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Digital stories in the classroom

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1 Digital stories in the classroom
…a telling experience A digital telling workshop based on the book to be published by Corwin Press, Fall, 2006

2 Or email: jason.ohler@uas.alaska.edu
For information about keynotes, workshops, books, training materials, go to: Or

3 About this presentation
This PowerPoint presentation consists of materials from my most commonly requested keynotes, presentations and workshops about literacy and storytelling - digital, traditional and organizational - in education, community development, business and art. It is also available as a PDF at I reorder, modify or hide slides depending on the audience and event. You are welcome to use the materials you find here for non-profit, informal, in-house purposes. Please include the Works Cited references at the end if you do. My book, Digital Stories in the Classroom: A Telling Experience, should be ready sometime in Fall, 2006. Comments are always welcome. I can be reached through my website at: That’s the story. Jason Ohler, April 10, 2006

4 I know only thing about the technologies that await us: we will find ways to tell stories with them…

5 All my handouts are available…
Main site: Storytelling site:

6 Today’s plan What’s digital storytelling about?

7 Today’s plan What’s digital storytelling about?
Art the 4th R, storytelling…

8 Today’s plan What’s digital storytelling about?
Art the 4th R, storytelling… Assessing digital stories…

9 Today’s plan What’s digital storytelling about?
Art the 4th R, storytelling… Assessing digital stories… Thinking about stories…

10 Today’s plan What’s digital storytelling about?
Art the 4th R, storytelling… Assessing digital stories… Thinking about stories… Story planning…

11 Today’s plan What’s digital storytelling about?
Art the 4th R, storytelling… Assessing digital stories… Thinking about stories… Story planning… Production process…

12 Today’s plan What’s digital storytelling about?
Art the 4th R, storytelling… Assessing digital stories… Thinking about stories… Story planning… Production process… Your turn, show & tell…

13 What’s digital story telling about?
Living, learning, working in the Digital Age…

14

15 Story is big…

16 story

17 character

18 filmont

19 What’s digital storytelling about?
stories and storytelling… Living

20 What’s digital storytelling about?
stories and storytelling… speaking new media… Living

21 What’s digital storytelling about?
stories and storytelling… speaking new media… joining the story culture… Living

22 What’s digital storytelling about?
stories and storytelling… speaking new media… joining the story culture… shifting from consumer to producer, prosumer… Living

23 What’s digital storytelling about?
assessment… Learning

24 What’s digital storytelling about?
assessment… content exploration… Learning

25 What’s digital storytelling about?
assessment… content exploration… multiple literacies, intelligences Learning

26 What’s digital storytelling about?
assessment… content exploration… multiple literacies, intelligences blending story & critical thinking… Learning

27 What’s digital storytelling about?
assessment… content exploration… multiple literacies, intelligences blending story & critical thinking… cross-curricular learning… Learning

28 What’s digital storytelling about?
assessment… content exploration… multiple literacies, intelligences blending story & critical thinking… cross-curricular learning… project-based learning… Learning

29 What’s digital storytelling about?
assessment… content exploration… multiple literacies, intelligences blending story & critical thinking… cross-curricular learning… project-based learning… constructivist learning… Learning

30 What’s digital storytelling about?
creativity… Working

31 What’s digital storytelling about?
creativity… team work, leadership… Working

32 What’s digital storytelling about?
creativity… team work, leadership… project management… Working

33 What’s digital storytelling about?
creativity… team work, leadership… project management… effective communication… Working

34 What’s digital storytelling about?
creativity… team work, leadership… project management… effective communication… skill transfer… Working

35 What’s digital storytelling about?
creativity… team work, leadership… project management… effective communication… skill transfer… long term impact, lifelong learning… Working

36 Begin Art 4th R

37 Art… the 4th R

38 artTheFourthR.com " Thanks to the struggle to use multimedia effectively, the language of art is taking center stage; art has become the next literacy… art has become the fourth R."

39 Why art the 4thR now? WWW Esperanto…

40 Why art the 4thR now? WWW Esperanto…
Assistive technology for the aesthetically challenged- creates “art” middle class…

41 Why art the 4thR now? WWW Esperanto…
Assistive technology for the aesthetically challenged- creates “art” middle class… Real work, real pay

42 4th R… Then What?

43 Stories… storytelling, oldest and newest profession, art form…

44 Stories… storytelling, oldest and newest profession, art form…
blends art, learning, culture and modern tools…

45 Stories… storytelling, oldest and newest profession, art form…
blends art, learning, culture and modern tools… favorite teachers were good storytellers…

46 Stories… storytelling, oldest and newest profession, art form…
blends art, learning, culture and modern tools… favorite teachers were good storytellers… students who tell stories own their learning….

47 Taboo against us telling our own stories

48 …now everyone gets to tell their own story in their own way…
UNTIL DIGITAL AGE …now everyone gets to tell their own story in their own way…

49 Future of digital storytelling

50 End Art 4th R

51 Begin show and assess stories

52 Assessing digital stories

53 Assessment Why don’t teachers require more new media projects by students? They don’t feel comfortable assessing them… So, let’s help them…

54 Assessment story content technique clarity/voice tone/flow/POV
media blend literacy artifacts

55 Assessment Story on the digital stage is just tip of artifact/assessment iceberg…

56 Assessment Story on the digital stage is just tip of artifact/assessment iceberg… Beneath story: storyboards, story maps, scripts, photos, footage, music, logs, media lists, narratives, treatments…lots of writing “under the radar”…if it ain’t on the page…

57 DAOW of literacy… Digital storytelling blends a number of literacies…

58 DAOW of literacy…digital
effective, creative, and wise… why, when and when not, as well as what and how to… media literacy…

59 Media literacy “Media acts as frame, filter on world while appearing to be a clear window”… GOODMAN

60 Media literacy “Media acts as frame, filter on world while appearing to be a clear window”… GOODMAN Piercing the neocortex… techniques of media persuasion…

61 Media literacy “Media acts as frame, filter on world while appearing to be a clear window”… GOODMAN Piercing the neocortex… techniques of media persuasion… Understanding media by doing media…

62 Media literacy “Media acts as frame, filter on world while appearing to be a clear window”… GOODMAN Piercing the neocortex… techniques of media persuasion… Understanding media by doing media… Traditional literacy IS media literacy; V 2.0 essays = advertising…

