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CHAPTER 9, Section 2 “Organization of the Executive Branch”

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1 CHAPTER 9, Section 2 “Organization of the Executive Branch”

2 “The Bureaucracy” Organization of governmental offices, agencies and departments. (4 million federal employees)

3 Administration A team of Executive Branch officials Includes three parts of Executive Branch: 1. Executive Office of the President 2. Executive Departments 3. Independent Agencies

4 1. Executive Office of the President West Wing  White House Staff  Chief of Staff  Press Secretary  Speechwriters  Special assistants  Office workers * NO congressional approval is necessary for the White House Staff

5 1. Executive Office of the President Office of Vice President Similar to President ◦Assistants ◦Counselors ◦Speechwriters ◦Only Constitutional responsibility is to preside over the Senate

6 1. Executive Office of the President Office of Management and Budget (OMB) This office is all about: $$$$ National Security Council (NSC) This office advises on: Special Advisory Groups

7 The next part of the Administration team of the President are the 2. Executive Departments These are “experts” in their fields These are “policy advisors” to the President The President cannot know everything about everything and these are the individuals that the President relies on for advice and information. Appointed by President, confirmed by…? What departments are in the cabinet?

8 The Cabinet of President Obama STATE 1789 AGRICULTURE 1889 TRANSPORTATION 1966 TREASURY 1789 COMMERCE 1913 ENERGY 1977 WAR/DEFENSE 1789/1947 LABOR 1913 EDUCATION 1979 JUSTICE 1789 HEALTH & HUMAN SERVICES 1953 VETERANS 1989 INTERIOR 1849 HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT 1965 HOMELAND SECURITY 2002

9 There are three types: (See Page ) The third and final group that makes up the Administration of the President are the 3. “Independent Agencies.”

10 3. Independent Agencies 1. Executive Agencies  Under the direct control of the President.  He appoints the Director or Head of each agency and the Senate confirms.  Examples:  NASA: Handles space exploration  CIA: Handles international matters.  EPA: Sets environmental policy

11 3. Independent Agencies 2. Regulatory Commissions You may not know that these commissions exist but they influence your life every day! Examples:  FCC: Watch television? Listen to the radio? Have a cell phone?  CPSC: Warn about safety hazards.  FDA: Do you worry about poison in food?

12 3. Independent Agencies 3. The last group is another which you have used but not as much today as people did in the past? The group: 3. “Government Corporations” Best example: USPS. Currently operating with an $8 billion deficit. What is causing the Post Office to lose money?

13 The last area is the Civil Service System. The goal of the Civil Service System is to provide for a “stable work force” Why was it necessary? ◦P◦Patronage ◦U◦Unqualified workers Created in Today, it is based on merit and qualifications. All federal employees are part of this system.


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