Presentation on theme: "Postmodernism in Post-World War II and Post-Vietnam Europe and Its Development Erica S. Horace Greeley High School."— Presentation transcript:
Postmodernism in Post-World War II and Post-Vietnam Europe and Its Development Erica S. Horace Greeley High School
Post- World War II Art Movements Modernism Conceptualism/ Dadaism Post-structuralism Influences of Postmodernism
Modernism Roots Of Post-modernism Modernism time period: Emerges in Europe, then in America and other countries Rejection of Traditional forms of art Reaction to technology, new philosophy, especially psychology. Focus on new expression of emotion, and traditional ideology. Mark making, and brushstrokes taken into consideration for effect and internal meaning of the piece. World War I had a major impact on subject matter. Painters like Otto Dix concentrated on the human sacrifice of the war and its horrors. Working towards pure abstraction Included Mini-movements like Abstract Expressionism, minimalism, surrealism and impressionism, all effected postmodernist subject matter.
Conceptualism & Dadaism Roots Of Post-modernism Expanded into new media and new forms of expression Artists believed that ideas in work are the art in the piece itself. Conceptualism expanded from Dadaism because it used its anti-traditional art sentiment to express its ideas in a non- physical manner. Dadaism attempted to escape the underlying meaning of work and create ugliness that means nothing. In Conceptualism, the artwork is in the idea itself, the physicality of the work is not important, unlike old European painters. Often artists do not even make the work themselves, but have it made for them. For example, Jeff Koons, or Damien Hirst. 1940s, today Postmodernism shows that in looking at situations from all points of view, no one is correct, meaning nothing is the truth. Its subjective.
Post- Structuralism Roots Of Post-modernism Reaction to Structuralism Writing movement, including writers like Derrida, Foucault and Kristeva Focus on the greater meaning in text by examining all sides of theory. Use work as a reflection upon the reader, read the text in a self- conscious way Influenced by the Enlightenment Anti- Humanists- Post-structuralists reject interpretation of old text. They search for a new meaning. France in the 1960s There is more than one meaning to everything. Pre-curser to Postmodernism theory
Postmodernism Main Content, Philosophy and Development
Postmodernism Usually referred to by time period, 1960 – Contemporary today Rejection of modernism standards of how work should be made, especially impulsive expressionistic qualities. Attacks ultimate truth in work, believing that the truth is from all different points of view. Eventually rejects poststructuralist meaning, that the truth is insignificant. Expands into many different areas of art, including film and music. For example, John Cage and Stanley Kubrick. Rejects genres and labeling, tries to eliminate High v. Low art Expands into multi-media type projects Installations, Performance, Photography, Sound and Video installations, found-art, painting, sculpture, and environmental installations.
Postmodernism Individuality and Identity All artists and viewers are different with their own perspective. Cultural factors affect each person individually. Human beings are full of potential. Postmodernists tackle issues of identity like: Feminism Race Gender Sexuality Postmodernists place a large emphasis on originality and creativity within each individual. Creating their own new boundaries. Expands major ideas of the Post-structuralist theory. Postmodernism started with many of the smaller art movements in America, and expanded into literature and philosophy then art in Europe. Today, some of the most famous postmodern and contemporary artists are from Europe and their roots influence their ground-breaking original work.
Joseph Beuys B in Germany D Considered the father of everything postmodern Believed that Man is sculpture and rejuvenated performance art. Also felt that the audience is part of the piece. Experimented with new materials Explored the fourth dimension, time. Famous for his lectures and Chalk board diagrams. Media: Drawings, Performance, Lecture, Paintings
Joseph Beuys Used philosophy in work often and questioned the meaning of everything. Became more political in the 1960s. Interested in nature and natural sciences Believed in the power of institution Often religious in work, said that his work was a healing process in nature for himself. Considered art as a medium for social and political change Lecture Quotes: Everything is in a state of change. A people is not a Race. Self-Aware man
Coyote, "I Like America and America Likes Me, Tate Modern, GB 1974
How to Explain Pictures to a Dead Hare,Düsseldorf, 1965
Felt Suit, 1970
Action Piece, Tate Modern, 1972
Sledge stampede, Stockholm, 1971
Fat Chair 1964
Untitled (Sun State) NY 1974
Eurasia Siberian Symphony, NY, 1966
7000 Oaks, Kassel, Germany, 1982
Vanessa Beecroft B in Genoa, Italy, lives in NYC Media: Performance, Installation and Drawings Beecroft uses her performances as an expression of herself and the society we live in today. Her subjects, mostly young women, sometimes models, represent femininity at its most vulnerable state. Her work is radical and questions many of contemporary ideas, yet most of the significance behind the work is left to the viewer.
Vanessa Beecroft She questions, in her performances Beauty Eroticism Purity Femininity She looks at her work as a live sculpture or live painting She is influenced by many of the classic painters of mannerism and painters like Rembrandt and Della Francesca. But she used the tradition of performance and changes it significantly to be a piece about the modern world.
