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21st Century Networking and Applications

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Presentation on theme: "21st Century Networking and Applications"— Presentation transcript:

1 21st Century Networking and Applications
Keynote Address CENIC 2002 San Diego, CA May 6, 2002 Dr. Larry Smarr Director, California Institute for Telecommunications and Information Technologies Professor, Dept. of Computer Science and Engineering Jacobs School of Engineering, UCSD

2 Emergence of a Distributed Planetary Grid
The 21st Century Internet-- A Mobile Internet Powered by a Planetary Grid Emergence of a Distributed Planetary Grid Internet Develops Parallel Lambda Backbone Scalable Distributed Computing Power Storage of Data Everywhere Broadband Becomes a Mass Market Wireless Internet Access--Anywhere, Anytime Broadband Speeds “Always Best Connected” Billions of New Wireless Internet End Points Information Appliances Sensors and Actuators Embedded Processors

3 Closing in on the Dream SIGGRAPH 89 Science by Satellite
“What we really have to do is eliminate distance between individuals who want to interact with other people and with other computers.” ― Larry Smarr, Director National Center for Supercomputing Applications, UIUC “Using satellite technology…demo of What It might be like to have high-speed fiber-optic links between advanced computers in two different geographic locations.” ― Al Gore, Senator Chair, US Senate Subcommittee on Science, Technology and Space SIGGRAPH 89 Science by Satellite Source: Maxine Brown, EVL, UIC

4 Why Optical Networks Are Emerging as the 21st Century Driver
Scientific American, January 2001

5 The Next S-Curves of Exponential Technology Growth
Lambda Grids Experimental Networks Production/ Mass Market DWDM 100% Technology Penetration Internet2 Abilene Experimental/ Early Adopters Connections Program 0% Research Gigabit Testbeds Time Technology S-Curve ~1990s Networking Technology S-Curves

6 California’s Institutes for Science and Innovation Are New Network Drivers
California Institute for Bioengineering, Biotechnology, and Quantitative Biomedical Research Center for Information Technology Research in the Interest of Society UCD UCM UCB UCSF California NanoSystems Institute UCSC UCSB UCLA California Institute for Telecommunications and Information Technology UCI UCSD

7 CENIC and CISI Plan to Create CalREN-XD An Experimental and Research Network
CENIC/Carrier POP Carrier OpAmp Site Backbone Carrier Fiber Campus-MAN Demark Campus Campus Network MPOE Campus Fiber Last Mile Fiber Future Last Mile Fiber Backbone 10Gig  Optional Carrier Fiber Pacific Light Rail 10G  Santa Fe Los Angeles 818 W 7th Santa Barbara SDSC Anaheim Qwest SD UCSB USC UCR Hillcrest Hospital SPAWAR Pt Loma 1.5 Miles est. 4 Miles est. CalTech Thornton and VA Hospitals SDSU UCSD ISI UCI JPL UCLA UCSF Mission Bay NASA Ames UCD UCD Med Ctr UCB Emeryville San Francisco Palo Alto Sacramento LBNL LLNL Sunnyvale Research Park Stanford SLAC Denver Seattle Portland

8 A LambdaGrid Will Be the Backbone for an e-Science Network
Apps Middleware Clusters C O N T R L P A E Dynamically Allocated Lightpaths Switch Fabrics Physical Monitoring Source: Joe Mambretti, NU

9 Sloan Digital Sky Survey
The Grid Physics Network Is Driving the Creation of an International LambdaGrid Paul Avery (Univ. of Florida) and Ian Foster (U. Chicago and ANL), Lead PIs Largest NSF Information Technology Research Grant 20 Institutions Involved Enabled by the LambdaGrid and Internet2 Large Hadron Collider at CERN, Sloan Digital Sky Survey, Laser Interferometer Gravitational-wave Observatory, Compact Muon Selenoid, A Toroidal LHC ApparatuS Sloan Digital Sky Survey LHC CMS ATLAS

