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Digital Storytelling Digital stories in the classroom …a telling experience A digital telling workshop based on the book to be published by Corwin Press,

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Presentation on theme: "Digital Storytelling Digital stories in the classroom …a telling experience A digital telling workshop based on the book to be published by Corwin Press,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Digital Storytelling Digital stories in the classroom …a telling experience A digital telling workshop based on the book to be published by Corwin Press, Fall, 2006

2 Digital Storytelling For information about keynotes, workshops, books, training materials, go to: Or

3 Digital Storytelling This PowerPoint presentation consists of materials from my most commonly requested keynotes, presentations and workshops about literacy and storytelling - digital, traditional and organizational - in education, community development, business and art. It is also available as a PDF at I reorder, modify or hide slides depending on the audience and event. You are welcome to use the materials you find here for non-profit, informal, in-house purposes. Please include the Works Cited references at the end if you do. My book, Digital Stories in the Classroom: A Telling Experience, should be ready sometime in Fall, Comments are always welcome. I can be reached through my website at: Thats the story.www.jasonOhler.com Jason Ohler, April 10, About this presentation

4 Digital Storytelling I know only thing about the technologies that await us: we will find ways to tell stories with them…

5 Digital Storytelling Main site: Storytelling site: All my handouts are available…

6 Digital Storytelling 1.Whats digital storytelling about? Todays plan

7 Digital Storytelling 1.Whats digital storytelling about? 2.Art the 4th R, storytelling… Todays plan

8 Digital Storytelling 1.Whats digital storytelling about? 2.Art the 4th R, storytelling… 3.Assessing digital stories… Todays plan

9 Digital Storytelling 1.Whats digital storytelling about? 2.Art the 4th R, storytelling… 3.Assessing digital stories… 4.Thinking about stories… Todays plan

10 Digital Storytelling 1.Whats digital storytelling about? 2.Art the 4th R, storytelling… 3.Assessing digital stories… 4.Thinking about stories… 5.Story planning… Todays plan

11 Digital Storytelling 1.Whats digital storytelling about? 2.Art the 4th R, storytelling… 3.Assessing digital stories… 4.Thinking about stories… 5.Story planning… 6.Production process… Todays plan

12 Digital Storytelling 1.Whats digital storytelling about? 2.Art the 4th R, storytelling… 3.Assessing digital stories… 4.Thinking about stories… 5.Story planning… 6.Production process… 7.Your turn, show & tell… Todays plan

13 Digital Storytelling Whats digital story telling about? Living, learning, working in the Digital Age…

14 Digital Storytelling

15 Story is big…

16 Digital Storytelling story

17 Digital Storytelling character

18 Digital Storytelling filmont

19 Digital Storytelling stories and storytelling… Whats digital storytelling about? Living

20 Digital Storytelling stories and storytelling… speaking new media… Whats digital storytelling about? Living

21 Digital Storytelling stories and storytelling… speaking new media… joining the story culture… Whats digital storytelling about? Living

22 Digital Storytelling stories and storytelling… speaking new media… joining the story culture… shifting from consumer to producer, prosumer… Whats digital storytelling about? Living

23 Digital Storytelling assessment… Whats digital storytelling about? Learning

24 Digital Storytelling assessment… content exploration… Whats digital storytelling about? Learning

25 Digital Storytelling assessment… content exploration… multiple literacies, intelligences Whats digital storytelling about? Learning

26 Digital Storytelling assessment… content exploration… multiple literacies, intelligences blending story & critical thinking… Whats digital storytelling about? Learning

27 Digital Storytelling assessment… content exploration… multiple literacies, intelligences blending story & critical thinking… cross-curricular learning… Whats digital storytelling about? Learning

28 Digital Storytelling assessment… content exploration… multiple literacies, intelligences blending story & critical thinking… cross-curricular learning… project-based learning… Whats digital storytelling about? Learning

29 Digital Storytelling assessment… content exploration… multiple literacies, intelligences blending story & critical thinking… cross-curricular learning… project-based learning… constructivist learning… Whats digital storytelling about? Learning

30 Digital Storytelling creativity… Whats digital storytelling about? Working

31 Digital Storytelling creativity… team work, leadership… Whats digital storytelling about? Working

32 Digital Storytelling creativity… team work, leadership… project management… Whats digital storytelling about? Working

33 Digital Storytelling creativity… team work, leadership… project management… effective communication… Whats digital storytelling about? Working

34 Digital Storytelling creativity… team work, leadership… project management… effective communication… skill transfer… Whats digital storytelling about? Working

35 Digital Storytelling creativity… team work, leadership… project management… effective communication… skill transfer… long term impact, lifelong learning… Whats digital storytelling about? Working

36 Digital Storytelling Begin Art 4th R

37 Digital Storytelling Art… the 4th R

38 Digital Storytelling Thanks to the struggle to use multimedia effectively, the language of art is taking center stage; art has become the next literacy… art has become the fourth R." " artTheFourthR.com

39 Digital Storytelling Why art the 4thR now? 1.WWW Esperanto…

40 Digital Storytelling Why art the 4thR now? 1.WWW Esperanto… 2.Assistive technology for the aesthetically challenged- creates art middle class…

41 Digital Storytelling Why art the 4thR now? 1.WWW Esperanto… 2.Assistive technology for the aesthetically challenged- creates art middle class… 3.Real work, real pay

42 Digital Storytelling 4th R… Then What?

43 Digital Storytelling storytelling, oldest and newest profession, art form… Stories…

44 Digital Storytelling storytelling, oldest and newest profession, art form… blends art, learning, culture and modern tools… Stories…

45 Digital Storytelling storytelling, oldest and newest profession, art form… blends art, learning, culture and modern tools… favorite teachers were good storytellers… Stories…

46 Digital Storytelling storytelling, oldest and newest profession, art form… blends art, learning, culture and modern tools… favorite teachers were good storytellers… students who tell stories own their learning…. Stories…

47 Digital Storytelling Taboo against us telling our own stories

48 Digital Storytelling UNTIL DIGITAL AGE …now everyone gets to tell their own story in their own way…

49 Digital Storytelling Future of digital storytelling

50 Digital Storytelling End Art 4th R

51 Digital Storytelling Begin show and assess stories

52 Digital Storytelling Assessing digital stories

53 Digital Storytelling Assessment Why dont teachers require more new media projects by students? They dont feel comfortable assessing them… So, lets help them…

54 Digital Storytelling Assessment story content technique clarity/voice tone/flow/POV media blend literacy artifacts

55 Digital Storytelling Story on the digital stage is just tip of artifact/assessment iceberg… Assessment

56 Digital Storytelling Beneath story: storyboards, story maps, scripts, photos, footage, music, logs, media lists, narratives, treatments…lots of writing under the radar…if it aint on the page… Story on the digital stage is just tip of artifact/assessment iceberg… Assessment

57 Digital Storytelling DAOW of literacy… Digital storytelling blends a number of literacies…

58 Digital Storytelling effective, creative, and wise… why, when and when not, as well as what and how to… media literacy… DAOW of literacy…digital

