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21st Century Networking and Applications Keynote Address CENIC 2002 San Diego, CA May 6, 2002 Dr. Larry Smarr Director, California Institute for Telecommunications.

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Presentation on theme: "21st Century Networking and Applications Keynote Address CENIC 2002 San Diego, CA May 6, 2002 Dr. Larry Smarr Director, California Institute for Telecommunications."— Presentation transcript:

1 21st Century Networking and Applications Keynote Address CENIC 2002 San Diego, CA May 6, 2002 Dr. Larry Smarr Director, California Institute for Telecommunications and Information Technologies Professor, Dept. of Computer Science and Engineering Jacobs School of Engineering, UCSD

2 Emergence of a Distributed Planetary Grid –Internet Develops Parallel Lambda Backbone –Scalable Distributed Computing Power –Storage of Data Everywhere –Broadband Becomes a Mass Market Wireless Internet Access--Anywhere, Anytime –Broadband Speeds –Always Best Connected Billions of New Wireless Internet End Points –Information Appliances –Sensors and Actuators –Embedded Processors The 21 st Century Internet-- A Mobile Internet Powered by a Planetary Grid

3 Closing in on the Dream Using satellite technology…demo of What It might be like to have high-speed fiber-optic links between advanced computers in two different geographic locations. Al Gore, Senator Chair, US Senate Subcommittee on Science, Technology and Space What we really have to do is eliminate distance between individuals who want to interact with other people and with other computers. Larry Smarr, Director National Center for Supercomputing Applications, UIUC SIGGRAPH 89 Science by Satellite Source: Maxine Brown, EVL, UIC

4 Why Optical Networks Are Emerging as the 21 st Century Driver Scientific American, January 2001

5 The Next S-Curves of Exponential Technology Growth 0% 100% Research Experimental/ Early Adopters Production/ Mass Market Time Technology S-Curve Gigabit Testbeds Connections Program Internet2 Abilene DWDM Experimental Networks Lambda Grids ~1990s Networking Technology S-Curves Technology Penetration

6 Californias Institutes for Science and Innovation Are New Network Drivers UCSB UCLA California NanoSystems Institute UCSF UCB California Institute for Bioengineering, Biotechnology, and Quantitative Biomedical Research UCI UCSD California Institute for Telecommunications and Information Technology Center for Information Technology Research in the Interest of Society UCSC UCD UCM

7 CENIC and CISI Plan to Create CalREN-XD An Experimental and Research Network CENIC/Carrier POP Carrier OpAmp Site Backbone Carrier Fiber Campus-MAN Demark Campus Campus Network MPOE Campus Fiber Last Mile Fiber Future Last Mile Fiber Backbone 10Gig Optional Carrier Fiber Pacific Light Rail 10G

8 CONTROLPLANECONTROLPLANE Clusters Dynamically Allocated Lightpaths Switch Fabrics Physical Monitoring Apps Middleware A LambdaGrid Will Be the Backbone for an e-Science Network Source: Joe Mambretti, NU

9 The Grid Physics Network Is Driving the Creation of an International LambdaGrid Paul Avery (Univ. of Florida) and Ian Foster (U. Chicago and ANL), Lead PIs –Largest NSF Information Technology Research Grant –20 Institutions Involved –Enabled by the LambdaGrid and Internet2 CMS ATLAS Sloan Digital Sky Survey LHC

10 Some Scientific Applications Require Experimental Optical Networks Large Data Challenges in Neuro and Earth Sciences –Each Data Object is 3D and Gigabytes –Data are Generated and Stored in Distributed Archives –Research is Carried Out on Federated Repository Requirements –Computing Requirements PC Clusters –Communications Dedicated Lambdas –Data Large Peer-to-Peer Lambda Attached Storage –Visualization Collaborative Volume Algorithms Response –OptIPuter Research Project

11 NIH is Funding a Brain Imaging Federated Repository National Partnership for Advanced Computational Infrastructure Part of the UCSD CRBS Center for Research on Biological Structure Biomedical Informatics Research Network (BIRN) NIH Plans to Expand to Other Organs and Many Laboratories

12 Why Not Constantly Compute on Federated Repositories? Currently –Instrument Coordinates –Virtual Human NLM Project –Transformations to Organ Coordinates –Surgical View of Body –Define Differences in Organs –Eg. UCLA Human Brain Mapping ProjectArt Toga –Fly Through Organs –Virtual Colonoscopy ( Future –Train AI Software on –Millions of Human Image DataSets –Define Distribution Functions –Thresholds for Medical Attention –Life Cycle of Single Individuals –Automatic Early Warnings

13 NSFs EarthScope Projects Are Producing an Explosion of Large Data Synthetic Aperature Radar (SAR) –Digital Terrain Dataset of California > a Billion Points –Repeat SAR Images of Ground Deformation –Earth Change and Hazard Observatory (ECHO) SAR Mission –A Typical Computation Comparing Several Prior SAR Maps –8000 CPU Hours –4D Vis. Must Move 32 GB of Data to the Vis. Center at Scripps in 0.5 Sec! US Array –Broadband Seismometer Array –Permanent GPS Geodesy Reference Network –Resolution of Crustal and Upper Mantle Structure on the Order of Tens of Kilometers –All Data to Community in Near Real Time Source: Frank Vernon (IGPP SIO, UCSD)

