Presentation on theme: "NPOESS National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System Briefing to the APAN Earth Observation Working Group January 30, 2004."— Presentation transcript:
1 NPOESS National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System Briefing to the APAN Earth Observation Working Group January 30, 2004
2 Specialized Satellites A Tri-agency Effort to Leverage and Combine Environmental Satellite ActivitiesMETOPNPOESSNPOESSMissionProvide a national, operational, polar- orbiting remote-sensing capabilityAchieve National Performance Review (NPR) savings by converging DoD and NOAA satellite programsIncorporate new technologies from NASAEncourage International Cooperation053013300930Specialized SatellitesLocal Equatorial Crossing TimeNPOESSSaves $1.6B through System Life Cycle compared to NPR target of $1.3BNPOESS is Good Government!
3 NPOESSNPOESS is required to provide an OPERATIONAL remote sensing capability to acquire and receive in real-time at field terminals, and to acquire, store and disseminate to processing centers, GLOBAL and regional environmental imagery and specialized METEOROLOGICAL, CLIMATIC, TERRESTRIAL, OCEANOGRAPHIC and SOLAR-GEOPHYSICAL and other data in support of public safety, commerce, environmental monitoring and research.
4 National ImportanceTimely, accurate, and cost-effective public warnings and forecasts of severe weather events, reduce the potential loss of human life and property and advance the national economySupport of general aviation, agriculture, and maritime communities aimed at increasing U.S. productivityCommitment to support long-term data continuity for environmental monitoring and Global Change assessmentNPOESS Goal: Improve the Nation’s Space-Based, Remote Sensing Capabilities for Environmental Monitoring
5 Establishing NPOESS National Space Council Study - 1992 National Performance Review (NPR) - September 1993Identified Need for Coordinated EffortOSTP Convergence Implementation Plan submitted to Congress - May 1994Presidential Decision Directive/NSTC-2 - May 1994Directed Convergence of National AssetsTri-agency Memorandum of Agreement (MOA) - May 1995Established Roles and Responsibilities of Department of Defense, Department of Commerce, and NASAEUMETSAT/NOAA Initial Joint Polar Agreement - November 1998Brought in International Community
6 Two Polar-orbiting Systems DMSP (Defense Meteorological Satellite Program)CurrentlyF-14 Launched December 1994F-15 Launched December 1999F-16 Launched December 2003POES (Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite)First Launched April 1, 1960CurrentlyNOAA-15 Launched May 1998NOAA-16 Launched Sep 2000NOAA-17 Launched Jun 2002
7 DMSP/POES to NPOESS Convergence & Evolution of Mission Areas DoD/AFDoD/AFDMSPMilitaryBlock 6Tri-Agency-Imaging- μwave Sounding-Space Environment-Under DMSP SPONPOESSCONVERGENCEDOC/NOAADOC/NOAAImagingSoundingClimateOzoneSpace EnvironmentUnder IntegratedProgram OfficePOESCivilOPQR-Imaging-Sounding-Climate-Ozone-Space Environment-Under POES Prog OfficeDiscontinued
8 Specialized Satellites EvolutionDMSP/POESNPOESSU.S. civil and defense programs, working in partnership with EUMETSAT, will ensure improved global coverage and long-term continuity of observations at less cost!METOPTomorrow (2005)4-Orbit System2 US Military1 US Civilian1 EUMETSAT/METOPLocal Equatorial Crossing TimeMETOP0530083013300930DMSPPOESPOESDMSPNPOESSNPOESS0730133005301330053008300930POESSpecialized SatellitesLocal Equatorial Crossing TimeLocal Equatorial Crossing TimeDMSPNPOESSToday4-Orbit System2 US Military2 US CivilianFuture ( )3-Orbit System3 US Converged1 EUMETSAT/METOPSpecialized Satellites
9 Satellite Transition Schedule (DMSP 2yr launch centers, NPOESS GAP 6c NLF input) Slopes indicate 10-90% needCY9900010203040506070809101112131415161718 Year Mission Life 0530F17F19F20DMSPC3NPOESSC6WindSat/CoriolisF15F16F18C1NPOESSC4DMSPNPOESSPOES17METOPEOS-TerraLocal Equatorial Crossing TimeNPPPOES16NN’C2NPOESSC51330EOS-AquaEarliest Need to back-up launchMissionSatisfactionS/CDeliveriesEarliest AvailabilityFY9900010203040506070809101112131415161718S/C delivery interval driven by 15 month IAT scheduleAs of: 20 Oct 02Launch date based on backup needMost probable launch date
10 Building A More Capable System First Image from TIROS-1First Image from EOS-TerraMississippi Delta from the MODIS Instrument 24 February 2000
11 An End-to-End Responsibility First image is the NOAA-L launch on Sep 21st NOAA -16 was launched on a Titan II out of Vandenburg, CA
12 NPOESS RequirementsConvergence of AlternativesIntegrated Operational Requirements Document (IORD-II)55 Data Products21 Enhancement Products2 System Characteristic KPPsConvergence of RequirementsConverged requirements provide foundation for combined programFirst success after eight previous attempts
13 Sea Surface Temperature (SST) IORD Content ExampleSea Surface Temperature (SST)Sea Surface Temperature is defined as a highly precise measurement of the temperature of the surface layer (upper 1 meter) of ocean water It has two major applications: 1) sea surface phenomenology, and 2) use in infrared cloud/no cloud decision for processed cloud data. The accompanying requirements apply only under clear conditions (unless specified otherwise).
