Presentation on theme: "Building an Innovation Union"— Presentation transcript:
1Building an Innovation Union Budva,11 November 2010Tania FriederichsDG ResearchEuropean Commission
2European Innovation Scoreboard 2009 The European Innovation Scoreboard tries to capture the capacity of our economies to generate innovative products and services by looking at 29 innovation-related indicators categorised in three groups: enablers, firm activities and outputsOnly publicly available data is used, for the most recent year, in most cases This explains why the effect of the economic crisis is not captured yet.
3Summary innovation performance for the EU27 Member States (2009 Summary Innovation Index) Note: The Summary Innovation Index (SII) is a composite of 29 indicators normalised to a lowest possible performance of 0 to a maximum possible performance of 1. The 2009 SII reflects performance in 2007/2008 due to a lag in data availability and therefore does not capture the effects of the recent economic and financial crises.
4Where has performance improved at EU27 level? Public R&D expendituresBroadband accessIT expendituresKnowledge intensive services employmentMedium high and high-tech manufacturing productsSales of new-to-market productsWhere has performance worsened at EU27 level?Non-R&D innovation expenditureFirm renewal (SMEs entries plus exits)SMEs innovating in-houseResource efficiency innovators (labour cost, materials and energy)
5Dynamic performance and convergence trends in innovation in the EU-27 and other countries EU27 average growth rate inInnovation leadersDenmark, Finland, Germany, Sweden, UKInnovation followersAustria, Belgium, Cyprus, Estonia, France, Iceland, Ireland, Luxembourg, Netherlands, SloveniaEU27 innovation performance in 2009Moderate innovatorsCzech Republic, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Lithuania, Malta, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia and SpainCatching upBulgaria, Croatia, Latvia, Romania, Serbia and TurkeyNote : colour coding matches the groups of countries: green are the Innovation leaders, yellow are the Innovation followers, orange are the Moderate innovators, blue are the Catching-up countries. Average annual growth rates as calculated over a five-year period. The dotted lines show EU27 performance and growth.
6EU27 Innovation gap with the USA and Japan The EU27 is still lagging behind both the USA and JapanThe catching-up trend with the USA from previous years seems to have ceased. The remaining gap is primarily due to:Business R&D expenditureInternational patentsPublic-private linkagesNumber of researchersFigure 5 shows that the innovation performance of the US and Japan is well above that of the EU27. The EU27-US gap has dropped significantly up until 2007, but in the last 3 years the relative progress of the EU27 has slowed down. The EU27-Japan gap has remained stable between 2005 and 2009 although the gap has decreased up until 2008 but has increased again in Due to the inclusion of the Private credit indicator the results reported here are not directly comparable to those reported in the EIS 2008 report.EU-US-Japan comparison based on 19 indicators. Performance for each reference year is measured using, on average, data with a two-year lag0There is no clear trend in the innovation gap with Japan
7Some conclusions Innovation Union Research and innovation to emerge stronger from the economic crisisInnovation leaders are biggest investors in R&D, not a coincidence!Knowledge and innovation are at the heart of the Europe strategyInnovation Union
8What is Innovation Union? HighlightsEuropean Innovation PartnershipsEuropean Research Area frameworkStreamlined EU programmesNew financial instrumentsReform of standardisation systemPublic procurement of innovationSocial innovation pilotStronger monitoringInnovation Convention A distinctive European approach to innovation
9Societal challenges New needs new ideas new markets Powerful drivers of change in economy and societyMajor global market opportunitiesRequiring EU-scale approachesFrom research to marketClimate changeHealth and ageingUse of natural resourcesEnergy securityClean transportLand use….New needs new ideas new markets
10Excellence in education and skills IssuesUniversities need reform to specialise/diversify and attract top talentsEU needs at least one million more researchers to reach its R&D targetsEducation & training should better match business needsActions1. National strategies to boost training and careers of researchers (2011)2. Independent multidimensional university ranking system and launch of business-education « knowledge alliances » (2011)3. Commission to promote e-skills for innovation (2011)
11Delivering the European Research Area IssuesCostly fragmentation and overlaps between national research and innovation systemsNeed for a unified European Research Area where all actors move and operate as easily as within national bordersComplex funding landscape creating administrative burden for researchers and businessUrgent need for world-class research infrastructuresActions4. Commission to propose a European Research Area framework (2012) to remove obstacles to mobility and cross-border cooperation by 20145. EU and Member States to complete or launch 60% of priority European research infrastructures by 2015.
