Presentation on theme: "APPRENTICESHIPS STUDY TOUR UK education context and background"— Presentation transcript:
1APPRENTICESHIPS STUDY TOUR UK education context and background Presentation and discussionled byLiz AitkenandJudith McGrath
2APPRENTICESHIPS STUDY TOUR UK education context and background – UK statistics The United KingdomEnglandNorthern IrelandScotlandWalesDevolved government not independence –education is a devolved responsibility
3HOW DOES THIS COMPARE WITH YOUR OWN COUNTRY? APPRENTICESHIPS STUDY TOUR Education context and background – UK statistics - populationOffice for National statistics (ONS) 2008UK (male and female) 60.9 millionEngland 51.1 millionNorthern Ireland 1.8 millionScotland 5.1 millionWales 3 millionBy mid 2010 total population millionWorld Bank dataIn 2010 the percentage of the population in the UK aged 0 – 14 was 17%HOW DOES THIS COMPARE WITH YOUR OWN COUNTRY?
4APPRENTICESHIPS STUDY TOUR UK education context and background – education system Public (state funded) and private education institutions at every stage.Scotland, Wales and Northern Irelanddevolved responsibility for their education systemsvery similar patterns from 5 to 16National curriculum - followed by all state schools, which states:what must be taughtwhat level/standards should be expected for each age group.This is under currently review..
5APPRENTICESHIPS STUDY TOUR UK education context and background – education system Nursery and primaryNursery or day care centre - from the day they are bornFormal, compulsory education – from age 5Primary education (infants – 5 to 7) and (juniors 8 to 11)At age 10/11 students transfer to secondary schoolSecondary schoolsAge , orCurrent age for the end of compulsory education is 16. The government intends to raise this to 18 by 2015Majority are comprehensive, and take students of all abilitiesStudents usually attend the school nearest to where they liveSome schools deemed ‘good’ and oversubscribed
6APPRENTICESHIPS STUDY TOUR UK education context and background – education system General Certificate of Education (GCSE)GCSEs are part of the National Qualifications FrameworkAt 14 or 15, students select subjects for the GCSE (Level 2 in the UK levels structure)They will study these subjects for 2 years before taking an external examEnglish, Maths and Science are compulsory. They will also have acquired some IT skills but will not all have taken IT examsOther choices can include vocational subjects. Some can take BTEC or City and Guilds exams as part of their course and they may study this in schools or attend a further education college or private provider for this part of their course.Students can take a mix of academic and vocational subjects
7APPRENTICESHIPS STUDY TOUR UK education context and background – education system At age 16 after GCSE exams the student has a wide choice available.This applies towhere they study (the type of organisation they attend) andwhat they study (the type of course they do)They canStay at school (provided their school has a sixth form)Go to a sixth form collegeGo to a college of further educationGo to a private/work based learning providerGo to workTake an apprenticeship
8HOW DOES THIS COMPARE WITH YOUR OWN COUNTRY? APPRENTICESHIPS STUDY TOUR UK education context and background – education systemThey can studyVocational course at level 1, 2 or 3 depending on their qualifications when they leave school‘A’ level ( the “academic” route) level 3More or repeat GCSEs level 2There are hundreds of subjects/vocational options to choose from.They can worktaking an Apprenticeshiptaking a job with trainingtaking a job without trainingIn the UK there is an increasing of young people not in education or training (NEETS)HOW DOES THIS COMPARE WITH YOUR OWN COUNTRY?
9APPRENTICESHIPS STUDY TOUR UK education context and background – skills and schools Increasingly schools are being asked to provide opportunities for students to develop entrepreneurship skills and the government is funding thisCareers education is variable but most schools will offer advice on career pathways and provide opportunities to gain employability skills. Many schools will offer a work placement as part of their standard curriculum in Year 10 or 11. It can be compulsory in some vocational courses. The Department for Education produces guidance on work experience
10APPRENTICESHIPS STUDY TOUR UK education context and background - skills So what about skills?Skills for young people (14-19) andSkills for adults (19-25 and 25 and over)The Department for Education (DFE) is responsible for education from 0 – 19The Department for Business, Industry and Skills (BIS) is responsible for education and training post 19
11WHAT ARE THEIR OPTIONS AT 16? APPRENTICESHIPS STUDY TOUR UK education context and background – skills and post 16For young people –WHAT ARE THEIR OPTIONS AT 16?WHAT PROGRESSION OPPORTUNITIES ARE AVAILABLE TO THEM?Reference slides 7 and 8
12APPRENTICESHIPS STUDY TOUR UK education context and background – post 16 vocational route Whether in work or in full time training with a college or work based training provider young people will:follow a vocational course leading to a vocational qualification.often gain qualifications in English and Maths, or key skills, or functional skillsWhat about adults?If they are in work they may get training paid for by their employerIf they are unemployed they may be eligible for training programmes paid for by the governmentThey can attend training at a college or work based learning provider at their own expense
13APPRENTICESHIPS STUDY TOUR UK education context and background - apprenticeships Apprenticeships are one of the options open to people from age 16AT YOUR TABLE PLEASE AGREE A “DEFINITION” OF APPRENTICESHIP – WHAT YOU UNDERSTAND BY AN APPRENTICESHIPWe will get feedback from each table
14APPRENTICESHIPS STUDY TOUR UK education context and background - apprenticeships Apprentices in the UK have to be employedApprenticeships are available to people from the age of 16; there are more apprenticeship places and more funding for young people than for adults.Entry requirements will depend on the level of Apprenticeship and the vocational areaYoung people aged who need to improve their skills, such as literacy or numeracy, to get an apprenticeship might be able to join the Access to Apprenticeship scheme. It’s run by the National Apprenticeship Service and helps young people deal with the disciplines and routines of the workplace.
