7NIH Extramural Activity Codes Fellowship programs (F).Research career programs (K).Research program projects and centers (P).Research projects (R).Training programs (T)Cooperative agreement (U)
8Fellowship Programs (F) Provides individual grants to students and scientists to develop careers in biomedical research.F31: provides supervised individual predoctoral fellowship to promote diversity.F32: provides postdoctoral research training to broaden background or extend research.F33: provide opportunities for experienced scientists to take time from regular duties and to engage in health- related research.
9Research Career Programs (K). Biomedical research career development.K01: Mentored research scientist development award.K07: Academic career award. Develop research expertise and to improve the curricula and enhance the research capacity.K25: Mentored quantitative research career development award. Supports investigators with quantitative background to focus on biomedical research.
10Research Program Projects and Centers (P). P01: Research Program Project.Provides an institution with support for a multidisciplinary, long-term research program with an objective or theme involving groups of investigators.P30: Center Core GrantsSupport shared resources and facilities for a multidisciplinary research team or a group of investigators focusing on a common research topic.
11Research ProjectR01: Discrete, specified project to be performed by the Principal Investigator.R03: Provides support for preliminary short-term projects in response to RFA,PA.R13: Provide funding for conferences to exchange and disseminate information related to program interests.R03: ($50k/year, up to two years, not renewable.R21 $100k/year, up to 3 years, not renewable.R33: Non-competing continuation application, Phase II
12Research Project Contd. R15: Academic Research Enhancement Award. To support research projects from institutions that have not been major recipients of NIH research grant fundsR21 Exploratory/Developmental Grants, submitted in response to RFA, PA .R21/R33(new): phase/phase II for research begun as an R21 award.R03: ($50k/year, up to two years, not renewable.R21 $100k/year, up to 3 years, not renewable.R33: Non-competing continuation application, Phase II12
13R34/U01(Clinical Trial) Planning /implementation R34 (new): support initial development of clinical trial.eg. Establish research team, developing tools for managing data and overseeing the research, developing trial designs, recruitment strategies, and procedure manuals.Successful R34 can apply for Cooperative agreement.U01 clinical trial implementation
14Small Business GrantsR41(phase I)/R42 (phase II): Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR).Support cooperative research projects between small business and research institutions. To Establish merit and feasibility ideas with potential for commercialization.R43 (phase I)/R44 (phase II): Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR).Support projects to establish technical merit and feasibility which lead to commercial products and services
15Training programs (T) T15: Short courses. T32: fund academic institutions for training pre-doctoral and postdoctoral candidates.T35: provide research training during off-quarters or summer periods.Institiutions select the trainees
16Activity codes and Parent Announcements NIH activity codes (R01, R03, etc..)Guide for parent proposals
17Check ICs requirement for activity codes NIH Institutes and Centers (ICs) may vary in the way they use activity codes; look closely at Funding Opportunity Announcement (FAOS) to determine which ICs participate and the specifics of eligibility.Funding Opportunity and notices weeklySubscribe to newsletters
18Examples of Funding Opportunity Announcements relevant to statisticians. R25: Education projectsPA: Short Courses on Mathematical, Statistical, and Computational Tools for Studying Biological Systems (NIGMS and other ICs)Eg. 3 weeks summer Institute in statistics and modeling of infectious diseases training (University of Washington).
19Examples of FAOs relevant to statisticians contd… T15: Short term coursesThe Summer Institute for Training in Biostatistics I and II (NHLBI and NCRR).Eg. A comprehensive six-week summer training course on. Designed to address a growing imbalance between the demand and supply for biostatisticians. (Boston University, NC State, University of Wisconsin)
20Examples of FAOs relevant to statisticians contd… (this week) R01, R21: Research project, ExploratoryResearch to advance vaccine safety:creation/evaluation of statistical methodologies for analyzing data on vaccine safety, including data available from existing data sources such as passive reporting systems
21New Investigator (NI) and Early Stage Investigators (ESI) NI: Has not previously received a significant award from NIH (R01, Challenge grant etc.)ESI: With in 10 years of completion of terminal degree.Has special payline for R01sNIAID 2008: 12% R01 vs 16% *R01NIH website for Nis and ESIs.