63 DAOW of literacy…art 4th R… design, the grammar of art…
storytelling = mixed media...

64 DAOW of literacy…oral timeless skills… timeless skills…
works with no, low and high tech… improves expression… video encourages storytelling… expectation of presentation…

65 DAOW of literacy…written
if it ain’t on the page… if it ain’t on the page… language of shared plans… narratives, ideas, scripts, etc… deep processing…

66 Let’s watch (& assess) some stories!
Fast write (3 minutes) Discuss Develop rubric Turn in notes

67 End show and assess stories

68 Begin thinking about digital stories

69 Thinking about stories…
Stories are dangerous What stories do Making a story work

70 Stories are dangerous Art Theater vs. Political theater VS.
From Good Ideas Need Love Too by Kay

71 Two kinds of thinking Story thinking vs. Analytic thinking VS.

72 Two kinds of thinking Story thinking vs. Analytic thinking VS.
Report/ Documentary Story ? Where…?

73 What do stories do…? provide info container…interface with world…
simplify, structure… teach, promote meaning, survival… personalize, create identity… socialize, acculturate… contextualize…

74 What do stories do…? provide info container…interface with world…
simplify, structure… teach, promote meaning, survival… personalize, create identity… socialize, acculturate… contextualize…

75 What do stories do…? provide info container…interface with world…
simplify, structure… teach, promote meaning, survival… personalize, create identity… socialize, acculturate… contextualize…

76 What do stories do…? provide info container…interface with world…
simplify, structure… teach, promote meaning, survival… personalize, create identity… socialize, acculturate… contextualize…

77 Experiment in context…

78 story

79 character

80 filmont

81 End thinking about digital stories

82 Begin story planning…

83 Once upon a time, there was a …
Story planning…

84 No formulas… only forms of you

85 What makes a story work…?
Honoring listener-teller covenant of respect…

86 What makes a story work…?
Honoring listener-teller covenant of respect… Forward motion thru listener expectation…can’t wait to hear what’s next…

87 What makes a story work…?
Honoring listener-teller covenant of respect… Forward motion thru listener expectation…can’t wait to hear what’s next… What’s next fits but is unexpected- no cliches…

88 What makes a story work…?
Honoring listener-teller covenant of respect… Forward motion thru listener expectation…can’t wait to hear what’s next… What’s next fits but is unexpected- no cliches… Timing, during and overall…

89 What makes a story work…?
Honoring listener-teller covenant of respect… Forward motion thru listener expectation…can’t wait to hear what’s next… What’s next fits but is unexpected- no cliches… Timing, during and overall… Personal details, universal connections…

90 What makes a story work…?
Honoring listener-teller covenant of respect… Forward motion thru listener expectation…can’t wait to hear what’s next… What’s next fits but is unexpected- no cliches… Timing, during and overall… Personal details, universal connections… Internal rhythm thru structure…

91 What makes a story work…?
Honoring listener-teller covenant of respect… Forward motion thru listener expectation…can’t wait to hear what’s next… What’s next fits but is unexpected- no cliches… Timing, during and overall… Personal details, universal connections… Internal rhythm thru structure… Memorability…

92 What makes a story work…?
Pacing… Dramatic question… Gift of voice…unique perspective Soundtrack… Point of view…who’s perspective? Emotional content…mood Economy…balance between storyteller and audience From Digital Storytelling Cookbook Joe Lambert, et al.

93 What makes a story work…?
Principles not rules… Eternal, universal forms, not formulas… Archetypes not stereotypes… Thoroughness not shortcuts… Realities not mysteries of writing… Mastering the art, not second guessing the market place… Respect, not disdain for audience Originality, not duplication… From Story by McKee

94 POV…? 1st person…autobiographical… 3rd person…omniscient
3rd person personal… 3rd person magical…be an animal, be an object… community we… them vs. me…

95 Traditional story planning process
1. Get a story idea 2. Develop storyboard or outline and script

96 Traditional story boarding
Technical direction Angle: Shot: Movement: Audio: Technical direction Angle: Shot: Movement: Audio:

97 Story board for “We Won’t Leave School”
Technical direction None - ambient happy school bus noise Angle: wide Shot: side of bus, going to school Movement: follow bus Audio: music (Born to learn) Technical direction Teacher at door, greeting each child as they enter Angle: wide, zoom in Shot: front of school, students entering Movement: stationary Audio: music, cont.

98 Story board for “We Won’t Leave School”
Technical direction None - voice over with ambient happy school, bus noise Angle: wide Shot: side of bus, going to school Movement: follow bus Audio: music (Born to learn) Script, voice over narration: “Once upon a time there were children so in love with school they refused to leave when summer vacation came. They demanded to keep learning. ‘More math problems!’ they cried.” Teacher at door, greeting each child as they enter

99 Traditional story planning process
1. Get a story idea 2. Develop storyboard or outline and script

100 NO! Traditional story planning process 1. Get a story idea
2. Develop storyboard or outline and script

101 New story planning process
1. Get a story idea 2. Develop story map New! 3. Develop storyboard or outline and script

102 Story mapping… Maps the emotional flow of story…
Shows relationship between events and story elements…

103 Story mapping… Maps the emotional flow of story…
Shows relationship between events and story elements… Is simple, no tech required…

104 Story mapping… Maps the emotional flow of story…
Shows relationship between events and story elements… Is simple, no tech required… Happens early in story project…

105 Story mapping… Maps the emotional flow of story…
Shows relationship between events and story elements… Is simple, no tech required… Happens early in story project… Story as information container… students understand story rhythm…

106 Story mapping… Maps the emotional flow of story…
Shows relationship between events and story elements… Is simple, no tech required… Happens early in story project… Story as information container… students understand story rhythm… Works with all storytelling, media… high tech, low tech no tech…

107 Visual Portrait of Story (VPS)
Middle (conflict, growth) challenge opportunity goal Problem (tension) Solution (resolution) “the call to adventure…” closure Ordinary life… “Life” resumes… Beginning End (Dillingham, 2001)

