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Metro-Area High Performance Networks and Emergency Preparedness Invited Talk to SBC Technology Resources, Inc. Austin, TX December 4, 2001 Larry Smarr,

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Presentation on theme: "Metro-Area High Performance Networks and Emergency Preparedness Invited Talk to SBC Technology Resources, Inc. Austin, TX December 4, 2001 Larry Smarr,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Metro-Area High Performance Networks and Emergency Preparedness Invited Talk to SBC Technology Resources, Inc. Austin, TX December 4, 2001 Larry Smarr, Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Jacobs School of Engineering, UCSD, Director, Cal-(IT) 2

2 Broadband to the Home and Small Businesses Parallel Lambdas in Long Haul and Metro Wireless Access--Anywhere, Anytime Vast Increase in Internet End Points –Embedded Processors –Sensors and Actuators –Information Appliances Emergence of a Distributed Planetary Computer –Storage of Data Everywhere –Distributed Scalable Computing Power Driving a Future Internet Mass Market for New Applications and Services

3 Governor Davis Has Initiated Four New Institutes for Science and Innovation UCSB UCLA California NanoSystems Institute UCSF UCB California Institute for Bioengineering, Biotechnology, and Quantitative Biomedical Research UCI UCSD California Institute for Telecommunications and Information Technology Center for Information Technology Research in the Interest of Society UCSC UCD UCM

4 Cal-(IT) 2 An Integrated Approach to the Future Internet 220 UCSD & UCI Faculty Working in Multidisciplinary Teams With Students, Industry, and the Community The States $100 M Creates Unique Buildings, Equipment, and Laboratories

5 Over Fifty Industrial Sponsors From a Broad Range of Industries Akamai Technologies Inc. AMCC Ampersand Ventures Arch Ventures The Boeing Company Broadcom Corporation CAIMIS, Inc. Conexant Systems, Inc. Connexion by Boeing Cox Communications Diamondhead Ventures Dupont Emulex Corporation Network Systems Enosys Markets Enterprise Partners Venture Capital Entropia, Inc. Ericsson Wireless Communications, Inc. ESRI Extreme Networks Global Photon Systems Graviton IBM Computers Communications Software Sensors Biomedical Startups Venture Capital Newport Corporation Oracle Orincon Industries Panoram Technologies Printronix QUALCOMM Incorporated Quantum The R.W. Johnson Pharmaceutical Research Institute SAIC Samueli, Henry (Broadcom) SciFrame, Inc. Seagate Storage Products SGI Silicon Wave Sony STMicroelectronics, Inc. Sun Microsystems TeraBurst Networks Texas Instruments Time Domain UCSD Healthcare The Unwired Fund WebEx IdeaEdge Ventures The Irvine Company Intersil Corporation Irvine Sensors Corporation JMI, Inc. Leap Wireless International Link, William J. (Versant Ventures) Litton Industries, Inc. MedExpert International Merck Microsoft Corporation Mission Ventures NCR $140 M Match From Industry

6 Cal-(IT) 2 Living-in-the-Future Laboratories Undergraduate Education –UCSD Sixth College Graduate Education and Scientific Research –UCSD Computer Science Department –UCSD Scripps Institution of Oceanography Metro Broadband –San Diego Telecommunications Laboratory –Chicago Metro Net Medical Research and Clinical –UCSD SOM / Veterans Admin / Scripps Clinic / UCSD Healthcare Transportation –UCI Campus Parking –UCI ZEVNET Environmental Monitoring –SDSU Santa Margarita Ecological Reserve

7 CONTROLPLANECONTROLPLANE Clusters Dynamically Allocated Lightpaths Switch Fabrics Physical Monitoring Cal-(IT) 2 is Partnering with Chicago Researchers Creating Metro LambdaGrid Laboratories NSF-funded GMPLS Extensions Developing GigE and 10GigE Applications and Services Testing Optical Switches Linking Chicago to San Diego Metro Labs with Long Haul Fiber Apps Middleware

