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Bryan Hayday Change-Ability Inc Leadership and Planning.

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Presentation on theme: "Bryan Hayday Change-Ability Inc Leadership and Planning."— Presentation transcript:

1 Bryan Hayday Change-Ability Inc Leadership and Planning

2 Traditional Strategic & Operational Planning Process Vision Mission Values External Opportunities & Threats Strategic Priority Directions Goals/ Strategies Action Plan Internal Strengths & Weaknesses Stakeholders 1. Ends 2. Environmental Scan 3. Priority Directions 4. Goals & Strategies 5. Operational Action Plan 6. Monitoring & Evaluation Evaluation: Successes & ongoing Challenges

3 How do organizations plan during periods of great uncertainty? Specify intentions (both short- and long-term) Prepare reactions (mitigate risk, explore opportunity) Anticipate (readiness) Adaptation (timeliness) Vision (dream) Organize ( to make sense and order out of emerging patterns)

4 Intended Strategy Deliberate Strategy A BD C Emergent Strategy Unrealized Strategy Strategy and Change in Practice Adapted from Henry Mintzberg, The Rise and Fall of Strategic Planning What we intend through our plans, What we actually implement, The impact of what we implement, our intended and unintended outcomes, And the actions of the larger world around us – these together bring art and humility to leadership. Performance

5 Strategic Operational Anarchy Scenario Planning Far From Certainty Far from Agreement Close to Agreement Close to Certainty STACEY MATRIX – Planning Implications

6 About Scenario Planning No organization can address everything that might be important for its future Predicting the long-term future is notoriously unreliable Scenario planning helps with conditions of high importance and high uncertainty Examining diverse scenarios built around a common issue or decision enables identification of robust (or repeating) elements Scenario planning helps to filter opportunities, risks, culture creation and key decisions Enables focus in areas of high leverage Use scenario planning as tool for exploration and readiness not adaptation (contingencies) not reaction (accommodation) not prediction and mid-term planning (strategic)

7 Why use Scenario Planning? Test viability of current strategy Invigorate conventional strategic planning (exposing untested assumptions and uncertainties) Increase capacity to see change as opportunity Create robust strategies that can work in a variety of contexts or emergent futures Develop sensitivity to recognize new drivers of change and signs in environment as they unfold Leading with less fear and more finely-tuned sense of the possible Co-create preferred futures, in the tension of external adaptation, emergence and internal self-organizing

8 Starting Points We cannot predict the future Where strategic planning is the right tool in complicated times, scenario planning is the preferred approach for complex times Good decisions and robust strategies will do well across several possible futures

9 Characteristics of Scenarios Do not fall neatly into good or bad futures May seem more like caricatures than predictions Help us think outside the proverbial box Help us rehearse our decision-making under the conditions of different but plausible futures

10 Developing Scenarios Identify focal issue or decision List key forces in the local environment Determine driving forces Rank by importance and uncertainty Select scenario logics Flesh out the scenarios Consider implications and patterns that repeat Select leading (versus trailing) indicators

11 Sample Scenario 2by2 Matrix What kind of health system will Canada have in 2014? Emphasis on Personal Responsibility and Accountability Publicly financed Emphasis on Public Policy and Public Responsibility Personally/ privately financed Scenario B Scenario A Scenario C Scenario D Scenarios need memorable titles – Think headlines! The more diverse (yet plausible) the scenario stories, the more robust are any strategic elements which repeat across 3 or more scenarios

12 Discerning Robust Strategies Robust strategies are not tied to any one set of circumstances or future Robust strategies comprise the series of actions which maintains organizational viability while keeping preferred ends in sight Highlights essential competencies or activities that are key to organizational success or survival in a series of plausible and vastly different futures Robust strategies are based on key strategic elements no matter what happens Robust strategies lack the precision of strategic plans because their use is tied to conditions of greater uncertainty Important to refresh robust strategies by testing against any major changes in the political, socio-demographic, economic, environmental and technological domains

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