Presentation on theme: "Baldrige: A Roadmap for Patient Safety and Quality Improvement"— Presentation transcript:
1 Baldrige: A Roadmap for Patient Safety and Quality Improvement Harry S. HertzAugust 22, 2007What Is Baldrige?Why Baldrige?Lessons Learned & ResultsNext Steps
2 What Are the Baldrige Criteria? A set of expectations or requirementsA structured approach to performance improvementA framework for a systems view of performance managementExpectationsThe Criteria are a set of expectations or requirements.They define the critical factors that drive organizational success.Structured ApproachThe Criteria comprise seven Categories.Distributed across the Categories are 18 Items, each focusing on a major requirement.Within each Item, there is one or more Area(s) to Address containing specific requirements related to the Item.FrameworkThe Criteria constitute a framework for understandinga systems view of performance managementthe key components of a performance management systemthe relationships among the componentsThe Criteria emphasize the alignment of key components of the performance management system.
3 Basic Goals of the Criteria To help organizations enhance their performance by focusing ondelivery of ever-improving value to patients, other customers, and stakeholders, contributing to improved health care quality and organizational sustainabilityimprovement of overall organizational effectiveness and capabilitiesorganizational and personal learning………performance excellenceThe Criteria are designed to help organizations use an integrated approach to organizational performance management that results indelivery of ever-improving value to customers and stakeholders, contributing to organizational sustainabilityimprovement of overall organizational effectiveness and capabilitiesorganizational and personal learningValue refers to the perceived worth of a product, service, process, asset, or function relative to cost and to possible alternatives. Organizations frequently use value considerations to determine the benefits of various options relative to their costs, such as the value of various product and service combinations to customers.Performance refers to output results obtained from processes, products, and services that permit evaluation and comparison relative to goals, standards, past results, and other organizations. Performance can be expressed in financial and nonfinancial terms.Six types of organizational performance are addressed in the Criteria for Performance Excellence: (1) product and service outcomes, (2) customer-focused results, (3) financial and market results, (4) human resource results, (5) organizational effectiveness results, and (6) leadership and social responsibility results.The Education and Health Care Criteria focus on parallel sector-related results.Organizational learning includes both continuous improvement of existing approaches and adaptation to change, leading to new goals and/or approaches.Personal learning is achieved through education, training, and developmental opportunities that further individual growth and can result in (1) more satisfied and versatile employees who stay with the organization, (2) organizational cross-functional learning, and (3) an improved environment for innovation.
4 Criteria PurposesTo help improve organizational performance practices, capabilities, and resultsTo facilitate communication and sharing of best practicesTo serve as a tool for understanding and managing performancePerformance Practices, Capabilities, and ResultsThe Criteria help improve performance practices and capabilities—as well as results—by providing a set of interrelated Core Values and Concepts that are modeled on the behaviors found in high-performing organizations. They also provide a framework to help organizations to assess their performance and growth and to plan for the future.Communication and SharingBy providing a common language, the Criteria help U.S. organizations of all types communicate and share information on best practices. They offer a common set of requirements that facilitate comparisons and benchmarking, and they describe a system for overall organizational performance alignment.Performance Improvement ToolThe Criteria are a tool toidentify strengths and target opportunities for improving processes and results affecting key stakeholders, including customers, employees, owners, suppliers, partners, collaborators, and the publicallocate resources to improve communication, productivity, and effectiveness and achieve the organization’s goalsMany Award recipients state that their greatest rate of improvement occurred the year after receiving the Award.
5 Baldrige Health Care Criteria Framework: A Systems Perspective The framework provides a high-level overview of the Baldrige Health Care Criteria for Performance Excellence and illustrates how the Criteria provide a systems perspective for managing your organization to achieve performance excellence. From top to bottom, the framework has three basic elements—the Organizational Profile, the system operations, and the system foundation (Measurement, Analysis, and Knowledge Management).The Organizational Profile (the umbrella at the top of the figure) sets the context for the way your organization operates. Your environment, key working relationships, and strategic challenges and advantages serve as an overarching guide for your organizational performance management system.The system operations (middle of the figure) comprise two linked triads.The leadership triad—Leadership, Strategic Planning, and Focus on Patients, Other Customers, and Markets—emphasizes the importance of a leadership focus on strategy and patients/customers.The results triad—Workforce Focus, Process Management, and Results—focuses on your workforce and key processes that accomplish the work of the organization that yields your overall performance results.ALL actions point toward Results.The horizontal, two-headed arrow in the center of the framework links the two triads—a linkage critical to organizational success—and indicates the importance of feedback in an effective performance management system.The system foundation for the performance management system (bottom of the figure) is composed of Measurement, Analysis, and Knowledge Management, which are critical to a fact- based, knowledge-driven system for improving performance and competitiveness.
7 Beginning the Journey - 2000 A&T PROGRAMSManufacturingTroubledYesPrimarily OneTurnaroundAEROSPACE SUPPORTServiceNew/EmergingNoGeographically DispersedImprovementOrganizationSituation:Recognized Crisis:Location:Reason for Baldrige:
8 Saint Luke’s Hospital Sustaining Performance Excellence Lessons LearnedLeadership drives and sustains the processLeadership at all levels is importantMore difficult to change the culture than to learn the toolsValuable team building experienceTrust is extremely important
9 Saint Luke’s Hospital Sustaining Performance Excellence Lessons LearnedThere are no “quick fixes”Must always focus on the customerShould never be satisfied with the present level of qualityDecisions must be driven by data and compared to “best”Employees make it happen!