14 Environmental Data Records By DisciplineAtmosphericOceanicTerrestrialSpace EnvironmentClimateAtmos Vert Moist ProfDn Lwave Rad (Sfc)Ozone-Tot Col/ProfileAtmos Vert Temp ProfElectric FieldPrecipitable WaterImageryElectron Density ProfPrecip Type / RateSea Surf TempAero Refractive IndexPressure (Surf/Profile)Sea Surf WindsGeomagnetic FieldSea Ice Age CharSoil MoistureIce Surface TempSea Surface Hgt/TopoAero Opt ThicknessEnergetic IonsSnow Cover/DepthAerosol Particle SizeIn-situ Plasma FluctSolar IrradianceAlbedo (Surface)In-situ Plasma TempST- Auroral ParticlesAuroral BoundaryDownward Swave RadSurface Wind StressAuroral ImageryMed Energy ParticlesSuspended MatterCloud Base HeightIonospheric ScintAuroral Energy DeposCloud Cover/LayersLand Surface TempOut Lwave Rad (TOA)Cloud Eff Particle SizeSurface TypeCloud Ice Water PathNet Heat FluxCloud Liquid WaterNet Solar Rad (TOA)Cloud Opt ThicknessNeutral Density ProfileCloud Top HeightTotal Water ContentCloud Top PressureVegetation IndexCloud Top TempOcean Color / ChlorCloud Part Size / DistOcean Wave CharThe NPOESS sensor suites are being designed to deliver 61 primary Environmental Data Records (EDR) to end users. These measurements encompass atmospheric, oceanic, terrestrial, and solar-geophysical parameters. Complementary measurements from multiple instrument suites will improve capabilities for all-weather imaging and sounding.<NEXT SLIDE>LEGEND- KPPs
15 NPOESS Program Vision The IPO and TRW/Raytheon team: Working in a spirit of shared ownershipto develop and deploythe single, national, polar-orbiting environmentalremote-sensing capabilityto meet next-generation civil and military needsBreaking the Mold!Thinking “Out of the Box”Working TogetherCreating SuccessThe only thing they pay us for!
16 SSPR Responsibilities Government and Contractor Share RiskOpen Communications Facilitate Insight Into Each Other’s DecisionsIntegrated Management Framework (IMF) Improves VisibilityLarge, Flexible Fee PoolApproaches Commercial ReturnsMeet Our Contractors Specific MotivatorsReflects Government ExpectationsSuccess Defined As Meeting RequirementsIncentives Focus on Highest Program Risk -- Total System Integration and PerformanceShared Ownership creates a Win/Win situation
17 SSPR Responsibilities cont... GovernmentIndustryControls Performance RequirementsControls All Aspects of Design and ManufactureManages SSPR ContractorManages All Subcontractors and Associate ContractorsEstablishes Flexible, Positive RewardsFlow Rewards to All TeammatesTeammates and Supplier Relations Established EarlyFlexible Teammate and Supplier Relationships Are Earn-on, Perform to Stay, Motivated to InnovateEnsures Industrial Base Is MaintainedBusiness Relationships Based on Best Business PracticesOpen Communications through IMFOpen Communications through IMF
18 NPOESS Acquisition and Operation Acquisition and Operation (A&O) Contract was awarded on August 23, 2002 to TRW for $4.5BA&O Contract consists of:6 satellitesTaking over all government instrument contractsBuying all “leveraged” instrumentsIntegrating GFE instruments (ADCS and SARSAT)Building and deploying all ground systemsC3 and data retrievalData processing hardware and softwareSoftware for worldwide usersOperating system through IOC (2011)With option to 2018
19 * Critical instrument - Failure constitutes need to replace satellite NPOESS PayloadsNPOESS InstrumentsMETOPNPPTBD05300930133009301030IPO DevelopedVisible/IR Imager Radiometer Suite (VIIRS)* X X X X (AVHRR) XCross-track IR Sounder (CrIS)* X X X (IASI/HIRS) XConical MW Imager/Sounder (CMIS)* X X XOzone Mapper/Profiler Suite (OMPS) X X (GOME) XGPS Occultation Sensor (GPSOS) X X (GRAS)Space Environmental Sensor Suite (SESS) X X (SEM)Aerosol Polarimetry Sensor (APS) XLeveragedAdvanced Technology MW Sounder (ATMS)* X X X (AMSU/MHS) XARGOS-Data Collection System (A-DCS) X X XSearch and Rescue (SARSAT) X X X XEarth Radiation Budget Sensor (ERBS) XTotal Solar Irradiance Sensor (TSIS) XRadar altimeter (ALT) XAdvanced Scatterometer (ASCAT) X* Critical instrument - Failure constitutes need to replace satellite