108 VPS + transformation = quest
Middle (conflict, growth) challenge opportunity goal Problem (tension) Solution (resolution) “the call to adventure…” closure Transformation? Ordinary life… “Life” resumes… Beginning End (Dillingham, Ohler 2003)

109 VPS + transformation = quest
“Life” resumes… Beginning End (Dillingham, Ohler 2003)

110 Story V (vee) Middle Transformation? Beginning End (conflict, growth)
challenge opportunity goal Problem (tension) Solution (resolution) “the call to adventure…” closure Transformation? Ordinary life… “Life” resumes… Beginning End (Dillingham, Ohler 2003)

111 Story V (vee)

112 Kinds of stories…

113 VPS + transformation = quest
Middle (conflict, growth) challenge opportunity goal Problem (tension) Solution (resolution) “the call to adventure…” closure Transformation? Ordinary life… “Life” resumes… Beginning End (Dillingham, Ohler 2003)

114 VPS + realization/decision = personal story
Middle (conflict, growth) challenge opportunity goal Problem (tension) Solution (resolution) “the call to adventure…” closure realization, decision? Ordinary life… “Life” resumes… Beginning End (Dillingham, Ohler 2003)

115 VPS + learning = curriculum story
Make students heroes of their own learning stories… Middle (conflict, growth) challenge opportunity goal Inquiry (tension) Discovery (resolution) “the call to adventure…” closure learning, growth? Ordinary life… “Life” resumes… Beginning End (Dillingham, Ohler 2003)

116 VPS + creative focus = art story
Middle (conflict, growth) challenge opportunity goal Inspiration (tension) Realization (resolution) “the call to adventure…” closure artistic growth? Ordinary life… “Life” resumes… Beginning End (Dillingham, Ohler 2003)

117 William Tell and the Little Girl Who Could Fix Computers…”
William Tell and the Little Girl Who Could Fix Computers…” (I tell a story… we debrief)

118 Start your story anywhere…
Opportunities or challenges for your students? Start here… Middle (conflict, growth) challenge opportunity goal ‘Problem/ resolution scenario you want to flesh out? Start here… Problem (tension) Solution (resolution) Build story around a key transformation you want to illustrate… I rarely start here… closure Transformation? Ordinary life… “Life” resumes… Beginning Do you have a “moral” you want students to understand? Start here and work backwards… End

119 Kinds of stories…Lambert
Stories about someone important… character, memorial stories Stories about an event… adventure, accomplishment stories Stories about place… Stories about what I do… Other personal stories… recovery, love, discovery From Digital Storytelling Cookbook Joe Lambert, et. al.

120 Kinds of stories…Porter
Personal stories…creating living memories Kinship stories…family stories of who we are Hyper-interactive stories…groups, diverse Personal expression…thoughts, feelings… Myths, legends, tales…past, present, future Expository stories…info beyond words… Persuasive stories…influencing others… Itza wrap…stories of lessons learned… Future vision stories…imagining the future now… From DIGITALES by Bernajean Porter

121 More story maps & organizers…

122 Aristotle - - Middle - - peripeteia complication anagnorisis Beginning
(reversal of fortune) complication anagnorisis (transformation, realization) tying of the knot untying Beginning End (denouement) Aristotle - Story Map/Diagram From THE POETICS by Aristotle

123 Freytag’s story pyramid
From DIE TECHNIK DES DRAMAS by Freytag, 1863

124 Joseph Campbell From HERO HAS A THOUSAND FACES by Campbell
call to adventure moral, lessons learned, changed habits tests challenges problems threshold of adventure rescue resolution resurrection transformation flight helpers From HERO HAS A THOUSAND FACES by Campbell

125 Breneman Minor climaxes Quick ending after climax
From ONCE UPON A TIME - A STORYTELLING BOOK by Breneman and Breneman

126 McKee Bringing life back into balance…watch “Adaptation”…
From STORY by McKee

127 Treasure map smoother change reversal sharp change steep resolution medium gradual rise to adventure smaller conflict end here… start here… relatively more significant conflict Less structure, more adaptable… begin here or evolve into this approach…?

128 Adapt-a-map by Michael Christenson, Media Literacy class, 2005

129 Kieran Egan’s Binary Opposites
evaluation story cognitively engage: learn through research, effective pedagogies affectively engage: decide, resolve, mediate through story creation ‘…kids understand story…’ From TEACHING AS STORYTELLING by Egan

130 Kieran Egan’s Binary Opposites
1. Identifying importance: - What is most important about this topic? Why should it matter to children? - What is affectively engaging about it? 2. Finding binary opposites: - What powerful binary opposites best catch the importance of the topic? 3. Organizing content into story form: - What content most dramatically embodies access to the topic? - What content best articulates the topic into a developing story form? 4. Conclusion: - What’s best way of resolving dramatic conflict inherent in the binary opposites? - What degree of mediation of those opposites is appropriate to ask? 5. Evaluation: - How can one know whether the topic has been understood, its importance grasped and the content learned? From TEACHING AS STORYTELLING by Egan

131 Story spine by Kenn Adams
The platform Once upon a time… Every day… The catalyst: But one day… The consequences: Because of that… The climax: Until finally… The resolution: Ever since then… The moral of this story is… by Adams

132 Story telling in business & organizations…

133 Stephen Denning… uses elements of story with groups…
story begins imagination process then springboards to group’s issue… blends familiar and unfamiliar effective story plausible, coherent, reasonable… not necessarily true, but rings true… From THE SPRINGBOARD by Stephen Denning

134 Stephen Denning… Rorschach inkblot phenomenon- input comes from the listener… listeners suspend judgement, tell the “second story,” their story… your solution not theirs, but helps them imagine theirs… big S, little s… From THE SPRINGBOARD by Stephen Denning

135 Annette Simmons… info overload- faith, trust everything…
when listeners make your story theirs, they’ve tapped into that faith… story as trance…shoulders drops… aikido, using their momentum, not yours people don’t care how much you know until they know much you care… From THE STORY FACTOR by Annette Simmons

136 Annette Simmons…6 stories
Who I am stories – self-disclosure; vulnerability without exploitation… Why am I here stories – what’s in it for you, before what’s in it for them… Vision story – making “invisible visible, at least in their mind’s eye.” “A vision story is an antidote to meaningless frustration.” From THE STORY FACTOR by Annette Simmons