10 Lessons Learned by Education and Health Care Baldrige is a systems perspectiveSelf-assessment facilitates learningMeasurements and data are criticalBaldrige focuses on results and outcomesOrganizational “silos” are pervasiveNeed to improve internal communication
11 Lessons Learned by Education and Health Care (cont.) Many activities, few processes- “What” is not the same as “how”The customer concept is challengingImprovement is the goalThe process itself is educational
12 Bronson Methodist Hospital: Cardiac Services % Market Share This is an example from 2005 health care Award recipient Bronson Methodist Hospital of results tied to strategy and action plans.The mission, values, commitment to patient care excellence, and philosophy of nursing excellence provide the foundation that supports the organizational strategy, which is illustrated in the Vision to be a national leader in healthcare quality and the three Cs or corporate strategies: Clinical Excellence (CE), Customer and Service Excellence (CASE), and Corporate Effectiveness (CORE).Excellence is the thread that ties together the Vision, Mission, Values, commitment to patient care excellence, philosophy of nursing excellence, and overall strategies. These elements, constituting the Plan for Excellence, form the culture and guide decision making.This slide demonstrates how Bronson’s measures (% market share for the cardiac service line) and results are aligned with its Corporate Effectiveness objective―in this case, achieving cardiac growth targets.
13 BHI: ResultsThis is an example from 2003 health care Award recipient Baptist Hospital, Inc. (BHI), of use of comparisons/benchmarks.Results of the employee attitude surveys are provided in the figure.After the 1999 survey, Sperduto & Associates reported that BHI results were the best it had ever recorded, regardless of industry. After the 1999 survey, future results were expected to fluctuate within each individual topic’s score, but the target was to increase employee morale. In 2001, BHI received even higher levels of employee positive morale than the 1999 best-in-class score. In addition, response rates to the survey, which can be an indicator of engaged positive employees, have risen each year at BHI and remain much higher than those of its best competitor.
14 Organizational Knowledge Baptist DailyModeled after Ritz Carlton best practiceBegan in 2001Evolved into facility-specific
16 Baldrige Role Model Characteristics: 1999-2004 Visionary Leadership Guidance (1.1)Process Drive (6.1)Customer and Market Knowledge (3.1)
17 Early Adopters: 1999-2004 Process Driven (6.1) High Performance Work Systems (5.1)Customer and Market Knowledge (3.1)Visionary Leadership Guidance (1.1)
18 Harvard“The next time I go to a hospital, I’d rather see a Baldrige Award on the wall than a Harvard diploma.”Harvey MackaySource: Minneapolis Star Tribune 4/6/95
19 Next StepsOrganizational ProfileAre We Making Progress (as Leaders)?
20 Organizational Profile Purpose:- Describe what is relevant and important- Ensure common understanding- Guide selection of information/data- Identify gaps/lack of deployment- Serve as first Baldrige assessmentAs noted in the previous slide, the focus of today’s session is on Step 4 of the Self-Assessment and Action Initiative: Preparing the Organizational Profile. The profile was formerly called the Organization/Business Overview. We renamed and revised it this year, but it is still essentially a snapshot of your organization, the key influences on how you operate, and the key challenges that you face. For all organizations, this step is critical as it sets the stage for all other steps.In preparing the Profile, your organization should gain a common understanding of what is important, and this understanding will then guide data collection and selection of information as the process continues. The Profile will also guide the assessment of approaches used by your organization, the extent of deployment of those approaches, and results achieved by it.
21 Organizational Profile Organizational DescriptionOrganizational EnvironmentOrganizational RelationshipsOrganizational ChallengesCompetitive EnvironmentStrategic ChallengesPerformance Improvement SystemThe requirements for the Profile are basically the same for all 3 sets of Criteria that we produce - Business, Health Care and Education - with some variation in vocabulary.There are 2 major sections with subparts under each.The first section is the basic description of your organization.This includes your organizational environment (products and services, mission/vision/values, employee profile, technologies, equipment/facilities, and regulatory/legal). It also includes your organizational relationships (key customer groups/market segments, key product/service requirements, key suppliers, etc.).The second section focuses on your organizational challenges.This includes your organization’s competitive environment (competitive position, relative size and growth, number of competitors, etc.). It also includes your key strategic challenges (operational, human resources, business) and your performance improvement system (including your approach to systematic evaluation and improvement of key processes).
22 Are We Making Progress? Are We Making Progress as Leaders? Employee (Leadership Team) QuestionnairesSeven Category Framework40 Statements, 5-Point ScaleCompare ResultsFocus Improvement and Communication for Your Organization
23 Organizational Profile and Are We Making Progress (as Leaders)? Do you know the answer?Would your organizational colleagues give the same answer?
24 Resources for More Information Most Baldrige National Quality Program (BNQP) documents are available both in hard copy and on the BNQP Web site.To obtain these documents, call (301) or visit
25 Our dilemma is that we hate change and love it at the same time; what we reallywant is for things to remain the same butget better Sydney J. HarrisReadSo - The challenge is making change occur the way you want it to happen -- and for the better.What are some of the factors that help ensure controlled change? Leadership, planning, measurement, and communication.One of the best things you can do is to do a self-assessment so that you can identify some key opportunities that would benefit from change.