THERE ARE TWO TYPES OF SPEECHES: Narrative Describes Persuasive Convinces
Introduction +Body (3 points) +Conclusion =Successfully written Speech
PERSUASIVE SPEECH INTRODUCTION Begin with a snappy introduction to GRAB your readers attentionBegin with a snappy introduction to GRAB your readers attention - use an illustration, shocking fact, rhetorical question, quotation, or interesting statistic Tell them what you are going to tell themTell them what you are going to tell them – what is the problem? - why does it need to be solved? - what are three ways that it could be solved? (arouse their curiosity) Identify your audience & your credibilityIdentify your audience & your credibility - why will this be important to them? - why are you an expert? (your first-hand experience, your credibility)
BODY 1 st reason that it should be done This should be the most important reason to the Audience. Tell them what they most want to hear first. If this is put into effect, these three things will occur to solve the problem. 2 nd reason that it should be done If this is put into effect, these three things will occur to solve the problem. 3 rd reason that it should be done If this is put into effect, these three things will occur to solve the problem.
Conclusion In Conclusion... Restate the three main ideas and proof points Tell your audience what they can do to solve the problem & how to do it End memorably – give them a reason to remember
Tips to remember When you are trying to convince someone of something, you must sell yourself before you sell your message. If people feel that you are not being reasonable, you do not stand a chance. You must be committed to the goals of your speech and what you are saying. ONLY use positive words such as "will" and "must." Support the main points of your speech with examples and statistics, and with logical, emotional, and ethical proofs. Identify any technical terminology before you get to the body of your speech so that your audience understands the terms that you will use. Adapt your speech to your audience – take into consideration their sociological and psychological characteristics. Avoid negative criticism. Conclude crisply and thank your audience for committing to your called-for action – assume they WILL do it because you have persuaded them. Do use emotional appeals: appeals to fears, power, control, influence, safety, achievement, and financial considerations.
DoDo not stoop to name-calling, character attacks, and truth-stretching to make your point. StickStick to the subject – do not stray off on tangents, no matter how interesting you think they may be. EliminateEliminate all topics in your brainstorming that do not directly apply to the subject at hand. Focus on your goal of persuading your audience to do what you want them to do and do not confuse them with random factoids and thoughts. UseUse short, direct, and to-the-point sentences and thoughts. transitions from one topic to another: And, furthermore..., As well..., In Addition... SaySay the same thing in different ways: use a variety of definitions, look at it from different points of view, etc. DoDo not go in depth on one section and gloss over another, but give all equal time and say what you say in an efficient manner – narrow to manageable proportions. ExpandExpand on your thesis by asking strategically placed questions. UseUse internal summaries when appropriate to keep your audience on track. wording that is clear, appropriate, vivid, and personal. Adapted from Safari Textbooks Glossary of Human Communications Skills: http://www.safarix.com/0205428495/app01
Example of a Persuasive Speech SUBJECT: The SporkGENERAL PURPOSE: To persuade SPECIFIC PURPOSE: To persuade the audience about the importance of sporks, by informing them about spork uses, exactly what a spork is, and to persuade them that they should set their tables with them tonight. CENTRAL IDEA: Sporks are the greatest eating utensil in the world.. Outline Introduction: Attention Getting Device: Imagine you have your girlfriend over for dinner and you are eating soup. Then for dessert you pull out chocolate cake. You then realize all you have is spoons from the soup and no fork to eat the cake. You end up looking like a complete idiot, and your date walks out on you. Identify the problem: How do you prevent this from happening again? There is a simple one word answer - the SPORK! Preview Statement: That's right, a spork. Sporks have many different uses, with an extensive history. Today I am going to tell you exactly why we need sporks and where to get them.
Body 1)What is a spork? It's not quite a spoon and not quite a fork. A) It is a blend of the two. It is rounded like a spoon with a shallow area to hold liquids, while it often has three or four prongs on the end that work like a fork. B) A spork is not to be confused with a foon. A foon is the inverse of the spork. One can turn a spork into a foon through a process known as fooning. 1. Fooning is done by placing your thumb on the bottom of the spork and gently pressing inward until it is a foon. 2. This takes many practices because it will break the first few times. 2) As I said, often a problem arises when you are eating something like meat or vegetables and then when the dessert is ice cream, you cannot use the fork. A) That is where the spork is the perfect solution. It can perform the function of both a fork and a spoon, enabling you to switch from course to course. B) And, there are many types of sporks, not just plastic, for use with many different foods. There are metal sporks, wooden sporks and even soft rubber sporks.
2)Spork Uses A)Mike at KFC informed me that they use sporks because the fork part is good for the chicken and some vegetables while the spoon part is ideal for the mashed potatoes. B) Kita was not sure why Taco Bell uses sporks but she said they were soon getting rid of them and would be using regular forks. I do not know what's wrong with the people at Taco Bell. C) There are other uses for the spork other than being the perfect eating utensil: 1.key chains 2.hang from rear view mirrors 3. Christmas tree ornament 4.pooper scooper 5. self defense 6. tooth picker 7. Earrings 8. spoilers for cars
9. weapons for countries who cannot afford guns 10. acupuncture therapy 11. survival tool 12. make good gifts and party favors 13. swimming pool toys 14. dissection tools 15. nose picker 16. comb 17. Sporkinator (action figure) –Visualization - So imagine the situation I described earlier. If you had owned a spork, your date might have stayed for dessert, and a movie!
ConclusionConclusion 1) Summary: So as you can see sporks are the world's perfect creation. You can eat anything with a spork and use them for much, much more. 2) Action: Go out tonight and find out more about sporks. I also want to challenge you to get and use your own sporks. 3) Concluding Devise: A) If you want to make your own sporks, take a spoon of your preferred material and cut three triangular shapes in the top. B) Or you can purchase a spork at KFC or Taco Bell – they are an added bonus with any meal – or at your local grocery store. Then just set your table with them and you will be at the height of table fashion. Adapted from Matt Waltons Persuasive Speech outline #4 - http://faculty.cinstate.cc.oh.us/gesellsc/publicspeaking/outline7.html
Persuasive Speech Outline Format SPEECH TITLE:_______________________________ NAME:__________________________ GENERAL PURPOSE: _____________________ SPECIFIC PURPOSE: ________________ CENTRAL IDEA: ______________________________________________________________ INTRODUCTION Attention Getting Device -- _____________________________________________________ The problem - ________________________________________________________________ Preview – 1)___________________ 2)___________________ 3)_______________ BODY 1) ___________________________________________________________________ a)___________________ b)___________________ c)__________________ 2) ___________________________________________________________________ a)___________________ b)___________________ c)__________________ 3) ___________________________________________________________________ a)___________________ b)___________________ c)__________________ CONCLUSION Summary -- __________________________________________________________________ What & how to-_______________________________________________________________ Concluding Device -- __________________________________________________________