137 Annette Simmons…6 stories
4. Teaching stories- clarity without buy-in is counter productive… 5. Values in action stories- how many stories can you tell that demonstrate values you profess to hold… 6. I know what you are thinking stories- dispels fears without direct confrontation… From THE STORY FACTOR by Annette Simmons

138 Larry Pruzak… Most stories = transformation stories
As knowledge becomes more valuable, so do stories… Four qualities of a story: ) endurance, 2) salience (punch), ) sensemaking (true to one’s one sense of things), 4) comfort level From STORYTELLING IN ORGANIZATIONS by Larry Prusak, et al

139 Larry Pruzak…kinds of stories
Stories about other people employees try to answer questions about each other’s reliability, trust, knowledge… gossip? Stories about work trying to teach other…managers should encourage storytelling… From STORYTELLING IN ORGANIZATIONS by Larry Prusak, et al

140 Larry Pruzak…kinds of stories
Stories about the organization help each other, make sense of work by telling work stories…RumorMill Timeless stories us against them… I do all the work around here… The reward is disproportionate to the effort… From STORYTELLING IN ORGANIZATIONS by Larry Prusak, et al

141 Larry Pruzak…kinds of stories
Context stories - true at the moment RumorMill… Stories as social bonding phatic speech (content irrelevant, the point is to bond)… Stories as signals architecture, organiz. structures, etc. From STORYTELLING IN ORGANIZATIONS by Larry Prusak, et al

142 Larry Pruzak…kinds of stories
Stories about the past often constrain present; facts, nuance lost, all that remains is the story… Stories about the future getting past the past… Stories about life itself teach each other about life at work… From STORYTELLING IN ORGANIZATIONS by Larry Prusak, et al

143 Larry Pruzak…kinds of stories
Stories about Oneself When you talk to yourself, who is talking to whom? From STORYTELLING IN ORGANIZATIONS by Larry Prusak, et al

144 John Seely Brown… thru narrative, show how general is rooted in the particular… narrative has context (specific) and moral (general)… communities of practice to tell stories …Xerox repair people… particulars that led to useful generalities… From STORYTELLING IN ORGANIZATIONS by John Seely Brown, et al

145 John Seely Brown… PARC wired coffee pots…
explaining new technologies thru storyboards, short videos… “What’s so interesting about a story is that it always gets repurposed in the context in which it’s told.” From STORYTELLING IN ORGANIZATIONS by John Seely Brown, et al

146 Katlina Groh…ed film maker
good stories have salience (emotional punch line), emotional transitions, authenticity (1st person) the point in telling your story is to discover the audience’s story… best way to get info with subjects is not Q and A, but you tell a story then invite them to tell a story… From STORYTELLING IN ORGANIZATIONS by Katlina Groh, et al

147 Katlina Groh…ed film maker
life is a story we invent… From STORYTELLING IN ORGANIZATIONS by Katlina Groh, et al

148 Denning…why narrative?
stories have salience to the lives of people in organizations… stories help us make sense of organizations… storytelling is quick and powerful… storytelling is free… storytelling skills easily upgradable… From STORYTELLING IN ORGANIZATIONS by Denning, et al

149 Denning…why narrative?
narrative communicates naturally (storytelling is our native language)… storytelling communicates collaboratively… storytelling communicates persuasively… stories can communicate holistically… From STORYTELLING IN ORGANIZATIONS by Denning, et al

150 Denning…why narrative?
storytelling communicates context… storytelling communicates intuitively… storytelling communicates entertainingly… storytelling communicates movingly so as to get action… storytelling flies under corporate radar From STORYTELLING IN ORGANIZATIONS by Denning, et al

151 Denning…why narrative?
storytelling communicates feelingly… storytelling communicates interactively… storytelling is memorable… storytelling spurs double-loop… storytelling is key to leadership… storytelling builds authenticity… From STORYTELLING IN ORGANIZATIONS by Denning, et al

152 Denning…why narrative?
storytelling reconnects the speaker with the spoken… storytelling re-connects the knower with the known… stories are a large part of the economy (20% if American’s GDP)… From STORYTELLING IN ORGANIZATIONS by Denning, et al

153 ? Other kinds of stories…

154 Other kinds of stories…
blends 2 diagrams by McKee…

155 Other kinds of stories…
non-universal stories… Barre Toelken, Director of the Folklore Program, Utah University

156 Other kinds of stories…
non-universal stories… Barre Toelken, Director of the Folklore Program, Utah University circular, non-linear stories… House Made of Dawn (Momaday), Pulp Fiction, If You Give a Mouse…

157 Other kinds of stories…
non-universal stories… Barre Toelken, Director of the Folklore Program, Utah University circular, non-linear stories… House Made of Dawn (Momaday), Pulp Fiction, If You Give a Mouse… user-driven stories, games ending #1…? ending #2…?

158 Other kinds of stories…
non-universal stories… Barre Toelken, Director of the Folklore Program, Utah University circular, non-linear stories… House Made of Dawn (Momaday), Pulp Fiction, If You Give a Mouse… user-driven stories, games learn rules, break rules… my photography teacher ending #1…? ending #2…?

159 Other kinds of stories…
non-universal stories… Barre Toelken, Director of the Folklore Program, Utah University circular, non-linear stories… House Made of Dawn (Momaday), Pulp Fiction, If You Give a Mouse… user-driven stories, games learn rules, break rules… my photography teacher experience all kinds of stories, make your own maps… ending #1…? ending #2…?

