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Labour Party.

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Presentation on theme: "Labour Party."— Presentation transcript:

1 Labour Party

2 Labour Party Founded: 1900  Headquarters: 39 Victoria Street, London, SW1H 0HA

3 Labour Party Ideology: Democratic Socialism, Social Democracy, Third Way, Neoliberalism Political position: Centre-left International affiliation: Socialist International European affiliation: Party of European Socialists European Parliament Group: Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats Official colours: Red Website:

4 History The Independent Labour Party, founded in 1893

5 Keir Hardie, one of the Labour Party's founders and first leader
History the general election, the Independent Labour Party put up 28 candidates but won only 44,325 votes. Keir Hardie, the leader of the party, believed that to obtain success in parliamentary elections, it would be necessary to join with other left-wing groups. Keir Hardie, one of the Labour Party's founders and first leader

6 First Labour government (1924)
January Ramsay MacDonald became the first ever Labour Prime Minister in, forming the first Labour government, despite Labour only having 191 MPs (less than a third of the House of Commons). Ramsay MacDonald, First Labour Prime Minister, 1924 and 1929–31

7 Second Labour government (1929-1931)
1929 general election, the Labour Party became the largest in the House of Commons for the first time, with 287 seats and 37.1% of the popular vote. the Wall Street Crash and eventual Great Depression occurred soon after the government came to power, and the crisis hit Britain hard. As the economic situation worsened MacDonald agreed to form a "National Government" with the Conservatives and the Liberals. The original "Liberty" logo, in use until 1983

8 Wartime coalition 1931 - MacDonald, lost his seat.
The party returned to government as part of a wartime coalition when the incoming Prime Minister Winston Churchill decided to bring the other main parties into a coalition similar to that of the First World War.

9 Post-war victory under Attlee
Clement Attlee's proved one of the most radical British governments of the 20th century, presiding over a policy of nationalising major industries and utilities including the Bank of England, coal mining, the steel industry, electricity, gas, telephones and inland transport including railways, road haulage and canals. Clement Attlee, Labour Prime Minister,

10 Labour in government under Wilson (1964-1970)
Wilson's government was responsible for a number of sweeping social and educational reforms such as the legalisation of abortion and homosexuality (initially only for people aged 21 or over). Harold Wilson, Labour Prime Minister, 1964–1970 and

11 James Callaghan, Labour Prime Minister, 1976-1979.
The Wilson and Callaghan governments of the 1970s tried to control inflation (which reached 26.9% in 1975) by a policy of wage restraint. This was fairly successful, reducing inflation to 7.4% by 1978. James Callaghan, Labour Prime Minister,

12 Tony Blair and Gordon Brown (1997-2010)
The Labour Party won the 1997 general election with a huge landslide majority of 179; it was the largest Labour majority ever, and the largest swing to a political party achieved since 1945. Gordon Brown, Labour Prime Minister,

13 This chart shows the electoral performance of the Labour Party in general elections since 1900

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