59 Digital Storytelling Media literacy Media acts as frame, filter on world while appearing to be a clear window… GOODMAN

60 Digital Storytelling Media literacy Media acts as frame, filter on world while appearing to be a clear window… GOODMAN Piercing the neocortex… techniques of media persuasion…

61 Digital Storytelling Media literacy Media acts as frame, filter on world while appearing to be a clear window… GOODMAN Piercing the neocortex… techniques of media persuasion… Understanding media by doing media…

62 Digital Storytelling Media literacy Media acts as frame, filter on world while appearing to be a clear window… GOODMAN Piercing the neocortex… techniques of media persuasion… Understanding media by doing media… Traditional literacy IS media literacy; V 2.0 essays = advertising…

63 Digital Storytelling DAOW of literacy…art 4th R… design, the grammar of art… storytelling = mixed media...

64 Digital Storytelling timeless skills… DAOW of literacy…oral timeless skills… works with no, low and high tech… improves expression… video encourages storytelling… expectation of presentation…

65 Digital Storytelling if it aint on the page… DAOW of literacy…written if it aint on the page… language of shared plans… narratives, ideas, scripts, etc… deep processing…

66 Digital Storytelling Lets watch (& assess) some stories! 1.Watch 2.Fast write (3 minutes) 3.Discuss 4.Develop rubric 5.Turn in notes

67 Digital Storytelling End show and assess stories

68 Digital Storytelling Begin thinking about digital stories

69 Digital Storytelling Thinking about stories… Stories are dangerous What stories do Making a story work

70 Digital Storytelling Stories are dangerous Art Theater vs. Political theater VS. From Good Ideas Need Love Too by Kay

71 Digital Storytelling Story thinking vs. Analytic thinking VS. Two kinds of thinking

72 Digital Storytelling Report/ Documentary Story Two kinds of thinking VS. Story thinking vs. Analytic thinking Where…? ?

73 Digital Storytelling provide info container…interface with world… simplify, structure… teach, promote meaning, survival… personalize, create identity… socialize, acculturate… contextualize… What do stories do…?

74 Digital Storytelling provide info container…interface with world… simplify, structure… teach, promote meaning, survival… personalize, create identity… socialize, acculturate… contextualize… What do stories do…?

75 Digital Storytelling provide info container…interface with world… simplify, structure… teach, promote meaning, survival… personalize, create identity… socialize, acculturate… contextualize… What do stories do…?

76 Digital Storytelling provide info container…interface with world… simplify, structure… teach, promote meaning, survival… personalize, create identity… socialize, acculturate… contextualize… What do stories do…?

77 Digital Storytelling Experiment in context…

78 Digital Storytelling story

79 Digital Storytelling character

80 Digital Storytelling filmont

81 Digital Storytelling End thinking about digital stories

82 Digital Storytelling Begin story planning…

83 Digital Storytelling Story planning… Once upon a time, there was a …

84 Digital Storytelling No formulas… only forms of you

85 Digital Storytelling 1.Honoring listener-teller covenant of respect… What makes a story work…?

86 Digital Storytelling 1.Honoring listener-teller covenant of respect… 2.Forward motion thru listener expectation…cant wait to hear whats next… What makes a story work…?

87 Digital Storytelling 1.Honoring listener-teller covenant of respect… 2.Forward motion thru listener expectation…cant wait to hear whats next… 3.Whats next fits but is unexpected- no cliches… What makes a story work…?

88 Digital Storytelling 1.Honoring listener-teller covenant of respect… 2.Forward motion thru listener expectation…cant wait to hear whats next… 3.Whats next fits but is unexpected- no cliches… 4.Timing, during and overall… What makes a story work…?

89 Digital Storytelling 1.Honoring listener-teller covenant of respect… 2.Forward motion thru listener expectation…cant wait to hear whats next… 3.Whats next fits but is unexpected- no cliches… 4.Timing, during and overall… 5.Personal details, universal connections… What makes a story work…?

90 Digital Storytelling 1.Honoring listener-teller covenant of respect… 2.Forward motion thru listener expectation…cant wait to hear whats next… 3.Whats next fits but is unexpected- no cliches… 4.Timing, during and overall… 5.Personal details, universal connections… 6.Internal rhythm thru structure… What makes a story work…?

91 Digital Storytelling 1.Honoring listener-teller covenant of respect… 2.Forward motion thru listener expectation…cant wait to hear whats next… 3.Whats next fits but is unexpected- no cliches… 4.Timing, during and overall… 5.Personal details, universal connections… 6.Internal rhythm thru structure… 7.Memorability… What makes a story work…?

92 Digital Storytelling 1.Pacing… 2.Dramatic question… 3.Gift of voice…unique perspective 4.Soundtrack… 5.Point of view…whos perspective? 6.Emotional content…mood 7.Economy…balance between storyteller and audience From Digital Storytelling Cookbook Joe Lambert, et al. What makes a story work…?

93 Digital Storytelling 1.Principles not rules… 2.Eternal, universal forms, not formulas… 3.Archetypes not stereotypes… 4.Thoroughness not shortcuts… 5.Realities not mysteries of writing… 6.Mastering the art, not second- guessing the market place… 7.Respect, not disdain for audience 8.Originality, not duplication… What makes a story work…? From Story by McKee

94 Digital Storytelling 1st person…autobiographical… 3rd person…omniscient 3rd person personal… 3rd person magical…be an animal, be an object… community we… them vs. me… POV…?

95 Digital Storytelling Traditional story planning process 1. Get a story idea 2. Develop storyboard or outline and script

96 Digital Storytelling Traditional story boarding Angle: Shot: Movement: Audio: Angle: Shot: Movement: Audio: Technical direction

97 Digital Storytelling Angle: wide Shot: side of bus, going to school Movement: follow bus Audio: music (Born to learn) Angle: wide, zoom in Shot: front of school, students entering Movement: stationary Audio: music, cont. Technical direction None - ambient happy school bus noise Teacher at door, greeting each child as they enter Story board for We Wont Leave School Technical direction

98 Digital Storytelling Teacher at door, greeting each child as they enter Script, voice over narration: Once upon a time there were children so in love with school they refused to leave when summer vacation came. They demanded to keep learning.More math problems! they cried. None - voice over with ambient happy school, bus noise Story board for We Wont Leave School Angle: wide Shot: side of bus, going to school Movement: follow bus Audio: music (Born to learn) Technical direction

99 Digital Storytelling Traditional story planning process 1. Get a story idea 2. Develop storyboard or outline and script

100 Digital Storytelling Traditional story planning process 1. Get a story idea NO! 2. Develop storyboard or outline and script

101 Digital Storytelling New story planning process 1. Get a story idea 3. Develop storyboard or outline and script 2. Develop story map New!

