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Conclave theme: Integrating Academic and Co-curricular Goals

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1 Conclave theme: Integrating Academic and Co-curricular Goals
KON national project with the Association of College Honor Societies (ACHS) Application to students, the university community, professional workplace, community service activities Peer collaboration - honor societies

2 Common goal Lend support and encouragement to promising young adults as they strive to meet their full potential as future leaders in their respective fields. Encouraging honesty, trustworthiness, integrity … ethics.

3 Program objectives 1. Commit to a leadership role in increasing campus and community awareness of ethical standards. 2. Engage in a dialogue between student groups regarding ethical issues. 3. Promote, encourage and strengthen commitment to ethical behaviors at all levels of the campus community. 4. Serve as role models of ethical behavior. 5. Pursue the art and practice of making ethical decisions, and provide learning opportunities for ethical leadership among peers. 6. Learn, share and follow ACHS guidelines for resolving ethical dilemmas. 7. Increase knowledge of and appreciation for professional codes of ethics within your discipline.

4 Program promotion DOWNLOADS
A Matter of Ethics - Brochure (pdf) A Matter of Ethics - Poster (pdf) Ethics logo - Print quality

5 Principles of Professional Practice…
Ethics Principles of Professional Practice… "knowing the difference between what you have a right to do and what is the right thing to do." Potter Stewart, former Supreme Court Justice The study of what is good and bad, right and wrong, just and unjust.

6 Knowing the right thing to do… and doing it. Is it legal. Is it fair
Knowing the right thing to do… and doing it! Is it legal? Is it fair? How will it make me feel about myself?

7 Sources of Ethical Behavior
  Family   Cultural experience   Religion   Law   Genetic inheritance Professional codes of ethics

8 Guidelines for making ethical decisions
The Golden Rule The Iron Rule Utilitarianism Ethical concepts: value of life, goodness, justice, truth-telling, individual freedom

9 Ethical Leadership and Decision-making
Personal ethics Ethics of the community Professional code(s) of ethics Business, organization or institutional code of ethics

10 1. Beneficence - Do good First Priority - best interests/welfare of the client, patient, student or customer Safety for all Knowledge based service(s) – competence Accountable

11 2. Do no harm -maleficent

12 3. Truthfulness - whole truth
Free of conflict of interest or conflict of commitment Duty to warn

13 4. Justice Don’t Discriminate Respect and support diversity
Follow all laws

14 5. Confidentiality

15 6. Autonomy Client, patient, student, or customer has right to make own choices.

16 KON Programming Ethics programming – required for KON chapters
Other Goal: collaboration with other honor societies on your campus through programs and projects

17 Program ideas Ethics panel – student, business person, campus leader, community leader or clergy to discuss ethical behavior Develop ethics article and submit to campus newspaper Co-sponsor with other honor societies a roundtable discussion of ethics dilemmas. Use a case study approach. Sponsor a Commitment to Ethics Day/Week on campus. Secure administrative support for all disciplines to devote all or partial class period to discussing ethics. Examples: philosophy class holds debate on ethical choices, psychology classes discuss behavioral aspects of ethical choices, history classes role play key historical figures who showed moral and ethical courage, drama classes select film (e.g., Man for All Seasons, Chariots of Fire) depicting ethical dilemmas, government classes identify examples of ethical and unethical political figures.

18 Preconventional Level

19 Sticking to rules backed by punishment of superior authority
Stage one Sticking to rules backed by punishment of superior authority

20 Stage two Following rules when one’s best interest, avoiding punishment, bargaining with authority.

21 Conventional Level

22 Stage three Seeking approval of friends and family, the need to be good in your own eyes.

23 Obedience to law and order, avoiding the breakdown of society.
Stage four Obedience to law and order, avoiding the breakdown of society.

24 Postconventional Level

25 Awareness of other people’s rights, universal principles of justice...
Stage five Awareness of other people’s rights, universal principles of justice...

26 Stage six Concern with consistent ethical principles, equality of human rights and respect for the dignity of human beings as individuals (Kohlberg, 1976).

