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The Federal Bureaucracy

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1 The Federal Bureaucracy
Chapter 15

2 The people who handle the day to day business for any organization.
What is a bureaucracy? The people who handle the day to day business for any organization. We will focus on the federal bureaucracy

3 3 Features of a Bureaucracy
**In order to be a bureaucracy you must meet the following standards*** Hierarchical authority –a chain of command Job specialization – each person (a bureaucrat) has specific duties and responsibilities. Formalized rules – the bureaucracy follows specific rules

4 The Federal Bureaucracy
The federal bureaucracy is EVERYONE that makes up the Federal Executive (Gov’t) The President heads the federal bureaucracy. In addition to the President the federal bureaucracy is divided into 3 groups 1.Executive Office of the President (EOP) 2. The 15 Executive departments 3. Other independent agencies

5 1. Executive Office of the President
Examples include -Office of management and budget, National Security Council, Economic advisors and more! White House Office (WHO) Contains the President’s most important staff Work in West Wing of White House Examples Chief of Staff, press secretary, the President’s doctor, and legal advisors

6 2. Executive Departments
15 Departments Total The Heads (boss/leaders) of the 15 Departments are called THE CABINET They advise the President on specific issues

7 The Executive Departments
Department of State – concerned with foreign policy Department of Treasury – manages the money of the United States – Department of Defense – handle issues relating to the military Department of Justice – Gives legal advice to the president - enforces law and administers justice

8 The Executive Departments
Department of the Interior – manages federally owned land (national parks like Yosemite National Park, or the Redwood Forest) Department of Agriculture – helps farmers and protects food supply Department of Commerce – monitors trade; promotes economic growth of the United States; Conducts the Census; Grants Patents

9 The Executive Departments
Department of Labor – responsible for wages, unemployment, and job safety rules Department of Health & Human Services – protects the health and general welfare of the American people (Medicare; food and drug safety)

10 The Executive Departments
Department of Housing and Urban Development – handles issues of housing and development of cities – financing programs Department of Transportation – manages the interstate system, air travel, oil lines Department of Energy – handles policy on energy and nuclear safety

11 The Executive Departments
Department of Education – handles the policy on the education of American students- provides federal aid Department of Veterans Affairs – manages programs for veterans and the families Department of Homeland Security – protects the United States from threats from terrorists and other sources at our borders

12 3. Independent Agencies Independent agency: additional agencies created by Congress that are outside of the Cabinet Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Peace Corps Social Security Administration Federal Reserve System

13 Civil Service Civil service – made up of civilian workers who perform the administrative work of the government Originally operated under the spoils system– giving jobs to political supporters and friends The Pendleton Act – helped to get rid of the spoils system. Based hiring of civil service workers on merit (or the quality of their work) Still the basis of hiring today.

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