102 Digital Storytelling Story mapping… 1.Maps the emotional flow of story… 2.Shows relationship between events and story elements…

103 Digital Storytelling Story mapping… 1.Maps the emotional flow of story… 2.Shows relationship between events and story elements… 3.Is simple, no tech required…

104 Digital Storytelling Story mapping… 1.Maps the emotional flow of story… 2.Shows relationship between events and story elements… 3.Is simple, no tech required… 4.Happens early in story project…

105 Digital Storytelling Story mapping… 1.Maps the emotional flow of story… 2.Shows relationship between events and story elements… 3.Is simple, no tech required… 4.Happens early in story project… 5.Story as information container… students understand story rhythm…

106 Digital Storytelling Story mapping… 1.Maps the emotional flow of story… 2.Shows relationship between events and story elements… 3.Is simple, no tech required… 4.Happens early in story project… 5.Story as information container… students understand story rhythm… 6.Works with all storytelling, media… high tech, low tech no tech…

107 Digital Storytelling Problem (tension) Solution (resolution) BeginningEnd Middle Ordinary life… the call to adventure… closure Life resumes… Visual Portrait of Story (VPS) (Dillingham, 2001) (conflict, growth) - challenge - opportunity - goal

108 Digital Storytelling (Dillingham, Ohler 2003) Transformation? Problem (tension) Solution (resolution) Beginning Ordinary life… the call to adventure… closure Life resumes… VPS + transformation = quest Middle End (conflict, growth) - challenge - opportunity - goal

109 Digital Storytelling (Dillingham, Ohler 2003) Transformation? Beginning Life resumes… VPS + transformation = quest End

110 Digital Storytelling (Dillingham, Ohler 2003) Transformation? Problem (tension) Solution (resolution) Beginning Ordinary life… the call to adventure… closure Life resumes… Story V (vee) Middle End (conflict, growth) - challenge - opportunity - goal

111 Digital Storytelling Story V (vee)

112 Digital Storytelling Kinds of stories…

113 Digital Storytelling (Dillingham, Ohler 2003) Transformation? Problem (tension) Solution (resolution) Beginning Ordinary life… the call to adventure… closure Life resumes… VPS + transformation = quest Middle End (conflict, growth) - challenge - opportunity - goal

114 Digital Storytelling (Dillingham, Ohler 2003) realization, decision? Problem (tension) Solution (resolution) Beginning Ordinary life… the call to adventure… closure Life resumes… VPS + realization/decision = personal story Middle End (conflict, growth) - challenge - opportunity - goal

115 Digital Storytelling (Dillingham, Ohler 2003) learning, growth? Inquiry (tension) Discovery (resolution) Beginning Ordinary life… the call to adventure… closure Life resumes… VPS + learning = curriculum story Middle End (conflict, growth) - challenge - opportunity - goal Make students heroes of their own learning stories…

116 Digital Storytelling (Dillingham, Ohler 2003) artistic growth? Inspiration (tension) Realization (resolution) Beginning Ordinary life… the call to adventure… closure Life resumes… VPS + creative focus = art story Middle (conflict, growth) End - challenge - opportunity - goal

117 William Tell and the Little Girl Who Could Fix Computers… (I tell a story… we debrief)

118 Digital Storytelling Transformation? Problem (tension) Solution (resolution) Beginning Ordinary life… closure Life resumes… Start your story anywhere… Middle (conflict, growth) End Build story around a key transformation you want to illustrate… Problem/ resolution scenario you want to flesh out? Start here… I rarely start here… Do you have a moral you want students to understand? Start here and work backwards… - challenge - opportunity - goal Opportunities or challenges for your students? Start here…

119 Digital Storytelling Kinds of stories…Lambert Stories about someone important… –character, memorial stories Stories about an event… –adventure, accomplishment stories Stories about place… Stories about what I do… Other personal stories… –recovery, love, discovery From Digital Storytelling Cookbook Joe Lambert, et. al.

120 Digital Storytelling Kinds of stories…Porter Personal stories…creating living memories Kinship stories…family stories of who we are Hyper-interactive stories…groups, diverse Personal expression…thoughts, feelings… Myths, legends, tales…past, present, future Expository stories…info beyond words… Persuasive stories…influencing others… Itza wrap…stories of lessons learned… Future vision stories…imagining the future now… From DIGITALES by Bernajean Porter

121 Digital Storytelling More story maps & organizers…

122 Digital Storytelling End Aristotle - Story Map/Diagram complication peripeteia Aristotle (reversal of fortune) tying of the knot untying anagnorisis (transformation, realization) - - Middle - - (denouement) Beginning From THE POETICS by Aristotle

123 Digital Storytelling Freytags story pyramid From DIE TECHNIK DES DRAMAS by Freytag, 1863

124 Digital Storytelling Joseph Campbell call to adventure tests challenges problems rescue resolution resurrection moral, lessons learned, changed habits threshold of adventure transformation helpers flight From HERO HAS A THOUSAND FACES by Campbell

125 Digital Storytelling Breneman Minor climaxes Quick ending after climax From ONCE UPON A TIME - A STORYTELLING BOOK by Breneman and Breneman

126 Digital Storytelling McKee From STORY by McKee Bringing life back into balance…watch Adaptation…

127 Digital Storytelling Treasure map Less structure, more adaptable… begin here or evolve into this approach…? reversal smaller conflict relatively more significant conflict steep resolution medium gradual rise to adventure sharp change smoother change start here… end here…

128 Digital Storytelling Adapt-a-map by Michael Christenson, Media Literacy class, 2005

129 Digital Storytelling Kieran Egans Binary Opposites story affectively engage: decide, resolve, mediate through story creation cognitively engage: learn through research, effective pedagogies …kids understand story… evaluation From TEACHING AS STORYTELLING by Egan

130 Digital Storytelling Kieran Egans Binary Opposites 1. Identifying importance: - What is most important about this topic? Why should it matter to children? - What is affectively engaging about it? 2. Finding binary opposites: - What powerful binary opposites best catch the importance of the topic? 3. Organizing content into story form: - What content most dramatically embodies access to the topic? - What content best articulates the topic into a developing story form? 4. Conclusion: - Whats best way of resolving dramatic conflict inherent in the binary opposites? - What degree of mediation of those opposites is appropriate to ask? 5. Evaluation: - How can one know whether the topic has been understood, its importance grasped and the content learned? From TEACHING AS STORYTELLING by Egan

131 Digital Storytelling Story spine by Kenn Adams The platform Once upon a time… Every day… The catalyst: But one day… The consequences: Because of that… The climax: Until finally… The resolution: Ever since then… The moral of this story is… by Adams

132 Digital Storytelling Story telling in business & organizations…

133 Digital Storytelling Stephen Denning… uses elements of story with groups… story begins imagination process then springboards to groups issue… blends familiar and unfamiliar effective story plausible, coherent, reasonable… not necessarily true, but rings true… From THE SPRINGBOARD by Stephen Denning

134 Digital Storytelling Stephen Denning… Rorschach inkblot phenomenon- input comes from the listener… listeners suspend judgement, tell the second story, their story… your solution not theirs, but helps them imagine theirs… big S, little s… From THE SPRINGBOARD by Stephen Denning

