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NPOESS National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System Briefing to the APAN Earth Observation Working Group January 30, 2004.

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Presentation on theme: "NPOESS National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System Briefing to the APAN Earth Observation Working Group January 30, 2004."— Presentation transcript:

1 NPOESS National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System Briefing to the APAN Earth Observation Working Group January 30, 2004

2 N ATIONAL P OLAR-ORBITING O PERATIONAL E NVIRONMENTAL S ATELLITE S YSTEM A Tri-agency Effort to Leverage and Combine Environmental Satellite Activities Mission Provide a national, operational, polar- orbiting remote-sensing capability Achieve National Performance Review (NPR) savings by converging DoD and NOAA satellite programs Incorporate new technologies from NASA Encourage International Cooperation Saves $1.6B through System Life Cycle compared to NPR target of $1.3B NPOESS is Good Government! METOP NPOESS Specialized Satellites Local Equatorial Crossing Time 0530 1330 0930 NPOESS

3 N ATIONAL P OLAR-ORBITING O PERATIONAL E NVIRONMENTAL S ATELLITE S YSTEM NPOESS NPOESS is required to provide an OPERATIONAL remote sensing capability to acquire and receive in real-time at field terminals, and to acquire, store and disseminate to processing centers, GLOBAL and regional environmental imagery and specialized METEOROLOGICAL, CLIMATIC, TERRESTRIAL, OCEANOGRAPHIC and SOLAR-GEOPHYSICAL and other data in support of public safety, commerce, environmental monitoring and research.

4 N ATIONAL P OLAR-ORBITING O PERATIONAL E NVIRONMENTAL S ATELLITE S YSTEM National Importance -Timely, accurate, and cost-effective public warnings and forecasts of severe weather events, reduce the potential loss of human life and property and advance the national economy -Support of general aviation, agriculture, and maritime communities aimed at increasing U.S. productivity -Commitment to support long-term data continuity for environmental monitoring and Global Change assessment NPOESS Goal: Improve the Nations Space-Based, Remote Sensing Capabilities for Environmental Monitoring

5 N ATIONAL P OLAR-ORBITING O PERATIONAL E NVIRONMENTAL S ATELLITE S YSTEM Establishing NPOESS National Space Council Study - 1992 National Performance Review (NPR) - September 1993 -Identified Need for Coordinated Effort OSTP Convergence Implementation Plan submitted to Congress - May 1994 Presidential Decision Directive/NSTC-2 - May 1994 -Directed Convergence of National Assets Tri-agency Memorandum of Agreement (MOA) - May 1995 -Established Roles and Responsibilities of Department of Defense, Department of Commerce, and NASA EUMETSAT/NOAA Initial Joint Polar Agreement - November 1998 -Brought in International Community

6 N ATIONAL P OLAR-ORBITING O PERATIONAL E NVIRONMENTAL S ATELLITE S YSTEM Two Polar-orbiting Systems POES (Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite) First Launched April 1, 1960 Currently -NOAA-15 Launched May 1998 -NOAA-16 Launched Sep 2000 -NOAA-17 Launched Jun 2002 DMSP (Defense Meteorological Satellite Program) Currently -F-14 Launched December 1994 -F-15 Launched December 1999 -F-16 Launched December 2003

7 N ATIONAL P OLAR-ORBITING O PERATIONAL E NVIRONMENTAL S ATELLITE S YSTEM DMSP/POES to NPOESS Convergence & Evolution of Mission Areas DMSP Military Civil DoD/AF DOC/NOAA -Imaging - μwave Sounding -Space Environment -Under DMSP SPO -Imaging -Sounding -Climate -Ozone -Space Environment -Under POES Prog Office –Imaging –Sounding –Climate –Ozone –Space Environment –Under Integrated Program Office POES OPQR CONVERGENCE Block 6 Discontinued Tri-Agency NPOESS

