Presentation on theme: "PART I Reference Material Requirements for Laboratories and the Role of Accreditation Bodies Alan Squirrell- ILAC Maree Stuart - NATA Laurie Besley - AGAL/NARL."— Presentation transcript:
PART I Reference Material Requirements for Laboratories and the Role of Accreditation Bodies Alan Squirrell- ILAC Maree Stuart - NATA Laurie Besley - AGAL/NARL
OVERVIEW OF PRESENTATION 1.What does ISO/IEC say about Reference Materials? 2. What are ILAC, NMIs and other bodies doing about this?
OVERVIEW OF PRESENTATION 3.Summary and recommendations - the way forward …… 4.References.
ISO/IEC 17025: 1999 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR THE COMPETENCE OF TESTING AND CALIBRATION LABORATORIES CLAUSES RELATING TO REFERENCE MATERIALS 4.6 Purchasing services and supplies The laboratory shall have a policy and procedure(s) for the selection and purchasing of services and supplies it uses that affect the quality of the tests and/or calibrations. Procedures shall exist for the purchase, reception and storage of reagents and laboratory consumable materials relevant for the tests and calibrations The laboratory shall ensure that purchased supplies and reagents and consumable materials that affect the quality of tests and/or calibrations are not used until they have been inspected or otherwise verified as complying with standard specifications or requirements defined in the methods for the tests and/or calibrations concerned. These services and supplies used shall comply with specified requirements. Records of action taken to check compliance shall be maintained.
ISO/IEC 17025: 1999 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR THE COMPETENCE OF TESTING AND CALIBRATION LABORATORIES CLAUSES RELATING TO REFERENCE MATERIALS 4.6 Purchasing services and supplies (cont) Purchasing documents for items affecting the quality of laboratory output shall contain data describing the services and supplies ordered. These purchasing documents shall be reviewed and approved for technical content prior to release. NOTE: The description may include type, class, grade, precise identification, specifications, drawings, inspection instructions, other technical data including approval of test results, the quality required and the quality system standard under which they were made The laboratory shall evaluate suppliers of critical consumables, supplies and services which affect the quality of testing and calibration, and shall maintain records of these evaluations and list those approved.
ISO/IEC 17025:1999 CLAUSES RELATING TO REFERENCE MATERIALS (CONT.) Validation of Methods The laboratory shall validate non-standard methods, laboratory- designed/developed methods, standard methods used outside their intended scope, and amplifications and modifications of standard methods to confirm that the methods are fit for the intended use. The validation shall be as extensive as is necessary to meet the needs of the given application or field of application. The laboratory shall record the results obtained, the procedure used for the validation, and a statement as to whether the method is fit for the intended use. NOTE 1 Validation may include procedures for sampling, handling and transportation. NOTE 2 The techniques used for the determination of the performance of a method should be one of, or a combination of, the following:
ISO/IEC 17025:1999 CLAUSES RELATING TO REFERENCE MATERIALS (CONT.) Validation of Methods (cont.) -calibration using reference standards or reference materials; -comparison of results achieved with other methods; interlaboratory comparisons; -systematic assessment of the factors influencing the result; - assessment of the uncertainty of the results based on scientific understanding of the theoretical principles of the method and practical experience. NOTE 3 When some changes are made in the validated non-standard methods, the influence of such changes should be documented and, if appropriate, a new validation should be carried out.
ISO/IEC 17025:1999 CLAUSES RELATING TO REFERENCE MATERIALS (CONT.) 5.6 Measurement Traceability 5.6.1General All equipment used for tests and/or calibrations, including equipment for subsidiary measurements (e.g. for environmental conditions) having a significant effect on the accuracy or validity of the result of the test, calibration or sampling shall be calibrated before being put into service. The laboratory shall have an established programme and procedure for the calibration of its equipment. NOTE: Such a programme should include a system for selecting, using, calibrating, checking, controlling and maintaining measurement standards, reference materials used as measurement standards, and measuring and test equipment used to perform tests and calibrations Calibration (Lots of talk here about national measurement standards which may include reference materials)
ISO/IEC 17025:1999 CLAUSES RELATING TO REFERENCE MATERIALS (CONT.) 5.6 Measurement Traceability (cont) There are certain calibrations that currently cannot be strictly made in SI units. In these cases calibration shall provide confidence in measurements by establishing traceability to appropriate measurement standards such as: - the use of certified reference materials provided by a competent supplier to give a reliable physical or chemical characterisation of a material; - the use of specified methods and/or consensus standards that are clearly described and agreed by all parties concerned. Participation in a suitable programme of interlaboratory comparisons is required where possible.