135 Digital Storytelling info overload- faith, trust everything… when listeners make your story theirs, theyve tapped into that faith… story as trance…shoulders drops… aikido, using their momentum, not yours people dont care how much you know until they know much you care… From THE STORY FACTOR by Annette Simmons Annette Simmons…

136 Digital Storytelling 1.Who I am stories – self-disclosure; vulnerability without exploitation… 2.Why am I here stories – whats in it for you, before whats in it for them… 3.Vision story – making invisible visible, at least in their minds eye. A vision story is an antidote to meaningless frustration. From THE STORY FACTOR by Annette Simmons Annette Simmons…6 stories

137 Digital Storytelling 4. Teaching stories- clarity without buy- in is counter productive… 5. Values in action stories- how many stories can you tell that demonstrate values you profess to hold… 6. I know what you are thinking stories- dispels fears without direct confrontation… Annette Simmons…6 stories From THE STORY FACTOR by Annette Simmons

138 Digital Storytelling Most stories = transformation stories As knowledge becomes more valuable, so do stories… Four qualities of a story: 1) endurance, 2) salience (punch), 3) sensemaking (true to ones one sense of things), 4) comfort level From STORYTELLING IN ORGANIZATIONS by Larry Prusak, et al Larry Pruzak…

139 Digital Storytelling Stories about other people employees try to answer questions about each others reliability, trust, knowledge… gossip? Stories about work trying to teach other…managers should encourage storytelling… From STORYTELLING IN ORGANIZATIONS by Larry Prusak, et al Larry Pruzak…kinds of stories

140 Digital Storytelling Stories about the organization help each other, make sense of work by telling work stories…RumorMill Timeless stories us against them… I do all the work around here… The reward is disproportionate to the effort… From STORYTELLING IN ORGANIZATIONS by Larry Prusak, et al Larry Pruzak…kinds of stories

141 Digital Storytelling Context stories - true at the moment RumorMill… Stories as social bonding phatic speech (content irrelevant, the point is to bond)… Stories as signals architecture, organiz. structures, etc. From STORYTELLING IN ORGANIZATIONS by Larry Prusak, et al Larry Pruzak…kinds of stories

142 Digital Storytelling From STORYTELLING IN ORGANIZATIONS by Larry Prusak, et al Stories about the past often constrain present; facts, nuance lost, all that remains is the story… Stories about the future getting past the past… Stories about life itself teach each other about life at work… Larry Pruzak…kinds of stories

143 Digital Storytelling From STORYTELLING IN ORGANIZATIONS by Larry Prusak, et al Stories about Oneself When you talk to yourself, who is talking to whom? Larry Pruzak…kinds of stories

144 Digital Storytelling From STORYTELLING IN ORGANIZATIONS by John Seely Brown, et al John Seely Brown… thru narrative, show how general is rooted in the particular… narrative has context (specific) and moral (general)… communities of practice to tell stories …Xerox repair people… particulars that led to useful generalities…

145 Digital Storytelling From STORYTELLING IN ORGANIZATIONS by John Seely Brown, et al John Seely Brown… PARC wired coffee pots… explaining new technologies thru storyboards, short videos… Whats so interesting about a story is that it always gets repurposed in the context in which its told.

146 Digital Storytelling From STORYTELLING IN ORGANIZATIONS by Katlina Groh, et al Katlina Groh…ed film maker good stories have salience (emotional punch line), emotional transitions, authenticity (1st person) the point in telling your story is to discover the audiences story… best way to get info with subjects is not Q and A, but you tell a story then invite them to tell a story…

147 Digital Storytelling From STORYTELLING IN ORGANIZATIONS by Katlina Groh, et al Katlina Groh…ed film maker life is a story we invent…

148 Digital Storytelling Denning…why narrative? From STORYTELLING IN ORGANIZATIONS by Denning, et al stories have salience to the lives of people in organizations… stories help us make sense of organizations… storytelling is quick and powerful… storytelling is free… storytelling skills easily upgradable…

149 Digital Storytelling Denning…why narrative? From STORYTELLING IN ORGANIZATIONS by Denning, et al narrative communicates naturally (storytelling is our native language)… storytelling communicates collaboratively… storytelling communicates persuasively… stories can communicate holistically…

150 Digital Storytelling From STORYTELLING IN ORGANIZATIONS by Denning, et al storytelling communicates context… storytelling communicates intuitively… storytelling communicates entertainingly… storytelling communicates movingly so as to get action… storytelling flies under corporate radar Denning…why narrative?

151 Digital Storytelling From STORYTELLING IN ORGANIZATIONS by Denning, et al storytelling communicates feelingly… storytelling communicates interactively… storytelling is memorable… storytelling spurs double-loop… storytelling is key to leadership… storytelling builds authenticity… Denning…why narrative?

152 Digital Storytelling From STORYTELLING IN ORGANIZATIONS by Denning, et al storytelling reconnects the speaker with the spoken… storytelling re-connects the knower with the known… stories are a large part of the economy (20% if Americans GDP)… Denning…why narrative?

153 Digital Storytelling Other kinds of stories… ?

154 Digital Storytelling Other kinds of stories… blends 2 diagrams by McKee…

155 Digital Storytelling Other kinds of stories… -non-universal stories… Barre Toelken, Director of the Folklore Program, Utah University

156 Digital Storytelling Other kinds of stories… -non-universal stories… Barre Toelken, Director of the Folklore Program, Utah University -circular, non-linear stories… House Made of Dawn (Momaday), Pulp Fiction, If You Give a Mouse…

157 Digital Storytelling Other kinds of stories… -non-universal stories… Barre Toelken, Director of the Folklore Program, Utah University -circular, non-linear stories… House Made of Dawn (Momaday), Pulp Fiction, If You Give a Mouse… -user-driven stories, games ending #1…? ending #2…?

158 Digital Storytelling Other kinds of stories… -non-universal stories… Barre Toelken, Director of the Folklore Program, Utah University -circular, non-linear stories… House Made of Dawn (Momaday), Pulp Fiction, If You Give a Mouse… -user-driven stories, games -learn rules, break rules… my photography teacher ending #1…? ending #2…?

159 Digital Storytelling Other kinds of stories… -non-universal stories… Barre Toelken, Director of the Folklore Program, Utah University -circular, non-linear stories… House Made of Dawn (Momaday), Pulp Fiction, If You Give a Mouse… -user-driven stories, games -learn rules, break rules… my photography teacher -experience all kinds of stories, make your own maps… ending #1…? ending #2…?