20 NPOESS Satellite Single satellite design with common sensor locations CMISCMIS - μwave imagerVIIRS - vis/IR imagerCrIS IR sounderATMS - μwave sounderOMPS - ozoneGPSOS - GPS occultationADCS - data collectionSESS - space environmentAPS aerosol polarimeterSARSAT - search & rescueTSIS solar irradianceERBS - Earth radiation budgetALT altimeterATMSCrISVIIRSOMPSERBSNPOESS 1330 ConfigurationSingle satellite design with common sensor locations
28 Ozone Mapping and Profiler Suite DescriptionCollects data to permit the calculation of the vertical and horizontal distribution of Ozone in the earth’s atmosphere. Primary instrument for satisfying 1 EDR.SpecificationsHorizontal Res: Nadir (column)Nadir (profile)Vertical Res: 5km (tropopause thru 60km)Heritage and Risk ReductionTOMS - Total Ozone Mapping SpectrometerSBUV - Solar Backscatter UltraVioletEUMETSAT - Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment (GOME) on EUMETSAT/METOPISIR - IR Technology demo on STS-85SOLSE/LORE - UV Limb demo on STS-87OMPS Limb ProfilingContractor: Ball AerospaceOMPS Nadir Mapper
29 GPS Occultation Sensor DescriptionMeasures the refraction of radiowave signals from the GPS and Russia’s Global Navigation Satellite System (GLONASS) to characterize the Ionosphere. Primary instrument for electron density and ionospheric profiles. Secondary measurements for tropospheric temperature and humidity profiles.SpecificationsMultiple GPS receivers to measure electron density profilewith vertical coverage 10km within 100km of E/F peaksand 20km elsewhereHeritage and Risk ReductionEUMETSAT - GNSS (Global Navigation Satellite System) Receiver for Atmospheric Sounder (GRAS) on METOPGPS/MET - (Global Positioning System/ Meteorology)GLONASSGPSIonosphereContractor: Saab Ericsson
30 Space Environmental Sensor Suite DescriptionMeasures the near-Earth space environment in terms of neutral and charged particles, electron and magnetic fields, and optical signatures of aurora. Primary sensor suite for satisfying 14 EDRs.SpecificationsMultiple sensors to measure auroral characteristics, geomagnetic field, electron density profile, and total electron content with 10 km vertical resolution from 60 km to 3000 kmHeritage and Risk ReductionDMSP - Space SensorPOES - Space Environment Monitor
31 NPOESS Segment Architecture GPSTDRSS1730Space Segment13302130Residual SatellitesNPPSvalbardPrimary T&CNPP SMDWSC LEO&ABackup T&CField Terminal SegmentADCSSARSATLaunch Support SegmentADSSupplied by NOAACLASSSupplied by NASASDSInterface Data Processing SegmentNESDISAFWAFNMOCNAVO15 Globally Distributed Receptor SitesData Handling NodeFront EndProcessorMMC at SchrieverAlternate Operations TeamMMC at SuitlandFlight Operations TeamC3 Segment
32 NPOESS Preparatory Project (NPP) Joint IPO/NASA Risk Reduction Demo NPP Spacecraft contract awarded to Ball Aerospace – May 2002Instrument Risk ReductionEarly delivery / instrument-level test / system-level integration and testVIIRS - Vis/IR Imager Radiometer Suite (IPO)CrIS - Cross-track IR Sounder (IPO)ATMS - Advanced Technology Microwave Sounder (NASA)Provides lessons learned and allows time for any required modifications before NPOESS first launchGround System Risk ReductionEarly delivery and test of a subset of NPOESS-like ground system elementsEarly User Evaluation of NPOESS data productsProvides algorithms / instrument verification and opportunities for instrument calibration / validation prior to first NPOESS launchAllows for algorithm modification prior to first NPOESS launchContinuity of data for NASA’s EOS Terra/Aqua missions
