Presentation on theme: "Ethnicity and Social Networks"— Presentation transcript:
1 Ethnicity and Social Networks SociolinguisticsChapter 8Ethnicity and Social Networks
2 Learning Objectives Ethnicity Social networks African American Vernacular EnglishBritish Black EnglishMaori New ZealandersSocial networksCommunities of practice and the construction of social identity
3 EthnicityMany ethnic groups use a distinctive language associated with their ethnic identity.Even when a complete conversation in an ethnic language is not possible, people may use short phrases, verbal fillers or linguistic tags, which signal ethnicity.
4 EthnicityExample 2New Zealanders use Maori linguistic signals like kia ora, e ki, ne to express their ethnic identity.
5 EthnicityFurther examplesChinese Singaporeans in Singapore use the tag la to express solidarity.Italians in Boston and Sydney use particularly high percentage of vernacular pronunciations of certain vowels.
6 Ethnicity Scottish people in New Zealand retain the [r]. Further examplesScottish people in New Zealand retain the [r].Jewish people in Boston and New York use marked linguistic tags such as oy vay, and Yiddish vocabulary items such as bagel.
7 Ethnicity African American Vernacular English British Black English Maori New Zealanders
8 African American Vernacular English Omission of the verb beExample 4Invariant be to signal recurring actionsExample 5Multiple negationFigure 8.1Consonant cluster simplificationlast Standard American English [la:st]AAVE [la:s]Exercise 2
9 British Black EnglishPeople of West Indian or African Carribbean origin who were born in Britain are described as British Black community.They speak Patois, a variety of Jamaican creole.Example 6
10 Patois Vocabulary Pronunciation Grammar lick meaning hit kenge meaning weakPronunciationthen [den]thin [tin]GrammarNo use of plural, tense markers
11 Maori New Zealanders Vocabulary Pronunciation Grammar tangi meaning funeralkuia meaning old womanPronunciationthen [den]GrammarVernacular use of present and past tense formsExample 8Exercise 411
12 Activity 8.1Do you see ethnic groups using a distinctive language to signal their ethnic identity in your society? Give examples to illustrate your answer.
13 Ethnicity 140,000 Filipinos in Hong Kong Large import of labour from the Philippines since 1974Tagalog
14 Social NetworksPeople’s speech reflect the types of networks they belong to.Example 9
15 Social NetworksSandyJo Cousin MikeTomGerry Uncle Bob
16 Density and Plexity Density Whether members of a person’s network are in touch with each otherPlexityWhether there are many types of transaction members are involved in16
17 Activity 8.2Draw a network for yourself. Identify the three people you talk to most. Link them to yourself by lines on the diagram.Do you think your social network would provide any clues to the way you speak? Would it identify the people whose speech your speech most resembles?
18 Communities of practice and the construction of social identity Communities of practice develop around the activities which group members engage in together, and their shared objectives and attitudes.Example 11