160 Digital Storytelling End story planning…

161 Digital Storytelling Begin Transformation

162 Digital Storytelling Trans- formation

163 Digital Storytelling Transformation? Problem (tension) Solution (resolution) Ordinary life… closure Life resumes… Whats the nature of transformation? Middle (conflict, opportunity) End - challenge - opportunity - goal Beginning

164 Digital Storytelling 8 Levels of character transformation… 1.Physical/kinesthetic - strength, dexterity, realizing potential 2.Inner strength - courage, realizing potential

165 Digital Storytelling 8 Levels of character transformation… 1.Physical/kinesthetic - strength, dexterity, realizing potential 2.Inner strength - courage, realizing potential 3.Emotional - maturity, realization 4.Moral - conscience, realizing right

166 Digital Storytelling 8 Levels of character transformation… 1.Physical/kinesthetic - strength, dexterity, realizing potential 2.Inner strength - courage, realizing potential 3.Emotional - maturity, realization 4.Moral - conscience, realizing right 5.Psychological - insight, self-awareness, realization, revelation 6.Social - realizing responsibility

167 Digital Storytelling 8 Levels of character transformation… 1.Physical/kinesthetic - strength, dexterity, realizing potential 2.Inner strength - courage, realizing potential 3.Emotional - maturity, realization 4.Moral - conscience, realizing right 5.Psychological - insight, self-awareness, realization, revelation 6.Social - realizing responsibility 7. Intellectual/creative - learning, problem solving, critical thinking, realizing new understandings 8. Spiritual - awakening, revelation

168 Digital Storytelling 8 Levels of character transformation… 1.Physical/kinesthetic - strength, dexterity, realizing potential 2.Inner strength - courage, realizing potential 3.Emotional - maturity, realization 4.Moral - conscience, realizing right 5.Psychological - insight, self-awareness, realization, revelation 6.Social - realizing responsibility 7. Intellectual/creative - learning, problem solving, critical thinking, realizing new understandings 8. Spiritual - awakening, revelation

169 Digital Storytelling Blooms taxonomy as transformation… LevelKindExplanation #6EvaluationCharacter assesses situation, critiques and/or defends idea, person; evaluates a situation in order to respond to it… #5SynthesisCharacter pieces together parts to form new understanding of situation… #4AnalysisCharacter deconstructs a situation, distinguishes among options, plans or organizes something, compares and contrasts different things… #3ApplicationCharacter discovers, constructs or changes something; applies understanding to a new situation… #2ComprehensionCharacter explains, interprets, predicts something… #1KnowledgeCharacter knows, remembers, describes something…

170 Digital Storytelling - decide, mediate, balance… - solve, figure out, unravel, believe… - realize, understand, see (insight)… - learn, change, grow, evolve, master… - prevail, lose, give up, succeed, let go - fall (love, ethics)… - fate, luck? your turn… Transformation verbs- show vs. tell

171 Digital Storytelling -characters, listeners, both… -consciously, unconsciously, both… -internally, externally, both… Who transforms? Internal vs. external: …slaying personal dragons vs. slaying real dragons…

172 Digital Storytelling Docudrama (Mockumentary) Story Continuum of transformation… ? Focus: listener changes thru learning… POV (narrator, docu-protagonist) can change too… Focus: characters change… listeners change with them… Report/ Documentary

173 Digital Storytelling End Transformation

174 Digital Storytelling Tea Break? take 15…

175 Digital Storytelling Begin production process

176 Digital Storytelling Thinking about the production process... amplifier effect tech teaching tips rule of 80/20 media grammar

177 Digital Storytelling What happens when you give a bad guitar player a bigger amplifier? Amplifier effect

178 Digital Storytelling What happens when you give a bad guitar player a bigger amplifier? Moral: Focus on the story first… Amplifier effect

179 Digital Storytelling Edwinas 4 tech teaching tips: 1.Dont fear 10 year olds who know more than you; deputize them…

180 Digital Storytelling Edwinas 4 tech teaching tips: 1.Dont fear 10 year olds who know more than you; deputize them… 2. Be kind to your techies…

181 Digital Storytelling Edwinas 4 tech teaching tips: 1.Dont fear 10 year olds who know more than you; deputize them… 3. Practice Zen Tech, not Zantac… 2. Be kind to your techies

182 Digital Storytelling Edwinas 4 tech teaching tips: 1.Dont fear 10 year olds who know more than you; deputize them… 4. Have fun… of course! 3. Practice Zen Tech, not Zantac 2. Be kind to your techies

183 Digital Storytelling Rule of 80/20

184 Digital Storytelling First 80% Last 20% 20% last 80% - project completion - Rule of 80/20 - costs, resources -

185 Digital Storytelling First 80% Last 20% 20% last 80% glitz, fixing every little thing… the production wall - project completion - Hitting the production wall Rule of 80/20 - costs, resources -

186 Digital Storytelling First 80% Last 20% 20% last 80% - costs, resources - My advice? Forget the last 20%!!! - project completion - Rule of 80/20

187 Digital Storytelling lighting… sound… steady shots… mixing… CRAP design (Williams) …unless on purpose… Media grammar… Media have their own grammar… McLuhan

188 Digital Storytelling fixed mike… encourages reading… head phone set… encourages movement, expression while sitting… wireless mike… encourages performing, movement, expression… test twice, record once… record, assess, then re-record… Tech tips…recording narrative

189 Digital Storytelling sticky note yucky green… send note home NOT to wear green… fix camera, do not move… artwork created lengthwise on paper… students move away from middle… artwork focused on sides… Tech tips…chroma keying

190 Digital Storytelling music, sound mix typically needs work…too much conflict… music without lyrics creates less interference with narrative… inter mix music, narrative… 30 second loops… Tech tips…music, sound

191 Digital Storytelling Elements of the production process Step one? 2. Step two? 3...then what?

192 Digital Storytelling Pre- production Production Post- production Performance Distribution ideas, story storm VPS peer pitch storyboard, scripting make media list gather materials make voiceover, music take pics, video scan pics, objects formative review by peers, teachers edit media assemble all media into one product mix, add transitions, titles final edit of product credits, citations showing in class, community web posting local TV? JUMP DVD? notifying others - GOING DIGITAL, BASIC PROCESS -

193 Digital Storytelling Pre- production Production Post- production Performance Distribution get recipe consult others read through process gather ingredients make dough make frosting assemble bake let cool frost decorate add candles credits, citations for those who helped cut the cake distribute, share seconds anyone? take leftovers to work share recipe - MAKING A CAKE, BASIC PROCESS -

194 Digital Storytelling Typical digital story (for now) 2-4 minutes uses standard (usually cheap) end user gear still pictures (scanned objects, old photos, digital photos) voice-over narration titles, transitions, music

195 Digital Storytelling Emerging digital stories… video, green screen… oral storytelling, original art, music… voice-over animation… VR? holography? haptics? etc? interactivity, games… distributed, shared stories… …whatever comes, we will tell find ways to tell stories with it…

196 Digital Storytelling Digital Where…? Traditional DEOST ? Media scale performance, role of human voice…? level, role of technology…? amount, kind of editing…? Kinds of digital stories…

197 Digital Storytelling Finding resources…

198 Digital Storytelling -images, pictures… -voice-over; self, interviews -software additions: transitions and titles… -music, sounds, noises, found sound… -video, animation perhaps… Basic ingredients?