33 Communication Segment Interface Data Processing Archive & Distribution The NPP SystemSpacecraftATMSGround SupportEquipmentVIIRSCrISIPO AntennaLocationXLaunch SupportSegment (LSS)Launch vehicleLaunch supportPayload ProcessingsupportCommand, Control &Communication Segment(C3S)Interface Data ProcessingSegment (IDPS)Manage Mission (joint funding)Manage Satellite OperationsSpace/Ground CommData Routing & RetrievalScience DataSegment (SDS)Ingest and validate raw SMDProcess RDRs, SDRs, EDRsPerform operations cal procProvide data records toCentrals, SDS & ADSIngest and validate RDRsProcess RDRs to Level 1BGenerate climate dataproductsPerform science cal procProvide Climate data to ADSArchive & DistributionSegment (ADS)Ingest & validate data recordsManage archiveInterface with usersGenerate user productsTrack user ordersGenerate accounting reports-NOAA FundingIPO FundingNASA Funding
34 Calibration/Validation To tie it all together and make it work….CalibrationAbsolute AccuracyPolarization PurityGeolocation AccuracyInstrument StabilityDoppler CorrectionAntenna Pattern CorrectionValidationOcean Wind SpeedWater VaporCloud WaterRain RateSea IceSoil MoistureSnow waterLand TempLower Air ProfilesUpper Air ProfilesMission SuccessMeet SpecificationOperational production of synoptic maps and profiles of critical atmospheric, oceanographic and land parametersQuality ControlEnsuresUsersNWPReal-time tacticalNon-tacticalJTWCNHCJICOthers
35 IDPS Products Environmental Data Records Cloud Top HeightsVIIRS – Visible/Infrared Imager/Radiometer SuiteCloud LayersTotal Precipitable WaterSurface TemperatureEnvironmental Properties Displayed at VIIRS Pixel Locations
36 Environmental Observing Natural HazardsDetection and MappingOzone MonitoringMulti-spectral Hurricane Mapping and ProfilingSea Surface Temperature Ocean CirculationAll Weather ImagingPrecipitation MeasurementSnow and IceMapping and Monitoring
37 Protect Safety of Life and Property Improve Accuracy of Severe Weather Warnings Improved Microwave Imagery/Sounding products will improve prediction of wind speed and directionIncrease in hurricane landfall forecast skill will save an estimated $1 million per mile of coastline that does not have to be evacuatedImproved early warnings mitigate the devastating effects of floods through disaster planning and response
38 Other Benefits to the Civilian Community NPOESS will improve ability to predict El Niño. A 60% increase in El Niño forecast skill will save $183 million per year over 12 year period.Ice monitoring for shippingSnow cover mapping - spring flood prediction
39 Fine-scale visible cloud imagery from DMSP satellite and Fine-Scale METSAT and ForecastingFine-scale visible cloud imageryfrom DMSP satellite and9-hour forecast of 4 Kmclouds using MM50730Z 10 Aug12Z 10 Aug1618Z 10 AugBalkans16Z 10 Aug
40 Fine-Scale METSAT and Forecasting Future of fine-scale weather forecastingis combining high-resolution satellitedata with numerical weather predictionand producing visualizations with impactNebraska12 Km4 KmNebraska
41 NPOESS Benefits the Nation Accurate forecasts are critical to the protection of life, safety, and propertyNPOESS data will improve forecasts and warningsImproved forecasts willReduce loss of life and propertybenefit US industry through increased productivityNPOESS will maintain long-term data continuity for climate monitoring and assessment
42 Additional COnsiderations Each satellite will produce approximately 2 TB of data per dayRDRs – Raw Data RecordsSDRs – Sensor Data Records – calibrated geolocatedEDRs – Environmental Data Records – productsNPP will not have direct broadcastNPOESS will have direct broadcast, but receiving station costs will make electronic data transfers attractive.Distribution of NPP and NPOESS data to the Asia Pacific region could be a major new EO-WG objective.If there is interest in this the requirement for NPP and NPOESS data needs to be expressed to the national representatives of the GEO.