Presentation on theme: "9 Career Planning and Development 9-1 Career Opportunities"— Presentation transcript:
1 9 Career Planning and Development 9-1 Career Opportunities C H A P T E R9Career Planning and Development9-1 Career Opportunities9-2 Planning Your Career9-3 Applying for Employment9-4 Securing a Job
2 9-1 Career Opportunities Goal 1 Describe the steps in the career planning process.Goal 2 Identify the main sources of career information.Goal 3 Discuss career fields with the most growth potential.
3 KEY TERMSCareerA career is a goal for work that is fulfilled through an occupation (job) or series of occupations (jobs).You actually have a kind of career goal now: “to complete your schooling and get ready for your future.”
4 KEY TERMS Career Planning informational interview Career planning is the process of studying careers, assessing yourself in terms of careers, and making decisions about a future career.informational interviewa planned discussion with a worker who is willing to help you find out about the work that a person does, the preparation needed for that career,
5 KEY TERMS Mobility Occupation Mobility is the willingness and ability of a person to move to where jobs are located.The lack of mobility can lead to locational unemployment.OccupationAn occupation is a task or series of tasks that is performed to provide a good or service.Networking is talking to other people about their jobs.
6 CAREER PLANNINGStudying careersAssessing yourselfMaking decisions
7 YOUR STUDY OF CAREERS Continuous process Tentative career decision You do not just decide to study careers for one day or one week. It is important to view learning about careers as a lifelong activityTentative career decisiona decision that is subject to change as new information is received. It gives you a direction
8 YOUR STUDY OF CAREERS Course selection early career planning will help you choose the right courses.An early career decision can also encourage you to become involved with organizations such as Future Business Leaders of America (FBLA) or DECA (Distributive Educational Clubs of America)
9 CAREER TRAINING High school Beyond high school Two-year schools Four-year colleges and universitiesPrivate business schools and other institutions specialize in training students for specific occupations such as court reporter, computer technician, barber, or medical assistant.
10 THE CAREER PLANNING PROCESS Step 1: Personal AssessmentDetermine interests and valuesIdentify talents and abilitiesStep 2: Employment Market AnalysisGeographic influencesBusiness and economic trends(continued on the next slide)
11 THE CAREER PLANNING PROCESS Step 3: Application ProcessApplication formResume and cover letterStep 4: Interview ProcessPrepare for interviewFollow-up activities(continued on the next slide)
12 THE CAREER PLANNING PROCESS Step 5: Employment AcceptanceSalary and financial factorsOrganizational environmentStep 6: Career Development and AdvancementPractice career success behaviorsDevelop strong work relationships
13 Checkpoint List the steps in the career planning process. personal assessmentemployment market analysisapplication processinterview processemployment acceptancecareer development and advancement
14 CAREER INFORMATION SOURCES Print and media sourcesCareer World magazineThe Occupational Outlook HandbookOnline sourcesOccupational Outlook HandbookOnetonline.org
15 CAREER INFORMATION SOURCES cont Business contactsMost people get jobs through networkingInformational interviewsis a planned discussion with a worker who is willing to help you find out about the work that a person does
16 SAMPLE QUESTIONS FOR AN INFORMATIONAL INTERVIEW How did you get your current job?In what ways do you find your work most satisfying? What are your main frustrations?What tasks and activities are required in your work?What are the most important qualifications for working in this field?What advice would you give a young person who is thinking about this type of work?
17 Checkpoint What are the main sources of career information? Print, media, and online sources, informational interviews, and business contacts are the main sources of career information.
18 GROWTH CAREER AREAS Geographic influences Economic and industry trends People who successfully pursue the careers of their choice often have mobilityEconomic and industry trendsCareer areas with the most potential are influenced by economic trends and current business activities.
20 Checkpoint What factors affect the career areas that will be in demand in the future?Future employment opportunities are influenced by geography and economic trends.Consumer demand, changing demographics, and new technology all affect employment trends.
21 9-2 Planning Your CareerGoal 1 Describe factors of a personal assessment for career planning.Goal 2 Discuss methods for obtaining career experience.Goal 3 Identify information sources for available jobs.
22 KEY TERMS Values Talent Ability are things that are important to you. a natural, inborn aptitude to do certain things.Abilityis the quality of being able to perform a mental or physical task. Abilities can be developed
23 PERSONAL ASSESSMENTYour career planning activities should start with a self-assessment of your interests, values, and abilities.
24 Checkpoint What is the difference between an interest and a talent? One might have several areas of interest; talents, however, are inborn abilities that can assist in narrowing career interests.
25 EMPLOYMENT EXPERIENCE You can obtain further career oriented abilities in four main waysWork-study programsCooperative education combines school with work-related experience.Part-time employmentSummer and part-time work can provide valuable experience In addition these work situations will allow you the chance to see if you enjoy a particular career field
26 EMPLOYMENT EXPERIENCE Volunteer activitiesInvolvement in community service can result in gaining career experiences and improving work habitsSchool activitiesClass assignments can provide work related experiences. For example, research and communication skills are developed when you prepare reports and oral presentations
27 Checkpoint What are methods for obtaining employment experience? Work-study programs, part-time employment, volunteering, and school activities are each ways of gaining work experience.
28 SOURCES OF AVAILABLE JOBS The media – Help wanted adsPersonal contacts - NetworkingBusiness contacts - NetworkingCareer fairs - several prospective employers in a short timeGovernment employment officesThese tax-supported agencies help people find jobs and provide career information, and work with employers to find qualified workers.
