THERE ARE TWO TYPES OF SPEECHES: Narrative Describes Persuasive Convinces
Introduction +Body (3 points) +Conclusion =Successfully written Speech
INTRODUCTION Begin with a snappy introduction to GRAB your readers attentionBegin with a snappy introduction to GRAB your readers attention - use an illustration, shocking fact, rhetorical question, quotation, or interesting statistic Tell them what you are going to tell themTell them what you are going to tell them – what is the problem? - why does it need to be solved? - what are 3 ways that it could be solved? (arouse their curiosity) Identify your audience & your credibilityIdentify your audience & your credibility - why will this be important to them? - why are you an expert? (your first hand experience, your sources)
BODY 1 st reason that it should be done This should be the most important reason to the Audience. Tell them what they most want to hear first. If this is put into effect, these 3 things will occur to solve the problem. 2 nd reason that it should be done If this is put into effect, these 3 things will occur to solve the problem. 3 rd reason that it should be done If this is put into effect, these 3 things will occur to solve the problem.
Conclusion In Conclusion... Restate the 3 main ideas and proof points Tell your audience what they can do to solve the problem & how to do it End memorably – give them a reason to remember
Outline Format SPEECH TITLE:_______________________________ NAME:__________________________ GENERAL PURPOSE: _____________________ SPECIFIC PURPOSE: ________________ CENTRAL IDEA: ______________________________________________________________ INTRODUCTION Attention Getting Device -- _____________________________________________________ The problem - ________________________________________________________________ Preview – 1)___________________ 2)___________________ 3)_______________ BODY 1) ___________________________________________________________________ a)___________________ b)___________________ c)__________________ 2) ___________________________________________________________________ a)___________________ b)___________________ c)__________________ 3) ___________________________________________________________________ a)___________________ b)___________________ c)__________________ CONCLUSION Summary -- __________________________________________________________________ What & how to-_______________________________________________________________ Concluding Device -- __________________________________________________________
Example of a Persuasive Speech SUBJECT: The SporkGENERAL PURPOSE: To persuade SPECIFIC PURPOSE: To persuade the audience about the importance of sporks, by informing them about spork uses, history and what exactly a spork is. CENTRAL IDEA: Sporks are the greatest eating utensil in the world.. Outline Introduction: Attention Getting Device: Imagine you have your girlfriend over for dinner and you are eating soup. Then for dessert you pull out chocolate cake. You then realize all you have is spoons from the soup and no fork to eat the cake. You end up looking like a complete idiot and your date walks out on you. Identify the problem: How do you prevent this from happening again? There is a simple one word answer - the SPORK! Preview Statement: That's right, a spork. Sporks have many different uses, with an extensive history. Today I'm going to tell you exactly why we need sporks and where to get them.
Intro) What is a spork? It's not quite a spoon and not quite a fork A) It is a blend of the two. It is rounded like a spoon with a shallow area to hold liquids, while it often has three or four prongs on the end that work like a fork. B) A spork is not to be confused with a foon. A foon is the Inverse of the spork. One can turn a spork into a foon through a process known as fooning. 1. Fooning is done by placing your thumb on the bottom of the spork and gently pressing inward until it is a foon. 2. This takes many practices because it will break the first few times. Body 1) As I said often a problem arises when you are eating something like meat or vegetables and then when the dessert is ice cream, you can't use the fork. That is where the spork is the perfect solution. It can do the function of both a fork and a spoon, enabling you to switch from course to course.
Body 2) History A) There are many different theories on the origin of the spork. 1. The first is that the spork is God's divine creation. Because of its perfection, some say that it can only be the work of God. 2. Others say it was invented by the Van Brode Milling Company who patented it in 1970. B) There are many types of sporks, not just plastic. There are metal sporks, wooden sporks and even soft rubber sporks.
Body 2) Body 2) Spork Uses A) Mike at KFC informed me that they use sporks because the fork part is good for the chicken and some vegetables while the spoon part is ideal for the mashed potatoes. B) Kita was not sure why Taco Bell uses sporks but she said they were soon getting rid of them and would be using regular forks. I do not know what's wrong with the people at Taco Bell. C) There are other uses for the spork other than being the perfect eating utensil:
1. key chains 2. hang from rear view mirrors 3. Tree ornament 4. pooper scooper 5. self defense 6. tooth picker 7. earrings 8. spoilers for cars 9. weapons for countries who cannot afford guns 10. acupuncture therapy 11. survival tool 12. make good gifts and party favors 13. swimming pool toys14. dissection tools 15. nose picker16. comb 17. Sporkinator (action figure)
ConclusionConclusion 1) Summary: So as you can see sporks are the world's perfect creation. You can eat anything with a spork and use them for much, much more. 2) Action: So to find out more about sporks, go to the Less Than Official Spork Page which is at http://www.spork.org. Also, I challenge you to get your own sporks. http://www.spork.org 3) Concluding Devise: A) To make your own sporks, take a spoon of your preferred material and cut three triangular shapes in the top. B) Or you can get your very own spork at KFC or Taco Bell. Then just set them at your table and you will be high class. Spork text borrowed from: faculty.cinstate.cc.oh.us/gesellsc/publicspeaking/outline7.html