ISO/IEC 17025:1999 CLAUSES RELATING TO REFERENCE MATERIALS (CONT.) 5.6 Measurement Traceability (cont) Testing Where traceability of measurements to SI units is not possible and/or not relevant, the same requirements for traceability to, for example, certified reference materials, agreed methods and/or consensus standards, are required as for calibration laboratories (see )
ISO/IEC 17025:1999 CLAUSES RELATING TO REFERENCE MATERIALS (CONT.) Reference Standards and Reference Materials Reference Standards Reference Materials - Reference materials shall, where possible, be traceable to SI units of measurement, or to certified reference materials. Internal reference materials shall be checked as far as is technically and economically practicable Intermediate checks - Checks needed to maintain confidence in the calibration status of reference, primary, transfer or working standards and reference materials shall be carried out according to defined procedures and schedules Transport and storage - The laboratory shall have procedures for safe handling, transport, storage and use of reference standards and reference materials in order to prevent contamination or deterioration and in order to protect their integrity. NOTE:Additional procedures may be necessary when reference standards and reference materials are used outside the permanent laboratory for tests, calibrations or sampling.
ISO/IEC 17025:1999 CLAUSES RELATING TO REFERENCE MATERIALS (CONT.) 5.9 Assuring the quality of test and calibration results The laboratory shall have quality control procedures for monitoring the validity of tests and calibrations undertaken. The resulting data shall be recorded in such a way that trends are detectable and, where practicable, statistical techniques shall be applied to the reviewing of the results. This monitoring shall be planned and reviewed and may include, but not be limited, the following: a)regular use of certified reference materials and/or internal quality control using secondary reference materials; b)participation in interlaboratory comparison or proficiency-testing programmes; c)replicate tests or calibrations using the same or different methods; d)retesting or recalibration of retained items; e)correlation of results for different characteristics of an item. NOTE: The selected methods should be appropriate for the type and volume of the work undertaken.
WHAT IS ILAC DOING? 1.Working with other organisations to find solutions e.g. BIPM, 4E-RM, REMCO, CITAC, EURACHEM, EUROLAB, EUROMET, Commercial Providers 2.Monitoring progress in ILAC Committees - TAIC (Technical) - APC (Policy) - LC (Stakeholders)
WHAT IS ILAC DOING? (Cont) 3.Preparing and contributing to Guidance Documents e.g.ILAC (1996) G9 - Guidelines for the Selection and Use of CRMs ILAC (2000) G12 - Guidelines for the Requirements for the Competence of RM Producers ISO Guide 34 (2000) - Requirements for the Competence of RM Producers 4E + I - Discussion/Policy papers (various)
WHAT IS NATA DOING? Accreditation program for reference material producers –Currently have 5 chemical and biological reference material producers accredited. One applicant in physical testing area, two further applicants in chemical testing area. –Development of criteria for accreditation of reference culture producers prepared in collaboration with stakeholders, e.g. producers, users, accreditation body representatives
WHAT IS NATA DOING? (Cont) Promotion of more appropriate specifications on RMs from RM producers in the area of reference gases Participation in relevant international fora, e.g. ISO REMCO, APLAC RM MRA WG
SUMMARY 1.It is essential that (accredited) labs have access to good quality RMs (which are fit for their intended use). 2.ILAC, AGAL/NARL and other bodies are working together in an attempt to assist here - but there is still much to do. 3.The laboratory community and accreditation bodies have a important role in taking this forward.
PART II Reference Material Requirements for Laboratories and the Role of Accreditation Bodies A View from a User/Producer of RMs
Problem Area At this time, 2 yrs after ISO 17025, so- called CRMs being –supplied –used without –any statement of traceability –ambiguous statements of uncertainty –e.g ± 2%no confidence limit
What Can An Assessor Do? Refuse accreditation? –Often no choice for lab –linked to supplier in some way (parent Co?) –no viable alternate source of supply of CRM Grant accreditation ? –knowing that ISO has not been met exert pressure on CRM supplier (often another jurisdiction)
What Can Be Done? RM producer accreditation needed to ensure that testing laboratories can meet their accreditation requirements wrt CRMs Role for ILAC to ensure harmonised and consistent approach of different agencies Need for RM producers to improve their procedures –often processes are adequate but not relayed to the CRM
What Can Be Done? Role for labs to demand better documentation from CRM supplier Role for accreditation agencies (perhaps) to begin to refuse accreditation