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Published byBrittney Hodge Modified over 7 years ago
Employment Creation Employment creation has not been given priority by some countries in their macro economic policies and development plans. Policy Priorities & Practical Measures 1. Issue
Reason: Subject of employment creation has not been linked with other macro economic variables. As a result generation of employment is rather slow. Some countries have invested money in projects which are capital intensive. Projects which create more jobs and output should be given priority. Employment Creation Policy Priority
Employment Creation 2. Actions There is no link in the macro economic variables in the context of employment Link employment with other economic variables National Planning Commission 1 year Civil societies has not been given due consideration in some countries. Work strongly with Civil Society Government, employers Associations 1 year There is a disparity between the sexes Make the necessary arrangements to remove the disparity Government, Employers Associations and trade unions, NGOs 1 year Lack of funds to enhance the employability Employers Associations, Government 2 year Asses the resource requirements and allocate more funds Issue Activities AgenciesTime Counter productive laws and procedures Government, Trade unions, Employers Associations 2 year Amend laws and procedures
Employment Creation Develop a clear and strong macro economic framework with the assistance of employers. Allocate resource to generate more employment Change laws and procedures to encourage investment 3. Different Roles: Government:
Employment Creation 3. Different Roles: Employer: Identify the growth sectors in the economy and invest Guide the Government to adjust the macro and monitory policies and the obsolete legislation and procedures Advice the vocational training agencies to revise their system
Employment Creation 3. Different Roles: Worker: Identify issues in work places in order to promote employment. Help government and employer to change obsolete law.
Employment Creation 3. Different Roles: Youth: Work closely with employer to increase their employability Inform the government, employer, trade union and NGO about their requirements
Employment Creation Practical Measures A. Lessons Learned 1. Low priority of youth employment policy & plan 2. Lack of strategic plans and performance measurements 3. Unfocussed treatment, to a certain extent treatment based on a wrong problem 4. Partial approach, non-integrated 5. Sectoral approach, not comprehensive cross-sectoral 6. Low participation of social partners
Practical Measures Employment Creation B. Recommendations 1. Identification and prioritization of the immediate growth sectors and regions 2. Setting the labour-intensive (rural infrastructure) programmes 3. Increasing the effectiveness of public-private partnership 4. Increasing the effectiveness of labour market information 5. The provision of special loan scheme (for micro-small-medium) self- employed business in immediate growth sectors and regions 6. Development of recycling industries
Practical Measures Employment Creation C. Roles of Partners 1. GOVERNMENT a) set the microeconomic condition of the country and recognize the youth employment problems b) develop the appropriate program c) government political will to carry forward the program d) develop and maintain an effective consultative means among the social partners in central, provincial and district levels (decentralization approach)
Practical Measures Employment Creation C. Roles of Partners 2. TRADE UNIONS a) organizing the participants (trade union members and labour family members) b) provision of facilitators and organizers c) involvement in monitoring and evaluation
Practical Measures Employment Creation C. Roles of Partners 3. EMPLOYERS’ ORGANIZATIONS a) provision of resources as parties implementing of corporate social responsibilities b) involvement in monitoring and evaluation
Practical Measures Employment Creation C. Roles of Partners 4. YOUTH ORGANIZATIONS a) provision of facilitators and organizers b) involvement in monitoring and evaluation 5. YOUTH ORGANIZATIONS a) provision of facilitators and organizers b) involvement in monitoring and evaluation
Employment Creation Practical Measures of Employment Creation 2. The issues of practical measures that can be planned and implemented; a. Labour-intensive rural infrastructure programmes b. Identification and prioritization the immediate growth sectors and its related training programmes c. Public-private partnership in increasing the effectiveness of Labour Market Information
Employment Creation Practical Measures of Employment Creation d. The provision of special loan scheme (micro – small medium) for self-employment business e. Development of recycling industries f. Effective monitoring and control by the relevant legislative institution
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