25-C Which illustrates recommended dental habits for a toddler? A-Dillon brushes his teeth two to three times a week. B-Ethan goes to bed without brushing his teeth. C-Freddie uses a soft-bristle toothbrush. D-Gary uses his brother’s toothbrush.
35-C Which illustrates recommended dental habits for a toddler? A-Hilda always has to be told a story to get her toothbrush. B-Ivan eats candy and goes to bed without brushing. C-Josh is distracted from brushing his teeth by looking at himself in the mirror. D-Kathryn loves brushing time because her mother is so encouraging.
45-CWhich illustrates the gross motor skills of a typical two-year-old? A-Paul felt the fuzzy sweater. B-Randy jingled keys in his pocket. C-Sheila ran through the corn field. D-Thomas stacked building blocks.
55-DWhich illustrates the gross motor skills of a typical three-year-old?A-Danny laced his shoes. B-Earl turned on the faucet. C-Hazel turned pages in the book. D-Holly walked quickly down the hallway.
65-B Which illustrates the fine motor skills of a typical toddler? A-Larry slides down the steps one at a time. B-Mary moved a ball from one hand to the other. C-Oprah sat down with help. D-Paula walks steadily.
75-C Which illustrates the fine motor skills of a typical toddler? A-Amy changes feet as she goes up the stairs. B-Bonnie runs but does not stop well. C-Carla draws shapes on paper. D-Donna pulled the toy across the floor.
85-B Which illustrates the attention span of a typical toddler? A-As her mother changes fifteen-month-old Kim’s diaper, Kim lies on the table and watches her mobile. B-As her mother turns for a moment from helping eighteen-month-old Jamie get dressed, Jamie wanders off to the window. C-Two-and-a-half-year-old Barry quickly assembled the fifteen-piece wooden puzzle quickly. D-Two-year-old LuLu is a happy child who loves to play with other children.
95AWhich illustrates the reasoning ability of a typical three-year-old?A-Andrea can see that the square block goes in the square-shaped opening. B-Annie keeps trying to put a shape in and finally succeeds. C-Andy cannot choose between the red and blue shirts. D-Angela has no reply when asked if she likes bananas.
105A Which illustrates recommended practices for toilet training? A-Karla’s mother bought her a new potty and made a fun game out of sitting on it. B-Larry’s dad told him the monster would get him if he messed up his clothes. C-Madison tried to potty-train her one-year-old son so she could return to work. D-Nathan’s father forgot to help him go to the bathroom when they went to the zoo.
115B Which illustrates the direct method of learning? One-year-old Mark: A-accidentally got the square in the square-shaped opening. B-learned to put the square in the square-shaped opening by watching the teacher. C-tried different shapes of openings until the square fit. D-watched the teacher, but still could not get the square in the square-shaped opening.
125-D Which illustrates a recommended method for feeding a one-year-old? A-Brenda’s mother gave her some raw carrots. B-Carol’s mother gave her a glass to drink from. C-Danny’s mother gave him peanuts and popcorn for a snack. D-Steve’s mother lets him eat banana slices with his fingers.
135-DWhich illustrates a recommended method for feeding a three-year-old? A-Barbara’s mother prepares high-sugar foods because her children enjoy them. B-Dave’s mother feeds Dave in a variety of places, rarely at the dining room table. C-Hanna’s mother does not allow her to eat with a fork because she is afraid she will hurt herself. D-Ivan’s mother cuts his meat into small pieces to make it easier for him to swallow safely.
145-A Which illustrates established routines? A-Jamie loves to brush her teeth, read a story, sing, and choose her favorite bear before going to bed each night. B-Kendra stays up each night until her mother has time to give her a bath and put her to bed. C-Lacey eats whenever she gets hungry; there is no such thing as mealtime at her house. D-Matthew takes naps at different times each day.
155-DWhich illustrates a recommended practice for bathing a one-year-old? A-Allow the child to suck on a sponge. B-If the child cries, remove him/her without washing. C-Let the child play in the tub. D-Wash the child in the tub, then remove him/her.
165-BWhich illustrates the skills of a typical toddler when brushing teeth? A-Tammy brushes her teeth well without supervision. B-Tommy needs his mother to help him brush his eight teeth with a soft brush. C-Wanda does not like to brush, but her mother helps her with a hard-bristle brush. D-Van can brush his teeth alone with no help or reminders from his mother.
175-CWhich illustrates the self-help skills of a typical toddler in getting dressed? A-Ellie holds her arms straight up to get dressed, but she puts them down when her mother tries to help her put on her shirt. B-Sam puts his arms in his shirts, but his mother has to help him put on all his other clothes. C-Tim can put on his clothes without help, but has to have assistance with fasteners. D-Ann can put on her shirt, but has trouble pulling up her pants.
