Presentation on theme: "Disaster risk reduction – How did we get here?"— Presentation transcript:
1 Disaster risk reduction – How did we get here? ReactivePrior to 1990s - civil defense, relief organizations, disaster preparedness for response focusDuring 1990s – IDNDR, Yokohama strategy: disaster cycle, focus on disaster mitigation, emergence of disasters-development linksSince 2000 – ISDR, HFA: Disaster risk reduction – greater emphasis on development approaches, links to climate change - ROLE OF CIVIL PROTECTION?ProactiveSustainable developmentHFA- 2005; CC Bali PoA 2007
2 Hyogo Framework for Action 2005-2015: Building the resilience of nations and communities to disastersThree strategic goalsIntegrate disaster risk reduction into sustainable development policies and planning.Develop and strengthen institutions, mechanisms and capacities to build resilience to hazards.Incorporate systematically risk reduction into emergency preparedness, response and recovery programmes.
3 Hyogo Framework for Action 2005-2015: Building the resilience of nations and communities to disastersFive priorities for actionGovernance: ensure that disaster risk reduction is a national and local priority with strong institutional basis for implementationRisk identification: identify, assess and monitor disaster risks and enhance early warningKnowledge: use knowledge, innovation and education to build a culture of safety and resilience at all levelsReducing the underlying risk factors in various sectors (environment, health, construction, etc.)Strengthen disaster preparedness for effective response- key role of Civil Protection and Disaster Management OrganizationsWords Into Action:A Guide for Implementing the Hyogo Framework
4 Hyogo Framework for Action 2005-2015: Building the resilience of nations and communities to disastersFollow-up and implementationMulti-sectoral, including civil society, science, private sectorStates: Main responsible. Designate national coordination mechanisms (“national platforms”)Regional: support national; regional cooperationInternational organizations, incl. UN system: coherence humanitarian and developmentISDR- as a system and its secretariat: facilitate coordination, develop guidelines & tools; progress indicators, reviews, reporting & gaps analysis; good practice- exchangeResource mobilization: UN Trust Fund for DRR & mainstream in multi-lateral/bilateral (WB launched GFDRR)4
5 Main elements of the ISDR System in support of the Hyogo Framework for ActionResponsible for national strategies and programmes, baselines studies, reporting…Nations and communities:Specific guidance, monitoring and technical assistance, programmes“National Platforms for DRR”Government agencies, local authorities,NGOs, CBOs, technical organisations, private sector , media…Global coordination:Supporting mechanismsGovernance:UN General Assembly, ECOSOC(ISDR Support grp)Global Platform for DRRUSG Humanitarian Affairs Management Oversight BoardInter-Agency Group - JWPISDR secretariatUN Trust FundISDR Regional platformsISDR Thematic platformsUN Country Teams, Red Cross/ Red Crescent societiesWB GFDRRSTCManagement, oversight, guidance & support, joint work programme, monitoring/global reporting