Presentation on theme: "Canada’s International Development Role ~A Sub-Saharan Africa Case Study~ David Hennigar Lindsay Walker."— Presentation transcript:
Canada’s International Development Role ~A Sub-Saharan Africa Case Study~ David Hennigar Lindsay Walker
International Headlines “ 44% of the population of sub-Saharan Africa lives on less than $1/day ” – World Bank
“Hunger & Malnutrition Kills 6 Million World’s Children Every Year” - UN Food and Agriculture Org.
“ Environmental Degradation Could Destroy African Economy ” - United Nations “12 million AIDS orphans in Africa.” - UNAIDS /WHO
“Tsunami death toll surpasses 283,000” – Indonesia’s National Disaster Relief Coordination Agency “115 million children world wide can’t go to school each day” - UNESCO
How much does Canada spend on International Development? Ottawa budgeted $3.6 billion in 2005 – 06 Approx. 0.3% of GDP Canada delivers aid to over 120 countries $6 billion to aid in Africa between 2002-07
What is Canada doing? 5 Areas of Development: Development International Financial Institutions Peace and Security Crisis Development Research
Canadian Government Organizations Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA) Department of Finance Foreign Affairs International Development Research Centre (IDRC)
Canadian International Development Agency Goal: Improve Social and Economic Prospects Areas of Focus: Governance Health Basic Education Private Sector Development Environmental Sustainability Gender Equity
CIDA’s Mandate: Supporting sustainable development, reducing poverty and providing humanitarian assistance in order to promote a more secure, equitable and prosperous world.
CIDA Programs Geographical Partnership Programs Multilateral Specially Canadian Corps Exporting Canadian Citizens and NGO to Support Good Governess
Government Agencies Department of Finance Part of international trade, financial and economic organizations (World Bank, World Trade Organization, etc…) Foreign Affairs negotiating and administering trade agreements promote Canadian values and culture IDRC Use science and technology to find practical, long-term solutions to the social, economic, and environmental problems
Funding 2005-2006 budget was $3.6 billion (0.3% of GDP) 80% allocated to CIDA Goal is to Reach 0.7% of GDP
2005-06 CIDA Spending Breakdown CIDA Budget: $2.8 Billion Education 13.9% Health 25% Governance 23% Private Sector Development 13.7% Other 24.2%
How are the three sectors working together? CIDA operates three main programs: 1.Bilateral Program (geographic) 2.Multilateral Program (resources across countries) 3.Partnership program (private sector and volunteer organizations)
How are the three sectors working together? CIDA’s Canadian partnership programs contribute to international cooperation initiatives designed and delivered by Canadian private and voluntary sector organizations These sectors work in partnership with organizations in developing countries
How are the three sectors working together? Canada Corps was established as a vehicle to strengthen Canada’s contribution to human rights, democracy and good governance internationally It develops collaborative partnerships across sectors to bring greater engagement, expertise, and coherence to Canadian governance interventions abroad
Canada’s International Policy Statement Advance Canadian values of global citizenship, equity and environmental sustainability, as well as Canadian interests regarding security, prosperity and governance; Deliver visible, durable impact on the world’s key development challenges as identified in the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs); Focus on reducing poverty through an effective and focused approach which will match Canadian niches with developing countries’ needs in coordination with other donors;
Canada’s International Policy Statement… Recognize and promote sustainable solutions to address the critical linkages between environmental degradation, poverty and social inequity; and Mobilize Canadians in dialogue and participation to build our society’s capacity to contribute effectively to global poverty reduction.
New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD) NEPAD is a vision & strategic framework for Africa’s renewal Canada’s Partnership for Africa Fund supports its initiatives NEPAD’s goals are linked to the Millennium Development Goals
New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD)
Millennium Development Goals Eight goals Agreed to by all the world’s leading industrialized nations Completion date: 2015
Official Development Assistance 2005 CountryAid as % of GNICountryAid as % of GNI Australia0.25Japan0.28 Austria0.52Luxembourg0.87 Belgium0.53Netherlands0.82 Canada0.34New Zealand0.27 Denmark0.81Norway0.93 Finland0.47Portugal0.21 France0.47Spain0.29 Germany0.35Sweden0.92 Greece0.24Switzerland0.44 Ireland0.41UK0.48 Italy0.29US0.22 UN Target: 0.7%Average: 0.47%