185-AWhich illustrates typical self-help skills of a toddler in getting dressed? A-Tammy’s mother encourages her to dress herself, and then provides help as needed. B-Terrance takes his clothes off, but does not want to put them back on. C-Tom’s mother has to hurry to get to work, so she just dresses her son herself. D-Tory fell down while trying to pull up his pants, but his shirt slid easily over his head.
195.2-A Which illustrates the emotional development of a two-year-old? A-Carl is envious of his baby brother. B-Debra plays with Susie at play school. C-Eli has Jack as his fantasy friend. D-Fabian pretends to be an elephant.
205.2-C Which illustrates the development of empathy in a toddler? A-Randy asked, "Why do I have to take turns?" B-Stella asked, "Why do I have to eat peas?" C-Tracy put a blanket on his mother and said, "This help make mama better." D-Violet said, "I want to hold my baby brother."
215.2-ATwo-year-old Terrance had a temper tantrum in the store when his father would not buy him candy. Which characteristic of the emotional development of toddlers is this? A-Anger B-Empathy C-Fear D-Jealousy
225.2-CTwo-and-a-half-year-old Andrew has a friend at preschool. He hugs her each day before he goes home. Which characteristic of the emotional development of toddlers is this? preschool. He hugs her each day before he goes home. Which characteristic of the emotional development of toddlers is this? A-Anger B-Egotism C-Love/affection D-Realization of being a separate person
235.2-CHow are milestones of social development of a three-year-old different from those of a two-year-old? A-Two-year-olds like to play side by side; three-year-olds do not like to play with others. B-Two-year-olds love to be in control; three-year-olds like to be told what to do. C-Two-year-olds like playing next to another child; three-year-olds take part in brief group activities. D-Two-year-olds like to be praised; three-year-olds are embarrassed by praise.
245.2-CWhich illustrates the social development of a toddler? Two-year-olds: A-care about others more than themselves. B-like to play in groups. C-love to "boss" other children. D-want to do chores at home.
255.2-DTwo-year-old Bobby is playing with puzzles while his cousin is nearby playing with blocks. Which typeof play is this? A-Imaginative B-Imitative C-Individual D-Parallel
265.2ATwo-and-a-half-year-old Trudy is building a block tower while Victoria assists by selecting the blocks. Which type of play is this? A-Cooperative B-Imaginative C-Imitative D-Solitary
275.2-ATwo-and-a-half-year-olds Zach and Alice selected old clothes and performed an impromptu ballet. Which type of play is this? A-Imaginative B-Individual C-Parallel D-Solitary
285.2- BTony dressed like a fireman and acted like he was putting out a fire in the kitchen center while his friend watched from the side. Which type of play is this?A-Cooperative B-Imaginative C-Parallel D-Solitary
295.2-4Two-and-a-half-year-old Mary played in the crib with her stuffed bear. Which type of play is this? 1-Imaginative 2-Imitative 3-Parallel 4-Solitary
305.2-BTwo-and-a-half-year-old Mary is afraid of the dark when she goes to bed. Which type of development is this? A-Cognitive B-Emotional C-Physical D-Social
315.2-CTwo-year-old Thomas stood on his head, then stood upright and clapped his hands. Which type of development is this? A-Cognitive B-Emotional C-Physical D-Social
325.2-ATommy went to the board and wrote the letters of the alphabet. Which type of development is this? A-Cognitive B-Emotional C-Physical D-Social
335.3-C Which words are likely to be spoken by an authoritarian parent? A-"Play with the ball if you want to." B-"We will discuss playing ball after dinner." C-"You cannot play ball." D-"You play ball alone; then, I will play with you."
345.3-D Which words are likely to be spoken by an authoritarian parent? A-"Let’s sit down and talk about going to grandmother’s house." B-"Think about what time you want to go to grandmother’s house; any time is fine with me." C-"You can go to grandmother’s house any time you want." D-"You will not go to grandmother’s house because I said so."
355.3-B Which words are likely to be spoken by a democratic parent? A-"Play with the drums if you want to." B-"We will discuss playing drums after dinner." C-"You can play the drums any time you want." D-"You cannot play drums."
365.3-A Which words are likely to be spoken by a permissive parent? A-"Play with the ball if you want to." B-"We will discuss playing ball after dinner." C-"You cannot play ball." D-"You play ball alone; then, I will play with you later.
375.3-C Which words are likely to be spoken by a permissive parent? A-"Drinking from a cup is hard; so let’s find something else to drink from." B-"Don’t play with the milk in the cup." C-"It is okay if you spill a little milk; I will clean it up." D-"Why are you spilling the milk in the cup?" permissive parent?
