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"Green Immersion" The concept of bilingual environmental education Kristin Kersten Otto-von-Guericke Universität Magdeburg E L I A S.

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Presentation on theme: ""Green Immersion" The concept of bilingual environmental education Kristin Kersten Otto-von-Guericke Universität Magdeburg E L I A S."— Presentation transcript:

1 "Green Immersion" The concept of bilingual environmental education Kristin Kersten Otto-von-Guericke Universität Magdeburg E L I A S

2 EZE, Cologne (Feb. 28, 2009)Magdeburg Zoo-Preschool Green Immersion Structure 1. Background 2. The EU-Project ELIAS Goals Structure 3. Green Immersion What it is How it works 4. The Bilingual Zoo-Preschool in Magdeburg (Suzanne Akerman & Shannon Thomas) Setting and Conceptual Design Zoo Education

3 E L I A S EZE, Cologne (Feb. 28, 2009)Magdeburg Zoo-Preschool Green Immersion Background Zoos and aquariums enable people to develop appreciation, wonder, respect, understanding, care and concern about nature. WAZA 2005: Building a Future for Wildlife – The World Zoo and Aquarium Conservation Strategy (WZACS); Chapter 5: Education and Training

4 E L I A S EZE, Cologne (Feb. 28, 2009)Magdeburg Zoo-Preschool Green Immersion Background: WZACS Education and Training education as a central role for all zoos and aquariums develop strategic plan for education and environmental sustainability (a "green" ethos), incorporating conservation issues collaboration with a variety of educational institutions, universities and teacher training institutes to link educational programmes to curricula developments lifelong learning: students from pre-school to university evidence to evaluate impact and effectiveness of education programs

5 E L I A S EZE, Cologne (Feb. 28, 2009)Magdeburg Zoo-Preschool Green Immersion Background: EU 'Mother tongue plus two other languages': Making an Early Start Language competencies are part of the core of skills that every citizen needs for training, employment, cultural exchange and personal fulfilment … It is a priority for Member States to ensure that language learning in kindergarten and primary school is effective, for it is here that key attitudes towards other languages and cultures are formed, and the foundations for later language learning are laid, … in particular by teaching at least two foreign languages from a very early age. European Commission: Promoting Language Learning and Linguistic Diversity: An Action Plan 2004 – 2006, p. 7

6 E L I A S EZE, Cologne (Feb. 28, 2009)Magdeburg Zoo-Preschool Green Immersion Background Bilingual education / Immersion teaching (e.g. Wode 1995) most effective method of teaching foreign languages content-based integrating contents such as science & nature topics with foreign language teaching Early start 3+ formula (Wode 2001) 1. bilingual / immersion preschools 2. bilingual / immersion primary schools 3. bilingual education in high schools Hello ! Salut ! Hallo !

7 E L I A S EZE, Cologne (Feb. 28, 2009)Magdeburg Zoo-Preschool Green Immersion The EU-Project ELIAS (Early Language & Intercultural Acquisition Studies) Project Goals Monitoring of bilingual preschools Enhancement of second language learning, intercultural competence, and bilingual environmental education for preschoolers scientific documentation evaluation of conceptual designs recommendations and dissemination

8 E L I A S EZE, Cologne (Feb. 28, 2009)Magdeburg Zoo-Preschool Green Immersion The EU-Project Network 16 partners from 4 European Countries (Germany, Belgium, England, Sweden) Cooperation partners from Italy and the Netherlands 9 Universities Zoological Garden Magdeburg 7 bilingual preschools with English as second language, e.g. the Zoo-Preschool in Magdeburg Coordination Prof. Dr. Holger Kersten, Kristin Kersten (Magdeburg University)

9 E L I A S EZE, Cologne (Feb. 28, 2009)Magdeburg Zoo-Preschool Green Immersion The Study 1. Preschools Longitudinal Study 2. Cultural Studies Intercultural Competence 3. Linguistics Second Language Acquisition 4. Speech Therapy First Language Acquisition 5. Biology-Didactics 6. Zoological Garden MD Zoo Education

10 E L I A S EZE, Cologne (Feb. 28, 2009)Magdeburg Zoo-Preschool Green Immersion The EU-Project Participant Observation (Spradley 1980) qualitative research methods observers take part in daily preschool routines integrated in the preschool system avoiding "test situations" emotional stability for the children field notes and questionnaires language assessment

11 E L I A S EZE, Cologne (Feb. 28, 2009)Magdeburg Zoo-Preschool Green Immersion Bilingual Education Immersion method (Genesee 1987, Wode1995, Zydatiß 2000) to be "immersed" in the second language (L2) the second language as medium of communication, not as focus of grammatical learning all content matter is taught in the second language in bilingual preschools: all daily routines and activities in immersion schools: as classroom language more than 50% of the school subjects are taught in L2

12 E L I A S EZE, Cologne (Feb. 28, 2009)Magdeburg Zoo-Preschool Green Immersion Combining the factors "Green Immersion": immersion language education based on nature-related ("green") topics (Kersten & Perret 2008) zoo education environmental education conservation

13 E L I A S EZE, Cologne (Feb. 28, 2009)Magdeburg Zoo-Preschool Green Immersion Immersion Teaching (Lorenz & Met 1989) Comprehensible input "Understanding occurs when input... is comprehensible, and input becomes comprehensible when it is supported by concrete experiences, visuals, realia, and nonverbal communication that assist in conveying meaning." (p. 37) Contextualization of content body language, gestures, facial expressions pictures / visual aids, concrete materials, realia repetitions, paraphrases, intonation, extensions ("caretaker speech / motherese")