8 EVL LAC UIC StarLight/Northwestern 10x10 GigE 10GigE 2x 10GigE TNV1TNC1 Router TND1 Router DWDM TNV1TND1 Router DWDM LambdaGrid On-Ramps Phase I ( ) Gigabit Ethernet NICs to 10 Gigabit Ethernet MAN TND1 = Datamining Clusters at NU and UIC Lab. for Advanced Computing –32 Pentium Processors With Raid Disks and GigE Networking Each TNV1 = Visualization Clusters (Gigapixel/sec) at NU and UIC EVL –27 Pentium processors (5x5 screen array plus control/tracking) and GigE TNC1 = TeraGrid Computing Clusters at EVL –16 Itanium processors for code construction and testing for the TeraGrid Match Cluster I/O to MAN Speeds –at 1990s Workstation Prices Source: Tom DeFanti, EVL, UIC

9 LambdaGrid On-Ramps : Phase II ( ) 10x10 Gigabit Ethernet and 2x80 Gbps MAN TND2 = Datamining Clusters at NU and UIC Lab. for Advanced Computing –32 Deerfield processors with 10GigE networking each, NetRam storage TNV2 = Visualization Clusters at NU and UIC EVL –27 Deerfield processors with 10GigE networking each, 25 screens TNC2 = TeraGrid Computing Clusters at EVL –32 Deerfield processors with 10GigE networking each LAC 10x 10GigE UIC O-O-O switch EVL TNV2TNC2 router 10x10GigE 2x40GigE TND2 router StarLight/Northwestern TND2 TNV2 router DWDM O-O-O switch … Source: Tom DeFanti, EVL, UIC

10 Research Topics in Metro Optical Networks Provide Integrated Services in the Tbit/s Range –Lambda-Centric Communication & Computing Resource Allocation –Middleware Services for Real-Time Distributed Programs –Extend Internet QoS Provisioning Over a WDM-Based Network Develop a Common Control-Plane Optical Transport Architecture With GMPLS: –Transport Traffic Over Multiple User Planes With Variable Switching Modes –Lambda Switching –Burst Switching –Inverse Multiplexing (One Application Uses Multiple Lambdas) –Extend GMPLS: –Routing –Resource Reservation –Restoration UCSD, UCI, USC, UIC, & NW

11 Research Topics in Metro Optical Networks Enhance Security Mechanisms: –End-to-End Integrity Check of Data Streams –Access Multiple Locations With Trusted Authentication Mechanisms –Use Grid Middleware for Authentication, Authorization, Validation, Encryption and Forensic Analysis of Multiple Systems and Administrative Domains Distribute Storage While Optimizing Storewidth: –Distribute Massive Pools of Physical RAM (Network Memory) –Develop Visual TeraMining Techniques to Mine Petabytes of Data –Enable Ultrafast Image Rendering –Create for Optical Storage Area Networks (OSANs) –Analysis and Modeling Tools –OSAN Control and Data Management Protocols –Buffering Strategies and Memory Hierarchies for WDM Optical Networks UCSD, UCI, USC, UIC, & NW

12 The NSF TeraGrid Partnerships for Advanced Computational Infrastructure NCSA 8 TF 4 TB Memory 240 TB disk Caltech 0.5 TF 0.4 TB Memory 86 TB disk Argonne 1 TF 0.25 TB Memory 25 TB disk TeraGrid Backbone (40 Gbps) SDSC 4.1 TF 2 TB Memory 250 TB disk This will Become the National Backbone to Support Multiple Large Scale Science and Engineering Projects Data Compute Visualization Applications Note: Weakly Optically Coupled Compared to Metro Clusters Intel, IBM, Qwest

13 Creating Metro, Regional, State, National, and Planetary Optical Networking Laboratories Seattle Portland Caltech SDSC NYC SURFnet, CERN CANARIE Asia- Pacific AMPATH TeraGrid *ANL, UIC, NU, UC, IIT, MREN AMPATH Source: Tom DeFanti, Maxine Brown Potential Extension

14 A Layered Software Architecture is Needed for Defense and Civilian Applications SPAWAR Systems Center San Diego

15 Grid Requirements for Internet Middleware Systems Identity & authentication Authorization & policy Resource discovery Resource characterization Resource allocation (Co-)reservation, workflow Distributed algorithms Remote data access High-speed data transfer Performance guarantees Monitoring Adaptation Intrusion detection Resource management Accounting & payment Fault management System evolution Etc. … Source: Carl Kessleman IBM Adopts Open Source Globus!