160 End story planning…

161 Begin Transformation

162 Trans-formation

163 What’s the nature of transformation?
Middle (conflict, opportunity) challenge opportunity goal Problem (tension) Solution (resolution) closure Transformation? Ordinary life… “Life” resumes… Beginning End

164 8 Levels of character transformation…
Physical/kinesthetic - strength, dexterity, realizing potential Inner strength - courage, realizing potential

165 8 Levels of character transformation…
Physical/kinesthetic - strength, dexterity, realizing potential Inner strength - courage, realizing potential Emotional - maturity, realization Moral - conscience, realizing “right”

166 8 Levels of character transformation…
Physical/kinesthetic - strength, dexterity, realizing potential Inner strength - courage, realizing potential Emotional - maturity, realization Moral - conscience, realizing “right” Psychological - insight, self-awareness, realization, revelation Social - realizing responsibility

167 8 Levels of character transformation…
Physical/kinesthetic - strength, dexterity, realizing potential Inner strength - courage, realizing potential Emotional - maturity, realization Moral - conscience, realizing “right” Psychological - insight, self-awareness, realization, revelation Social - realizing responsibility 7. Intellectual/creative - learning, problem solving, critical thinking, realizing new understandings 8. Spiritual - awakening, revelation

168 8 Levels of character transformation…
Physical/kinesthetic - strength, dexterity, realizing potential Inner strength - courage, realizing potential Emotional - maturity, realization Moral - conscience, realizing “right” Psychological - insight, self-awareness, realization, revelation Social - realizing responsibility 7. Intellectual/creative - learning, problem solving, critical thinking, realizing new understandings 8. Spiritual - awakening, revelation

169 Bloom’s taxonomy as transformation…
Level Kind Explanation #6 Evaluation Character assesses situation, critiques and/or defends idea, person; evaluates a situation in order to respond to it… #5 Synthesis Character pieces together parts to form new understanding of situation… #4 Analysis Character deconstructs a situation, distinguishes among options, plans or organizes something, compares and contrasts different things… #3 Application Character discovers, constructs or changes something; applies understanding to a new situation… #2 Comprehension Character explains, interprets, predicts something… #1 Knowledge Character knows, remembers, describes something…

170 Transformation verbs-
- decide, mediate, balance… solve, figure out, unravel, believe… realize, understand, see (insight)… learn, change, grow, evolve, master… prevail, lose, give up, succeed, let go fall (love, ethics)… fate, luck? your turn… show vs. tell

171 Who transforms? characters, listeners, both…
consciously, unconsciously, both… internally, externally, both… Internal vs. external: …slaying personal dragons vs. slaying real dragons…

172 Docudrama (Mockumentary)
Continuum of transformation… Docudrama (Mockumentary) Report/ Documentary Story ? Focus: characters change… listeners change with them… Focus: listener changes thru learning… POV (narrator, docu-protagonist) can change too…

173 End Transformation

174 Tea Break? take 15…

175 Begin production process

176 Thinking about the production process...
amplifier effect tech teaching tips rule of 80/20 media grammar

177 Amplifier effect What happens when you give a bad guitar player a bigger amplifier?

178 Amplifier effect What happens when you give a bad guitar player a bigger amplifier? Moral: Focus on the story first…

179 Edwina’s 4 tech teaching tips:
Don’t fear 10 year olds who know more than you; deputize them…

180 Edwina’s 4 tech teaching tips:
Don’t fear 10 year olds who know more than you; deputize them… 2. Be kind to your techies…

181 Edwina’s 4 tech teaching tips:
Don’t fear 10 year olds who know more than you; deputize them… 2. Be kind to your techies 3. Practice Zen Tech, not Zantac…

182 Edwina’s 4 tech teaching tips:
Don’t fear 10 year olds who know more than you; deputize them… 2. Be kind to your techies 3. Practice Zen Tech, not Zantac 4. Have fun… of course!

183 Rule of 80/20

184 Rule of 80/20 - costs, resources - - project completion - Last 20%
First 80% - project completion -

185 Rule of 80/20 - costs, resources - - project completion - Last 20%
the production wall - costs, resources - last 80% glitz, fixing every little thing… Hitting the production wall 20% Last 20% First 80% - project completion -

186 Rule of 80/20 - costs, resources - My advice? Forget the last 20%!!!
First 80% - project completion -

187 Media grammar… lighting… sound… steady shots… mixing…
CRAP design (Williams) …unless on purpose… ‘Media have their own grammar…’ McLuhan

188 Tech tips…recording narrative
fixed mike… encourages reading… head phone set… encourages movement, expression while sitting… wireless mike… encourages performing, movement, expression… test twice, record once… record, assess, then re-record…

189 Tech tips…chroma keying
sticky note yucky green… send note home NOT to wear green… fix camera, do not move… artwork created lengthwise on paper… students move away from middle… artwork focused on sides…

190 Tech tips…music, sound music, sound mix typically needs work…too much conflict… music without lyrics creates less interference with narrative… “inter” mix music, narrative… 30 second loops…

191 Elements of the production process...
Step one? Step two? ..then what? Elements of the production process...

192 - GOING DIGITAL, BASIC PROCESS -
Pre-production Post-production Performance Distribution Production ideas, story storm VPS peer pitch storyboard, scripting make media list gather materials make voiceover, music take pics, video scan pics, objects formative review by peers, teachers edit media assemble all media into one product mix, add transitions, titles final edit of product credits, citations showing in class, community web posting local TV? JUMP DVD? notifying others

193 - MAKING A CAKE, BASIC PROCESS -
Pre-production Post-production Performance Distribution Production get recipe consult others read through process gather ingredients make dough make frosting assemble bake let cool frost decorate add candles credits, citations for those who helped cut the cake distribute, share seconds anyone? take leftovers to work share recipe

194 Typical digital story (for now)
2-4 minutes uses “standard” (usually cheap) end user gear still pictures (scanned objects, old photos, digital photos) voice-over narration titles, transitions, music

195 Emerging digital stories…
video, green screen… oral storytelling, original art, music… voice-over animation… VR? holography? haptics? etc? interactivity, games… distributed, shared stories… …whatever comes, we will tell find ways to tell stories with it…

196 Kinds of digital stories…
Traditional DEOST Digital ? Media scale Where…? performance, role of human voice…? level, role of technology…? amount, kind of editing…?