15APPRENTICESHIPS STUDY TOUR UK education context and background - apprenticeships There are three levels of Apprenticeship available:1 - Intermediate Level ApprenticeshipsApprentices work towards work-based learning qualifications such as a Level 2 Competence Qualification, Functional Skills and, in most cases, a relevant knowledge-based qualification.2 - Advanced Level Apprenticeships Apprentices work towards work-based learning such as a Level 3 Competence Qualification, Functional Skills and, in most cases, a relevant knowledge-based qualification.3 - Higher ApprenticeshipsApprentices work towards work-based learning qualifications such as a Level 4 Competence Qualification, Functional Skills and, in some cases, a knowledge-based qualification such as a Foundation Degree.
16APPRENTICESHIPS STUDY TOUR UK education context and background - apprenticeships All Apprenticeships must include the following elements:A competencies qualification which is the qualification required to demonstrate competence in performing the skill, trade or occupation to which the framework relatesA technical knowledge qualification which is the qualification required to demonstrate achievement of the technical skills, knowledge and understanding of theoretical concepts and knowledge and understanding of the industry and its market relevant to the skill, trade or occupation to which the framework relates.Key Skills or Functional Skills - practical skills in English, Maths and Information Technology (ICT)
17APPRENTICESHIPS STUDY TOUR UK education context and background – education system In EnglandEducation for 5 – 16 is funded by the local authorityEducation 16 – 19 is funded by the Skills Funding AgencyApprenticeships are funded as a contribution through the National Apprenticeship Service which is paid directly to the organisation that provides and supports the Apprenticeship for example a learning provider.The size of the contribution varies depending on the sector and the age of the candidate.If the apprentice is aged 16–18 years old, 100 per cent of the cost of the training is paidFor years old, 50 per cent is paidIf they are 25 years old or over a contribution depends on the sector and area in which they live
18APPRENTICESHIPS STUDY TOUR UK education context and background – education system Apprenticeships are designed by the Sector Skills Councils, who operate across England, Scotland, Wales and Northern IrelandBusiness representatives from the relevant industry sector work with the Sector Skills Councils to develop the course content. Because they genuinely understand their business, the training will be relevant for that industryOver 100,000 employers in over 160,000 workplaces offer Apprenticeship frameworks across a wide range of industry sectors
19APPRENTICESHIPS STUDY TOUR UK education context and background – education system How did we get to this point? What lessons have we leant?Need for skills developmentGovernment interventions:Centres of Vocational Excellence (Level 3)Government funded initiatives (Train to Gain, Apprenticeships)Government funded Improvement Programmes (Train to Gain, World Class Skills, Skills and Employer Responsiveness)2011 "Putting Apprenticeships back at the heart of our education and skills system is one of the Government's proudest achievements, with record investment paying dividends for businesses and trainees"
20Who are the stakeholders in the skills system? APPRENTICESHIPS STUDY TOUR UK education context and background – skills stakeholdersWho are the stakeholders in the skills system?Awarding Organisations EmployersGovernment departments Improvement agenciesNational Apprenticeship Service (NAS) Skills Development ScotlandOfqual OfstedSector Skills Councils (SSCs) Skills Funding AgencyTraining providers UKCESNational Skills AcademiesYou will hear from or about many of these agencies during the study tour
21APPRENTICESHIPS STUDY TOUR UK education context and background QUESTIONSANDANSWERS
22PLEASE DISCUSS THIS AT YOUR TABLES APPRENTICESHIPS STUDY TOUR UK education context and background - reviewBased on what you’ve heardWhat are your priorities for finding out more? What is of particular interest to you?Do you think the agenda for the study tour will give you these opportunities?Do you think that what you have heard so far could be adapted for use in your own countries? What is working well in your own countries at presentPLEASE DISCUSS THIS AT YOUR TABLESREVIEW WHAT YOU SAID WANTED OUT OF THE TOUR IN THE FIRST SESSION AND MAKE ANY CHANGES
23APPRENTICESHIPS STUDY TOUR UK education context and background Liz AitkenJudith McGrath