Presentation on theme: "Mr. Nikolay Pomoshchnikov"— Presentation transcript:
1 Mr. Nikolay Pomoshchnikov Energy for Sustainable Development in Asia and the Pacific Challenges and OpportunitiesMr. Nikolay Pomoshchnikov
2 Total Primary Energy Supply (TPES) Energy mix for TPES by ESCAP Sub-region, 1990 and 2012Source: ESCAP APEF Portal, based on IEA statistical dataDriven by economic growth, total primary energy supply (TPES) for the Asia-Pacific region has been increasing, almost double folded in 2012, as compared to its 1990 level.Fossil fuels (coal, oil and natural gas) dominate energy supply for the Asia-Pacific region, share increased 81.5 % of TPES in 1990 and 86.9 % in 2012.
3 Production and Consumption Trends Electricity production, by resource in Asia and the Pacific in 1990, 2012 (TWh)Source: ESCAP APEF Portal, based on IEA statistical dataTotal final energy consumption grew rapidly, from sharing 39.4 % of the global final energy consumption in 1990 to 46.4% in 2012.However, per capita energy consumption in the region is more than 20% below the world average level in 2012.
4 Renewable ResourcesRenewable sources comprise 17 % of electricity mix within the regionRegion shared % of total global renewable electricity production in 1990 and % in 2012Between 1990 and 2012, primary energy supply from renewables increased from 505 Mtoe to 672 Mtoe, but the share of renewables in TPES in the Asia-Pacific region decreased from 14.1% to 9.5%Source: ESCAP, based on IEA statistical data.
5 Access to Energy in Asia-Pacific Region 14.6% of the regional population, or million people, do not have access to electricity1.9 billion people rely on traditional biomass fuels such as firewood, charcoal, animal dungs and agricultural residues for cookingSource: ESCAP APEF Portal, based on IEA WEO 2014 data.
6 Energy EfficiencyElectricity Intensity by Asia- Pacific Sub-region,Source: ESCAP APEF Portal, based on ESCAP statistical data.Energy intensity, carbon intensity and electricity intensity for the Asia-Pacific region have been decreasing due to efficiency improvement and economic restructuring.While contributing 31.0% of the global economy and 49.1% of global TPES in 2012, the Asia-Pacific region shared 53.2% of global CO2 emissions.
7 Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific UNITED NATIONSEconomic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific53 member States, 9 associate membersNorth andCentral AsiaArmeniaAzerbaijanGeorgiaKazakhstanKyrgyzstanTajikistanTurkmenistanUzbekistanEast and North-East AsiaChinaJapanDPRKRepublic of KoreaMongoliaRussian FederationSouth andSouth-West AsiaAfghanistanBangladeshBhutanIndiaIranMaldivesNepalPakistanSri LankaTurkeySouth-East AsiaBrunei DarussalamCambodiaIndonesiaLao PDRMalaysiaMyanmarPhilippinesSingaporeThailandTimor-LesteViet NamPacificAustraliaFijiKiribatiMarshall IslandsMicronesiaNauruNew ZealandPalauPapua New GuineaSamoaSolomon IslandTongaTuvaluVanuatu
8 ESCAP energy activities in Asia-Pacific UN Sustainable Energy For All initiative (SE4ALL)Asian and Pacific Energy Forum: 1st in 2013, 2nd in Ministerial Declaration and Plan of ActionAsia-Pacific Energy Portal (Annual Policy Dialogue on Energy for Sustainable DevelopmentRegional Trends Report on Energy for Sustainable DevelopmentUNECE/UNESCAP/UNEP: International Forum: Energy for Sustainable DevelopmentAsian Energy Highway Concept
9 APEF 2013: The first Asia-Pacific ministerial-level energy forum convened under the auspices of the United Nations
10 APEF Ministerial Declaration and Plan of Action 2014-2018 “Establishment of a platform for facilitating continuous dialogue and cooperation among ESCAP member and associate member States on enhanced energy security and the sustainable use of energy”
11 The Plan of Action 2014 – 2018 comprises areas of collaboration for member countries in Asia and the Pacific, as well as more specific priorities for North and Central Asia:Creation of joint information resources and knowledge sharing systems in the field of energy sector development.Strengthening existing cooperation mechanisms on energy among member States in North and Central Asia in order to better coordinate national energy policies and realize the full potential of subregional cooperation in the area of energy security and sustainable use of energy for the benefit of all participating member States.Encouraging the development and implementation of joint hydropower projects for electricity generation to facilitate grid connectivity and trade in energy.Strengthening subregional and inter-regional cooperation towards developing harmonized cross-border energy infrastructure, and supporting the continuation of bilateral and regional consultations on this matter.
12 Challenge Identification APEF IMPLEMENTATION SUPPORTMECHANISMChallenge IdentificationDATA & POLICY INFORMATION PORTALDIALOGUEANALYSIS & REPORTINGREVIEW & ASSESSMENTPOLICY FORMULATION AND IMPLEMENTATIONPOLICY INITIATIVESACTIONS
13 Asian Energy Highway (AEH) Integrated Asian Power Grids and Electricity MarketsGame Changer – Power TransmissionAdvancements in electricity transmission technology are increasing the capacity for long-distance transportation of power, improving both access to energy resources and opportunities for tradeConceptPromote regional power planning to enable efficient allocation of resourcesPromote interconnections of electricity infrastructure and harmonization between institutions to enhance trading opportunitiesEnhance resource security through diversification of power supply and a dynamic capacity to adjust to developments in generation sourcingEnable a capacity for regional load balancing and smart metering, thereby increasing efficiencies in resource consumptionPromote competitive trading power trading and pooling policies- regional electricity marketplace
20 Asian Energy Highway Integrated Asian Power Grids and Electricity Markets
21 AEH Benefits Economic Social Environmental Improved energy efficiencies in power production and trade through enhanced levels of regional integration.Optimisation of resource allocation between supply and demand centres, opening up trading opportunities and resource security alternatives.SocialImproved energy access through broader coverage and tradingEnhanced security through diversification of sourcingEnvironmentalIntegrated energy planning improves the capacity to reduce generation excesses and losses by supporting through enhanced regional load management capabilities.Improved prospects for injection of renewable energy technologies.
22 AEH - Moving ForwardPromote intergovernmental energy cooperation and planning as a means to holistically deliver both near and long-term regional energy security objectives.Develop forums for greater harmonization between regional electricity industry operators (both institutional and technical) in order to enhance integration opportunities.Encourage and foster the development of a regional energy power pooling market in order to enhance competitive trading opportunities within the region, to deliver both affordable and efficient energy resource consumption.Develop studies that identifies the socio-economic and environmental benefits of the concept with a specific focus on quantifying the economic benefits to strengthen the incentives for political commitment.
23 Asia-Pacific Energy Portal www.asiapacificenergy.org