Other Trends In Instructional Design Include... Viewing Instruction/Learning As A Subsystem Of An Organization Viewing Instruction As A Helping Role Using, Creating, Distributing, Delivering, And Evaluating Learning Activities
Instruction/Learning As A Subsystem Of An Organization ProductionManagement TechnologyFinancial CommunicationsLearning
Cognitive Principles For Designing Instruction Responding To Performance Need Providing Relevant And Clear Instruction Providing Appropriate Amount of Help Staying Out Of The Learners Way Motivating Learners
Cognitive Principles For Designing Instruction Fostering A Supportive Learning Climate Making Training Problem-Centered Providing Opportunity For Practice Helping Learners Assume Control Of Their Learning Providing Learners Feedback
Some Cognitive Models For Instructional Design Are Cognitive Apprenticeships Case-Studies Functional Context Microworlds Simulations
Cognitive Apprenticeships Emulating opportunities for extended practice that apprentices have while working under a master craftsperson.
Case-Studies The presentation of real or fictional situations
Instructional Media Media that has a direct link between the course developer and students.
Instructional Media Checklists & Flowcharts Actual Objects Workbooks Sound Slide Sets Immediatens Introduction To HRD
Instructional Aids Media that is produced for and used by the instructor in teaching.
Instructional Aids Mock-ups Handouts Teleconferencing Slides & Transparencies Computer Managed Instruction Role Plays
Media Classes Performance Aids Physical Objects Print Audio Projected Still Visuals Computer/Multimedia Simulators
Done Before Selecting Media Establish Need For Training Analyze/Decide To Select Media Based On Sound Instructional Development Principles
Requirement Of Selected Media Fit Students Learning Needs Copy Real Working Conditions Be Available & Justifiable Be Cost Effective Fit Learners Age, Culture, & Learning Habits Practical For Packaging, Implementing, & Updating
Used To Refine Media Selection Capability With Trainees Backgrounds Age Of Participants Local Production Capabilities Facilities Budgets
Step One Will your message be instruction or information?
Is purpose to achieve measurable Yes No InstructionInformation Will media be used by the instructor? (or directly provide the instruction) No learning objectives! Select media to present the desired information.
Determine learning domain Make initial selection from instructional aids. Make initial selection from instructional medium.
Step Five Is the promising media the best suited for this instruction?
Make initial selection from instructional aids. Make initial selection from instructional medium. Review advantages and disadvantages of selected instructional aids. Review advantages and disadvantages of selected instructional medium. Consider Other Choices.
Step Six Plan the developmental testing of medium & lesson materials?
Review advantages and disadvantages of selected instructional aids. Review advantages and disadvantages of selected instructional medium. Consider Other Choices. No Yes Media is ok. Develop materials.
ASSURE MODEL A nalyze Learners S tate Objectives S elect Media & Materials U tilize Materials R equire Learner Performance E valuate/Revise