Presentation on theme: "10 Dos and Donts To Consider When Teaching Deaf/Hard of Hearing Students Dr. Nanci A. Scheetz, CSC Professor, VSU Dr. Susan Easterbrooks Professor, GSU."— Presentation transcript:
10 Dos and Donts To Consider When Teaching Deaf/Hard of Hearing Students Dr. Nanci A. Scheetz, CSC Professor, VSU Dr. Susan Easterbrooks Professor, GSU
1. Do arrange your classroom to accommodate deaf or hard of hearing students circle or semi circleWhen possible place chairs in a circle or semi circle. Many deaf or hard of hearing students use speechreading to help them understand what is said. They need to sit where they can see you and others in the class. unobstructed viewIf a student uses an interpreter the student needs to sit where he or she has an unobstructed view of the interpreter. students advocate the best placeLet deaf students advocate for themselves and discuss with you where the best place is for them to sit.
Dont set up your classroom where… next to a noisy areaThe student is sitting next to a noisy area like a doorway or where an air conditioner or projector is located. back to the window or another lightYou have your back to the window or another light source. This will make it difficult for the student to speechread you. writing on a blackboardYou are talking while writing on a blackboard as it will be impossible for the student to speechread you. miss up to 10%At 15dB loss students can miss up to 10% of the speech signal if the teacher is further away than 3 feet.
2. Do make your, assignments, directions, and lessons visual Write directions on the board before giving them orally Write all homework assignments on the board Post information about quizzes, test dates, special events, field trips, and schedule changes Present information visually as well as auditorily using webs, graphs, and diagrams.
Dont begin teaching before the deaf or hard of hearing student has a chance to look Dont be afraid to flash the lights to get everyones attention before you start. Dont hesitate to assign a classmate to let the deaf or hard of hearing student know that youre ready to begin. dont keep talking while they lookIf you tell the students to look at something in their books, dont keep talking while they look.
3. Do make notes available to deaf and hard of hearing students notetaker.Taking notes can be difficult if not impossible for d/hh students. If the student needs to watch you to get information, he/she cannot look down and take notes. You can select a student in class to be the notetaker. Include as much information in your notes as possible. Include examples Use diagrams and illustrations to make points clearer. Test on Tuesday
Dont provide the student with incomplete or hard to read notes Dont write notes with incomplete sentences Dont crowd too much information in a small space Dont omit new vocabulary or definitions Dont omit examples or illustrations
4. Do set high expectations for D/HH students and ask higher order thinking questions Do ask questions that lead to discussion rather than those that require a yes/no answer when, who, where, why, and howUse when, who, where, why, and how questions. Take advantage of wait time. Give students enough time to generate a thoughtful response. critical thinkingDo schedule activities that promote critical thinking skills
Dont set low expectations for your Deaf/Hard of Hearing Students Do not have students just memorize rules and facts and then practice them over and over again. Dont assume because of the language differences that deaf and hard of hearing students are not capable of engaging in higher order thinking skills Dont limit your teaching to direct instruction, engage the students in interactive learning experiences.
5. Do include deaf and hard of hearing students in group activities whoWhen conducting group discussions identify the student who wants to speak before letting them talk Repeat commentsRepeat comments a hearing student makes if you think the d/hh student missed it allow timeWhen you see students who are d/hh wanting to say something be sure to allow time for their comments
Dont make group activities a nightmare for students who are deaf and hard of hearing one student talk at a timeDont let more than one student talk at a time topic of the discussion changesDont forget to let students who are d/hh know when the topic of the discussion changes. This will make it easier for them to follow. write major pointsDont hesitate to write major points of discussion on the board as the discussion unfolds and continues.
6. Do provide your students with test taking strategies Teach them how to: – prepare for tests – decode test questions – pace themselves during a test –use reading strategies to understand test questions –deal with questions that use the word except –examine the wording closely in true/false questions –deal with test anxiety
Do not assume students who are deaf/hard of hearing know how to study for tests Some students have not been exposed to test taking strategies and do not know how to analyze questions. Some students do not know how to use textbooks, notes, and other material to prepare for tests.
7. Do develop an effective behavior management plan same classroom rulesDo expect students who are deaf and hard of hearing to adhere to the same classroom rules and expectations that you have for all students. not used to waiting for a responseRecognize that many students who are deaf and hard of hearing come from small, self contained classrooms where they are used to getting a lot of individual attention – oftentimes they are not used to waiting for a response.
Dont treat students who are deaf and hard of hearing differently Dont hesitate to discipline a student who has a hearing loss. Dont assume the student who is d/hh is understanding the implicit meaning of what is being said. Nonverbal clues are frequently missed by d/hh students. Dont assume a d/hh student knows why he/she is being punished. You may need to be explicit.
8. Do collaborate with the Teacher of the Deaf Collaboration takes time but can be extremely valuable Teachers of the deaf want to:Teachers of the deaf want to: –Answer any questions that you might have –Provide you with support –Help you solve problems –Be team players –Provide you with beneficial resources
Dont be afraid to ask questions Teachers of the deaf are trained in instructional strategies specifically for this population and they are eager to share them Teachers of the deaf are familiar with a variety of resources specifically designed to enhance classroom activities for students who are deaf and hard of hearing
9. Do include Deaf culture in your curriculum Deaf cultureTeaching about Deaf culture will promote a notion of community in your classroom. Introduce learners to famous Deaf scientists, Olympians, actors, poets, and playwrights. Invite Deaf leaders in the community in to talk with your students Linda Bove from Sesame Street
Dont be afraid to ask for help in this area multiculturalDeaf culture provides one more avenue to make your classroom multicultural resourcesThere are excellent resources to assist you with this topic identifyDeaf culture helps students establish another group that they can identify with
10. Do develop evaluations that test instructional content Allow test items to be signed to students and allow students to sign their responses Provide extra time, when needed for students to complete exams Modify the number of test items. Modify vocabulary used in test items to match student abilities Use projects as well as portfolios in place of written examinations
Dont hesitate to adapt classroom assessments Dont hesitate to use: –Protocols –Projects –Portfolios to determine student mastery of content material
10 Things to Remember 1.Do arrange your classroom so all students have clear access to communication. 2.Make learning visual. 3.Make notes available for students who are deaf or hard of hearing 4.Ask higher order thinking questions 5.Include all students in group activities
Additional things to remember 6.Provide your students with test taking strategies. 7.Develop an effective behavior management plan 8.Collaborate with the teacher of the deaf 9.Include Deaf culture in your curriculum 10.Develop evaluations that test instructional content.
References Bullard, C. (2003). The itinerant teachers handbook. Hillsboro, OR: Butte Publications, Inc. Moores, D. & Martin, D. (2006). Deaf learners developments in curriculum and instruction. Washington, DC: Gallaudet University Press.