10 Some Scientific Applications Require Experimental Optical Networks
Large Data Challenges in Neuro and Earth Sciences Each Data Object is 3D and Gigabytes Data are Generated and Stored in Distributed Archives Research is Carried Out on Federated Repository Requirements Computing Requirements  PC Clusters Communications  Dedicated Lambdas Data  Large Peer-to-Peer Lambda Attached Storage Visualization  Collaborative Volume Algorithms Response OptIPuter Research Project

11 NIH is Funding a Brain Imaging Federated Repository
Biomedical Informatics Research Network (BIRN) NIH Plans to Expand to Other Organs and Many Laboratories Part of the UCSD CRBS Center for Research on Biological Structure National Partnership for Advanced Computational Infrastructure

12 Why Not Constantly Compute on Federated Repositories?
Currently Instrument Coordinates Virtual Human NLM Project Transformations to Organ Coordinates Surgical View of Body Define Differences in Organs Eg. UCLA Human Brain Mapping Project—Art Toga Fly Through Organs Virtual Colonoscopy ( Future Train AI Software on Millions of Human Image DataSets Define Distribution Functions Thresholds for Medical Attention Life Cycle of Single Individuals Automatic Early Warnings

13 NSF’s EarthScope Projects Are Producing an Explosion of Large Data
Synthetic Aperature Radar (SAR) Digital Terrain Dataset of California > a Billion Points Repeat SAR Images of Ground Deformation Earth Change and Hazard Observatory (ECHO) SAR Mission A Typical Computation Comparing Several Prior SAR Maps 8000 CPU Hours 4D Vis. Must Move 32 GB of Data to the Vis. Center at Scripps in 0.5 Sec! US Array Broadband Seismometer Array Permanent GPS Geodesy Reference Network Resolution of Crustal and Upper Mantle Structure on the Order of Tens of Kilometers All Data to Community in Near Real Time Design elements of USArray Source: Frank Vernon (IGPP SIO, UCSD)

14 Rollout Over 14 Years Starting With Existing Broadband Stations
Movie of Bigfoot roll including Alaskan deployment at the end. Red Dots are potential Ocean Bottom Seismometer sites which are needed to provide a complete image of the continental border Black dots are Bigfoot sites Rollout Over 14 Years Starting With Existing Broadband Stations

15 Cal-(IT)2 / SIO / SDSC / SDSU
Multi-Megapixel Displays are Required for Seismic and Geosciences Monitoring Cal-(IT)2 / SIO / SDSC / SDSU

16 The OptIPuter is an Experimental Network Research Project
Driven by Large Neuroscience and Earth Science Data Multiple Lambdas Linking Clusters and Storage LambdaGrid Software Stack Integration with InfiniBand PC Clusters Interactive Collaborative Volume Visualization Lambda Peer to Peer Storage With Optimized Storewidth Enhance Security Mechanisms Rethink TCP/IP Protocols NSF Large Information Technology Research Proposal UCSD and UIC Lead Campuses USC, UCI, SDSU, NW Partnering Campuses Industrial Partners: IBM, Telcordia/SAIC, Chiaro Networks, CENIC

17 First Stage in OptIPuter Research: Metro Optically Linked Visualization Walls
Driven by SensorNets Data Real Time Seismic Environmental Monitoring Emergency Response Distributed Corporations Linked UCSD and SDSU Dedication March 4, 2002 Linking Control Rooms UCSD SDSU Cox, Panoram, SAIC, SGI, IBM, TeraBurst Networks SD Telecom Council 44 Miles of Cox Fiber

18 Planned Chicago Metro Electronic Switching OptIPuter Laboratory
Int’l GE, 10GE Nat’l GE, 10GE Metro GE, 10GE 16x1 GE 16x10 GE 16-Processor McKinley at University of Illinois at Chicago 16-Processor Montecito/Chivano at Northwestern StarLight 10x1 GE + 1x10GE Nationals: Illinois, California, Wisconsin, Indiana, Abilene, FedNets. Washington, Pennsylvania… Internationals: Canada, Holland, CERN, GTRN, AmPATH, Asia… Source: Tom DeFanti