16 From Telephone Conference Calls to Access Grid International Video Meetings Access Grid Lead-Argonne NSF STARTAP Lead-UICs Elec. Vis. Lab Creating a Virtual Global Research Lab Using IP Multicast

17 Millions of Video Cameras Are Attaching to the Net London Underground –Initially 25,000 Video Cameras –Expansion to 250,000 Possible –British Transport Police Switch to Any Camera in 1 Sec. –Source: Telindus British CCTV System –Currently 2.5 Million CCTV Cameras Installed (NY Times) –Average London Citizen is Seen by 300 Cameras Per Day –Face Recognition Software Added in High Crime Areas Up to 6 Million Surveillance Cameras Across the USA in 5-7 Years –Privacy International Prediction

18 Integrating Wireless, Sensor and Data-Management Technologies Source: Graviton, a Cal-(IT) 2 Partner

19 Prototyping Early Warning Systems and Disaster Response Systems Three Tier System –Wireless SensorNets Brings Data to Repositories –Collaborative Crisis Management Centers –Remote Wireless Devices Interrogate Databases Cal-(IT)2 Will Focus on High Performance Grids –Analysis, Collaboration, and Crisis Management –Broadband Wireless Sensornets –Metro Optical Network Testbed Build a Living-in-the-Future Laboratory –UCSD, UCI, and SDSU Campuses –San Diego, Orange County, Cross Border –Early Access to HW/SW from Industrial Partners

20 Prototyping a Data Grid for the Geosciences IGPP, SIO, UCSD

21 Cal-(IT) 2 Multi-Megapixel Displays for Seismic and Geosciences Monitoring Cal-(IT) 2 / SIO / SDSC / SDSU

22 Linking Analysis and Visualization Facilities by Optical Networks is the Next Step Multiple Uses –Data Analysis –Crisis Management –Governmental and Private Sector Virtual Enterprises Distributed Collaboration –Multiple Video and Large Image Streams –Software to Enable Real Time Group Decisions Data and Compute –PC Clusters –AI Data Mining Driven by Data-Intensive Applications –Safety of Civil Infrastructure –Subsurface Oil and Gas Discovery and Management –Intelligent Transportation Systems –Distributed Medical Facilities

23 Multi-Sensor Data Fusion Control Rooms are Needed for Managing Crisis Response Create Through Telecommunications and IT –Situational Awareness –Common Operational Picture –Local Data Warehouse with Remote Data Access –AI Data Mining of Distributed Databases –Spatial Data Analysis –Consequences Assessment Tool Set Source: Panoram Technologies

24 HOTLINKs for Damage Locations using GPS and Digital Photos on GIS Integrate Remote Reconnaissance with Satellite Imagery and Ground SensorNets Maria Feng UCI Civil & Environmental Engineering

25 GIS Based Crisis Management Software Tools-- SAICs Consequences Assessment Tool Set (CATS) Prediction of Disaster Evolution – Hurricane, Earthquake, Terror Casualty Distribution Probabilities Response Management Source: SAIC

26 Web Browser - Portal Interface Portal Engine User Preferences State Values Data Gather XML HTML Legacy and Problem Specific Databases, Collections, & Literature Analysis Tools: - Pattern Recognition - GIS Queries -Data Mining -Multi-Sensor Fusion Applications: -Epidemiology - Transportation Systems -... Common Portal Architecture Customized for Crisis Management Built on Prior SDSC and NCSA Work

27 Data Mining Across Agency Stovepipes Is an Essential Next Step CRIMINAL JUSTICE EMERGENCY RESPONSE PUBLIC HEALTH SECURITY INTEGRATED INTELLIGENCE SYSTEM Local State Federal INFORMATION SOURCES Cal-(IT) 2 is Partnering With SAIC On Emergency Preparedness

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