19 Infection/Sepsis Commonest cause for acute illness in children Varying presentation [rash, fever, poor feeding, lethargy, system specific symptoms]Treatment: supportive and antimicrobial
20 Trauma RTA Trampoline, sports injuries Type: Fractures, Head injury, abdominal injuries.Initial approach to management is BLS with Cervical spine immobilisation.Burns and overdose (?NAI)
21 CNS Meningitis: Bacterial and viral Encephalitis: Commonly viral Presentations and findings vary at different age groupsInvestigation includes lumbar puncture and imaging.Supportive and Specific treatment
22 Fits, Faints and Funny turns Febrile seizuresEpileptic attack, Status epilepticusVasovagal episode, Reflex anoxic seizuresBreath holding attacksBehavioural episodesArrhythmias
23 CVS Cyanotic Heart disease present early in life Bacterial endocarditis is a severe infectionHeart murmursArrhythmias are rare in children, Supraventricular tachycardia is the commonest.
24 GI/UrogenitalViral gastroenteritis is a common illness and can lead to severe dehydration.Congenital pyloric stenosis, Volvulus, Intussusceptions and malrotation are common causes of GI obstructions in childrenAppendicitis is the most common acute abdominal conditionUTI’s are common in children
27 ShockInadequate tissue perfusion resulting in impaired cellular respiration inadequate supply of nutrients to tissues -inadequate removal of tissue wastesFailure of circulatory function [Heart, Blood, Blood vessels]