Presentation on theme: "1 Avoiding Plagiarism in Research Prof. Dr. Khalid Mahmood Department of Library and Information Science University of the Punjab."— Presentation transcript:
1 Avoiding Plagiarism in Research Prof. Dr. Khalid Mahmood Department of Library and Information Science University of the Punjab
2 Plagiarism – Definition Taking and using the thoughts, writings, and inventions of another person as one's own Using someones ideas without citing or quoting; thereby, receiving credit for someone elses intellectual effort
3 How serious is the problem? A study of almost 4,500 students at 25 schools, suggests cheating is... a significant problem in high school - 74% of the respondents admitted to one or more instances of serious test cheating and 72% admitted to serious cheating on written assignments. Over half of the students admitted they have engaged in some level of plagiarism on written assignments using the Internet. Based on the research of Donald L. McCabe, Rutgers University Source: CIA Research. Center for Academic Integrity, Duke University, 2003.
4 Why is this a problem? For the student failure to achieve academic learning outcomes treated as academic misconduct For the teacher a waste of time For the institution threat to reputation and value of degrees Quality assurance, regulations, and legislative context
5 Forms of plagiarism Copying from a single source Copying from several sources Paraphrasing Collusion
6 How to avoid plagiarism Use quotes for Information that comes directly from any source Words, spoken or written, that you use directly from another person Make sure you document the source
7 How to avoid plagiarism Paraphrase Write the information in your own words, but do not change its meaning or intention Because you are using someone elses idea, always mention the source even if you use your own words
8 Common knowledge Any information, fact, or statement that is widespread and known by a variety of people is considered common knowledge John Adams was the second president of USA The Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941 There is no need to give credit to information that is of common knowledge
9 When should I cite? Is it your idea? NO Do not cite Is it common knowledge? No Yes Cite it!!
10 Accidental plagiarism Using words from another source without indicating where they came from. Ways to avoid accidental plagiarism: Careful note taking A clear understanding of the rules for quoting, paraphrasing, and summarizing sources
11 When in doubt, cite.
12 Plagiarism detection software
13 Penalties for teachers, researchers and staff Dismissal from service Demotion to the next lower grade Warning Freezing of research grants Promotions/annual increments of the offender may be stopped University may debar the offender from sponsorship of research funding, travel grant, supervision of Ph.D. students, scholarship, fellowship or any other funded program Offender may be Black Listed and may NOT be eligible for employment in any academic / research organization Notification of Black Listing of the author may be published in the print media or may be publicized on different websites
14 Penalties for students Expelled/ rusticated from the University and from joining any institution of Higher Education in Pakistan Relegated to a lower class Given a failure grade in the subject Fined an amount Given a written warning if the offence is minor and is committed for the first time Degree may be withdrawn Notification of plagiarism by the author may be published in the print media or may be publicized on different websites University may debar the offender from sponsorship of research funding, travel grant, scholarship, fellowship or any other funded program