199 Digital Storytelling - digital photos… -web images © … -image services… -scanned images… -scanned things… -video, video still shots… Finding images…?

200 Digital Storytelling - photos, greeting cards, letters, report cards, personal papers… -fabric, jewelry, keys, watches, medals…any small object… -flowers, leaves, book covers, hair braids, drawings, mementos, art work, wall paper… anything Adapted from DIGITALES by Bernajean Porter What can you scan…?

201 Digital Storytelling - lesson plans, portfolios… -student work, text books… -parent comments, school board minutes, report cards… -primary, secondary sources… -web sites, blogs… Curriculum images…?

202 Digital Storytelling -voice over, interviews, poetry readings, sound track from old videos, web sounds, effects… Whence come sounds, music?

203 Digital Storytelling -voice over, interviews, poetry readings, sound track from old videos, web sounds, effects… -CDs, web, movies ©, GarageBand etc., singing, playing…friends… Whence come sounds, music?

204 Digital Storytelling -voice over, interviews, poetry readings, sound track from old videos, web sounds, effects… -CDs, web, movies ©, GarageBand etc., singing, playing…friends… -found sounds, recording and/or processing sounds… Whence come sounds, music?

205 Digital Storytelling - animationstation.com -backgroundcity.com -creativecommons.org -freefoto.com -freegraphics.com -freephotographs.net -fresherimage.com -office/microsoft.com -pics4learning.com -stockedphotos.com -freemusic.com -freeplaymusic.com -Google (burp+sound) -ljudo.com -pacdy.com/sounds/index.html -sounddogs.com -stonewashed.net/sfx.htm - wavecentral.com GraphicsSounds, music Web resources…?

206 Digital Storytelling 1. Bernajean Porter Capture Wales Center for Digital Storytelling 4. Dana Atchley, Next Exit David Brear Digital Storytelling Association Digital Clubhouse Network Maricopa Media festival Using Digital storytelling in VET: experiences and reflections Tom Banaszewski - Teach Story - Digital Storytelling sites…

207 Digital Storytelling Digital Storytelling Finds Its Place in the Classroom Tom Banaszewski Educator/Multimedia Author, Lexington, MA Co-authoring identity: Digital storytelling in an urban middle school Alan Davis Telling Tales- Project brings sixth-graders' storytelling skills to surface Dave Ford, Chronicle Staff Writer Friday, January 19, The World of Digital Storytelling Dr. Jason Ohler, Presidents Professor, Educational Technology, Univ. of Alaska Education Leadership Magazine, December 2005/January Digital Storytelling articles…

208 Digital Storytelling Going into production…

209 Digital Storytelling -check to make sure you have equipment… Step i. Pre-pre production…

210 Digital Storytelling -check to make sure you have equipment… -clear spot in your curriculum… Step i. Pre-pre production…

211 Digital Storytelling -check to make sure you have equipment… -clear spot in your curriculum… -got tech help? Step i. Pre-pre production…

212 Digital Storytelling -check to make sure you have equipment… -clear spot in your curriculum… -got tech help? -start learning software… Step i. Pre-pre production…

213 Digital Storytelling -story storm -develop problem/resolution, transformation table with class… -select problem, develop story map individually… -peer pitch (Theodosakis) -tell story, adjust… Step I. Pre-production #1…

214 Digital Storytelling -story storm -develop problem/resolution, transformation table with class… -select problem, develop story map individually… -peer pitch (Theodosakis) -tell story, adjust… Step I. Pre-production #1…

215 Digital Storytelling -story storm -develop problem/resolution, transformation table with class… -select problem, develop story map individually… -peer pitch (Theodosakis) -tell story, adjust… Step I. Pre-production #1…

216 Digital Storytelling -story storm -develop problem/resolution, transformation table with class… -select problem, develop story map individually… -peer pitch (Theodosakis) -tell story, adjust… Step I. Pre-production #1…

217 Digital Storytelling -focus literacy? Tell, write, rewrite …paragraphs, bullets? -focus oracy? Tell, write, retell… -focus art? Create story picture… -focus digital literacy? Create, edit…on message? -tell, retell… write, rewrite… Step I. Pre-production #2…

218 Digital Storytelling -focus literacy? Tell, write, rewrite …paragraphs, bullets? -focus oracy? Tell, write, retell… -focus art? Create story picture… -focus digital literacy? Create, edit…on message? -tell, retell… write, rewrite… Step I. Pre-production #2…

219 Digital Storytelling -focus literacy? Tell, write, rewrite …paragraphs, bullets? -focus oracy? Tell, write, retell… -focus art? Create story picture… -focus digital literacy? Create, edit…on message? -tell, retell… write, rewrite… Step I. Pre-production #2…

220 Digital Storytelling -focus literacy? Tell, write, rewrite …paragraphs, bullets? -focus oracy? Tell, write, retell… -focus art? Create story picture… -focus digital literacy? Create, edit…on message? -tell, retell… write, rewrite… Step I. Pre-production #2…

221 Digital Storytelling -focus literacy? Tell, write, rewrite …paragraphs, bullets? -focus oracy? Tell, write, retell… -focus art? Create story picture… -focus digital literacy? Create, edit…on message? -tell, retell… write, rewrite… Step I. Pre-production #2…

222 Digital Storytelling -story board/outline; PowerPoint? paper? assemble pictures? -develop script for narration… -develop media list from story map, storyboard, outline… -gather materials… Step I. Pre-production #3…

223 Digital Storytelling -story board/outline; PowerPoint? paper? assemble pictures? -develop script for narration… -develop media list from story map, storyboard, outline… -gather materials… Step I. Pre-production #3…

224 Digital Storytelling -story board/outline; PowerPoint? paper? assemble pictures? -develop script for narration… -develop media list from story map, storyboard, outline… -gather materials… Step I. Pre-production #3…

225 Digital Storytelling -story board/outline; PowerPoint? paper? assemble pictures? -develop script for narration… -develop media list from story map, storyboard, outline… -gather materials… Step I. Pre-production #3…

226 Digital Storytelling Step I. Pre-production artifacts -story map -storyboard or outline -media list -narration script -raw media -logs everything can be assessed…

227 Digital Storytelling -create voiceover narration -take, find, scan pics, objects -make, find music & sounds -shoot video, conduct interviews -prep media for use -formative review? Step II. Production…

228 Digital Storytelling -final edit of media components -assemble into one product -mix sound, volume -add transitions, titles -credits, citations, © -final edit Step III. Post-production…

229 Digital Storytelling -show/tell in class -show to peers, community -web posting…DVDs? -local TV, JUMP in your town? -portfolio, send home with parents? …dont forget notices… Step IV. Performance, distrib.

