Believers are called Jews Founder of Religion: Abraham Where did it start: Canaan (modern day Israel) Sacred Book: Torah, Talmud Monotheistic Main Beliefs: Monotheism -Following God's Law -Equality and Social Justice -The Importance of Study - Do have some dietary restrictions (against pork and shellfish)
Judaism Spread: Diaspora Mostly practiced in Israel today.
Believers called: Christians Founder: Jesus Christ (Jesus of Nazareth) Where is started: Modern day Israel Sacred Book: The Bible Monotheistic Beliefs: 1.Teachings of Jesus Christ 2.The Trinity 3.Believe in trying to achieve salvation (go to Heaven)
Christianity Groups within Christianity: 1.Catholics 2.Protestants 3.Orthodox Spread throughout the Roman Empire through missionaries and traders and by conquest. All over the world
Believers are called: Muslims Founder: Mohammed Where it started: Mecca, in modern day Saudi Arabia Monotheistic Main beliefs: 1.The Five Pillars (declaration of faith, fasting during Ramadan, pilgrimage to Mecca, pray 5 timers per day, give alms (money) to the poor) 2.Does have some dietary restrictions (against pork) 3.Believe in trying to achieve salvation.
Islam The religion spread through: missionaries, traders, and through conquest.
Believers: Hindus No single founder Started in what is now India Sacred Book: Vedas Polytheistic Main Beliefs: 1.Dharma: Law, obligation, and duty. Effect: many believe in nonviolence-every living creature has a soul. 2.Karma: explains why dharma is important, law explains what will happen to people’s soul when they die, karma made up of good and evil. 3.Believe in reincarnation (born again) until soul merges with Brahma.
Hinduism and the Caste System Social classes” Brahmins (religious class), Kshatriyas(rulers and warriors), Vaishyas (herders and merchants), and Shudras (servants, farmers, and laborers). Also had the untouchables. Over time, became complex. No social mobility. Born into a certain level of society and stayed there.
Hinduism Ethnic religion. Mostly practice in India. Spread through migration.
Believers: Buddhists Founder of religion: Siddhartha Gautama Where it started: India Name of Sacred Book: Tripitaka Main Beliefs: 1.People’s self centered desires causes suffering. 2.The Four Noble Truths 3.The Eightfold Path 4.When a person dies, they will be reincarnated until they hit enlightenment, nirvana.
Spread of the Religion Monks and traders along the Silk Road
Confucianism Practioners: Confucianists Where it started? China Name of Sacred Book: Analects Main Beliefs: 1.Uphold traditions of the past, establish relationships and guidelines for how people should act. 2.Taught respect for parents, loyalty to the state, honesty, hard work, concern for others. 3.Believed education is important. 4.Ancestor worship.
Relationships ParentsHusban d Elder Brother RulerTeacherFriend ChildrenWifeYounger Brother SubjectStudentFriend
Founder: Lao-Tzu Daoists Started in China Name of Sacred Book: Daodejing Main Beliefs: 1.Live in harmony with nature. 2.Yin/yang: opposite forces of nature and it represents balance. 3.Importance of honor and duty. 4.Best government is one that governs least. 5.Observe nature to learn how to behave. 6.Achieve oneness with the Dao. 7.Wuwei: action through non-action.
Followers: Sikhs Founder: Guru Nanak Started in India Sacred Book: Guru Granth Sahib Started in India Main Beliefs: 1.Faith, especially faith in one god 2.Social reform and pursuit of justice for all people