385.3-AWhich actions are likely to be done by a permissive mother whose child will have a sixth birthday party? A-Allowing the child to invite as many friends as he/she wants B-Deciding together what to serve for the party C-Refusing to let the child invite a friend from next door D-Refusing to let the child invite friends unless he knows their parents
395.3-CWhich is an example of setting a good example so children can imitate positive behavior? A-Being drunk when seeing the children B-Cursing when children are around C-Spending quality time with children daily D-Yelling at a child who fell down
405.3-AWhich statement guides toddler behavior by setting appropriate limits? A-"Be gentle with the kitty." B-"Do as I say, right now." C-"Don’t play with the dog, he might bite." D-"Stop asking me so many questions."
415.3-D Which statement meets toddler needs instead of punishing? A-"I am going to put you in time-out for getting food on your clothes." B-"I will wipe your nose for you because I know you cannot." C-"You are going straight to bed because you did not use the potty." D-"You are not going outside anymore because you played in the mud"
425.3-CWhich statement gives toddlers respect while guiding their behavior? A-"Because of your behavior, you will be last in line for snack today." B-"You are a difficult child to live with." C-"You are a great child; I like it when you say ‘please’." D-"You do not know how to behave."
435.3-CWhich statement gives toddlers respect while guiding their behavior? A-"You are not a very attractive child What am I going to do with you?" B-"You have a lovely smile, but you clearly do not know how to behave at the table." C-"You make me so happy when you use good table manners." D-"You need to lose weight so your fat
445.3-B Which statement shows love while guiding toddler behavior? A-"I am surprised at your behavior in the doctor’s office." B-"Let’s sit together and read a story about how to behave when visitors come." C-"Since you let the dog in, you will go to bed with no dinner." D-"Why don’t you ever listen to anything I say to you?"
455.3-C Which is an example of intentional misbehavior by a toddler? A-Dropping a book because it was too heavy. B-Falling over the dog. C-Running quietly down the hall. D-Slipping on a rock.
465.3-B Which is an example of intentional misbehavior by a toddler? A-Falling when running on a slippery floor B-Going home to get a toy knife to stab the cat C-Pushing a box through the door and hitting the door frame D-Waking up and crying because the room is dark
475.3-D Which is an example of unintentional misbehavior by a toddler? A-Biting someone to get a toy B-Running down the hall screaming C-Throwing a toy across the room D-Trying to pour milk, but spilling it
485.3-CA toddler threw a favorite stuffed animal into a mud puddle. Which is a positive method for dealing with this inappropriate behavior? A-Buying the child a new stuffed animal just like her favorite one B-Lecturing the child about being careless with her favorite stuffed animal C-Not replacing the toy, but encouraging the child to play with another stuffed animal D-Telling the child she is stupid for throwing the stuffed animal in the puddle
495.3-CA toddler failed to pick up his/her toys when told to do so. Which statement illustrates an appropriate warning for this first offense? A-"I know you heard me when I told you to pick up those toys." B-"I will pick up your toys this time; but next time, it’s up to you." C-"If you don’t pick up those toys, I will take them away from you." D-"Remember to pick up your toys whenever you finish playing."
505.3-AWhich illustrates punishing in proportion with the misbehavior after a child pulls a cat’s tail? A-Being put in time-out B-Being sent to bed without supper C-Being spanked D-Running around the house five times
515.3-DWhich is an example of a logical consequence when a toddler does not pick up his/her toys? A-Being put in time-out for one-hour B-Being told it is time to grow up and act like a big boy/girl C-Being told that life cannot always be the way you want it; so grow up D-Not being allowed to go outside to play
525.3-B Which statement is an example of bribing a child as an inappropriate way of getting them to behave? A-"Be good now for your mother. She has been working hard today." B-"If you are good today, I will give you five dollars for a new toy." C-"Since you have broken so many toys, you cannot play with the new trucks." D-"You have been so cooperative today; here’s a smiley-face sticker."
535.3-B Which is a positive statement for dealing with contrariness? A-"Don’t whine and cry so much; you are wearing on my last nerve!" B-"I know you are tired, so let’s play a game while we ride and you will feel better." C-"Stand up like you should or I will smack you." D-"Would you rather cry, or do something to make yourself feel better?
545.3-B Which is a positive statement for dealing with a temper tantrum? A-"Get off the floor; I am not playing with you!" B-"I am going to leave now; so, you’d better get up if you do not want to be left." C-"I told you that you were not having any treats; so just get up and be quiet." D-"If you behave well in the store, you may select one treat just before we leave."
555.3-AWhich is an appropriate statement to a child who has bitten someone? A-"Do not bite." B-"How could you do such a thing?" C-"I am going to bite you back." D-"What is wrong with you? Are you hungry?"
565.3-CWhich is an appropriate statement to a child who has hit someone? A-"If you have strong feelings, it’s best to try to keep them inside." B-"Keep your hands to yourself or you will be sorry." C-"Let’s pretend we are playing a game of superheroes; we must protect our friends." D-"You are a very bad boy, and your mother would be sad!