230 Digital Storytelling -Reflection… -Students have learned a lot… -What do you want them to think about? Remember? -What was learned? What would you do different next time? -Story map their growth? Step V. Post-post production…

231 Digital Storytelling End production process

232 Digital Storytelling Begin copyright process

233 Digital Storytelling Copyright & Intellectual Rights… ©

234 Digital Storytelling - Living in the gray area… - Ms. Manners says: - citation - permission - compensation -Golden rule incomplete but great place to start… Common sense, decency… ©

235 Digital Storytelling 1.Purpose, character of your work - more non-profit, the better… 2.Nature of copyrighted work - more factual, less creative the better… 3.Amount and substantiality of portion used - less taken, the better… 4.Effect upon sales, market - less effect, the better… The law - Fair Use 4 criteria… Adapted from Copyright kids ©

236 Digital Storytelling music, video, motion media: 10% or no more than 30 seconds… words: 10% but not > 1000 words … illustrations, photos: vaguer; no more than 5 images by artist; collected work: 10% or no more than 15 images… The law - multimedia projects… From University of Texas General Counsels office… ©

237 Digital Storytelling Question: if rules are followed, can students post their work to the web? Answer: I think it's probably fine for students to post works to a school network if the work limits the amount of others' works to a small portion. Thirty seconds is certainly a good guideline, but it's not really a firm rule. The rule is more like, "keep it as small as you can and still make your point." Thus, in some cases, less than 30 will be needed; in other cases, more. But it really needs to be a thoughtful exercise in coming to the conclusion about what you need to make your point. The law - life in the gray zone… From a copyright consultant… ©

238 Digital Storytelling be paranoid… always ask permission… create your own material… use friends (& their friends) materials use materials from sites set up for free/less restrictive use… Avoiding the gray zone… ©

239 Digital Storytelling creating it copyrights it… adding Copyright © year name is better… applying for formal copyright is best… but, others less likely to show it… include statement about use… make sure contact info clear… Should students copyright? ©

240 Digital Storytelling what is your schools policy for posting, sharing student work? parent permission needed? who appears in your story? okay? difference between minors & majors… art vs. journalism… free speech, liable, slander… Other permission issues… ©

241 Digital Storytelling - animationstation.com -backgroundcity.com -creativecommons.org -freefoto.com -freegraphics.com -freephotographs.net -fresherimage.com -office/microsoft.com -pics4learning.com -stockedphotos.com -freemusic.com -freeplaymusic.com -Google (burp+sound) -ljudo.com -pacdy.com/sounds/index.html -sounddogs.com -stonewashed.net/sfx.htm - wavecentral.com GraphicsSounds, music Web resources…?

242 Digital Storytelling 1.Univ. of Texas, Office of Gen. Counsel 2.Copyright Kids 3.Learning & Leading with Technology _32_2005_2004_/April_No_7_1/April_2005.htm 4.Tech Learning Guidelines 5.Copyright Condensed Good copyright links… ©

243 Digital Storytelling MLA To generate MLA and APA citations: Citing a web site For the material on this slide, it is: Using Modern Language Association (MLA) Format." OWL at Purdue University: Using Modern Language Association (MLA) Format. Online Writing Lab (OWL), Purdue University. 03 Apr Citing a web image Artist if available. "Description or title of image." Date of image. Online image. Title of larger site. Date of download.. Citing web sources… From Purdues Online Writing Lab … ©

244 Digital Storytelling 1. Comedy-tragedy mask: drama.thb.jpg. Part of the Clipart.com collection that I subscribe to. 2. Rooftop scene: Excerpt from Then What? cover, created by Jeri Smith, I purchased this in Works cited… © 1. Harper, Georgia. "Fair Use Guidelines For Educational Multimedia." Multimedia Fair Use Guideline (CCUMU). University of Texas General Counsel Office. 04 Apr "Copyright Basics." Copyright Kids!. Copyright Kids. 04 Apr "Using Modern Language Association (MLA) Format." OWL at Purdue University: Using Modern Language Association (MLA) Format. Online Writing Lab (OWL), Purdue University. 03 Apr Images in top bar Website information, MLA format

245 Digital Storytelling End copyright process

246 Digital Storytelling Begin teaching a distance

247 Digital Storytelling 1.Course development… Teaching a distance… In 2006, 15 rural teachers in Alaska took ED 697: DST for a distance… this is their story…

248 Digital Storytelling 1.Course development… 2.Adapting materials to the CMS… Teaching a distance… In 2006, 15 rural teachers in Alaska took ED 697: DST for a distance… this is their story…

249 Digital Storytelling 1.Course development… 2.Adapting materials to the CMS… 3.Begin with a story… Teaching a distance… In 2006, 15 rural teachers in Alaska took ED 697: DST for a distance… this is their story…

250 Digital Storytelling 1.Course development… 2.Adapting materials to the CMS… 3.Begin with a story… 4.Build online community… Teaching a distance… In 2006, 15 rural teachers in Alaska took ED 697: DST for a distance… this is their story…

251 Digital Storytelling 1.Course development… 2.Adapting materials to the CMS… 3.Begin with a story… 4.Build online community… 5.Media pedagogy… Teaching a distance… In 2006, 15 rural teachers in Alaska took ED 697: DST for a distance… this is their story…

252 Digital Storytelling 1.Course development… 2.Adapting materials to the CMS… 3.Begin with a story… 4.Build online community… 5.Media pedagogy… 6.How to perform? Teaching a distance… In 2006, 15 rural teachers in Alaska took ED 697: DST for a distance… this is their story…

253 Digital Storytelling 1.Course development… 2.Adapting materials to the CMS… 3.Begin with a story… 4.Build online community… 5.Media pedagogy… 6.How to perform? 7.Reflection… Teaching a distance… In 2006, 15 rural teachers in Alaska took ED 697: DST for a distance… this is their story…

254 Digital Storytelling End teaching a distance

255 Digital Storytelling Begin you create

256 Digital Storytelling 1. Story storm… 2. Map your story… 3. Peer pitch it… 4. Tell it, write it… 5. Storyboard it… 6. Create media list… 7. Go digital… Your turn!

257 Digital Storytelling Story spine by Kenn Adams The platform Once upon a time… Every day… The catalyst: But one day… The consequences: Because of that… The climax: Until finally… The resolution: Ever since then… The moral of this story is… by Adams

258 Digital Storytelling ProblemSolutionTransformation Story storming

259 Digital Storytelling 1. Story storm… 2. Map your story… 3. Peer pitch it… 4.Tell it, write it… 5. Storyboard it… 6. Create media list… 7. Go digital… Your turn!

260 Digital Storytelling 1. Story storm… 2. Map your story… 3. Peer pitch it… 4.Tell it, write it… 5. Storyboard it… 6. Create media list… 7. Go digital… Your turn!

261 Digital Storytelling Story training… Stand up & tell a story? YIKES!!!

262 Digital Storytelling timeless skill set… Traditional storytelling… Why is it important?

263 Digital Storytelling timeless skill set… used hi tech, no tech, low tech… Traditional storytelling… Why is it important?

264 Digital Storytelling timeless skill set… used hi tech, no tech, low tech… video becoming easier, cheaper, encouraging oral storytelling… Traditional storytelling… Why is it important?

