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United Nations Population Division, 2007 The High-Level Dialogue on International Migration and Development POPULATION DIVISION DESA UNITED NATIONS.

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Presentation on theme: "United Nations Population Division, 2007 The High-Level Dialogue on International Migration and Development POPULATION DIVISION DESA UNITED NATIONS."— Presentation transcript:

1 United Nations Population Division, 2007 The High-Level Dialogue on International Migration and Development POPULATION DIVISION DESA UNITED NATIONS

2 United Nations Population Division, 2007 NUMBER OF MIGRANTS Worldwide: 191 million in 2005 Worldwide: 191 million in 2005 Of which In high-income developed: 91 million In high-income developed: 91 million In high-income developing: 21 million In high-income developing: 21 millionConsequently: 59 per cent are in high-income countries

3 United Nations Population Division, 2007 ASYMMETRIC GROWTH BY INCOME GROUP Millions

4 United Nations Population Division, 2007 MIGRANT STOCK IS ALMOST EQUALLY DIVIDED INTO THREE TYPES 53 million North South 61 million 62 million 14 million North South

5 United Nations Population Division, 2007 MIGRANTS CONSTITUTE HIGH PROPORTIONS OF THE POPULATION IN FEW COUNTRIES (MIGRANTS AS PERCENTAGE OF THE POPULATION, 2005)

6 United Nations Population Division, 2007 Migration policies have become somewhat less restrictive There is great diversity of policy stances There is growing preference for temporary migration schemes MIGRATION POLICIES

7 United Nations Population Division, 2007 MIGRATION POLICIES Programmes allowing skilled migration are common

8 United Nations Population Division, 2007 Changes in Government policy regarding immigration Percentage of countries

9 United Nations Population Division, 2007 Immigration policies, 2005

10 United Nations Population Division, 2007 THE HIGH-LEVEL DIALOGUE ON INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION AND DEVELOPMENT

11 United Nations Population Division, 2007 Resolution 60/227 of 2005 Date for HLD: September 2006 Date for HLD: September 2006 HLD would have four round tables: HLD would have four round tables: 1. Migration and development 1. Migration and development 2. Human rights, trafficking 2. Human rights, trafficking 3. Multidimensional aspects, including remittances 3. Multidimensional aspects, including remittances 4. Partnerships and capacity building 4. Partnerships and capacity building

12 United Nations Population Division, 2007 Launch of the SGs Report 6 June 2006: SG Annan launched his report on International Migration and Development KEY RECOMMENDATION: To establish a global consultative Forum to promote inter-governmental dialogue

13 United Nations Population Division, 2007 Strong engagement and participation in HLD 132 Member States made statements plus about 14 observers About 90 Member States were represented at the Vice-Ministerial level or above

14 United Nations Population Division, 2007 VIEWS EXPRESSED BY MEMBER STATES DURING THE HLD

15 United Nations Population Division, 2007 INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION IS A POSITIVE FORCE FOR DEVELOPMENT WHEN SUPPORTED BY APPROPRIATE POLICIES

16 United Nations Population Division, 2007 IT IS POSSIBLE AND ADVISABLE TO STRENGTHEN INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION ON INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION

17 United Nations Population Division, 2007 RESPECT FOR HUMAN RIGHTS IS NECESSARY TO REAP THE BENEFITS OF INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION

18 United Nations Population Division, 2007 NEED TO RATIFY THE CORE HUMAN RIGHTS AND LABOUR RIGHTS INSTRUMENTS

19 United Nations Population Division, 2007 NEED TO COMBAT TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS AND PROTECT THE VICTIMS OF TRAFFICKING

20 United Nations Population Division, 2007 STATUS OF RATIFICATION OF INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION INSTRUMENTS

21 United Nations Population Division, 2007 NEED TO ADDRESS THE ROOT CAUSES OF MIGRATION: POVERTY, LACK OF JOBS, VIOLATIONS OF HUMAN RIGHTS….

22 United Nations Population Division, 2007 FACILITATE THE FLOW OF REMITTANCES, REDUCE TRANSFER COSTS, LEVERAGE THEIR IMPACT

23 United Nations Population Division, 2007 Remittances received by developing countries, (Billions of US dollars)

24 United Nations Population Division, 2007 FOSTER LINKS WITH MIGRANT COMMUNITIES ABROAD. TAKE MEASURES TO CHANNEL THEIR CONTRIBUTIONS TO DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS. FACILITATE RETURN.

25 United Nations Population Division, 2007 CONCERN ABOUT BRAIN DRAIN: LOSS OF SKILLED WORKERS FROM LOW-INCOME COUNTRIES

26 United Nations Population Division, 2007 VIEWS ON FORUM: 127 Member States participated 80 expressed support Three expressed reservations: Australia, Bulgaria, USA (prefer regional approach)

27 United Nations Population Division, 2007 The Government of Belgium offered to host the first meeting of the Global Forum on Migration and Development

28 United Nations Population Division, 2007 WHAT HAPPENED NEXT?

29 United Nations Population Division, 2007 The General Assembly adopted in December 2006 a resolution that: 1. Took note of the offer of Belgium to host the Forum 2.Called for the consideration of options for follow-up to the HLD in 2008

30 United Nations Population Division, 2007 The Forum is State-led process taking place OUTSIDE the United Nations It is linked to the United Nations through the SRSG on Migration

31 United Nations Population Division, 2007 THE GLOBAL FORUM ON MIGRATION AND DEVELOPMENT (GFMD) First meeting will take place in Brussels, Belgium from 10 to 11 July 2007 Second meeting will take place in the Philippines in 2008 THE GLOBAL FORUM ON MIGRATION AND DEVELOPMENT (GFMD) First meeting will take place in Brussels, Belgium from 10 to 11 July 2007 Second meeting will take place in the Philippines in 2008

32 United Nations Population Division, 2007 THE GLOBAL FORUM T THE GLOBAL FORUM Three major sub-themes: 1. Human capital development and labour mobility 2. Remittances and other diaspora resources 3. Coherence and partnerships

33 United Nations Population Division, 2007 Human capital development and labour mobility Skilled migration (health) Temporary labour migration The role of non-governmental partners Circular migration and return

34 United Nations Population Division, 2007 Labour force projection for developed countries with and without migration With migration Without migration 100 million

35 United Nations Population Division, 2007 Remittances and other diaspora resources Remittances and other diaspora resources Facilitating transfers, reducing costs Improving impact of remittances at micro and macro levels Working with migrants for development

36 United Nations Population Division, 2007 Policy coherence and partnerships Policy coherence and partnerships Measuring migration and development impacts Coherent policy planning on migration and development Regional consultative processes and cooperation

37 United Nations Population Division, 2007 MEMBER STATES FACE A NUMBER OF DILEMMAS

38 United Nations Population Division, 2007 Rich countries need migrants… …but not an unlimited number….

39 United Nations Population Division, 2007 Human rights.... The most beneficial migration for poor countries is temporary worker migration The typical temporary worker programme is inconsistent with the rights-based approach

40 United Nations Population Division, 2007 Competition for skills... Richer countries are opening doors for the skilled Poor countries cannot afford to lose high proportions of their relatively small number of skilled workers

41 United Nations Population Division, 2007 The Forum is trying to address these dilemmas but... cleavages are coming to the fore.

42 United Nations Population Division, 2007 Population Division United Nations For information relating to the High-level Dialogue


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