8 N ATIONAL P OLAR-ORBITING O PERATIONAL E NVIRONMENTAL S ATELLITE S YSTEM 0530 1330 0930 METOP Future (2008-2018) 3-Orbit System -3 US Converged -1 EUMETSAT/METOP -Specialized Satellites Tomorrow (2005) 4-Orbit System -2 US Military -1 US Civilian -1 EUMETSAT/METOP Local Equatorial Crossing Time METOP 0530 0830 1330 0930 DMSP POES Evolution Today 4-Orbit System -2 US Military -2 US Civilian U.S. civil and defense programs, working in partnership with EUMETSAT, will ensure improved global coverage and long-term continuity of observations at less cost! Local Equatorial Crossing Time 0530 0730 1330 0830 DMSP POES DMSP/POESNPOESS Local Equatorial Crossing Time Specialized Satellites NPOESS

9 N ATIONAL P OLAR-ORBITING O PERATIONAL E NVIRONMENTAL S ATELLITE S YSTEM ----------------10 Year Mission Life------------------- CY 9900111213141516171803080910010207040506 Local Equatorial Crossing Time S/C Deliveries S/C delivery interval driven by 15 month IAT schedule As of: 20 Oct 02 Satellite Transition Schedule (DMSP 2yr launch centers, NPOESS GAP 6c NLF input) Slopes indicate 10-90% need FY 9900111213141516171803080910010207040506 Mission Satisfaction 1330 POES EOS-Aqua NPOESS C2 N Earliest Need to back-up launch N 16 Earliest Availability 0530 DMSP WindSat/Coriolis 0730 - 1030 NPOESS C3 F20 NPOESS DMSP POES NPP EOS-Terra METOP C1 F16 17 F17F19 F15 F18 C4 C5 C6 Most probable launch date Launch date based on backup need NPOESS

10 N ATIONAL P OLAR-ORBITING O PERATIONAL E NVIRONMENTAL S ATELLITE S YSTEM Building A More Capable System First Image from TIROS-1First Image from EOS-Terra Mississippi Delta from the MODIS Instrument 24 February 2000

11 N ATIONAL P OLAR-ORBITING O PERATIONAL E NVIRONMENTAL S ATELLITE S YSTEM An End-to-End Responsibility

12 N ATIONAL P OLAR-ORBITING O PERATIONAL E NVIRONMENTAL S ATELLITE S YSTEM NPOESS Requirements Integrated Operational Requirements Document (IORD-II) -55 Data Products -21 Enhancement Products -2 System Characteristic KPPs Convergence of Alternatives Convergence of Requirements Converged requirements provide foundation for combined program First success after eight previous attempts

13 N ATIONAL P OLAR-ORBITING O PERATIONAL E NVIRONMENTAL S ATELLITE S YSTEM Sea Surface Temperature (SST) Sea Surface Temperature is defined as a highly precise measurement of the temperature of the surface layer (upper 1 meter) of ocean water. It has two major applications: 1) sea surface phenomenology, and 2) use in infrared cloud/no cloud decision for processed cloud data. The accompanying requirements apply only under clear conditions (unless specified otherwise). IORD Content Example

14 N ATIONAL P OLAR-ORBITING O PERATIONAL E NVIRONMENTAL S ATELLITE S YSTEM Atmospheric Oceanic Terrestrial Space Environment Climate Atmos Vert Moist ProfDn Lwave Rad (Sfc)Ozone-Tot Col/Profile Atmos Vert Temp ProfElectric FieldPrecipitable Water ImageryElectron Density ProfPrecip Type / Rate Sea Surf TempAero Refractive IndexPressure (Surf/Profile) Sea Surf WindsGeomagnetic FieldSea Ice Age Char Soil MoistureIce Surface TempSea Surface Hgt/Topo Aero Opt Thickness Energetic Ions Snow Cover/Depth Aerosol Particle SizeIn-situ Plasma FluctSolar Irradiance Albedo (Surface)In-situ Plasma TempST- Auroral Particles Auroral BoundaryDownward Swave RadSurface Wind Stress Auroral ImageryMed Energy ParticlesSuspended Matter Cloud Base HeightIonospheric ScintAuroral Energy Depos Cloud Cover/LayersLand Surface TempOut Lwave Rad (TOA) Cloud Eff Particle SizeSurface Type Cloud Ice Water PathNet Heat Flux Cloud Liquid WaterNet Solar Rad (TOA) Cloud Opt ThicknessNeutral Density Profile Cloud Top HeightTotal Water Content Cloud Top PressureVegetation Index Cloud Top TempOcean Color / Chlor Cloud Part Size / DistOcean Wave Char LEGEND - KPPs Environmental Data Records By Discipline

