Presentation on theme: "Indigenous and Scientific Knowledge for DRR"— Presentation transcript:
1 Indigenous and Scientific Knowledge for DRR Jessica MercerDRR AdvisorCAFOD
2 Indigenous and Scientific Knowledge WHAT…….Is Indigenous knowledge?Is scientific knowledge?Do the two have in common?
3 Indigenous Communities and DRR WHERE….2004 TsunamiCyclone Zoe Solomon IslandsChar people Jamuna River, Bangladesh
4 New Risks, New Challenges WHEN….Climate change, increased urbanisation, population etcIndigenous knowledge being lost yet indigenous communities have adapted for centuries.Romanticising IKNeed to integrate relevant and applicable IK and SK NOW!
5 Current Findings WHY….. VFL and GAR Findings Community based DRR Integration of bottom up and top-downProactive rather than reactiveCost effective
8 Integrating Indigenous and Scientific Knowledge HOW……..Participatory Action ResearchMotivation / WillingnessGuided DiscoveryNot enough just to record
9 Process Framework STEP ONE: Community Engagement Ongoing revision and evaluationSTEP TWO: Identification of Vulnerability FactorsSTEP THREE: Identification of Indigenous and Scientific StrategiesSTEP FOUR: Identification of an Integrated Strategy addressing disaster risk
10 Challenges This is one such method – more research needed. Process of implementation.Capacity building/Culture of respectMaking and breaking dependency patterns.Mainstreaming IK into DRR policy.Ongoing processRecognition of value of IK.For more information see Mercer et al., 2008, 2009
11 Way Forward in meeting the HFA…… A more holistic approach to DRR is required which recognises the importance of both indigenous and scientific knowledge in reducing risk.Underlying risk factors can be addressed through integrating relevant and applicable indigenous and scientific knowledge.Community level actions need to be linked with local, national and global level initiatives.We cannot afford to ignore this valuable resource.