29 Checkpoint What are the main sources of information about available jobs?Business and personal contacts are the main sources of employment information.Others include newspapers and other publications, career fairs, employment agencies, and online sources.
30 9-3 Applying for Employment Goal 1 Prepare an application form and a resume.Goal 2 Identify the parts of an application cover letter.Goal 3 Discuss the online application process.
31 KEY TERMS Application form Resume Career portfolio Cover letter asks for information related to employment.Resumeis a tool that provides information about you to a potential employer.Career portfolioResume, Samples of work (Reports, Designs)News articles regarding volunteering, Letters of RecommendationCover lettera sales letter for the purpose of obtaining an interview
32 APPLICATION ACTIVITIES Personal data sheeta summary of your important job-related information. It should list your education and work experience, as well as your references.Application formResumeCareer portfolio
33 APPLICATION FORM Your first job task Follow instructions Paper forms Online applications
34 RESUME Personal information Career objective Education Experience Career-related honors and other activities
35 CAREER PORTFOLIOResume, cover letter, and answers to sample interview questionsSample reports, presentation materials, and research findings from school projectsWebsite designs, creative works from school activities or previous employment such as ads, packages, and promotionsNews articles of community activities or other experiences in which you have participatedLetters of recommendation
36 Action Verbs for Resumes and Cover Letters AchievedDirectedOrganizedAccomplishedEditedPlannedAdministeredFacilitatedProducedCoordinatedInitiatedResearchedCreatedImplementedSupervisedDesignedManagedTrainedDevelopedMonitoredUpdated
37 Checkpoint What are the main sections of a resume? The typical resume includes personal information, career objective, education, experience, career-related honors, and other activities.References are not usually part of the resume
38 Types of ResumesTwo of the most popular types of resumes are experience based and qualifications-based.In an experience-based resume, experiences are usually listed in order of work history.In a qualifications-based resume, your abilities and experiences related to the job for which you are applying are highlighted.
39 APPLICATION COVER LETTER IntroductionDevelopmentConclusionTargeted letter
40 Checkpoint What is the purpose of a cover letter? The cover letter is used to express interest in a company and to invite interest in your resume.Its ultimate goal is to solicit an interview.The Cover Letter and Resume combined are a kind of Targeted application letter
41 ONLINE APPLICATION PROCESS Online applicationsCyber interviewingMany organizations hold screening interviews using video conferencing. Others require that you post preliminary interview responses online. These “e-interviews” may involve questions such as: “Would you rather have structure or flexibility in your work?” and “What approach do you use to solve difficult problems?”
42 Checkpoint How is the Internet used in the job application process? Job seekers may learn job seeking skills, post resumes, learn more about a company, and apply for jobs online.Employers may post positions, review resumes, and perform screening interviews online.
43 9-4 Securing a JobGoal 1 Describe activities involved in the interview process.Goal 2 Compare factors to consider when accepting a job offer.Goal 3 Identify attitudes and actions for success on the job.
44 KEY TERMS employment interview Mentor exit interview is a two-way conversation in which the interviewer learns about you and you learn about the job and the company.MentorIs an experienced employee who serves as counselor to a person with less experience.exit interviewemployer asks questions about your work, be constructive and cooperative.
45 THE INTERVIEW PROCESS Before the interview During the interview After the interview
46 BEFORE YOU INTERVIEW Obtain information about the company Plan your answers to questionsPlan questions to askSuccessful interviewing requires practice.Things to rememberBe on time for the appointmentGo alone to the interviewDress properly
47 DURING THE INTERVIEW Answer each question completely Avoid talking too muchMake good eye contactStay calmThank the interviewer
48 COMMON INTERVIEW QUESTIONS ABOUT EDUCATION AND TRAINING What qualifies you for this job?Why are you interested in this company?What activities have helped you to expand your interests and knowledge?
49 COMMON INTERVIEW QUESTIONS ABOUT WORK AND EXPERIENCE In what situations have you done your best work?Describe the supervisors who motivated you most.Which of your past accomplishments are you most proud of?Describe people with whom you have found it difficult to work.
50 COMMON INTERVIEW QUESTIONS RELATED TO PERSONAL QUALITIES What are your major strengths and weaknesses?What have you done to overcome your weaknesses?What do you plan to be doing five or ten years from now?Which individuals have had the greatest influence on you?
51 AFTER THE INTERVIEW Send a follow-up letter Evaluate your interview performanceFocus on areas that need improvementBe patient
52 Checkpoint What actions should be taken when preparing for an employment interview?An applicant should gather information about the organization, prepare questions, prepare answers to anticipated questions, arrive on time, and dress appropriately.
53 JOB OFFERS Salary and financial factors Organizational environment What employee benefits are includedOrganizational environmentLeadership style, social atmosphere, dress code, physical spaceTrainingAdvancement Potential
54 Checkpoint What factors should a person consider when accepting a job?In addition to salary, one should consider what types of benefits are offered, what kind of work environment is involved, and what opportunities for training and advancement exist.
56 JOB SUCCESS STRATEGIES Ask questionsAvoid complainingHonor the time for breaksConsider your appearanceBe on timeBe friendly with everyoneShow you are dependableFollow the rules
57 LEAVING A JOB Give notice (two weeks) Complete current projects LetterDateComplete current projectsParticipate in exit interviewThank co-workers
58 Checkpoint How does a mentor assist less experienced employees? A mentor can provide insight into how to find opportunities for promotion.He or she will have an understanding of the current demands within your company or chosen field.