15 N ATIONAL P OLAR-ORBITING O PERATIONAL E NVIRONMENTAL S ATELLITE S YSTEM NPOESS Program Vision The IPO and TRW/Raytheon team: Working in a spirit of shared ownership to develop and deploy the single, national, polar-orbiting environmental remote-sensing capability to meet next-generation civil and military needs Breaking the Mold! Thinking Out of the Box Working Together Creating Success The only thing they pay us for!

16 N ATIONAL P OLAR-ORBITING O PERATIONAL E NVIRONMENTAL S ATELLITE S YSTEM SSPR Responsibilities Government and Contractor Share Risk -Open Communications Facilitate Insight Into Each Others Decisions -Integrated Management Framework (IMF) Improves Visibility Large, Flexible Fee Pool -Approaches Commercial Returns -Meet Our Contractors Specific Motivators -Reflects Government Expectations -Success Defined As Meeting Requirements -Incentives Focus on Highest Program Risk -- Total System Integration and Performance Shared Ownership creates a Win/Win situation

17 N ATIONAL P OLAR-ORBITING O PERATIONAL E NVIRONMENTAL S ATELLITE S YSTEM SSPR Responsibilities cont... Government Industry Controls Performance Requirements Controls All Aspects of Design and Manufacture Manages SSPR Contractor Manages All Subcontractors and Associate Contractors Establishes Flexible, Positive Rewards Flow Rewards to All Teammates Teammates and Supplier Relations Established Early Flexible Teammate and Supplier Relationships Are Earn-on, Perform to Stay, Motivated to Innovate Ensures Industrial Base Is Maintained Business Relationships Based on Best Business Practices Open Communications through IMF

18 N ATIONAL P OLAR-ORBITING O PERATIONAL E NVIRONMENTAL S ATELLITE S YSTEM NPOESS Acquisition and Operation Acquisition and Operation (A&O) Contract was awarded on August 23, 2002 to TRW for $4.5B A&O Contract consists of: -6 satellites -Taking over all government instrument contracts -Buying all leveraged instruments -Integrating GFE instruments (ADCS and SARSAT) -Building and deploying all ground systems C3 and data retrieval Data processing hardware and software -Software for worldwide users Operating system through IOC (2011) -With option to 2018

19 N ATIONAL P OLAR-ORBITING O PERATIONAL E NVIRONMENTAL S ATELLITE S YSTEM IPO Developed Visible/IR Imager Radiometer Suite (VIIRS)* X X X X (AVHRR)X Cross-track IR Sounder (CrIS)* X X X (IASI/HIRS)X Conical MW Imager/Sounder (CMIS)* X X X Ozone Mapper/Profiler Suite (OMPS) X X (GOME) X GPS Occultation Sensor (GPSOS) X X (GRAS) Space Environmental Sensor Suite (SESS) X X (SEM) Aerosol Polarimetry Sensor (APS) X Leveraged Advanced Technology MW Sounder (ATMS)* X X X (AMSU/MHS)X ARGOS-Data Collection System (A-DCS) X X X Search and Rescue (SARSAT) X X X X Earth Radiation Budget Sensor (ERBS) X Total Solar Irradiance Sensor (TSIS) X Radar altimeter (ALT) X Advanced Scatterometer (ASCAT) X NPOESS Instruments 05301330 0930 METOP NPP 1030 0930 TBD NPOESS Payloads * Critical instrument - Failure constitutes need to replace satellite

20 N ATIONAL P OLAR-ORBITING O PERATIONAL E NVIRONMENTAL S ATELLITE S YSTEM CMIS - μwave imager VIIRS - vis/IR imager CrIS - IR sounder ATMS - μwave sounder OMPS - ozone GPSOS - GPS occultation ADCS - data collection SESS - space environment APS - aerosol polarimeter SARSAT - search & rescue TSIS - solar irradiance ERBS - Earth radiation budget ALT - altimeter NPOESS Satellite Single satellite design with common sensor locations CMIS VIIRS CrIS ATMS ERBS OMPS NPOESS 1330 Configuration

