Presentation on theme: "“Organization of the Executive Branch”"— Presentation transcript:
1 “Organization of the Executive Branch” CHAPTER 9, Section 2“Organization of the Executive Branch”
2 Organization of governmental offices, agencies and departments Organization of governmental offices, agencies and departments. (4 million federal employees)“The Bureaucracy”
3 A team of Executive Branch officials AdministrationA team of Executive Branch officialsIncludes three parts of Executive Branch:Executive Office of the PresidentExecutive DepartmentsIndependent Agencies
4 1. Executive Office of the President West WingWhite House StaffChief of StaffPress SecretarySpeechwritersSpecial assistantsOffice workers* NO congressional approval is necessary for the White House Staff1. Executive Office of the President
5 1. Executive Office of the President Office of Vice PresidentSimilar to PresidentAssistantsCounselorsSpeechwritersOnly Constitutional responsibility is to preside over the Senate1. Executive Office of the President
6 1. Executive Office of the President Special Advisory GroupsOffice of Management and Budget (OMB)This office is all about:$$$$National Security Council (NSC)This office advises on:1. Executive Office of the President
7 The next part of the Administration team of the President are the 2 The next part of the Administration team of the President are the 2. Executive DepartmentsThese are “experts” in their fieldsThese are “policy advisors” to the PresidentThe President cannot know everything about everything and these are the individuals that the President relies on for advice and information.Appointed by President, confirmed by…?What departments are in the cabinet?
8 The Cabinet of President Obama STATE1789AGRICULTURE1889TRANSPORTATION1966TREASURYCOMMERCE1913ENERGY1977WAR/DEFENSE1789/1947LABOREDUCATION1979JUSTICEHEALTH & HUMAN SERVICES1953VETERANS1989INTERIOR1849HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT 1965HOMELAND SECURITY 2002
9 There are three types: (See Page 253-254) The third and final group that makes up the Administration of the President are the 3. “Independent Agencies.”There are three types: (See Page )
10 3. Independent Agencies Executive Agencies Under the direct control of the President.He appoints the Director or Head of each agency and the Senate confirms.Examples:NASA: Handles space explorationCIA: Handles international matters.EPA: Sets environmental policy3. Independent Agencies
11 3. Independent Agencies Regulatory Commissions You may not know that these commissionsexist but they influence your life every day!Examples:FCC: Watch television? Listen to the radio? Have a cell phone?CPSC: Warn about safety hazards.FDA: Do you worry about poison in food?3. Independent Agencies
12 The last group is another which you have used but not as much today as people did in the past? The group:3. “Government Corporations”Best example: USPS.Currently operating with an $8 billion deficit. What is causing the Post Office to lose money?3. Independent Agencies
13 The last area is the Civil Service System. The goal of the Civil Service System is to provide for a “stable work force”Why was it necessary?PatronageUnqualified workersCreated in Today, it is based on merit and qualifications. All federal employees are part of this system.The last area is the Civil Service System.
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