197 Finding resources…

198 Basic ingredients? images, pictures… voice-over; self, interviews
software additions: transitions and titles… music, sounds, noises, found sound… video, animation perhaps…

199 Finding images…? - digital photos… web images © … image services…
scanned images… scanned things… video, video still shots…

200 What can you scan…? - photos, greeting cards, letters, report cards, personal papers… fabric, jewelry, keys, watches, medals…any small object… flowers, leaves, book covers, hair braids, drawings, mementos, art work, wall paper… anything Adapted from DIGITALES by Bernajean Porter

201 Curriculum images…? - lesson plans, portfolios…
student work, text books… parent comments, school board minutes, report cards… primary, secondary sources… web sites, blogs…

202 Whence come sounds, music?
- voice over, interviews, poetry readings, sound track from old videos, web sounds, effects…

203 Whence come sounds, music?
- voice over, interviews, poetry readings, sound track from old videos, web sounds, effects… CDs, web, movies ©, GarageBand etc., singing, playing…friends…

204 Whence come sounds, music?
- voice over, interviews, poetry readings, sound track from old videos, web sounds, effects… CDs, web, movies ©, GarageBand etc., singing, playing…friends… found sounds, recording and/or processing sounds…

205 Web resources…? Graphics Sounds, music - animationstation.com
backgroundcity.com creativecommons.org freefoto.com freegraphics.com freephotographs.net fresherimage.com office/microsoft.com pics4learning.com stockedphotos.com freemusic.com freeplaymusic.com Google (burp+sound) ljudo.com pacdy.com/sounds/index.html sounddogs.com stonewashed.net/sfx.htm - wavecentral.com

206 Digital Storytelling sites…
Bernajean Porter - Capture Wales - Center for Digital Storytelling Dana Atchley, Next Exit - David Brear - Digital Storytelling Association - Digital Clubhouse Network - Maricopa - Media festival - Using Digital storytelling in VET: experiences and reflections Tom Banaszewski - Teach Story -

207 Digital Storytelling articles…
Digital Storytelling Finds Its Place in the Classroom Tom Banaszewski • Educator/Multimedia Author, Lexington, MA Co-authoring identity: Digital storytelling in an urban middle school Alan Davis Telling Tales- Project brings sixth-graders' storytelling skills to surface Dave Ford, Chronicle Staff Writer Friday, January 19, 2001 The World of Digital Storytelling Dr. Jason Ohler, President’s Professor, Educational Technology, Univ. of Alaska Education Leadership Magazine, December 2005/January 2006

208 Going into production…

209 Step i. Pre-pre production…
check to make sure you have equipment…

210 Step i. Pre-pre production…
check to make sure you have equipment… clear spot in your curriculum…

211 Step i. Pre-pre production…
check to make sure you have equipment… clear spot in your curriculum… got tech help?

212 Step i. Pre-pre production…
check to make sure you have equipment… clear spot in your curriculum… got tech help? start learning software…

213 Step I. Pre-production #1…
story storm develop problem/resolution, transformation table with class… select problem, develop story map individually… peer pitch (Theodosakis) tell story, adjust…

214 Step I. Pre-production #1…
story storm develop problem/resolution, transformation table with class… select problem, develop story map individually… peer pitch (Theodosakis) tell story, adjust…

215 Step I. Pre-production #1…
story storm develop problem/resolution, transformation table with class… select problem, develop story map individually… peer pitch (Theodosakis) tell story, adjust…

216 Step I. Pre-production #1…
story storm develop problem/resolution, transformation table with class… select problem, develop story map individually… peer pitch (Theodosakis) tell story, adjust…

217 Step I. Pre-production #2…
focus literacy? Tell, write, rewrite …paragraphs, bullets? focus oracy? Tell, write, retell… focus art? Create story picture… focus digital literacy? Create, edit…on message? tell, retell… write, rewrite…

218 Step I. Pre-production #2…
focus literacy? Tell, write, rewrite …paragraphs, bullets? focus oracy? Tell, write, retell… focus art? Create story picture… focus digital literacy? Create, edit…on message? tell, retell… write, rewrite…

219 Step I. Pre-production #2…
focus literacy? Tell, write, rewrite …paragraphs, bullets? focus oracy? Tell, write, retell… focus art? Create story picture… focus digital literacy? Create, edit…on message? tell, retell… write, rewrite…

220 Step I. Pre-production #2…
focus literacy? Tell, write, rewrite …paragraphs, bullets? focus oracy? Tell, write, retell… focus art? Create story picture… focus digital literacy? Create, edit…on message? tell, retell… write, rewrite…

221 Step I. Pre-production #2…
focus literacy? Tell, write, rewrite …paragraphs, bullets? focus oracy? Tell, write, retell… focus art? Create story picture… focus digital literacy? Create, edit…on message? tell, retell… write, rewrite…

222 Step I. Pre-production #3…
story board/outline; PowerPoint? paper? assemble pictures? develop script for narration… develop media list from story map, storyboard, outline… gather materials…

223 Step I. Pre-production #3…
story board/outline; PowerPoint? paper? assemble pictures? develop script for narration… develop media list from story map, storyboard, outline… gather materials…

224 Step I. Pre-production #3…
story board/outline; PowerPoint? paper? assemble pictures? develop script for narration… develop media list from story map, storyboard, outline… gather materials…

225 Step I. Pre-production #3…
story board/outline; PowerPoint? paper? assemble pictures? develop script for narration… develop media list from story map, storyboard, outline… gather materials…

226 Step I. Pre-production artifacts
story map storyboard or outline media list narration script raw media logs everything can be assessed…

227 Step II. Production… create voiceover narration
take, find, scan pics, objects make, find music & sounds shoot video, conduct interviews prep media for use formative review?

228 Step III. Post-production…
final edit of media components assemble into one product mix sound, volume add transitions, titles credits, citations, © final edit

229 Step IV. Performance, distrib.
show/tell in class show to peers, community web posting…DVDs? local TV, JUMP in your town? portfolio, send home with parents? …don’t forget notices…

230 Step V. Post-post production…
Reflection… Students have learned a lot… What do you want them to think about? Remember? What was learned? What would you do different next time? Story map their growth?

