2 definition of pubertyBroad definition: The physical, psychological, and cultural changes that occur as the growing child transitions into adulthood.Narrow definition: The process by which an individual becomes capable of reproduction.
3 time periods of adolescent Adolescence is a unique developmental periodit keeps changing!Everyone goes through changes at their own RATEEarly adolescence – 11 to 13 years oldContinues to be pushed earlier (9-10…)Middle adolescence – 14 to 17 years oldLate adolescence (early adulthood) – 18 to 20 years oldContinues to be pushed later (21-24…)
4 physical changes… Primary sex characteristics The body organs and reproductive structures and functions that differ between women and men.Related directly to reproductive cells.Gametes (Sperm and Eggs)Secondary sex characteristicsCharacteristics of the body that are caused by hormones, (testosterone and estrogen) develop during puberty, and last through adult life.Changes in genitals/breasts/voicePubic/body/facial hair
5 changes… Rapid acceleration of physical growth Adolescent growth spurt3.5 (girls) to 4.0 (boys) inches/year½ adult weight gained during adolescenceChanges in body compositionMales waist lines shrinkFemales hips widen, body fat increasesEmergence of sex differences in physical performance
6 roles of hormones Activational role (specific to puberty): Structural “remodeling” of brainIncrease in sexual motivationDevelopment of secondary sex characteristics
7 impacts of puberty Sleep patterns Family relations Social Changes Delayed phase preference9 hours: 1 am to 10 amFamily relationsTransformation of parent-child bondSocial ChangesPeers may challenge your beliefsMaking new friends, being accepted into new peer groups
8 impacts of puberty Self-esteem Moods Changing body image Changing sense of selfMoodsIncreased stress + Increased sensitivityFluctuation of moodsDue to hormones or environment?
10 timing - individual factors Genetic factorsTiming and tempoEnvironmental factorsNutritionBody weightExposure to hormones/chemicalsFamily conflictStepfathers
11 early maturation Boys Girls Early maturation positives Popularity, higher self-esteemEarly maturation negativesDeviant, risk behaviors; more rigidity laterGirlsPopularity (cultural dependence)Lower self-esteem, eating disorders, emotions, deviant behaviors
12 late maturation Boys Girls Late maturation positives Higher levels of creativity, inventivenessLate maturation negativesLow self-esteem, low social competenceGirlsThinner buildSocial withdrawal
13 Gender Identity What are some of the grounds of identity? Gender Ethnicity/cultureAge groupVocationPolitical ideologyReligious/moral values
14 What is gender identity? Adolescence – adulthood Function of gender rolesAdolescence – adulthoodGender intensificationSocial/cultural pressuresPeer pressuresParental pressuresBiological pressures
15 Ethnic Identity What is ethnic identity? Identification Physical/psychological characteristicsCultural practices/beliefs
16 Other types of Identity Vocational identityAspect of identity associated with career.Being a lawyerBeing a janitorReligious identityAspect of identity associated with religious belief system.Being a Christian or BuddhistBeing an atheistAge identityAspects of identity associated with age group.Being a teenagerBeing an elderly person