14 E L I A S EZE, Cologne (Feb. 28, 2009)Magdeburg Zoo-Preschool Green Immersion Immersion Teaching Results of Canadian Immersion studies (e.g. Wesche 2002) the content knowledge is not negatively affected the development of the first language does not suffer attainment in second language is much higher than in traditional foreign language teaching more positive socio-psychological attitudes suited both for strong and weak learners enhancement of language and general cognitive skills without negative effects for content knowledge and first language

15 E L I A S EZE, Cologne (Feb. 28, 2009)Magdeburg Zoo-Preschool Green Immersion Immersion Teaching One Person – One Language Principle (Döpke 1992) native speakers of English as educators Experiences from bilingual preschools the children are enthusiastic and very proud of their second language skills within a few weeks they understand the daily routines in English comprehension of the second language precedes production

16 E L I A S EZE, Cologne (Feb. 28, 2009)Magdeburg Zoo-Preschool Green Immersion Immersion Teaching Examples Researcher:Show me the mouth! Child: Die Maus is nich da. [The mouse is not there.] Researcher:Look at the ducks over there! Child:Das ist doch kein Dachs! [That's not a badger!] Child:Eric is red, Paul is dead – and Tini is fat!

17 E L I A S EZE, Cologne (Feb. 28, 2009)Magdeburg Zoo-Preschool Green Immersion The Website The ELIAS project is funded with support from the European Commission and Lotto Toto Sachsen- Anhalt. This product reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.

18 E L I A S EZE, Cologne (Feb. 28, 2009)Magdeburg Zoo-Preschool Green Immersion Thank you for your attention!

19 "Green Immersion" Suzanne Akerman Shannon Thomas Magdeburgs Bilingual Zoo-Kindergarten

20 E L I A S EZE, Cologne (Feb. 28, 2009)Magdeburg Zoo-Preschool Green Immersion Zoo Kindergarten Childrens House e.V. Magdeburg August 2008 Vogelgesang Park EZE 2009 Köln The preschool

21 E L I A S EZE, Cologne (Feb. 28, 2009)Magdeburg Zoo-Preschool Green Immersion Director: Jaklin Isensee German speaking educators: Kathleen Schladitz immersion teaching in France Viola Krebs intercultural experience English speaking educators: Diana Lawrence immersion teaching in China Suzanne Akerman zoo education experience ELIAS Project participants: Lydia Gerlich (no photo) student research assistant Shannon Thomas immersion teaching in South Korea The team

22 E L I A S EZE, Cologne (Feb. 28, 2009)Magdeburg Zoo-Preschool Green Immersion Zoologischer Garten Magdeburg: The zoo

23 E L I A S EZE, Cologne (Feb. 28, 2009)Magdeburg Zoo-Preschool Green Immersion To experience the zoo with children means to learn with the mind, heart and hand. Animals can wake up emotions and improve cognitive and communicative abilities of the children – who as a consequence – are stimulated to communicate their ideas and feelings with open-hearted enthusiasm. Jaklin Isensee Lets be honest you, me, our generation, we are a hopeless case that cant be helped any more. But with todays children, we can still achieve something. Here the preservers of our environment are born! Dr. Kai Perret Our mission

24 E L I A S EZE, Cologne (Feb. 28, 2009)Magdeburg Zoo-Preschool Green Immersion Fostering environmental awareness in young children Setting the foundation for bilingual abilities Increasing young childrens intercultural awareness Our goals

25 E L I A S EZE, Cologne (Feb. 28, 2009)Magdeburg Zoo-Preschool Green Immersion Teaching in the classroom Reinforcing the morning circle lesson in the zoo Morning Circle song time new English vocabulary new environmental concept in-class reinforcement through either crafts or games Behavioral enrichments A lesson from conception to completion Our goals in action

26 E L I A S EZE, Cologne (Feb. 28, 2009)Magdeburg Zoo-Preschool Green Immersion Materials we use for greater understanding crafts weekly zoo visits video clips flash cards Our goals in action real photos

27 E L I A S EZE, Cologne (Feb. 28, 2009)Magdeburg Zoo-Preschool Green Immersion Facilitating childrens comprehension Teaching environmental concepts in the first language vs Teaching environmental concepts in the second language Teach the basics first, then the concept Our planning motto: Our goals in action

28 E L I A S EZE, Cologne (Feb. 28, 2009)Magdeburg Zoo-Preschool Green Immersion Another difference between we what do at the zoo kindergarten and zoo education in general is that our target audience falls within a very specific age range. Many environmental topics are very complex, requiring mental scaffolding. Our age group requires the basic building blocks to become the foundation for environmental learning. To construct this foundation we base our lessons on the cognitive development and abilities of children ages 5 and below. Our older children are already capable of linguistic taxonomy in their first language. Where as the younger children have yet to develop that ability.. To maximize the learning potential of each group we create 2 sequences of lessons based on the same environmental theme. Our goals in action

29 E L I A S EZE, Cologne (Feb. 28, 2009)Magdeburg Zoo-Preschool Green Immersion Tail end Give us a hand Go ahead The end


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