21 N ATIONAL P OLAR-ORBITING O PERATIONAL E NVIRONMENTAL S ATELLITE S YSTEM Advanced Technology Microwave Sounder (ATMS) Northrop Grumman Ozone Mapping & Profiler Suite (OMPS) Ball Aerospace Cross-track IR Sounder (CrIS) ITT Industries Visible/IR Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) Raytheon SBRS Instruments in Development/Production Phase Conical-scanning Microwave Imager/Sounder (CMIS) Boeing

22 N ATIONAL P OLAR-ORBITING O PERATIONAL E NVIRONMENTAL S ATELLITE S YSTEM Visible/Infrared Imager Radiometer Suite

23 N ATIONAL P OLAR-ORBITING O PERATIONAL E NVIRONMENTAL S ATELLITE S YSTEM VIIRS Design

24 N ATIONAL P OLAR-ORBITING O PERATIONAL E NVIRONMENTAL S ATELLITE S YSTEM Compact, All Reflective Optical Design Minimizes Stray Light Rotating Telescope Half Angle Mirror FMA Imager SWMWIR & LWIR Dewar VisNIR/DNB FPA

25 N ATIONAL P OLAR-ORBITING O PERATIONAL E NVIRONMENTAL S ATELLITE S YSTEM VIIRS Data Characteristics

26 N ATIONAL P OLAR-ORBITING O PERATIONAL E NVIRONMENTAL S ATELLITE S YSTEM Conical-scanning Microwave Imager/Sounder All Weather Imaging Precipitation Measurement Ocean surface wind field and cloud imagery

27 N ATIONAL P OLAR-ORBITING O PERATIONAL E NVIRONMENTAL S ATELLITE S YSTEM Cross-track Infrared Sounder Hurricane warm core temperature anomaly

28 N ATIONAL P OLAR-ORBITING O PERATIONAL E NVIRONMENTAL S ATELLITE S YSTEM Ozone Mapping and Profiler Suite OMPS Nadir Mapper OMPS Limb Profiling Description Collects data to permit the calculation of the vertical and horizontal distribution of Ozone in the earths atmosphere. Primary instrument for satisfying 1 EDR. Specifications Horizontal Res:50km @ Nadir (column) 250km @ Nadir (profile) Vertical Res:5km (tropopause thru 60km) Heritage and Risk Reduction TOMS - Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer SBUV -Solar Backscatter UltraViolet EUMETSAT - Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment (GOME) on EUMETSAT/METOP ISIR - IR Technology demo on STS-85 SOLSE/LORE - UV Limb demo on STS-87 Contractor: Ball Aerospace

29 N ATIONAL P OLAR-ORBITING O PERATIONAL E NVIRONMENTAL S ATELLITE S YSTEM GPS Occultation Sensor Description Measures the refraction of radiowave signals from the GPS and Russias Global Navigation Satellite System (GLONASS) to characterize the Ionosphere. Primary instrument for electron density and ionospheric profiles. Secondary measurements for tropospheric temperature and humidity profiles. Specifications Multiple GPS receivers to measure electron density profile with vertical coverage 10km within 100km of E/F peaks and 20km elsewhere Heritage and Risk Reduction EUMETSAT -GNSS (Global Navigation Satellite System) Receiver for Atmospheric Sounder (GRAS) on METOP GPS/MET - (Global Positioning System/ Meteorology) GLONASS GPS Ionosphere Contractor: Saab Ericsson

30 N ATIONAL P OLAR-ORBITING O PERATIONAL E NVIRONMENTAL S ATELLITE S YSTEM Specifications Multiple sensors to measure auroral characteristics, geomagnetic field, electron density profile, and total electron content with 10 km vertical resolution from 60 km to 3000 km Heritage and Risk Reduction DMSP -Space Sensor POES -Space Environment Monitor Description Measures the near-Earth space environment in terms of neutral and charged particles, electron and magnetic fields, and optical signatures of aurora. Primary sensor suite for satisfying 14 EDRs. Space Environmental Sensor Suite

