Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Bidirectional influences of emotion and action in evaluation of emotionally-connoted words A. Milhau, T. Brouillet, L. Heurley & D. Brouillet PhD Student.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Bidirectional influences of emotion and action in evaluation of emotionally-connoted words A. Milhau, T. Brouillet, L. Heurley & D. Brouillet PhD Student."— Presentation transcript:

1 Bidirectional influences of emotion and action in evaluation of emotionally-connoted words A. Milhau, T. Brouillet, L. Heurley & D. Brouillet PhD Student in Cognitive Psychology SYNER program, EPSYLON Laboratory, Montpellier South of France - EMBODIED LANGUAGE, New College Oxford, 26-28 September 2011 -

2 Bidirectional links between language and action LanguageAction Bargh & Chainken, 1996 Glenberg, Havas, Becker & Rinck, 2005 ACE, Glenberg & Kaschak, 2002; Experiment 1Experiment 2Conclusion 2 EMBODIED LANGUAGE, New College Oxford, 26-28 September 2011

3 Bidirectional associations between emotion and motivational behaviors Positive Approach valencebehavior Negative Avoidance valencebehavior Chen & Bargh, 1999; Freina, Baroni, Borghi & Nicoletti, 2009 Cacioppo, Priester & Berntson, 1993; Neumann & Strack, 2003 Experiment 1Experiment 2Conclusion 3 EMBODIED LANGUAGE, New College Oxford, 26-28 September 2011

4 But also compatibility effects between emotion and non- motivational behaviors Facial expression: smile/pout (Strack, Martin & Stepper, 1988) Head movements: nods (Wells & Petty, 1980) Lateral behaviors (Casasanto, 2009) Experiment 1Experiment 2Conclusion 4 EMBODIED LANGUAGE, New College Oxford, 26-28 September 2011

5 Hypothesis If the associations between valence and laterality are as specific as the associations concerning valence and motivational behaviors, then the relations between emotional language and lateral arm movements must be bidirectional too. Experiment 1: Emotional words Lateral movements Experiment 2: Lateral movement evaluation of neutral words Experiment 1Experiment 2Conclusion 5 EMBODIED LANGUAGE, New College Oxford, 26-28 September 2011

6 Experiment 1. Effect of emotional language on lateral non-motivational behaviors Valence judgement task Introduction Experiment 1 Experiment 2Conclusion 6 EMBODIED LANGUAGE, New College Oxford, 26-28 September 2011 OR ++ -- HAPPINESS

7 Hypothesis Read emotionally-connoted words should facilitate action, allowing shorter RTs when executing compatible response movement. Positive word : facilitation of the rightward movement. Negative word : facilitation of the leftward movement. Introduction Experiment 1 Experiment 2Conclusion 7 EMBODIED LANGUAGE, New College Oxford, 26-28 September 2011

8 Results Introduction Experiment 1 Experiment 2Conclusion 8 EMBODIED LANGUAGE, New College Oxford, 26-28 September 2011 p<.00001 p<.000001 Facilitation only occurs for positive words, and for the movement compatible to both the valence and the hand of response: Right hand and Response Positive to the Right Left hand and Response Positive to the Left

9 Discussion Why is the effect specific to positive words? The evaluation of emotionally-connoted language facilitated the compatible lateral movement. Associations between valence and laterality are dependant of the behavior of the participant. A right-hander acting as a left-hander, even at short term, tends to (temporarily) modify those relations (see also Casasanto & Chrysikou, 2011). Introduction Experiment 1 Experiment 2Conclusion 9 EMBODIED LANGUAGE, New College Oxford, 26-28 September 2011

10 Experiment 2. Effect of lateral motor action on the evaluation of neutral words Experiment 2. Effect of lateral motor action on the evaluation of neutral words IntroductionExperiment 1 Experiment 2 Conclusion 10 EMBODIED LANGUAGE, New College Oxford, 26-28 September 2011 glasses +-+--+-+ STEP 1STEP 2

11 Hypothesis The execution of lateral movements, linked to valence by motor fluency, should be sufficient to influence the evaluation of neutral words. Rightward movement : positive evaluation Leftward movement : negative evaluation IntroductionExperiment 1 Experiment 2 Conclusion 11 EMBODIED LANGUAGE, New College Oxford, 26-28 September 2011

12 Results The execution of lateral movements in a valence judgment task of neutral words led to an emotional connotation of words. IntroductionExperiment 1 Experiment 2 Conclusion 12 EMBODIED LANGUAGE, New College Oxford, 26-28 September 2011 p<.05

13 Conclusion IntroductionExperiment 1Experiment 2 Conclusion 13 EMBODIED LANGUAGE, New College Oxford, 26-28 September 2011 Emotionally-connoted word Enable the compatible behavior, in terms of motivation, or fluency Compatibility and facilitation of a motor answer Approach/Avoidance Left/Right Emotionnal connotation - Compatibility positive emotion - Incompatibility neutral emotion - Breack of compatibility negative emotion? Fluency of a motor behavior in a valence judgment task EMOTIONSENSORY-MOTOR COMPATIBILITY

14 In support to William James claim (1890): Emotion is not a cause but rather a consequence of cognitive activity Emerging from the matching between motor execution and the signification assigned to it EMBODIED LANGUAGE, New College Oxford, 26-28 September 2011 14 IntroductionExperiment 1Experiment 2 Conclusion

15 Thank you for your attention Contact: audrey.milhau@yahoo.fr


Download ppt "Bidirectional influences of emotion and action in evaluation of emotionally-connoted words A. Milhau, T. Brouillet, L. Heurley & D. Brouillet PhD Student."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google