231 End production process

232 Begin copyright process

233 Copyright & Intellectual Rights…

234 © Common sense, decency… Living in the gray area… Ms. Manners says:
citation permission compensation Golden rule incomplete but great place to start…

235 © The law - Fair Use 4 criteria…
Purpose, character of your work -more non-profit, the better… Nature of copyrighted work - more factual, less creative the better… Amount and substantiality of portion used - less taken, the better… Effect upon sales, market less effect, the better… Adapted from Copyright kids

236 © The law - multimedia projects…
music, video, motion media: 10% or no more than 30 seconds… words: 10% but not > 1000 words … illustrations, photos: vaguer; no more than 5 images by artist; collected work: 10% or no more than 15 images… From University of Texas General Counsel’s office…

237 © The law - life in the gray zone…
Question: if rules are followed, can students post their work to the web? Answer: I think it's probably fine for students to post works to a school network if the work limits the amount of others' works to a small portion. Thirty seconds is certainly a good guideline, but it's not really a firm rule. The rule is more like, "keep it as small as you can and still make your point." Thus, in some cases, less than 30 will be needed; in other cases, more. But it really needs to be a thoughtful exercise in coming to the conclusion about what you need to make your point.” From a copyright consultant…

238 © Avoiding the gray zone… be paranoid… always ask permission…
create your own material… use friends’ (& their friends’) materials use materials from sites set up for free/less restrictive use…

239 © Should students copyright? creating it copyrights it…
adding “Copyright © year name” is better… applying for formal copyright is best… but, others less likely to show it… include statement about use… make sure contact info clear…

240 © Other permission issues…
what is your school’s policy for posting, sharing student work? parent permission needed? who appears in your story? okay? difference between minors & majors… art vs. journalism… free speech, liable, slander…

241 Web resources…? Graphics Sounds, music - animationstation.com
backgroundcity.com creativecommons.org freefoto.com freegraphics.com freephotographs.net fresherimage.com office/microsoft.com pics4learning.com stockedphotos.com freemusic.com freeplaymusic.com Google (burp+sound) ljudo.com pacdy.com/sounds/index.html sounddogs.com stonewashed.net/sfx.htm - wavecentral.com

242 © Good copyright links…
Univ. of Texas, Office of Gen. Counsel Copyright Kids Learning & Leading with Technology Tech Learning Guidelines Copyright Condensed

243 © Citing web sources… MLA <www.mla.org>
To generate MLA and APA citations: Citing a web site For the material on this slide, it is: “Using Modern Language Association (MLA) Format." OWL at Purdue University: Using Modern Language Association (MLA) Format. Online Writing Lab (OWL), Purdue University. 03 Apr <http://owl.english.purdue.edu/handouts/research/r_mla.html>. Citing a web image Artist if available. "Description or title of image." Date of image Online image. Title of larger site. Date of download <electronic address>. From Purdue’s Online Writing Lab …

244 © Works cited… Website information, MLA format Images in top bar
Harper, Georgia. "Fair Use Guidelines For Educational Multimedia." Multimedia Fair Use Guideline (CCUMU). University of Texas General Counsel Office. 04 Apr <http://www.utsystem.edu/ogc/intellectualproperty/ccmcguid.htm#5>. "Copyright Basics." Copyright Kids!. Copyright Kids. 04 Apr <http://www.copyrightkids.org/cbasicsframes.htm>. "Using Modern Language Association (MLA) Format." OWL at Purdue University: Using Modern Language Association (MLA) Format. Online Writing Lab (OWL), Purdue University. 03 Apr <http://owl.english.purdue.edu/handouts/research/r_mla.html>. Images in top bar Comedy-tragedy mask: “ drama.thb.jpg.” Part of the Clipart.com collection that I subscribe to. Rooftop scene: Excerpt from Then What? cover, created by Jeri Smith, I purchased this in 2001.

245 End copyright process

246 Begin “teaching DST @ a distance”

247 Teaching DST @ a distance…
Course development… In 2006, 15 rural teachers in Alaska took ED 697: DST for a distance… this is their story…

248 Teaching DST @ a distance…
Course development… Adapting materials to the CMS… In 2006, 15 rural teachers in Alaska took ED 697: DST for a distance… this is their story…

249 Teaching DST @ a distance…
Course development… Adapting materials to the CMS… Begin with a story… In 2006, 15 rural teachers in Alaska took ED 697: DST for a distance… this is their story…

250 Teaching DST @ a distance…
Course development… Adapting materials to the CMS… Begin with a story… Build online community… In 2006, 15 rural teachers in Alaska took ED 697: DST for a distance… this is their story…

251 Teaching DST @ a distance…
Course development… Adapting materials to the CMS… Begin with a story… Build online community… Media pedagogy… In 2006, 15 rural teachers in Alaska took ED 697: DST for a distance… this is their story…

252 Teaching DST @ a distance…
Course development… Adapting materials to the CMS… Begin with a story… Build online community… Media pedagogy… How to perform? In 2006, 15 rural teachers in Alaska took ED 697: DST for a distance… this is their story…

253 Teaching DST @ a distance…
Course development… Adapting materials to the CMS… Begin with a story… Build online community… Media pedagogy… How to perform? Reflection… In 2006, 15 rural teachers in Alaska took ED 697: DST for a distance… this is their story…

254 End “teaching DST @ a distance”

255 Begin “you create”

256 Your turn! Story storm… Map your story… Peer pitch it…
Tell it, write it… Storyboard it… Create media list… Go digital…

257 Story spine by Kenn Adams
The platform Once upon a time… Every day… The catalyst: But one day… The consequences: Because of that… The climax: Until finally… The resolution: Ever since then… The moral of this story is… by Adams

258 Story storming Problem Solution Transformation

259 Your turn! Story storm… Map your story… Peer pitch it…
Tell it, write it… Storyboard it… Create media list… Go digital…

260 Your turn! Story storm… Map your story… Peer pitch it…
Tell it, write it… Storyboard it… Create media list… Go digital…

261 Stand up & tell a story? YIKES!!!
Story training…

262 Traditional storytelling…
timeless skill set… Why is it important?

263 Traditional storytelling…
timeless skill set… used hi tech, no tech, low tech… Why is it important?

264 Traditional storytelling…
timeless skill set… used hi tech, no tech, low tech… video becoming easier, cheaper, encouraging oral storytelling… Why is it important?

265 Traditional storytelling…
timeless skill set… used hi tech, no tech, low tech… video becoming easier, cheaper, encouraging oral storytelling… media presentation expected… Why is it important?

266 Traditional storytelling…
timeless skill set… used hi tech, no tech, low tech… video becoming easier, cheaper, encouraging oral storytelling… media presentation expected… every age has its water cooler… Why is it important?

