Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Postmodernism in Post-World War II and Post-Vietnam Europe and Its Development Erica S. Horace Greeley High School.

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "Postmodernism in Post-World War II and Post-Vietnam Europe and Its Development Erica S. Horace Greeley High School."— Presentation transcript:

1 Postmodernism in Post-World War II and Post-Vietnam Europe and Its Development Erica S. Horace Greeley High School

2 Post- World War II Art Movements Modernism Conceptualism/ Dadaism Post-structuralism Influences of Postmodernism

3 Modernism Roots Of Post-modernism Modernism time period: Emerges in Europe, then in America and other countries Rejection of Traditional forms of art Reaction to technology, new philosophy, especially psychology. Focus on new expression of emotion, and traditional ideology. Mark making, and brushstrokes taken into consideration for effect and internal meaning of the piece. World War I had a major impact on subject matter. Painters like Otto Dix concentrated on the human sacrifice of the war and its horrors. Working towards pure abstraction Included Mini-movements like Abstract Expressionism, minimalism, surrealism and impressionism, all effected postmodernist subject matter.

4 Conceptualism & Dadaism Roots Of Post-modernism Expanded into new media and new forms of expression Artists believed that ideas in work are the art in the piece itself. Conceptualism expanded from Dadaism because it used its anti-traditional art sentiment to express its ideas in a non- physical manner. Dadaism attempted to escape the underlying meaning of work and create ugliness that means nothing. In Conceptualism, the artwork is in the idea itself, the physicality of the work is not important, unlike old European painters. Often artists do not even make the work themselves, but have it made for them. For example, Jeff Koons, or Damien Hirst. 1940s, today Postmodernism shows that in looking at situations from all points of view, no one is correct, meaning nothing is the truth. Its subjective.

5 Post- Structuralism Roots Of Post-modernism Reaction to Structuralism Writing movement, including writers like Derrida, Foucault and Kristeva Focus on the greater meaning in text by examining all sides of theory. Use work as a reflection upon the reader, read the text in a self- conscious way Influenced by the Enlightenment Anti- Humanists- Post-structuralists reject interpretation of old text. They search for a new meaning. France in the 1960s There is more than one meaning to everything. Pre-curser to Postmodernism theory

6 Postmodernism Main Content, Philosophy and Development

7 Postmodernism Usually referred to by time period, 1960 – Contemporary today Rejection of modernism standards of how work should be made, especially impulsive expressionistic qualities. Attacks ultimate truth in work, believing that the truth is from all different points of view. Eventually rejects poststructuralist meaning, that the truth is insignificant. Expands into many different areas of art, including film and music. For example, John Cage and Stanley Kubrick. Rejects genres and labeling, tries to eliminate High v. Low art Expands into multi-media type projects Installations, Performance, Photography, Sound and Video installations, found-art, painting, sculpture, and environmental installations.

8 Postmodernism Individuality and Identity All artists and viewers are different with their own perspective. Cultural factors affect each person individually. Human beings are full of potential. Postmodernists tackle issues of identity like: Feminism Race Gender Sexuality Postmodernists place a large emphasis on originality and creativity within each individual. Creating their own new boundaries. Expands major ideas of the Post-structuralist theory. Postmodernism started with many of the smaller art movements in America, and expanded into literature and philosophy then art in Europe. Today, some of the most famous postmodern and contemporary artists are from Europe and their roots influence their ground-breaking original work.

9 Joseph Beuys B in Germany D Considered the father of everything postmodern Believed that Man is sculpture and rejuvenated performance art. Also felt that the audience is part of the piece. Experimented with new materials Explored the fourth dimension, time. Famous for his lectures and Chalk board diagrams. Media: Drawings, Performance, Lecture, Paintings

10 Joseph Beuys Used philosophy in work often and questioned the meaning of everything. Became more political in the 1960s. Interested in nature and natural sciences Believed in the power of institution Often religious in work, said that his work was a healing process in nature for himself. Considered art as a medium for social and political change Lecture Quotes: Everything is in a state of change. A people is not a Race. Self-Aware man

11 Coyote, "I Like America and America Likes Me, Tate Modern, GB 1974


13 How to Explain Pictures to a Dead Hare,Düsseldorf, 1965

14 Felt Suit, 1970

15 Action Piece, Tate Modern, 1972

16 Sledge stampede, Stockholm, 1971

17 Fat Chair 1964

18 Untitled (Sun State) NY 1974

19 Eurasia Siberian Symphony, NY, 1966

20 7000 Oaks, Kassel, Germany, 1982

21 Vanessa Beecroft B in Genoa, Italy, lives in NYC Media: Performance, Installation and Drawings Beecroft uses her performances as an expression of herself and the society we live in today. Her subjects, mostly young women, sometimes models, represent femininity at its most vulnerable state. Her work is radical and questions many of contemporary ideas, yet most of the significance behind the work is left to the viewer.

22 Vanessa Beecroft She questions, in her performances Beauty Eroticism Purity Femininity She looks at her work as a live sculpture or live painting She is influenced by many of the classic painters of mannerism and painters like Rembrandt and Della Francesca. But she used the tradition of performance and changes it significantly to be a piece about the modern world.