14 Rollout Over 14 Years Starting With Existing Broadband Stations

15 Multi-Megapixel Displays are Required for Seismic and Geosciences Monitoring Cal-(IT) 2 / SIO / SDSC / SDSU

16 The OptIPuter is an Experimental Network Research Project Driven by Large Neuroscience and Earth Science Data Multiple Lambdas Linking Clusters and Storage –LambdaGrid Software Stack –Integration with InfiniBand PC Clusters –Interactive Collaborative Volume Visualization –Lambda Peer to Peer Storage With Optimized Storewidth –Enhance Security Mechanisms –Rethink TCP/IP Protocols NSF Large Information Technology Research Proposal –UCSD and UIC Lead Campuses –USC, UCI, SDSU, NW Partnering Campuses –Industrial Partners: IBM, Telcordia/SAIC, Chiaro Networks, CENIC

17 First Stage in OptIPuter Research: Metro Optically Linked Visualization Walls Driven by SensorNets Data –Real Time Seismic –Environmental Monitoring –Emergency Response –Distributed Corporations Linked UCSD and SDSU –Dedication March 4, 2002 Linking Control Rooms Cox, Panoram, SAIC, SGI, IBM, TeraBurst Networks SD Telecom Council UCSD SDSU 44 Miles of Cox Fiber

18 Planned Chicago Metro Electronic Switching OptIPuter Laboratory Intl GE, 10GE Natl GE, 10GE Metro GE, 10GE 16x1 GE 16x10 GE 16-Processor McKinley at University of Illinois at Chicago 16-Processor Montecito/Chivano at Northwestern StarLight 10x1 GE + 1x10GE Nationals: Illinois, California, Wisconsin, Indiana, Abilene, FedNets. Washington, Pennsylvania… Internationals: Canada, Holland, CERN, GTRN, AmPATH, Asia… Source: Tom DeFanti

19 Creating Metro, Regional, State, National, and Planetary Optical Networking Laboratories Vancouver Seattle Portland San Francisco Los Angeles San Diego (SDSC) NCSA SURFnet CERN CA* net4 Asia Pacific Asia Pacific AMPATH PSC Atlanta CA*net4 Source: Tom DeFanti and Maxine Brown, UIC NYC TeraGrid DTFnet CENIC Pacific Light Rail Chicago UIC NU USC UCSD, SDSU UCI

20 The Mobile High Performance Internet The Next Step for CENIC? ,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800 2, Mobile Internet Fixed Internet Subscribers (millions) Source: Ericsson

21 Using the FCC Unlicensed Band to Create a High Speed Wireless Backbone The High Performance Wireless Research and Education Network A Cal-(IT) 2 Academic Partner Enabling a Broad Set of Science Applications and Crisis Management Allows for SensorNet Deployment to Remote Locations NSF Funded PI, Hans-Werner Braun, SDSC Co-PI, Frank Vernon, SIO 45mbps Duplex Backbone

22 ROADnetBringing SensorNets to the Dirt Roads and the High Seas High Bandwidth Wireless Internet –Linking Sensors for: –Seismology –Oceanography –Climate –Hydrology –Ecology –Geodesy –Real-Time Data Management Joint Collaboration Between: –SIO / IGPP –UCSD –SDSC / HPWREN –SDSU –Cal-(IT) 2 Santa Margarita Ecological Reserve R/V Revelle in Lyttleton, NZ

23 Wireless Internet is Moving Throughout The Physical World First US Taste of 3G Cellular Internet –UCSD Jacobs School Antenna –First Beta Test Site Linking to Mobile Bubble –Tested on CyberShuttle –Joint Project with Campus –From Railway to Campus at 65 mph! Rooftop Qualcomm 1xEV Access Point

24 Experimenting with the Future -- Linking Fiber and Wireless Video Cams Computer Vision and Robotics Research Lab Mohan Trivedi, UCSD, Cal-(IT) 2 Mobile Interactivity Avatar Linked by 1xEV Cellular Internet Useful for Highway Accidents or Disasters

25 SensorNetsReal-Time Data Storage hardware Database Systems, Grid Storage, Filesystems Data Mining, Simulation Modeling, Analysis, Data Fusion Web Portal Customized to User Device Knowledge-Based Integration Advanced Query Processing Networked Storage (SAN) Visualization High speed networking Data Organization and Mining Are at the Heart of the 21 st Century Internet The SDSC/Cal-(IT) 2 Knowledge and Data Engineering Laboratory Source: Chaitan Baru, SDSC

26 How Can the Future Internet Enhance Capabilities for Homeland Security? Three Tier System –Wireless SensorNets Brings Data to Repositories –Collaborative Crisis Management Data Centers –Remote Wireless Devices Interrogate Databases Building a Living-in-the-Future Laboratory –UCSD, UCI, and SDSU Campuses –San Diego, Orange County, Cross Border –Collaboration with City, County, and State Govts.

27 Patient wireless device and system Responder wireless device and system Command visualization system Hospital system Wireless bridging systems Location aware system Disaster database Wireless Internet Information System for Medical Response in Disasters (WIISARD) Source: Dr. Leslie Lenert, UCSD SOM

28 Hot Zone Prevailing wind Warm zone Compromised Transportation Corridor WMD attack site (Stadium) Emergency Response Scenario Source: Dr. Leslie Lenert, UCSD SOM Transportation Assets With Mobile Internet Bubble Triage Field Treatment Station Mobile Bubbles Patient RF IDs First Responder PDAs Hospital #1 Hospital #2 (on bypass) Transport station Control Room GPS Tracking

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