19 Creating Metro, Regional, State, National, and Planetary Optical Networking Laboratories
SURFnet CERN Asia Pacific CA*net4 Vancouver Seattle CA*net4 Pacific Light Rail Portland Chicago UIC NU NYC PSC San Francisco TeraGrid DTFnet Asia Pacific NCSA CENIC USC UCI Los Angeles UCSD, SDSU Atlanta San Diego (SDSC) AMPATH Source: Tom DeFanti and Maxine Brown, UIC

20 The Mobile High Performance Internet The Next Step for CENIC?
200 400 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800 2,000 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 Mobile Internet Fixed Internet Subscribers (millions) Source: Ericsson

21 Using the FCC Unlicensed Band to Create a High Speed Wireless Backbone
The High Performance Wireless Research and Education Network A Cal-(IT)2 Academic Partner Enabling a Broad Set of Science Applications and Crisis Management Allows for SensorNet Deployment to Remote Locations NSF Funded PI, Hans-Werner Braun, SDSC Co-PI, Frank Vernon, SIO 45mbps Duplex Backbone

22 ROADnet—Bringing SensorNets to the Dirt Roads and the High Seas
High Bandwidth Wireless Internet Linking Sensors for: Seismology Oceanography Climate Hydrology Ecology Geodesy Real-Time Data Management Joint Collaboration Between: SIO / IGPP UCSD SDSC / HPWREN SDSU Cal-(IT)2 R/V Revelle in Lyttleton, NZ Santa Margarita Ecological Reserve

23 Wireless Internet is Moving Throughout The Physical World
First US Taste of 3G Cellular Internet UCSD Jacobs School Antenna First Beta Test Site Linking to Mobile “Bubble” Tested on CyberShuttle Joint Project with Campus From Railway to Campus at 65 mph! Rooftop Qualcomm 1xEV Access Point

24 Experimenting with the Future -- Linking Fiber and Wireless Video Cams
Useful for Highway Accidents or Disasters Linked by 1xEV Cellular Internet Mobile Interactivity Avatar Computer Vision and Robotics Research Lab Mohan Trivedi, UCSD, Cal-(IT)2

25 Data Organization and Mining Are at the Heart of the 21st Century Internet
Storage hardware Database Systems, Grid Storage, Filesystems Data Mining, Simulation Modeling, Analysis, Data Fusion Web Portal Customized to User Device Knowledge-Based Integration Advanced Query Processing Networked Storage (SAN) Visualization High speed networking The SDSC/Cal-(IT)2 Knowledge and Data Engineering Laboratory SensorNets—Real-Time Data Source: Chaitan Baru, SDSC

26 How Can the “Future Internet” Enhance Capabilities for Homeland Security?
Three Tier System Wireless SensorNets Brings Data to Repositories Collaborative Crisis Management Data Centers Remote Wireless Devices Interrogate Databases Building a “Living-in-the-Future” Laboratory UCSD, UCI, and SDSU Campuses San Diego, Orange County, Cross Border Collaboration with City, County, and State Govts.

27 Source: Dr. Leslie Lenert,
Wireless Internet Information System for Medical Response in Disasters (WIISARD) Patient wireless device and system Responder wireless Command visualization system Hospital system Wireless bridging systems Location aware system Disaster database Source: Dr. Leslie Lenert, UCSD SOM Network needs to be designed

28 Emergency Response Scenario
Hospital #1 Hospital #2 (on bypass) Transport station Control Room GPS Tracking Transportation Assets With Mobile Internet Bubble Hot Zone Prevailing wind Warm zone Compromised Transportation Corridor WMD attack site (Stadium) Triage Field Treatment Station Mobile Bubbles Patient RF IDs First Responder PDAs Source: Dr. Leslie Lenert, UCSD SOM

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