31 N ATIONAL P OLAR-ORBITING O PERATIONAL E NVIRONMENTAL S ATELLITE S YSTEM NPOESS Segment Architecture ADS Supplied by NOAA CLASS Interface Data Processing Segment NESDISAFWAFNMOC NAVO Field Terminal Segment ADCS SARSAT Supplied by NASA SDS C3 Segment WSC LEO&A Backup T&C Svalbard Primary T&C NPP SMD MMC at Suitland Flight Operations Team MMC at Schriever Alternate Operations Team Data Handling Node Front End Processor 15 Globally Distributed Receptor Sites Launch Support Segment 1730 Space Segment 1330 2130 Residual Satellites NPP GPS TDRSS

32 N ATIONAL P OLAR-ORBITING O PERATIONAL E NVIRONMENTAL S ATELLITE S YSTEM NPOESS Preparatory Project (NPP) Joint IPO/NASA Risk Reduction Demo NPP Spacecraft contract awarded to Ball Aerospace – May 2002 Instrument Risk Reduction Early delivery / instrument-level test / system-level integration and test VIIRS - Vis/IR Imager Radiometer Suite (IPO) VIIRS - Vis/IR Imager Radiometer Suite (IPO) CrIS - Cross-track IR Sounder (IPO) CrIS - Cross-track IR Sounder (IPO) ATMS - Advanced Technology Microwave Sounder (NASA) ATMS - Advanced Technology Microwave Sounder (NASA) -Provides lessons learned and allows time for any required modifications before NPOESS first launch Ground System Risk Reduction -Early delivery and test of a subset of NPOESS-like ground system elements -Early User Evaluation of NPOESS data products -Provides algorithms / instrument verification and opportunities for instrument calibration / validation prior to first NPOESS launch -Allows for algorithm modification prior to first NPOESS launch Continuity of data for NASAs EOS Terra/Aqua missions

33 N ATIONAL P OLAR-ORBITING O PERATIONAL E NVIRONMENTAL S ATELLITE S YSTEM The NPP System Command, Control & Communication Segment (C3S) Command, Control & Communication Segment (C3S) Interface Data Processing Segment (IDPS) Interface Data Processing Segment (IDPS) Launch Support Segment (LSS) Launch Support Segment (LSS) Archive & Distribution Segment (ADS) Archive & Distribution Segment (ADS) Manage Mission (joint funding) Manage Satellite Operations Space/Ground Comm Data Routing & Retrieval Manage Mission (joint funding) Manage Satellite Operations Space/Ground Comm Data Routing & Retrieval Launch vehicle Launch support Payload Processing support Launch vehicle Launch support Payload Processing support Ingest and validate raw SMD Process RDRs, SDRs, EDRs Perform operations cal proc Provide data records to Centrals, SDS & ADS Ingest and validate raw SMD Process RDRs, SDRs, EDRs Perform operations cal proc Provide data records to Centrals, SDS & ADS Ingest & validate data records Manage archive Interface with users Generate user products Track user orders Generate accounting reports Ingest & validate data records Manage archive Interface with users Generate user products Track user orders Generate accounting reports Science Data Segment (SDS) Science Data Segment (SDS) Ingest and validate RDRs Process RDRs to Level 1B Generate climate data products Perform science cal proc Provide Climate data to ADS Ingest and validate RDRs Process RDRs to Level 1B Generate climate data products Perform science cal proc Provide Climate data to ADS Spacecraft ATMS Ground Support Equipment Spacecraft ATMS Ground Support Equipment VIIRS CrIS -NOAA Funding -IPO Funding -NASA Funding IPO Antenna Location X

34 N ATIONAL P OLAR-ORBITING O PERATIONAL E NVIRONMENTAL S ATELLITE S YSTEM Calibration/Validation Calibration Absolute Accuracy Polarization Purity Geolocation Accuracy Instrument Stability Doppler Correction Antenna Pattern Correction Validation Ocean Wind Speed Water Vapor Cloud Water Rain Rate Sea Ice Soil Moisture Snow water Land Temp Lower Air Profiles Upper Air Profiles Mission Success Meet Specification Operational production of synoptic maps and profiles of critical atmospheric, oceanographic and land parameters Quality Control Ensures Users NWP Real-time tactical Non-tactical JTWC NHC JIC Others To tie it all together and make it work….