12Focusing EU funding instruments IssuesNeed to support the whole innovation chain, from research to marketFurther simplify access for beneficiaries, including SMEsDevelop scientific evidence to support policy-makingPromote the European Institute of Innovation & TechnologyActions6. Focus future EU R&I programmes on EU2020 and Innovation Union: societal challenges, with streamlining/ simplification (2014)7. Ensure strong involvement of SMEs with high growth potential (2014)8. Develop the Joint Research Centre’s role to support the science base for policy making through forward-looking activities9. European Institute of Innovation & Technology to set out a strategic innovation agenda (2011)
13Access to finance Issues Lack of finance is main constraint on innovative companiesFew European SMEs grow into major companiesSpecific market gaps for start ups, for high growth companies, and for financing major research and innovation projectsRSFF, CIP Financial Instruments cannot meet demand.Actions10. New generation of Financial instruments with EIB (by 2014)11. Regime for cross border Venture Capital funds (2012)12. Stronger brokerage between innovative SMEs and investors13. Review State Aid framework, to enable support to all forms of innovation (2011)
14A Single Innovation Market IssuesCostly EU patent systemLack of harmonised regulations for innovationsEU standard setting too slowPublic procurers lack incentives, knowledge or scale to benefit from innovationImportance of eco-innovationActions14. Rapid agreement on EU patent15. Screen regulatory frameworks linked to Partnerships (2011)16. Reform EU standard setting & link to R&D projects (2011)17. Member States to set aside procurement budgets for innovation, with EC technical/ financial support (2011)18. Commission to present an eco-innovation action plan (20110
15Openness and creative potential IssuesMany different forms of innovation (open, user driven, systemic etc.)EU strengths in design and creativity not recognised in policyMuch IPR is dormant, as it is difficult to find a user.Actions19. Establish Design Leadership Board & Creative Industries Alliance (2011)20. Open access to FP research publications21. Model agreements for collaborative research and knowledge transfer22. Develop EU knowledge markets to trade & invest in patents (2011)23. Examine the role of Competition Policy
16Social and territorial cohesion IssuesInnovation needed everywhereNeed to avoid an “innovation divide”Make best use of € 86 Bn Structural Funds earmarked for research and innovation until 2013Actions24. Improve use of Structural Funds by Member States with Commission supported « smart specialisation » platform25. Preparations on future Structural Funds to support innovation26. Launch social innovation pilot and mainstream in European Social Funds27. Research programme on social and public sector innovation28. Innovation all occupations, starting with caring sector
17European Innovation Partnerships Key issuesMajor societal challenges require joint responses across policies and across EUNumerous sub-critical, uncoordinated initiatives:between EU / Member States / RegionsR&D / Market-side actions (public procurement, standards, regulation)European Innovation Partnerships are:Frameworks bringing together main actors and actions - At EU and national levels - From research to market - Around common objectives and targets
18European Innovation Partnerships 2010Pilot on active and healthy ageingAim: two additional healthy life years by 2020Council, Parliament to discuss the conceptMember States and stakeholders invited to join2011Others to follow pending discussions and building on pilot experienceTopics considered: smart cities, water, raw materials, mobility, agriculture,
19International cooperation Key issuesThird countries see 27+1 small/medium parties, not one major partnerEurope’s openness is not always reciprocatedGlobal challenges require a global responseActions30. Attract high skilled third country nationals31. Joint EU / national priorities for cooperation with third countries (2012)32. Agree international infrastructures with world partners (2012)
20Making it happen! A priority for EU Institutions European Council dedicated discussion in DecemberCouncil invited to meet as “Innovation Council”European Parliament discussionsInnovation Group of CommissionersAccelerating national reformsSelf assessments of R&I systems under Europe 2020Tracking progressEU target of 3% of GDP on R&D and national targetsNew indicator on fast-growing innovative firmsNew Scoreboard of 25 indicatorsAnnual Innovation Convention
21Next steps Nov. 26: Competitiveness Council conclusions Dec. 16: European CouncilEuropean Parliament debateImplementationLaunch of European Innovation Partnerships, …Proposals for future EU programmes, European Research Area, ..Implementation in Member States, regions…
22Innovation Union website Innovation Facebook pageInnovation unlimited blog