23 The Book of Food, Milan, 1993

24 VB40, Museum of Contemporary Art, Sydney, Australia


26 VB35, Guggenheim Museum, NY 1998

27 VB26, Galleria Lia Rumma, Naples, Italy 1997

28 VB30, Il Biennial, Site Santa Fe, NM 1997

29 VB21, Galleria Massimo De Carlo, Milan, Italy 1996

30 VB12, Fuori Uso 95, Pescara, Italy 1995

31 VB16, Deitch Projects, NY 1996


33 VB24, Gallerie Ghislaine Hussenot, Paris, France 1996

34 Ilya Kabakov B in Russia Media: Total Installations, writings, design, sculpture Lived during Soviet Russia He war freed by government from soviet socialist realism art, and made autobiographical work. Work included huge installations in apartments and writings that go along with the piece so the viewer gets a full experience at the installation. Believed language was most important in communication and expression. Used his chaotic environments to portray the hostile suppression he went though in Russia during the cold war. Incorporates shot tales with work in short story form, to direct the viewer to what they are looking at.

35 The Man who Flew into Spacec from his apartment, Moscow Apartment, 1968

36 The Man who Flew into Space from his apartment, Moscow Apartment, 1968

37 Incident at the Museum of Water Music Ronald Feldman Gallery, NY 1992

38 School no. 6, Moscow Apartment, 1993

39 Ten Characters, Ronald Feldman Gallery, NY 1988

40 Kitchen # 2 voices, Ronald Feldman Gallery, NY 1988

41 Gerhard Richter B in Germany Media: Paintings Influenced by Beuys, worked with him often. His use of media images in his work mixed with his aesthetic design choices make his work exceptionally postmodern. His versatility in his work is often praised by critics Photorealism is a common method he uses his favorite color of gray because it is the one color that most people dont have the personal reference like other colors. He subtly alters the viewers perception of the painting and changes variety. Simplicity is important to him

42 Woman Descending and Kvinde med paraply, LA 1978

43 Frau Marlow 1964

44 Hitler 1964

45 Stragtrager /coffin bearers 1962

46 Onkel Rudi/ Uncle Rudi 1965

47 Candle 1982

48 Skull 1983

49 Apfel (Apples) 1984

50 Lesende 1994

51 Abstraktes Bild (Abstract Picture) 1992

52 Meditation, 1986

53 Untitled, 1988

54 Abstract Painting, 1979

55 Untitled (green), 1968

56 Fiction, 1976

57 Spiegal, grau/ Mirror, Grey 1991

58 Three Greys, One upon the other, 1966

59 5 Doors (II) 1967

60 Passage 1968

61 Kiki Smith B in Germany, lives in America Media: Sculpture, printmaking, photogravure Feminism drives most of her work She tends to re-direct thoughts on femininity a viewer may have and distort or exploit them to take on an entirely different meaning. Known for her ability to shock with her sculptures Questions sexuality, health and purity in her work Tackles world issues like AIDS Interested in anatomy and drawings from nature Her sculptures have been described as surreal realism were the are anatomically correct but a little altered for emphasis.

62 Peacock. 1997

63 The Fourth Day: Destruction of Birds. 1997

64 Silent Work, 1992 Urogenitals. 1994

65 Free Fall. 1994

66 Las Animas. 1997

67 Possession is Nine-Tenths of the Law, 1985

68 How I know Im Here, 1985

69 Lucy's Daughters, 1990

70 Untitled (train) 1994

71 Untitled (Butterfly) 1994

72 Woman on Pyre, 2001

73 Mary Magdalene, 1994

74 Cresant Moon 2002

75 Notes in Time, 1979 and other work by Smith

76 Damien Hirst B in England Media: Installations, sculpture, paintings, lithography Questions fundamental life issues like birth, death and love Contradicts to confuse the viewer and make the viewer reconsider evidence in work. Conceptual, doesnt do much of his own work Provocative, causes much controversy, especially with animal rights. Questions beauty. Can something so horribly gruesome be beautiful and aesthetically pleasing? Shock Art His work is known to be sensational, which come might consider trendy and negative. He was among the few who put concept back into minimalism.

77 Snowblind, 1998

78 Pharmacy, Sothebys England 1992

79 LSD 2000 Lysergic Acid Diethylamide 2000

80 One Thousand Years, 1990

81 Some comfort gained from the acceptance on the coherent lies in everything 1996

82 Away from the Flock 1994

83 The Physical Impossibility of Death in the Mind of Someone Living 1991

84 This little piggy went to market, this little piggy stayed at home 1996

85 Mother and Child Divided 1996

86 "Where are we going? Where do we come from? Is there a reason?"

87 Horror at Home 1995

88 The Virgin Mother 2005Hymn 1996

89 Addicted to Crack 2005 Vivisection

90 Christo and Jeanne-Claude Jeanne-Claude B in France Christo- B.1935 in Bulgaria Media: Environmental Installation Install temporary art into nature to give a new perspective of environment. Encourages preservation of monuments or nature Including wrapping buildings or monuments, covering water or greenery on site, or installing sculpture in a natural environment. Christo had a Marxist education. Studied environmental issues Makes political statements about the preservation of environment and structure. Postmodern: Looking at the world in a new unrecognizable way. Environment conscious--Part of work is the process of creative and installment

91 As a husband and wife team, Christo and Jeanne-Claude work together to come up with initial ideas and sketches. Jeanne-Claudes main role is to sell all the sketches and raise money for their projects. Christos Sketches

92 Reichstag in Berlin, 1995 Parliament had to be convinced in person by Christo and Jeanne- Claude to go ahead with the project.

93 The Umbrellas in California and Japan, 1990.

94 . Valley Curtain, Rifle, Colorado, 1972

95 .

96 Surrounded Islands, 1983 Biscayne Bay, Miami, Florida

97 Running Fence, 1976 Sonoma and Marin Counties, California

98 The Gates, Central Park, New York

99 The Gates,


101 the end.

Download ppt "Postmodernism in Post-World War II and Post-Vietnam Europe and Its Development Erica S. Horace Greeley High School."

Similar presentations

Ads by Google