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Rhythm in Speech and Language A New Research Paradigm Klaus J. Kohler IPDS, Kiel Audio illustrations and graphs in a ppt file made available as an online.

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Presentation on theme: "Rhythm in Speech and Language A New Research Paradigm Klaus J. Kohler IPDS, Kiel Audio illustrations and graphs in a ppt file made available as an online."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Rhythm in Speech and Language A New Research Paradigm Klaus J. Kohler IPDS, Kiel Audio illustrations and graphs in a ppt file made available as an online supplement at

3 3 rhythmic units in g092a021 of Kiel Corpus of Sp Sp grouping by f0 and energy, beat on eigentlich trifft sich doch eigentlich recht [ ] gut Slide 1

4 Grouping of tone sequences by loudness, timing, F0 Fig. adapted from Handel 1989, p. 387 STIMULUS PERCEPT Slide 2

5 Sequences of ba syllables: single events, trochaic and dactylic groupings by f0 Slide 3

6 Sequences of ba syllables: single events, iambic and anapaestic groupings by f0 Slide 4

7 Sequences of ba syllables: single events, trochaic and iambic groupings by syllabic duration, flat f0 Slide 5

8 Sequences of ba syllables: single events, trochaic and iambic groupings by syllabic energy, flat f0 Slide 6

9 Sequences of bi and ba syllables: grouping by spectral patterns in identical f0 and duration and similar energy Slide 7

10 Construction of rhythm in sequences of identical acoustic stimuli Psychoacoustic experiments with sine waves perceived as series of single pulses or as trochaic/iambic/dactylic/ anapaestic rhythmic structures, if the listener wants to hear them; from Handel 1989, p. 387 Psychophonetic experiments with ba syllables same perceptual groupings on level pitch falling pitch but rising-falling pitch Slide 8

11 Ex 1: good rhythmicity: IViE c-rea1-m1 clear regular rhythmical beats salient groupings by pitch bracketing Ex 2: mediocre rhythmicity: IViE c-rea1a-f6 no clear regular beats groupings by pitch bracketing not salient English examples of good/mediocre rhythmicity Slide 9

12 Ex 1: good rhythmicity: Kiel Corpus k20nord1 clear regular rhythmical beats salient groupings by pitch bracketing Ex 2: mediocre rhythmicity: Kiel Corpus k71nord1 no clear regular beats groupings by pitch bracketing not salient German examples of good/mediocre rhythmicity Slide 10

13 Rhythm in German and French nursery rhymes German Der 'Herr der 'schickt den 'Jockel 'aus, er 'soll den 'Hafer 'schneiden. Der 'Jockel 'schneidt den 'Hafer 'nicht und 'kommt auch 'nicht nach 'Haus. French Le bon roi Dagobert Avait sa culotte à lenvers. Le grand saint Eloi lui dit: O mon roi, Votre Majesté Est mal culotté. Cest vrai, lui dit le roi, Je vais la remettre à lendroit. Slide 11


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