Presentation on theme: "Chapter 3 Ethical Behavior and Social Responsibility"— Presentation transcript:
1 Chapter 3 Ethical Behavior and Social Responsibility Learning GoalsI can:Define a corporationDefine ethicsDefine cultural relativism and ethical universalismDescribe and give examples of how ethical dilemmas complicate the workplaceExplain how high ethical standards can be maintainedWhat is organizational social responsibility?How do organizations and government work together in society?
2 What is ethical behavior? EthicsCode of moral principles.Set standards of good and bad and right and wrong.Ethical behaviorWhat is accepted as good and right in the context of the governing moral code.
3 What is ethical behavior? Law, values, and ethical behavior:Ethical behavior should also be legal in a just and fair society.Legal behavior is not necessarily ethical behavior.Personal values help determine individual ethical behavior.
4 What is ethical behavior? Cultural issues in ethical behavior:Cultural relativismEthical behavior is always determined by cultural context.Ethical universalismBehavior that is unacceptable in one’s home environment should not be acceptable anywhere else.
5 How do ethical dilemmas complicate the workplace? An ethical dilemma occurs when choices offer potential for personal and/or organizational benefit but may be considered unethical.Ethical dilemmas include:DiscriminationSexual harassmentConflicts of interestCustomer confidenceOrganizational resources
6 What is ethical behavior? How companies can respect core or universal values:Respect for human dignityCreate culture that values employees, customers, and suppliers.Keep a safe workplace.Produce safe products and services.Respect for basic rightsProtect rights of employees, customers, and communities.Avoid anything that threatens safety, health, education, and living standards.Be good citizensSupport social institutions, including economic and educational systems.Work with local government and institutions to protect the environment.
7 CHECKLIST FOR MAKING ETHICAL DECISIONS Recognize the ethical dilemma.Get the facts.Identify your options.Test each option: Is it legal? Is it right? Is it beneficial?Decide which option to follow.Double check your decision by asking two follow-up questions:“How would I feel if my family finds out about my decision?”“How would I feel about this if my decision is printed in the local newspaper?”Take action.
8 How do ethical dilemmas complicate the workplace? Ethical behavior can be rationalized by convincing yourself that:Behavior is not really illegal.Behavior is really in everyone’s best interests.Nobody will ever find out.The organization will “protect” you.
9 Testing Behaviour for Ethics When in doubt about whether something is ethical, ask yourself:Does this action make sense?Is this action compatible with my concept of me at my best?Do I think this is right because someone with authority says it is right?If your action was reported on the front page of the newspaper, would you still do it?
10 How can companies maintain high ethical standards? Ethics trainingWhistle-blower protectionTop management supportFormal codes of ethicsStrong ethical cultures
11 How can high ethical standards be maintained? WhistleblowersExpose misdeeds of others toPreserve ethical standardsProtect against wasteful, harmful, or illegal acts
12 How can high ethical standards be maintained? Laws protecting whistleblowers vary.Barriers to whistleblowing include:Strict chain of commandhard to get by the bossStrong work group identitiesencourage loyaltyAmbiguous prioritiesmake it hard to distinguish right from wrong
13 How can high ethical standards be maintained? Ethical role models:Top managers serve as ethical role models.All managers can influence the ethical behavior of people who work for and with them.Excessive pressure can foster unethical behavior.Managers should be realistic in setting performance goals for others.
14 How can high ethical standards be maintained? Codes of ethics:Official written guidelines on how to behave in situations susceptible to the creation of ethical dilemmas.Areas often covered by codes of ethics:Workforce diversityBribes and kickbacksPolitical contributionsHonesty of books or recordsCustomer/supplier relationshipsConfidentiality of corporate information
15 What is organizational social responsibility? Organization (corporate) social responsibility:Looks at ethical issues on the organization level.Obligates organizations to act in ways that serve both its own interests and the interests of external stakeholders.
16 CSR – Stakeholders Stakeholder: Stakeholders include: Those that are directly affected by the actions of the corporations and hold a stake in its performanceEmployeesCustomersSuppliersOwnersCompetitorsRegulatorsInterest Groups
17 What is organizational social responsibility? Beliefs that drive organizational social responsibility:People do their best with a balance of work and family life.Organizations perform best in healthy communities.Organizations gain by respecting the natural environment.Organizations must be managed and led for long-term success.Organizations must protect their reputations.
18 What is organizational social responsibility? Perspectives on social responsibility:Classical view—Management’s only responsibility is to maximize profits.Socioeconomic view—Management must be concerned for the broader social welfare, not just profits.
19 What is organizational social responsibility? Arguments against social responsibility:Reduced business profitsHigher business costsDilution of business purposeToo much social power for businessLack of public accountabilityArguments in favor of social responsibility:Adds long-run profitsBetter public imageAvoids more government regulationBusinesses have resources and ethical obligationBetter environmentPublic wants it
20 What is organizational social responsibility? Criteria for evaluating corporate social performance:Is the organization’s …Economic responsibility met?Legal responsibility met?Ethical responsibility met?Discretionary responsibility met?
21 What is organizational social responsibility? Strategies for pursuing social responsibility:Obstructionist—meets economic responsibilities.Defensive—meets economic and legal responsibilities.Accommodative—meets economic, legal, and ethical responsibilities.Proactive—meets economic, legal, ethical, and discretionary responsibilities.
22 How do organizations and government work together in society? How government influences organizations—Common areas of government regulation of business affairs:Occupational safety and healthFair labor practicesConsumer protectionEnvironmental protection
23 How do organizations and government work together in society? How organizations influence government—Personal contacts and networksPublic relations campaignsLobbyingPolitical action committees
24 How do organizations and government work together in society? Managers make the difference in ethics and social responsibility because …Managers (and workers) must accept personal responsibility for doing the “right” things.Managers play a crucial role in responding to public demands.Ethics and social responsibility play a central role in managers’ decisions and activities.