The Book of Food, Milan, 1993
VB40, Museum of Contemporary Art, Sydney, Australia
VB35, Guggenheim Museum, NY 1998
VB26, Galleria Lia Rumma, Naples, Italy 1997
VB30, Il Biennial, Site Santa Fe, NM 1997
VB21, Galleria Massimo De Carlo, Milan, Italy 1996
VB12, Fuori Uso 95, Pescara, Italy 1995
VB16, Deitch Projects, NY 1996
VB24, Gallerie Ghislaine Hussenot, Paris, France 1996
Ilya Kabakov B in Russia Media: Total Installations, writings, design, sculpture Lived during Soviet Russia He war freed by government from soviet socialist realism art, and made autobiographical work. Work included huge installations in apartments and writings that go along with the piece so the viewer gets a full experience at the installation. Believed language was most important in communication and expression. Used his chaotic environments to portray the hostile suppression he went though in Russia during the cold war. Incorporates shot tales with work in short story form, to direct the viewer to what they are looking at.
The Man who Flew into Spacec from his apartment, Moscow Apartment, 1968
The Man who Flew into Space from his apartment, Moscow Apartment, 1968
Incident at the Museum of Water Music Ronald Feldman Gallery, NY 1992
School no. 6, Moscow Apartment, 1993
Ten Characters, Ronald Feldman Gallery, NY 1988
Kitchen # 2 voices, Ronald Feldman Gallery, NY 1988
Gerhard Richter B in Germany Media: Paintings Influenced by Beuys, worked with him often. His use of media images in his work mixed with his aesthetic design choices make his work exceptionally postmodern. His versatility in his work is often praised by critics Photorealism is a common method he uses his favorite color of gray because it is the one color that most people dont have the personal reference like other colors. He subtly alters the viewers perception of the painting and changes variety. Simplicity is important to him
Woman Descending and Kvinde med paraply, LA 1978
Frau Marlow 1964
Stragtrager /coffin bearers 1962
Onkel Rudi/ Uncle Rudi 1965
Apfel (Apples) 1984
Abstraktes Bild (Abstract Picture) 1992
Abstract Painting, 1979
Untitled (green), 1968
Spiegal, grau/ Mirror, Grey 1991
Three Greys, One upon the other, 1966
5 Doors (II) 1967
Kiki Smith B in Germany, lives in America Media: Sculpture, printmaking, photogravure Feminism drives most of her work She tends to re-direct thoughts on femininity a viewer may have and distort or exploit them to take on an entirely different meaning. Known for her ability to shock with her sculptures Questions sexuality, health and purity in her work Tackles world issues like AIDS Interested in anatomy and drawings from nature Her sculptures have been described as surreal realism were the are anatomically correct but a little altered for emphasis.
The Fourth Day: Destruction of Birds. 1997
Silent Work, 1992 Urogenitals. 1994
Free Fall. 1994
Las Animas. 1997
Possession is Nine-Tenths of the Law, 1985
How I know Im Here, 1985
Lucy's Daughters, 1990
Untitled (train) 1994
Untitled (Butterfly) 1994
Woman on Pyre, 2001
Mary Magdalene, 1994
Cresant Moon 2002
Notes in Time, 1979 and other work by Smith
Damien Hirst B in England Media: Installations, sculpture, paintings, lithography Questions fundamental life issues like birth, death and love Contradicts to confuse the viewer and make the viewer reconsider evidence in work. Conceptual, doesnt do much of his own work Provocative, causes much controversy, especially with animal rights. Questions beauty. Can something so horribly gruesome be beautiful and aesthetically pleasing? Shock Art His work is known to be sensational, which come might consider trendy and negative. He was among the few who put concept back into minimalism.
Pharmacy, Sothebys England 1992
LSD 2000 Lysergic Acid Diethylamide 2000
One Thousand Years, 1990
Some comfort gained from the acceptance on the coherent lies in everything 1996
Away from the Flock 1994
The Physical Impossibility of Death in the Mind of Someone Living 1991
This little piggy went to market, this little piggy stayed at home 1996
Mother and Child Divided 1996
"Where are we going? Where do we come from? Is there a reason?"
Horror at Home 1995
The Virgin Mother 2005Hymn 1996
Addicted to Crack 2005 Vivisection
Christo and Jeanne-Claude Jeanne-Claude B in France Christo- B.1935 in Bulgaria Media: Environmental Installation Install temporary art into nature to give a new perspective of environment. Encourages preservation of monuments or nature Including wrapping buildings or monuments, covering water or greenery on site, or installing sculpture in a natural environment. Christo had a Marxist education. Studied environmental issues Makes political statements about the preservation of environment and structure. Postmodern: Looking at the world in a new unrecognizable way. Environment conscious--Part of work is the process of creative and installment
As a husband and wife team, Christo and Jeanne-Claude work together to come up with initial ideas and sketches. Jeanne-Claudes main role is to sell all the sketches and raise money for their projects. Christos Sketches
Reichstag in Berlin, 1995 Parliament had to be convinced in person by Christo and Jeanne- Claude to go ahead with the project.
The Umbrellas in California and Japan, 1990.
. Valley Curtain, Rifle, Colorado, 1972
Surrounded Islands, 1983 Biscayne Bay, Miami, Florida
Running Fence, 1976 Sonoma and Marin Counties, California