Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.


Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "Opening."— Presentation transcript:

1 Opening

2 “Using the Four Blocks Model for Exemplary Literacy Instruction”
Presented by Susan Roberts Carson-Newman College Teacher Education Division

3 Spotlight on Reading “Our obligation to America’s teachers is as clear and strong as our obligation to America’s children. Teachers deserve all the knowledge and support we can give them. And children deserve the quality education that comes from excellent teachers. This is their birthright.” First Lady Laura Bush Mandate: No less than a “qualified teacher” in every public school classroom. Federal No Child Left Behind Law of 2002

4 “A Balanced Literacy Framework… Using Patricia Cunningham’s Four Blocks Literacy Model”

5 Preventing Reading Difficulties in Young Children, National Research Council Snow, Burns, and Griffin, 1998 “Academic success, as defined by high school graduation, can be predicted with reasonable accuracy by knowing someone’s reading skill at the end of grade three. A person who is not at least a modestly skilled reader by the end of third grade is quite unlikely to graduate from high school.”

6 Teaching Approaches: 1950’s – 1960’s “Look, Say” “Sight Reading”

7 Teaching Approaches: 1960’s – 1990’s “Phonics”

8 Teaching Approaches: 1990’s – 2000 “Whole Language”

9 Balance Traditional (Phonics) Whole Language Direct skill Instruction
Oral Reading by teachers and students Explicit, systematic teaching Flexible Grouping Formats Systematic Phonics Process Writing Basal readers Language rich environment Decodable text Trade Books

10 Balanced Reading Diet To become good readers, students need a balanced reading diet. The different “food groups” of balanced reading instruction are: Guided Reading Self-Selected Reading Writing Working with Words Cunningham and Allington, 1999


12 The “Big Five” Areas of Reading Development
Phonemic Awareness Vocabulary Phonics & Decoding Strategies Comprehension Strategies Fluency

13 Four Blocks Framework The Four Blocks framework was developed by teachers who believe that to be successful in teaching all children to read and write, we have to do it all! Doing it all means incorporating daily the different approaches to beginning reading.

14 Working with Words Purpose: To ensure that children read, spell, and use high-frequency words correctly, and that they learn the patterns necessary for decoding and spelling. “In February of 2000, Time reported this trend in the vocabularies of typical 14-year-olds: Vocabulary of 25,000 words Vocabulary of 10,000 words

15 Working With Words Segment One (Ten Minutes) Segment Two (20 Minutes)
Word Wall Segment Two (20 Minutes) Decoding and Spelling Activities Making Words Guess the Covered Word Rounding Up the Rhymes Reading and Writing Rhymes Using Words You Know

16 Working with Words

The brain has the remarkable ability to make things “automatic” after having processed (words) several times. Once something is put in the automatic part of the brain, it is carried out without any conscious thought. Patricia Cunningham and Dorothy P. Hall, 1998

This automatic-making function of the brain is a wonderful asset when it makes things “automatic right.” However, it isn’t really the student’s fault that their brains have learned (words) automatically but wrong. But, it is their responsibility to fix it. Patricia Cunningham and Dorothy P. Hall, 1998

The brain does not like to take things out of the automatic compartment, throw them away, and put them back in there right! Thus, the need for lots of repetition and practice…perfect practice, that is. Patricia Cunningham and Dorothy P. Hall, 1998

The brain can do many automatic things at a time, but only one nonautomatic thing at a time. Patricia Cunningham and Dorothy P. Hall, 1998

21 WORD WALLS: Tell students that one way to practice words is to say them aloud in a rhythmic chanting fashion. The brain responds to sound and rhythm. Patricia Cunningham and Dorothy P. Hall, 1998

22 WORD WALLS: Chant It! Cheer It! Cunningham, Dottie Hall, 1998)
Chant words, cheerleader style from the word wall. Emphasize the hard to spell words in our English language. (Illogical words but very high frequency) Examples: braid, laid paid --- said tray, stray, pray --- they mend, tend, send --- friend DON’T JUST HAVE A WORD WALL, DO A WORD WALL EVERYDAY! Cunningham, Dottie Hall, 1998)

23 Guided Reading Purpose: To build comprehension and fluency with reading, and to introduce students to a variety of literature. Total Time: minutes Segment One: Before Reading Segment Two: Reading: Flexible Grouping: Paired (Partner), Individual, Small groups reading with the teacher, Three-ring circus, Book Club Groups Teacher Coaching Segment Three: After Reading Research: NCTE 2003

24 Teaching Comprehension in the Information Age
Informational text (nonfiction) presents different kinds of comprehension obstacles for younger readers. Many young readers have trouble following the organizational structures of nonfiction text. (Reutzel and Cooter 2004)

25 Teaching Comprehension in the Information Age
More time in the primary grades devoted to teaching comprehension using informational (nonfiction) texts. Research: Low socioeconomic children read informational text 3.6 minutes / day on average. (Pearson & Duke, 2002)

26 Modeled Reading According to Dr. Patricia Cunningham, teachers need to read aloud daily from four types of text: Fiction (Everybody Books) Non-Fiction Poetry Classics (Old Favorites)

27 Self-Selected Reading
Purpose: To build fluency in reading, to allow students to read and enjoy text that is appropriate to their own independent reading levels, and to build confidence in students as readers. Total Time: minutes Segment One: Teacher Read-Aloud Segment Two: Independent Reading and Conferencing: Segment Three: Sharing

28 Advantages of the Four Blocks Framework
The model is considered “Best Practices” The framework helps teachers maximize time on task and better organize the teaching / learning environment. Active engagement of students alone makes a tremendous difference. Sigmon, 2001




32 Three Rules for Good Teaching (Lola May)
Know your stuff! Know whom you stuff! Stuff them elegantly!

Download ppt "Opening."

Similar presentations

Ads by Google