267 Traditional storytelling…
performance literacy… sound, motion, expression…(Dillingham) exercises

268 Traditional storytelling…
performance literacy… sound, motion, expression…(Dillingham) show us our face… exercises

269 Traditional storytelling…
performance literacy… sound, motion, expression…(Dillingham) show us your face… look, no arms… exercises

270 Traditional storytelling…
performance literacy… sound, motion, expression…(Dillingham) show us your face… look, no arms… two voices… exercises

271 Traditional storytelling…
performance literacy… sound, motion, expression…(Dillingham) show us your face… look, no arms… two voices… tasting, sensing, feeling… exercises

272 Your turn! Story storm… Map your story… Peer pitch it…
Tell it, write it… Storyboard it… Create media list… Go digital…

273 Your turn! Story storm… Map your story… Peer pitch it…
Tell it, write it… Storyboard it… Create media list… Go digital…

274 Let’s hear some stories…
REPORTING IN” ACTIVITY Let’s hear some stories…

275 Works cited Diagrams, books cited
Bloom, Benjamin, and David Krathwohl. Taxonomy of Educational Objectives: The Classification of Educational Goals. New York: Longmans, Green, 1956. Breneman, Lucille, and Bren Breneman. Once Upon a Time - A Storytelling Handbook. Chicago: Nelson-Hall, 1983. Brown, John Seely, Stephen Denning, Katalina Groh, and Laurence Prusak. Storytelling in Organizations. Oxford: Heinemann, 2005. Campbell, Joseph, and Krathwohl. The Hero with a Thousand Faces. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1973. Denning, Stephen. The Springboard - How Storytelling Ignites Action in Knowledge-Era Organizations. Oxford: Heinemann, 2001. Dillingham, Brett. "Performance Literacy." The Reading Teacher Sept. 2005: Egan, Kiernan, and . Teaching as Story Telling. Chicago: Chicago Press, 1989. Freytag. Die Technik des Dramas (Technique of Drama) Goodman, Steven. Teaching Youth Media. New York: Teacher's College Press, 2003.

276 Works cited Diagrams, books cited, continued…
Kay, A. (1996). Revealing the elephant: The use and misuse of computers in education. Sequence, 31(4), 1-2. Lambert, Joe. Digital Storytelling Cookbook and Traveling Companion. 3 ed. Berkeley: Digital Diner Press, 2003. McKee, John. Story- Substance, Structure, Style and the Principles of Screenwriting. New York: HarperCollins, 1997. McLuhan, M. (1964). Understanding media: The extensions of man. New York: McGraw-Hill. MomaDay, N. Scott. House Made of Dawn. New York: HarperCollins, 1969. Numeroff, Laura Joffe. If You Give a Mouse a Cookie: New York: Laura Geringer, 1985. Porter, Bernajean. Digitales: The Art of Telling Digital Stories. Sedalia: Porter Publications, 2004. Simmons, Annette. The Story Factor. Cambridge: Perseus Books, 1997. Tarantino, Quentin. Pulp Fiction Telford, Kenneth. Aristotle Poetics, Translation and Analysis. Chicago: Regenery, 1970. Theodosakis, Nikos. Director in the Classroom. San Diego: Tech4Learning Publishing, 2001. Toelken, Barre. "The Icebergs of Folktale: Misconception, Misuse, Abuse." Who Says? Essays on Pivotal Issues in Contemporary Storytelling. Ed. Carol Birch. Little Rock: August House,

277 Works cited Graphics, photos, from Clipart.com (thru an annual fee):
Angry lady: fear-anger-lady jpg Baby with luminescent computer: babyComputer.jpg Ball and chain: allAndChain jpg Comedy-tragedy-masks: drama.thb.jpg Committee: committee.jpg Computer director: director.jpg Digital camera (part of media collage in bubble): digital.jpg Dragon on knight’s chest: dragon.jpg Kid in movie theater: theater.jpg Kid painting: kid-painting gif Kid thinking kidThinking.thb.jpg Kid with A+ paper: evaluation.thb.jpg Kid with magnifying glass: evaluation2.jpg Knight: knight.jpg Looking For: lookingFor.jpg Mind, Idea, lightbulb Ouch: Ouch jpgstairs.jpg Puppet stage: punchnjudy gif Storyteller to child in bed, g thb Sunglasses on kid: sunglasses.jpg Sunglasses: sunglasses.jpg Teacher in purple jacket Theater audience: theaterAudience.jpg Yin-yang jpg

278 Works cited Graphics, photos, from other sources:
Cow lips: Fourth R on easel - citation lost Hannah, with permission from parents. Picture of Don King/Howard Dean on stage before a crowd, from Chris Bischoff Savoonga kids (with permission from parents), 1997. Sticking tongue out (baby)- source unknown. Then What? cover, by Jeri Smith, 2001. Totem Pole picture by Philip Greenspun. Picture was found at: Philips home page is: Totem Pole picture by Dodge, Jack and Mary. "picture of Mary at totem pole ." Travel: Americas: US: Alaska, Kenai Fjords. June jackandmaryetc.com. 07 Apr <http://jackmaryetc.com/Travel/US/Alaska/Alaska1.htm>. Wearing computer: Proceedings of the IEEE, Vol. 86, No. 11, November, 1998 WearComp as a new framework for Intelligent Signal Processing Steve Mann, 1998 (found at

279 Works cited Copyright source info from web
Harper, Georgia. "Fair Use Guidelines For Educational Multimedia." Multimedia Fair Use Guideline (CCUMU). University of Texas General Counsel Office. 04 Apr <http://www.utsystem.edu/ogc/intellectualproperty/ccmcguid.htm#5>. "Copyright Basics." Copyright Kids!. Copyright Kids. 04 Apr <http://www.copyrightkids.org/cbasicsframes.htm>. "Using Modern Language Association (MLA) Format." OWL at Purdue University: Using Modern Language Association (MLA) Format. Online Writing Lab (OWL), Purdue University. 03 Apr <http://owl.english.purdue.edu/handouts/research/r_mla.html>. Other resources Adams, Kenn. The Story Spine. One source for this is: Christenson, Michael. Adapt-a-Map, story map created of an advertisement for Media Literacy class, 2005. Microsoft clipart. Storyboard template: This is version 5 of this presentation. Original file name: dst-V5.ppt. Last modified April 10, 2006.


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