22NIH Pathway to Independence (K99/R00) award Must be within 5 years of terminal degree.Phase I: mentored support, 1-2 years fellowship (K99).Phase II: Independent research (R00).Work towards preparing an R01 application
23Application submission NIH website on grants process is a useful resourceSubmit electronically through Grants.gov using the SF424 (R&R) applicationYou also must register with the eRA Commons (your institution must do this for you).eRA Commons: NIH Electronic Research Administration website: https://commons.era.nih.gov/commons/Institiutions select the trainees
24Where to get help? Center for Scientific Review. Questions about application process and study section assignment.Questions about the merit review process: Scientific Review Officer.
25Where to get help? Contd… Program Contact: Program Officer (Visit institute website to find contact person)Gives advice on research interest of the program to researchers before application is submitted.Attends grant peer reviews.Sends cover letter with the summary statement from the review.
26Examples of sample proposals and funded grant abstracts. R01: Research project proposals, NIAIDK 25: Quantitative career development, NHLBIFunded grants:Institiutions select the trainees
27Selected Statistical Topics from NIAID Statistical Methods Portfolio Mathematical and experimental models for HIV dynamics.Stat methods for evaluating vaccine efficacy.Data-driven computational modeling of the growth and spread of virusesNonparametric modeling of long-term HIV/Cell dynamics.
28Review of grant applications (R01) Eg. NIAID statistical methods. NIH Center for Scientific Review (CSR)Receives applications and gives ID number.Assigns each application toAn NIH Institute through the referral guide lineOne of the integrated review groups (IRG), study sections (for scientific merit review).Members of study sections are non-NIH scientific experts, who assess the scientific merit of grant applications.
29Study sections relevant to Statisticians Biostatistical Methods and Research Design (BMRD)AIDS Clinical Studies and Epidemiology (ACE; statistical methods relevant to HIV research)Modeling and Analysis of Biological Systems (MABS; modeling complex biological systems)
301st Level Peer Review, Scientific Merit (Study Section Responsibilities) ~ 20 independent reviewers in each study sections. (Each application will have 3/4 reviewers).ActionsApproval: Sufficient merit to be worthy of support and will receive priority score ( with 1 being the best).Disapproval: No sufficient merit, no priority score.Deferral: Cannot make recommendation without additional information.
31Most common Reasons for proposal to be not-highly-meritorious Lack of new or original ideas,Unfocused Research Plan,Lack of experience in the biology/methodology,Lack of knowledge of Published relevant work,Uncertainty concerning the future directions,Unrealistically large amount of work,Lack of experience/expertise in the biology*,Not readable to clinicians*.*common reasons on statistical methods grants.
32Pay LineDepending on the budget, a pay line will be determined for each of the institutes.NIAID 2008 FY pay line (percentile or score).R01:12 %; 16% for new investigatorsF31: 144, K: 154, R41/R42: 187
33National Advisory Council (Second level-Peer Review, Funding Recommendation) National Advisory Allergy and Infectious Disease Council.Diverse group that performs several key functions for the institute.Council members consist of Scientific experts, Division Directors and Advocacy organization representatives.Makes funding recommendations to NIAID Director based on program priorities and policy issues.
34What determines which awards are funded? Scientific Merit (Study section result).Program and/or Policy considerationsAvailability of funds
35Important dates for R01 Cycle I AIDS/Others Cycle II Cycle III Submission dateMay 7/March 5September7/June 5January 7/October 5Scientific Merit ReviewJune - JulyOctober - NovemberFebruary - MarchAdvisory Council ReviewSeptember - OctoberJanuary - FebruaryMay - JuneEarliest Project Start DateDecemberAprilJuly
36Important web sites General information NIH Center for Scientific ReviewTutorial about grant application process at NIAID.