27 Case Study Brain gain PBS
Religion & Ethics NewsWeekly . FEATURE . Brain Gain . July 15, 2005 | PBS

28 What are your ethics? An ethics self-assessment quiz

29 Program planning form Title of program: Date and location:
Program description: Who is included: Materials needed: Persons to contact: Task assignments:

30 What have you learned at conclave?
“Stand and deliver!” Skit Poster Mock interview Poem or rap

31 Additional case studies

32 Case study Journalistic ethics

33 Case study Prolonging Life

34 Case study Transplant Ethics

35 Case study Medical Marijuana

36 Case Study Abstinence-only Sex Education

37 Case Study United Airlines Pension Termination

38 Questions for Discussion
1. Assuming the information to be accurate, what ethical dilemmas does this situation express or imply? 2. Who are the stakeholders in this issue? What are their interests? Who gains or loses? Victim? 3. What guiding principles apply to this analysis? 4. What would be an ethical solution?

39 Case study: The Gifts Assume you are a purchasing agent for a large company. At Christmas, three suppliers who sell goods to the company offer you gifts: Supplier A gives you a bottle of bourbon worth $30; Supplier B gives you a cheese and meat assortment worth $100; and Supplier C gives you a large screen TV worth $1,3000. Is it ethical to accept any of the gifts? Why?

40 Case study: Frequent Flyer Miles
As part of your work you fly many miles each year on tickets paid for by your employer. These miles are credited by airlines under their frequent flyer program and the credits are awarded to you. Toward the end of one year you have flown 19,000 miles with Skybird Airlines. You have one plane- ride trip left at the end of December. Your flight alternatives are: Fly 600 miles on Skybird Airlines on a first class ticket and get double mileage, thus topping 50,000 miles and making you eligible to receive a free roundtrip ticket to Hawaii, a place you always wanted to visit-- Cost: $875. Fly coach class on Skybird Airlines and receive 49,600 frequent flyer miles that will allow you one free trip anywhere in the continental U.S. - Cost: $475. Or fly on Transperk Airways at a cost of $300, resulting in qualifying for a reduced rate plane ticket under Skybird frequent flyer program. Which of the three alternatives for your business trip should you take? Why?

41 Case study: Possible Pollution
Assume you are an environmental manager at Acme Products Company. Although Acme Products meets all federal and state environmental rules, you believe the company is discharging a substance into the air that causes a health risk to the 10,000 people who live within 10 miles of your plant. You find that other environmental managers of Acme Products believe the low level of discharges cause no potential threat to public health, but you remain convinced that they are wrong. You also know that renovating the company’s process to avoid discharging the substance will be expensive and may cause the loss of over 100 jobs. What should you do? Determine alternatives, including courses of action that you might take if one or more of your alternatives does not solve the problem, as you see it.

42 Case study: Medical care decisions
The following case illustrates problems that patients and families can encounter with high technology intensive care that is aimed solely at life-prolonging measure and not organized to consider the whole patient, the benefit/burden ratio of treatment, and the needs of family members for communication attentive to their concerns. Horace Bowman was a 74 year-old man whose wife had died the year before. He had problems with angina and peripheral vascular disease but continued to smoke about a pack of cigarettes a day. He had not completed any advance directives and had been uncomfortable discussing possible future ill health. He collapsed in the street after suffering a massive heart attack and was rushed to a major hospital center.

43 His daughter lived across the country and flew in to be with her father. She found him unable to communicate because he was intubated, and his consciousness fluctuated. When he was alert, he clearly experienced pain and agitation. Mr. Bowman's daughter wanted to discuss her father's chances of recovery and whether intensive care was helping. She found several physicians involved in her father's care, none of whom were willing to talk with her for more than a couple of minutes. On the fifth hospital day, the cardiac surgeon presented her with consent forms for an emergency revascularization procedure. She asked what the chances were that her father would survive and recover in any meaningful way. Rather than answer these questions, the surgeon merely noted that surgery was the "only hope."

44 The daughter felt pressured to sign the forms. As Mr
The daughter felt pressured to sign the forms. As Mr. Bowman was being prepared for emergency surgery, he went into cardiac arrest and, despite resuscitation, died. The daughter felt that the intensive care environment deprived her of the opportunity to spend time with her father, made informed decision-making difficult if not impossible, and subjected her father to intrusive tests and interventions that would make her memory of his dying a continuing source of guilt and regret. She was, however, too drained of energy to complain and felt no one would respond anyway. Discussion Questions : 1. Was Mr. Bowman's respect for autonomy violated? 2. If this were your family member, how would you want it to be different? 3. What could a nurse do to affect system changes to prevent such situations?

