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Understanding Hamlet Whos there?. Kronborg-Helsingør.

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Presentation on theme: "Understanding Hamlet Whos there?. Kronborg-Helsingør."— Presentation transcript:

1 Understanding Hamlet Whos there?

2 Kronborg-Helsingør

3 Act I, Scene 1 Note Horatios character Note Horatios character Why all of the military preparations? Why all of the military preparations? Renaissance beliefs about ghosts and how mans actions affect nature Renaissance beliefs about ghosts and how mans actions affect nature Shakespeares poetry Shakespeares poetry

4 Act I, Scene 2 What is your first impression of Claudius as a ruler? What is your first impression of Claudius as a ruler? How does he explain his hasty marriage to Gertrude? How does he explain his hasty marriage to Gertrude? How does he deal with the impending attack by Fortinbras? How does he deal with the impending attack by Fortinbras? What are his first words to Hamlet? What are his first words to Hamlet?

5 Hamlets first appearance Hamlet alternates between two moods: destructive satire and inward melancholy Hamlet alternates between two moods: destructive satire and inward melancholy Outwardly destructive: uses puns and insults Outwardly destructive: uses puns and insults How do the king and queen try to cheer him? How do the king and queen try to cheer him? First soliloquy: inward melancholy. How does he differentiate between his fathers love for his mother and his mothers love for his father? Does Hamlet have an Oedipus Complex? First soliloquy: inward melancholy. How does he differentiate between his fathers love for his mother and his mothers love for his father? Does Hamlet have an Oedipus Complex? More mood swings when Hamlet greets his friends! More mood swings when Hamlet greets his friends!

6 Meet Laertes and his sister, Ophelia What type of relationship do they have? What type of relationship do they have? What advice does Laertes give Ophelia before he returns to school? What advice does Laertes give Ophelia before he returns to school? Her reaction? Her reaction? Vocabulary: Vocabulary: –Prodigal –libertine

7 Poloniuss Advice What advice does he give to Laertes? What advice does he give to Laertes? –Famous Lines? What advice does he give to Ophelia? Her reaction? What advice does he give to Ophelia? Her reaction? Optional Assignment from The People, Yes by Carl Sandburg Optional Assignment from The People, Yes by Carl Sandburg –Contrast Poloniuss advice (lines on page 43) with advice the father in Sandburgs poem gives. Are they similar? Different? Which is better?

8 Hamlet Meets the Ghost Shakespeare defines the tragic flaw (lines ) Shakespeare defines the tragic flaw (lines ) Corse=corpse Corse=corpse Why do Hamlets friends fear Hamlet speaking with the ghost alone? Why do Hamlets friends fear Hamlet speaking with the ghost alone? Was Gertrude unfaithful while still married to Hamlets father? Was Gertrude unfaithful while still married to Hamlets father? How did the late king die? How did the late king die? What does the ghost want Hamlet to do about his mother? What does the ghost want Hamlet to do about his mother? What vow does Hamlet make his friends swear? What vow does Hamlet make his friends swear? What is an antic disposition? What is an antic disposition?

9 Act II, Scene 2 Meet Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Meet Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Voltemond brings news from Norway Voltemond brings news from Norway Polonius has found the very cause of Hamlets lunacy and begins to expostulate. Polonius has found the very cause of Hamlets lunacy and begins to expostulate. Brevity is the soul of wit Brevity is the soul of wit Note Poloniuss strategy for discovering the truth behind Hamlets behavior. Pay attention to the connotations of his diction! Note Poloniuss strategy for discovering the truth behind Hamlets behavior. Pay attention to the connotations of his diction!

10 Words, words, words Hamlet suspects Poloniuss devious plans and decides to have some fun. Hamlet suspects Poloniuss devious plans and decides to have some fun. Note Hamlets word play as he puts on an antic disposition and pretends not to recognize Hamlet. Note Hamlets word play as he puts on an antic disposition and pretends not to recognize Hamlet. Once more Hamlet uses puns and verbal irony as he swings to his outwardly destructive mood. Once more Hamlet uses puns and verbal irony as he swings to his outwardly destructive mood. But Polonius will admit, Though this be madness, yet there is method in t. But Polonius will admit, Though this be madness, yet there is method in t.

