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The plagiarism panic and the partial academic ECE 2007 Chris Procter, Salford Business School

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Presentation on theme: "The plagiarism panic and the partial academic ECE 2007 Chris Procter, Salford Business School"— Presentation transcript:

1 The plagiarism panic and the partial academic ECE 2007 Chris Procter, Salford Business School

2 Contents 1.Definition & Salford context 2.The plagiarism panic 3.Where the attention is directed 4.Case study 5.Discussion

3 What is it? Plagiarism involves taking the work of another person or source and using it as if it were ones own… (Salford AQA 0708)

4 Detailed definition (Salford AQA 2004/5) The following characteristics, if found in assessed course work, will be deemed to constitute plagiarism: the inclusion of quotations from published works, the source of which is not properly acknowledged; the inclusion of passages which are closely based (in summary or paraphrase) on published material, the source of which is not properly acknowledged; the inclusion of material which is identical or virtually identical with that of another person including another student, past or present, unless this method has been agreed by the member of staff concerned for a reason particular to the course work

5 Is it a problem? 90.7% of staff interviewed had experience of detecting plagiarism (Dordoy 2002 in Flint, Clegg et al) 70% of students surveyed admitted some form of plagiarism (US Survey conducted by Centre for Academic Integrity) Is it a new problem? Immature poets imitate; mature poets steal (TS Eliot) Originality is the fine art of remembering what you hear but forgetting where you heard it (LJ Peter)

6 Salford Context At Level 0 or 1 (including equivalent Level of an HND or HNC): A module mark of 0 is awarded. At Level 2 or 3 (including equivalent Level of an HND or HNC): A module mark of 0 is awarded for the module(s) in question and marks for all other modules at that level will be capped at 40% At Level M: The student is permanently expelled from the University, a mark of 0% is awarded for the module(s) in question and the marks for all other modules at Level M which have been taken shall be limited to a maximum of 50%.

7 Moral Panic (Stanley Cohen 1972) Moral panics revolve around a perceived threat to a value or norm held by a society normally stimulated by glorification within the mass media or folk legend within societies… a factor in a moral panic is the deviancy amplification spiral, the phenomenon defined by media critics as an increasing cycle of reporting on a category or antisocial behaviour or other undesirable event (Wikipedia)

8 The amplification spiral Plagiarism and Google generation under the spotlight (Guardian 19/6/06) Staff ignore cheating(Times 23/6/06) University catches 237 student cheats who trawl the internet (Observer 10/9/06)..Students who have been accused are starting to fight back (Guardian 12/9/06) Plagiarism is fault of indulgent lecturers (Baroness Deech quoted in Times 18/10/06)

9 Folk legend There is evidence to support widely expressed concerns that student plagiarism in the UK is common and is probably becoming more so (Park, 2003) from JISC report Deterring, Detecting and Dealing with Student Plagiarism

10 The solution Education - deter Turnitin - detect Plagiarism officers, laws and regulations – deal with Student and staff development Careful design of assessment

11 Case study 2000 – 2004 Dept with approx 150 undergraduates p.a. 61 reported cases

12 Problem cases 7 year 1 students Student a - dissertation Student b - report 10 second year students Higher level students

13 Issues arising Investment in impartial system of education, monitoring, detection, punishment and legality Anecdotal evidence of relationship to poor teaching & supervision Different staff attitudes (Flint et al 2006)

14 Current research -excellent summary in Flint et al, Carroll, Macdonald et al Definition Growth in plagiarism/growth in technology Detection (software) & reporting Procedures & punishment Education & prevention Culture & ethics Reasons for plagiarism, intent Staff plagiarism Attitudes to reporting plagiarism Institutional approaches to solving plagiarism

15 References Carroll J Insitutional issues in deterring, detecting and dealing with student plagiarism Flint A, Clegg S, Macdonald R Exploring staff perceptions of student plagiarism Journal of Further and Higher Education May 2006 Kock N, Davison R Dealing with plagiarism in the Information Systems Community MIS Quarterly Dec Larkham P, Manns S Plagiarism and its treatment in higher education Journal of Further and Higher Education 2002 Macdonald R, Carroll J Plagiarism – a complex issue requiring a holistic institutional approach Assessment and Evaluation in Higher Education April 2006 Macfarlane R Plagiarism and Originality in Nineteenth-Century Literature Oxford University Press 2007 Park, C. In Other (People's) Words: plagiarism by university students-literature and lessons. Assessment and Evaluation in Higher Education 2003 Deterring, detecting and dealing with student plagiarism JISC Briefing paper 2003

16 Discussion/ research


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