45 Case study: Copyright issues
Lorena Nice, an elementary art teacher, is working on a technology grant for her school. One of her goals it to use desktop publishing to create written materials for her students to use in the classroom. She has drawn many of her own examples for the project. But, when it comes to master art works she decides to scan reproductions of works such as the "American Gothic" and "Mona Lisa" from art postcards and history books to include in her class handouts. Questions: 1) Has Ms Nice violated copyright law in this situation? If so, whose rights has she infringed upon? 2) What if Ms Nice decides to put these images on a school web site so that other art teachers can see what she is doing? Is this a violation of copyright law? 3) What alternative(s) does Ms Nice have in this situation? e.g., Can Ms Nice create her own illustrations based on the art works?)

46 After five years of hard work, Billy Bob has finally fulfilled the requirements for graduation from the University of Erehwon. While looking through his files, Billy Bob found an essay which he had handed in to his Ethics teacher during his first semester at the University of Erehwon. Billy Bob immediately experienced feelings of shame and guilt. The essay was plagiarized. Billy Bob's Ethics teacher did not catch the plagiarism, and Billy Bob received an "A" in the class. Questions: What ethical issues are involved in this situation? What are Billy Bob's options? What should Billy Bob do? Why? Would your opinion change if Billy Bob was a compulsive plagiarist? Why or why not? 

47 Case study: child well-being
At 156 pounds and just under 4 feet and seven inches tall, first grader Taylor Bibian found himself in the middle of a dispute between the Florida Department of Children and Families (FDCF) and his own family. The FDCF believes that Taylor's obesity poses significant health risks to the seven year old, and four times sought the approval of juvenile courts to intervene. The FDCF is legally sanctioned to investigate allegations of child abuse and neglect, and may take protective custody of a child if a harm (or risk of harm) to a child is significant enough, and is due to some action or inaction of a parent/guardian.

48 infliction of physical or psychological injury or sexual abuse by a parent, adult household member or other person responsible for care of the child," and "neglect" as "failure/omission by a caretaker to provide the care, supervision, services or protection necessary to maintain physical and mental health." On some occasions the FDCF will allow a child to remain in the care of a neglectful or abusive parent, if there is a court approved safety plan in place.

49 Taylor, whose parents are divorced, now lives with his father and grandmother. Taylor's family said that they do not understand the State's concern. "He's just going to be a big kid," his father said, "I was the same way." "He's been overweight his whole life," added Taylor's grandmother, Darlene Bibian. "If weight is such a worry," she said, they should monitor every fat kid." "This is Big Brother telling you how to raise your kids. They want to control his diet, his exercise .. This is ridiculous. This is supposed to be America?" The FDCF offered to drop charges if the family would agree to State oversight of Taylor's health, but the family declined. The Bibian's claim that they are taking steps to control Taylor's weight, putting him on a strict diet. They reported to the judge that Taylor likes raw vegetables and fruit, and that Taylor also swims and takes tae kwon do.

50 Taylor's father Tony, 24, added that he was planning to have Taylor checked by a pediatrician since he now has medical insurance through a new job. At a recent court proceeding, the State of Florida called as a witness a doctor who examined Taylor. Although the doctor said that he was troubled by Taylor's weight and the risk of future complications, he concluded that the problem was not life threatening. Questions: What are the ethical issues? What’s an ethical solution? Was the judge’s decision in the best interest of Taylor? Did the State of Florida meet their responsibility?

51 Ethic dilemmas Funny or tasteless? Harmless or harmful?
Is it ethical to change this photograph?? Why?

52 Case study: Internet use
Just for fun, thirteen-year-old Alice tells the other people on her electronic mailing list that she is twenty years old and a nutrition student. Others on the list have begun ing her health-related questions. Questions: - What is the inappropriate action? Who committed it? - What danger or discomfort might the unethical action cause? - Is there a parallel in the physical world to this scenario? - Can you think of other incidents that would fall into this category?

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