11 Fortune is a strumpet!

12 To Hamlet Denmarks a prison There is nothing good or bad but thinking makes it so! There is nothing good or bad but thinking makes it so! Why do Rosencrantz and Guildenstern raise the subject of ambition while talking to Hamlet? Why do Rosencrantz and Guildenstern raise the subject of ambition while talking to Hamlet? What a piece of work is a man… What a piece of work is a man… Mans duel nature: the paragon of animals and quintessence of dust. Mans duel nature: the paragon of animals and quintessence of dust.

13 The Players are Here! Why does Hamlet tell Rosencrantz and Guildenstern he is but mad north-north- west? Why does Hamlet tell Rosencrantz and Guildenstern he is but mad north-north- west? An old man is twice a child. Who? Meaning? An old man is twice a child. Who? Meaning? Buzz, buzz Buzz, buzz Jephthah: a Biblical figure who sacrifices his daughter. Jephthah: a Biblical figure who sacrifices his daughter.

14 Why does Hamlet want to hear a speech from Virgils Aeneid ? What do you know about The Trojan War? What do you know about The Trojan War? Which two countries fought in this war? Which two countries fought in this war? What started the war? What started the war? Who were the greatest heroes of this war? Who were the greatest heroes of this war? How did the war end? How did the war end? Key names to remember: Priam, Paris, Achilles, Hector, Pyrrhus, Agamemnon, Menelaus, Helen, Hecuba, Odysseus Key names to remember: Priam, Paris, Achilles, Hector, Pyrrhus, Agamemnon, Menelaus, Helen, Hecuba, Odysseus

15

16 A Pyrrhic Victory Why does Hamlet want to hear the speech about Pyrrus seeking revenge against the father of the man who slew Achilles? Why does Hamlet want to hear the speech about Pyrrus seeking revenge against the father of the man who slew Achilles?

17 Fools and Madmen Speak the Truth. Act IV, Scene 5 Despite her madness, what truths does Ophelia reveal? Despite her madness, what truths does Ophelia reveal? Shroud=Burial garment Shroud=Burial garment When sorrows come, they come not single spies,/But in battalions. When sorrows come, they come not single spies,/But in battalions. That drop of blood thats calm proclaims me bastard. That drop of blood thats calm proclaims me bastard. Cuckold=a man whose wife is unfaithful Cuckold=a man whose wife is unfaithful Apostrophe: O heat, dry up my brains! Apostrophe: O heat, dry up my brains!

18 Next in Hamlet: Act IV, Scene 7 Claudius acquaints Laertes with the real story… Claudius acquaints Laertes with the real story… Claudius gives two reasons why he has not started criminal proceedings against Hamlet. Claudius gives two reasons why he has not started criminal proceedings against Hamlet. Claudius receives a letter from Hamlet in which Hamlet says he is set naked upon [Claudiuss] kingdom. Claudius receives a letter from Hamlet in which Hamlet says he is set naked upon [Claudiuss] kingdom. Why does Hamlet send this letter to Claudius? Why does Hamlet send this letter to Claudius?

19 Elements of Revenge Tragedy Avenger must prove perpetrators guilt Avenger must prove perpetrators guilt Avenger faces perpetrator of the crime and tells him why he seeks revenge. Avenger faces perpetrator of the crime and tells him why he seeks revenge. Revenge is eye for an eye. Revenge is eye for an eye. Avenger must acquaint everyone with the real story Avenger must acquaint everyone with the real story

20 The Plan to kill Hamlet Lamondthe Frenchman Lamondthe Frenchman Rapieralso called a foil Rapieralso called a foil Unbated=unblunted Unbated=unblunted Mounteback=quack doctor Mounteback=quack doctor Unction=ointment Unction=ointment Peruse=examine carefully Peruse=examine carefully Whats wrong with this plan? Whats wrong with this plan?

21 Too much of water hast thou, poor Ophelia… What has happened to Ophelia? What has happened to Ophelia? What is confusing about the way Gertrude describes what happened? What is confusing about the way Gertrude describes what happened? Why might Gertrude embellish the story of Ophelias death? Why might Gertrude embellish the story of Ophelias death?

22 Act V, Scene 2 What happened to Rosencrantz and Guildenstern? Horatios reaction? What happened to Rosencrantz and Guildenstern? Horatios reaction? How does Hamlet regain his heroic stature in the final scene of the play? How does Hamlet regain his heroic stature in the final scene of the play? Purpose of Osric? Purpose of Osric? Letting go of control: Let be. Letting go of control: Let be. Tragedy: At the very moment Hamlet achieves a readiness for a noble life, his life is over. Tragedy: At the very moment Hamlet achieves a readiness for a noble life, his life is over.


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