265 Digital Storytelling timeless skill set… used hi tech, no tech, low tech… video becoming easier, cheaper, encouraging oral storytelling… media presentation expected… Traditional storytelling… Why is it important?

266 Digital Storytelling timeless skill set… used hi tech, no tech, low tech… video becoming easier, cheaper, encouraging oral storytelling… media presentation expected… every age has its water cooler… Traditional storytelling… Why is it important?

267 Digital Storytelling performance literacy… sound, motion, expression… (Dillingham) Traditional storytelling… exercises

268 Digital Storytelling performance literacy… sound, motion, expression… (Dillingham) show us our face… Traditional storytelling… exercises

269 Digital Storytelling performance literacy… sound, motion, expression… (Dillingham) show us your face… look, no arms… Traditional storytelling… exercises

270 Digital Storytelling performance literacy… sound, motion, expression… (Dillingham) show us your face… look, no arms… two voices… Traditional storytelling… exercises

271 Digital Storytelling performance literacy… sound, motion, expression… (Dillingham) show us your face… look, no arms… two voices… tasting, sensing, feeling… Traditional storytelling… exercises

272 Digital Storytelling 1. Story storm… 2. Map your story… 3. Peer pitch it… 4.Tell it, write it… 5. Storyboard it… 6. Create media list… 7. Go digital… Your turn!

273 Digital Storytelling 1. Story storm… 2. Map your story… 3. Peer pitch it… 4.Tell it, write it… 5. Storyboard it… 6. Create media list… 7. Go digital… Your turn!

274 Digital Storytelling REPORTING IN ACTIVITY Lets hear some stories…

275 Digital Storytelling Diagrams, books cited Bloom, Benjamin, and David Krathwohl. Taxonomy of Educational Objectives: The Classification of Educational Goals. New York: Longmans, Green, Breneman, Lucille, and Bren Breneman. Once Upon a Time - A Storytelling Handbook. Chicago: Nelson-Hall, Brown, John Seely, Stephen Denning, Katalina Groh, and Laurence Prusak. Storytelling in Organizations. Oxford: Heinemann, Campbell, Joseph, and Krathwohl. The Hero with a Thousand Faces. Princeton: Princeton University Press, Denning, Stephen. The Springboard - How Storytelling Ignites Action in Knowledge-Era Organizations. Oxford: Heinemann, Dillingham, Brett. "Performance Literacy." The Reading Teacher Sept. 2005: Egan, Kiernan, and. Teaching as Story Telling. Chicago: Chicago Press, Freytag. Die Technik des Dramas (Technique of Drama) Goodman, Steven. Teaching Youth Media. New York: Teacher's College Press, Works cited

276 Digital Storytelling Diagrams, books cited, continued… Kay, A. (1996). Revealing the elephant: The use and misuse of computers in education. Sequence, 31(4), 1-2. Lambert, Joe. Digital Storytelling Cookbook and Traveling Companion. 3 ed. Berkeley: Digital Diner Press, McKee, John. Story- Substance, Structure, Style and the Principles of Screenwriting. New York: HarperCollins, McLuhan, M. (1964). Understanding media: The extensions of man. New York: McGraw-Hill. MomaDay, N. Scott. House Made of Dawn. New York: HarperCollins, Numeroff, Laura Joffe. If You Give a Mouse a Cookie: New York: Laura Geringer, Porter, Bernajean. Digitales: The Art of Telling Digital Stories. Sedalia: Porter Publications, Simmons, Annette. The Story Factor. Cambridge: Perseus Books, Tarantino, Quentin. Pulp Fiction Telford, Kenneth. Aristotle Poetics, Translation and Analysis. Chicago: Regenery, Theodosakis, Nikos. Director in the Classroom. San Diego: Tech4Learning Publishing, Toelken, Barre. "The Icebergs of Folktale: Misconception, Misuse, Abuse." Who Says? Essays on Pivotal Issues in Contemporary Storytelling. Ed. Carol Birch. Little Rock: August House, Works cited

277 Digital Storytelling Works cited Graphics, photos, from Clipart.com (thru an annual fee): Angry lady: fear-anger-lady jpg Baby with luminescent computer: babyComputer.jpg Ball and chain: allAndChain jpg Comedy-tragedy-masks: drama.thb.jpg Committee: committee.jpg Computer director: director.jpg Digital camera (part of media collage in bubble): digital.jpg Dragon on knights chest: dragon.jpg Kid in movie theater: theater.jpg Kid painting: kid-painting gif Kid thinking kidThinking.thb.jpg Kid with A+ paper: evaluation.thb.jpg Kid with magnifying glass: evaluation2.jpg Knight: knight.jpg Looking For: lookingFor.jpg Mind, Idea, lightbulb Ouch: Ouch jpgstairs.jpg Puppet stage: punchnjudy gif Storyteller to child in bed, g thb Sunglasses on kid: sunglasses.jpg Sunglasses: sunglasses.jpg Teacher in purple jacket Theater audience: theaterAudience.jpg Yin-yang jpg

278 Digital Storytelling Works cited Graphics, photos, from other sources: Cow lips: Fourth R on easel - citation lost Hannah, with permission from parents. Picture of Don King/Howard Dean on stage before a crowd, from Chris Bischoff Savoonga kids (with permission from parents), Sticking tongue out (baby)- source unknown. Then What? cover, by Jeri Smith, Totem Pole picture by Philip Greenspun. Picture was found at: Philips home page is: Totem Pole picture by Dodge, Jack and Mary. "picture of Mary at totem pole." Travel: Americas: US: Alaska, Kenai Fjords. June jackandmaryetc.com. 07 Apr Wearing computer: Proceedings of the IEEE, Vol. 86, No. 11, November, 1998 WearComp as a new framework for Intelligent Signal Processing Steve Mann, 1998 (found at efurl=http://wearcam.org/hi/&h=1024&w=700&sz=68&tbnid=vX8sgpcVWZtccM:&tbn h=150&tbnw=102&hl=en&start=1&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dwearcomp%26svnum%3D1 0%26hl%3Den%26lr%3D%26safe%3Doff%26sa%3DG)

279 Digital Storytelling Works cited Copyright source info from web 1.Harper, Georgia. "Fair Use Guidelines For Educational Multimedia." Multimedia Fair Use Guideline (CCUMU). University of Texas General Counsel Office. 04 Apr "Copyright Basics." Copyright Kids!. Copyright Kids. 04 Apr "Using Modern Language Association (MLA) Format." OWL at Purdue University: Using Modern Language Association (MLA) Format. Online Writing Lab (OWL), Purdue University. 03 Apr Other resources Adams, Kenn. The Story Spine. One source for this is: Christenson, Michael. Adapt-a-Map, story map created of an advertisement for Media Literacy class, Microsoft clipart. Storyboard template: This is version 5 of this presentation. Original file name: dst-V5.ppt. Last modified April 10, 2006.


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