35 N ATIONAL P OLAR-ORBITING O PERATIONAL E NVIRONMENTAL S ATELLITE S YSTEM IDPS Products Environmental Data Records VIIRS – Visible/Infrared Imager/Radiometer Suite Environmental Properties Displayed at VIIRS Pixel Locations Cloud Top Heights Cloud Layers Total Precipitable Water Surface Temperature

36 N ATIONAL P OLAR-ORBITING O PERATIONAL E NVIRONMENTAL S ATELLITE S YSTEM Environmental Observing All Weather Imaging Precipitation Measurement Multi-spectral Hurricane Mapping and Profiling Ozone Monitoring Sea Surface Temperature Ocean Circulation Natural Hazards Detection and Mapping Snow and Ice Mapping and Monitoring

37 N ATIONAL P OLAR-ORBITING O PERATIONAL E NVIRONMENTAL S ATELLITE S YSTEM Protect Safety of Life and Property Improve Accuracy of Severe Weather Warnings Improved Microwave Imagery/Sounding products will improve prediction of wind speed and direction Increase in hurricane landfall forecast skill will save an estimated $1 million per mile of coastline that does not have to be evacuated Improved early warnings mitigate the devastating effects of floods through disaster planning and response

38 N ATIONAL P OLAR-ORBITING O PERATIONAL E NVIRONMENTAL S ATELLITE S YSTEM Other Benefits to the Civilian Community Ice monitoring for shipping NPOESS will improve ability to predict El Niño. A 60% increase in El Niño forecast skill will save $183 million per year over 12 year period. Snow cover mapping - spring flood prediction

39 N ATIONAL P OLAR-ORBITING O PERATIONAL E NVIRONMENTAL S ATELLITE S YSTEM Fine-scale visible cloud imagery from DMSP satellite and 9-hour forecast of 4 Km clouds using MM5 Balkans 16Z 10 Aug 0730Z 10 Aug 1618Z 10 Aug 12Z 10 Aug Fine-Scale METSAT and Forecasting

40 N ATIONAL P OLAR-ORBITING O PERATIONAL E NVIRONMENTAL S ATELLITE S YSTEM Nebraska Future of fine-scale weather forecasting is combining high-resolution satellite data with numerical weather prediction and producing visualizations with impact 12 Km4 Km Fine-Scale METSAT and Forecasting

41 N ATIONAL P OLAR-ORBITING O PERATIONAL E NVIRONMENTAL S ATELLITE S YSTEM NPOESS Benefits the Nation Accurate forecasts are critical to the protection of life, safety, and propertyAccurate forecasts are critical to the protection of life, safety, and property NPOESS data will improve forecasts and warningsNPOESS data will improve forecasts and warnings Improved forecasts willImproved forecasts will -Reduce loss of life and property -benefit US industry through increased productivity NPOESS will maintain long-term data continuity for climate monitoring and assessmentNPOESS will maintain long-term data continuity for climate monitoring and assessment

42 N ATIONAL P OLAR-ORBITING O PERATIONAL E NVIRONMENTAL S ATELLITE S YSTEM Additional COnsiderations Each satellite will produce approximately 2 TB of data per dayEach satellite will produce approximately 2 TB of data per day -RDRs – Raw Data Records -SDRs – Sensor Data Records – calibrated geolocated -EDRs – Environmental Data Records – products NPP will not have direct broadcastNPP will not have direct broadcast NPOESS will have direct broadcast, but receiving station costs will make electronic data transfers attractive.NPOESS will have direct broadcast, but receiving station costs will make electronic data transfers attractive. Distribution of NPP and NPOESS data to the Asia Pacific region could be a major new EO-WG objective. Distribution of NPP and NPOESS data to the Asia Pacific region could be a major new EO-WG objective. If there is interest in this the requirement for NPP and NPOESS data needs to be expressed to the national representatives of the GEO. If there is interest in this the requirement for NPP and NPOESS data needs to be expressed to the national representatives of the GEO.


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