Presentation on theme: "Research and innovation – The key to European competitiveness"— Presentation transcript:
1Research and innovation – The key to European competitiveness Research and Innovation – preparing the ground for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth in Europe.Wolfgang BurtscherDeputy Director General for Research and InnovationEuropean CommissionResearch and innovation – The key to European competitivenessOslo, 20 May 2011
2Framework conditions for next generation of research and innovation funding Europe: Gaps in R&D investment and innovation compared to international competitorsEurope 2020 strategy for smart, sustainable and inclusive growthHeadline targets, including 3% of GDP invested in R&D7 flagship initiatives, including Innovation Union, Digital Agenda for Europe, Resource Efficient Europe, Industrial policy for the globalisation era and Youth on the moveEndorsed at several occasions by European Council as key for growth and jobsCommunication of European Commission on « EU-Budget Review » (19 th October 2011)Interim evaluation of 7 th Framework Programme
3The world share of the EU in R&D expenditure has decreased by 1/5 since 1995 The world share of the EU in R&D has been continuously decreasing due to rapid growth in emerging countries, in particular in Asia. In 2008, the EU represented about 23% of R&D expenditure in the world, against almost 29% in 1995, i.e. a 22% decrease in 13 years.This is good news that other countries become important actors in R&D and innovation activities.But this is also a challenge for Europe.Source: DG Research and InnovationData: Eurostat, OECD, UNESCO,
4Innovation gap with US and Japan, emerging countries catching up EUPercentage gaps between EU performance (0) and other countries across 12 indicators. Other counties, such as India and Brazil, are developing fast.Source: 2010 Innovation Union Scoreboard
5License and patent revenues from abroad The EU does not get enough revenues from the world market of technologyLicense and patent revenues from abroad(% of GDP)0.4220.127.116.110.530.210.00.10.18.104.22.168.60.7United StatesJapanEU%2000 (1)2009 (2)Japan and the US get much more license revenues from abroad than the EU.The Scoreboard shows that Brazil is rapidly catching up on this indicator.What do all these results tell us? Obviously that the exploitation of research results by the business sector is not working as well as in the US and Japan and that the EU should improve its ability to commercialise its technological knowledge abroad. We need in priority more fast-growing innovative firms in new markets responding to world's demand, as well as the creation of a better functioning knowledge market in Europe.The EU must therefore work hard on improving the framework conditions and the environment for innovation along the lines of the priorities presented in Innovation Union.We need to start thinking more strategically and focus on key framework conditions to enable easier access to finance for SMEs, faster interoperable standard setting, more affordable Intellectual Property Rights and create a genuine European knowledge market.Other key initiatives will aim to reinforce the single market by creating the conditions for EU-wide operation of Venture Capital and facilitating joint public procurement of innovative products and services.Source: DG Research and InnovationData: EurostatNotes: (1) EU: 2004.(2) US, JP: 2008.
6EU Budget Review – Main messages EU Budget = key tool for implementing Europe 2020 and Innovation UnionBudget Review: key principes for future budgetClose alignment with Europe 2020 priorities;Stronger EU added value;Clearer focus on results and impact (innovation!);Leveraging other sources of funding‘Full range of research and innovation instruments should work together in a Common Strategic Framework’
7EU added value of research and innovation funding Enable cross-border pooling of resources to achieve critical mass and diffusion of knowledgePromote competition in research and innovation, thereby raising levels of excellenceOffers a wide range of training possibilitiesProvides a way to deal with pan-European policy challenges (societal challenges)Raises the international attractiveness of EU research and innovationAct as a catalyser and for development of common solutionsFinancial instruments with high leverage
8Shortcomings of research and innovation funding - Interim evaluation of FP7 Complexity - too many instruments and funding mechanisms, complex landscapeFurther simplification- less variation in rules, simpler audits and controls, avoid duplicate informationBetter strategy for innovation – involve users, how to commercialise results, generate impactsNeed to focus resources – with critical mass to address the grand challengesBroaden participation – industry, SMEs, new Member States, women, new innovation actorsClearer agendas - driven by scientific, industrial, social objectives
9Consultation until 20 May 2011 What is the Green Paper “Towards a Common Strategic Framework for research and innovation funding” aboutSeeking stakeholders’ views on key issues and questions regarding the Common Strategic FrameworkConsultation until 20 May 2011Feeding into Commission’s formal proposals for CSF by the end of 20114 blocks of questions:Delivering on Europe 2020: level of ambition of CSF, simplification, links to other sources of funding;Tackling societal challenges;Strengthening competitiveness;Strengthening the science base and the European Research Area.
10Consultation on the Common Strategic Framework Consultation closed on 20 May:More than 900 questionnaire responses receivedAbout 300 position papersStrong support for concept of Common Strategic Framework, with simplification a key issueClear messages on need for more openness in calls and for more high-risk projects out of mainstream to stimulate innovation
11Common Strategic Framework Major improvements to EU research and innovation funding for post 2013 periodScope:The Framework Programme for research, technological development and demonstration (currently FP7, €53 billion )The Competitiveness and Innovation Framework Programme (CIP) (€3.6 billion )The European Institute for Innovation and Technology (EIT) (€309 million )Strengthening complementarities with the Structural Funds (€86 billion)Coherent set of funding instruments along the whole innovation chainBasis for far reaching simplification of rules and procedures
12CSF will increase IMPACT FROM different priorities in each programme and initiativeTO common strategic priorities, focusing onExcellence in the science base (e.g. ERC, Marie Curie, research infrastructures)Tackling societal challenges such as health and wellbeing, food security, secure, clean and efficient energy, smart transport, resource efficiency and climate, etc.)Creating industrial leadership and competitive frameworks (SMEs, RSFF, JU, etc.)FROM gaps between the stages (R&D, demonstration, market take up, etc)TO coherent support for projects and organisations across the innovation cycle from research to retailFROM difficult translation of research results into products/servicesTO stronger support for innovation, including non-technological innovation and market take up
13CSF is basis for SIMPLIFICATION FROM different rules in each programme and initiativeTO more standardised rules across all initiatives – which meet the different needs and with flexibility where needed (e.g. for the EIT)FROM a large variety of funding schemes within and between programmesTO a rationalised toolkit of schemes across the Common Strategic FrameworkFROM multiple websites, guidance documents, applicationsTO common entry points, one stop shops, common IT platforms
14CSF is basis for SIMPLIFICATION - Principles Participants are at the heart of the simplification agendaBroad acceptance of participants usual cost accounting practices including average personnel costsGreater resort to flat rates and lump sums where appropriateReview of audit strategy towards risk based audits and implementation of single audit principle
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