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Learning Disability Awareness Welcome Mencap logo
Introductions Talk with the person next to you and find out one thing you have in common. It might be a hobby, something you like or a place you have visited. Please also write your first name on a sticker
Hopes What do you hope to get from today? Please write this down and put it in an envelope with your first name on
Rules Please turn mobile phones off or put them on silent. Please have your say, everybody’s ideas are important. Please listen to each other and take it in turns to have your say. Any other rules?
What is learning disability? What do you think? Northamptonshire definition But............. Please remember...............
A learning disability is not: Problems with just reading or writing Emotional difficulties Things like Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Aspergers Syndrome Also, not everybody with autism has a learning disability
Medical Model The disabled person is seen as the problem They need to be pitied They need help They can’t do things properly They are dangerous They need looking after They need to be told what to do by professionals They are sick They need treating
Social Model The problem is a disabling world that affects each individual
Social Model Schools and social services keep us away from other people
Social Model Buses and trains are not easy to use
Social Model There is not enough money for me and my family
Social Model The problem is a disabling world that affects each individual Nobody will give me a job Lots of buildings are hard to get into and use Lots of signs and papers use words and not pictures People think I am stupid Buses and trains are not easy to use There is not enough money for me and my family Schools and social services keep us away from other people
Rights People with learning disabilities, like all of us are protected by laws to make sure they have legal rights. Some of the laws are: Human Rights Act 1998 Equalities Act 2010 We all need to make sure there is no discrimination
Rights Another important law to help make sure that people with learning disabilities have their rights is the Mental Capacity Act. The Mental Capacity Act says that we must assume that every adult has the capacity to make decisions. Each decision is separate and so it is possible that a person may have capacity to make one decision but not another.
Rights The Mental Capacity Act also says that we must support people in as many ways as we can to help them to make their own decisions. Decision making involves understanding, remembering, considering,deciding and communicating. Only when it is shown that a person can not make a specific decision, can others make that decision for them.
Rights The Act also says that people have the right to make unwise decisions. If a decision is made on behalf of someone it must be in their best interest and the least restrictive option should always be taken. This means that the decision should be one that places as few limits on the person as possible.
Communication We all communicate in different ways Some of these might be: Body Language – gestures and using our faces Words and Sounds Braille Signs Electronic communication aids Using Objects
Communication Words Signs Things Pictures and symbols Have a go.............
Ask each other........ 1.Your name 2.What has happened 3.Do you need an ambulance Use words, signs, things and pictures.
Remember, remember...... Find a good place to communicate – somewhere quiet without distractions. If you are talking to a large group be aware that some people may find this difficult
Remember, remember...... Ask open questions – questions that don’t have a simple yes or no Check with person that you understand what they are saying – “The TV isn’t working? Is that right?”
Remember, remember...... If the person wants to take you to show you something, go with them. Watch the person – they may tell you things by their body language and facial expressions. Learn from experience – you will need to be observant and don’t feel awkward about asking parents/carers/others for their help.
Remember, remember...... Try drawing – even if your drawing is not great it might still be helpful. Take your time don’t rush your communication. Use gestures and facial expressions. If you are asking if someone is unhappy make your facial expression unhappy.
Remember, remember...... Be aware that some people find it easier to use real objects to communicate but photo’s and pictures can help too. Be patient and listen to what you are being told and if you do not understand ask the person to repeat what they have said.
Remember, remember...... Speak slowly and clearly and use plain and simple language at all times. Always reassure the person if they are worried or afraid.
Remember, remember...... Treat people as individuals and don’t be afraid. Everyone can communicate as all behaviour is communication.
Open Discussion Worries? Concerns? Things you are looking forward to?
And finally.......... Were your hopes achieved? Evaluation forms Have a safe journey Thank you