Presentation on theme: " starter activity The ‘Red Flag’ is the traditional anthem of the Labour movement. Listen to the song and watch this history of the development of the."— Presentation transcript:
1 starter activityThe ‘Red Flag’ is the traditional anthem of the Labour movement. Listen to the song and watch this history of the development of the Labour Party in the UK. What were key reasons why the Labour Party grew in popularity and achieved electoral success?
2 Electoral reform in the nineteenth century meant that more and more working class men were winning the right to vote. This encouraged parties to tailor their policies towards the needs of these new voters.
3 The breakthrough came when Keir Hardie (above) a former miner, became the first working class MP to be elected for the Independent Labour Party (ILP) in 1892.
4 To begin with the few socialist groups that existed enjoyed little success. In 1900, 70% of men and no women had the right to vote. Real socialists had little chance of being elected. To make matters worse, only those with a private income could afford to become MPs as they were paid relatively little.
5 However, the trade union movement was growing in numbers However, the trade union movement was growing in numbers. By 1900, several million workers had joined unions and the TUC (Trades Union Congress – the national body for all trades unions) had been formed.
6 Employers tried to limit the power of the Labour movement Employers tried to limit the power of the Labour movement. When workers at the Taff Vale railway went on in 1901 strike their employers successfully sued them. It seemed as if belonging to a union and protesting for better conditions was being made a crime by the establishment.
7 In the end, the Taff Vale case lent further strength to the Labour movement. It gave them a clear issue to campaign on and membership of socialist parties like the Labour Representation Committee (LRC) grew in numbers
8 The LRC was renamed the Labour Party with Keir Hardie as their leader The LRC was renamed the Labour Party with Keir Hardie as their leader. They won 29 seats in the 1906 general election
9 By 1924, just 21 years after the first 2 MPs were elected the Labour Party were in a position to form a government, albeit a minority one which relied on Liberal support for survival. At its head was the first Labour PM and son of a domestic servant – Ramsay McDonald.
10 Clement Attlee (Labour PM, 1945-51) The Labour Party won its first majority in 1945, beating Churchill’s Conservatives. They came to power on a ticket of reform, promising to introduce the NHS and social welfare for a society recovering from the effects of World War Two.
11 Harold Wilson (Labour PM, 1964-70 & 1974-6) Between 1945 and 1979 the Labour and Conservative Parties were each in power for 17 years. In an era of ‘consensus’ politics there often was very little clear political ground between the parties on key issues of education, health and housing.
13 The success of Margaret Thatcher’s Conservative Party in the 1980s sent Labour into a tail spin as they struggled to identify policies that would win electoral support. Their policies on nuclear disarmament and a return to nationalisation were out of step with the times.
14 Neil Kinnock (leader ) began the process of modernising the party. Reducing the dominance of trade unions over Party policy decisions and creating a more open and democratic structure for the party
15 The modernisation of the Labour Party was completed with Tony Blair’s New Labour project (leader ) and his ‘Third Way’ approach to politics, combining the best elements of Thatcherite free market economics with a continued commitment to social justice
16 Keir Hardie becomes first working-class MP to be elected in 1892 Your taskCreate a timeline highlighting the changing fortunes of the Labour Party from its origins to the present day.Keir Hardie becomes first working-class MP to be elected in 1892Labour lose to Margaret Thatcher’s Conservatives in 1979 general election
17 Key eventsEarly C20th - Labour Party emerged from Labour Representation Committee (LRC), Independent Labour Party (ILP) & Fabians helped by growth of trade union movement1906 Labour Party foundedLabour Party formed 2 minority governments1945 Labour won a landslide victory under Clement Attlee
18 Key events 1945-79 was the era of ‘consensus politics’ 1980s the party moved to the left & it seemed out of touch with the electorateNeil Kinnock (leader of Labour Party) modernised party, abandoning unpopular policies, e.g. wide-scale nationalisation, unilateral disarmament, withdrawal from EEC)
19 Key eventsTony Blair modernised party - ‘New Labour’, ‘Third Way’, ‘hand up rather than hand-out’, public-private partnerships, equality of opportunity not income AND ALSO – minimum wage, NHS, constitutional reform1997 landslide victory, 43.2% (179 seat majority)2005 GE victory 35% (66 seat majority)
20 What do we mean by the terms ‘Old’ and ‘New Labour’? Read the extract your teacher gives you and highlight evidence of Old or New Labour values
21 This house believes that New Labour is no longer a socialist party This house believes that New Labour is no longer a socialist party. Discuss
22 Plenary What is meant by ‘Old’ and ‘New Labour’ To what extent could you describe the current Labour Party as a ‘socialist’ party?
23 Extension taskVisit the Labour website and research the current policies of New Labour on Health, Education and Law & Order
24 HomeworkAs you did for the Labour Party create a timeline detailing key events, individuals and policies in the development of the Conservative Party from its origins to the present day. Use Watts, p.83-7BurkeCameron