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4 th period--Law in Society Mrs. Baker—Instructor 9.13.12.

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Presentation on theme: "4 th period--Law in Society Mrs. Baker—Instructor 9.13.12."— Presentation transcript:

1 4 th period--Law in Society Mrs. Baker—Instructor 9.13.12

2  How to determine a court’s jurisdiction  How to explain the structure of the federal court system  How to explain the role of the US Supreme Court  How to explain the structure of the state court system  How to describe the difference between a juvenile, who is unruly and delinquent.

3  The court system is broken into 2 parts  Federal court system  Hear cases involving federal matters and matters involving diversity of citizenship.  Diversity of Citizenship  cases involving citizens of different states and in which the amount of money in dispute is more than $75,000.  Admiralty cases(pertaining to the sea)  Patent and copyright cases  Bankruptcy cases  Jurisdiction—the power and authority given to a court to hear a case and make a judgment.

4  Four types of federal courts listed:  District courts have original jurisdiction over most federal court cases (hearing a case the first time it is heard).  Most cases begin in a US district court (usually both civil and criminal cases)  Court of Appeals  appellate courts/intermediate courts are courts between the lower courts and the highest courts  They hear appeals and review cases from lower courts.  Intermediate courts have appellate jurisdiction meaning that any party to a suit may appeal to the federal court of appeals.  Divided into 13 judicial circuits– with 1 district court and 1 court of appeals.  3 judges needed to make decision in a US court of appeals

5  Special courts have jurisdiction in cases including suits brought by citizens again the federal government, disagreements over taxes on imported goods and disputes between taxpayers and the IRS.  Supreme Court (9 nine justices—appointed by the President) is the highest court in the land. It hears cases involving ambassadors, consuls or other public ministers and cases in which a state is a party. It also hears cases on the constitutionality of federal law.

6 State court system— Have their own rules  Local Trial Courts have limited jurisdiction—they handle minor cases such as misdemeanors and civil cases involving small amounts of money.  Traffic courts  Police courts  Municipal courts  Juvenile courts  Family disputes  Small claims

7  General Trial Courts which has general jurisdiction and handle criminal and civil cases.  County courts  Superior courts  Court of common pleas/circuit court

8  Special courts/probate courts handle specialized cases.  Cases involving property of deceased persons  Adoptions  Domestic relations  Juvenile cases

9  Domestic relations courts  Handle divorces, annulment and dissolution (termination) proceedings

10  Juvenile Courts (special jurisdiction)  Hear cases involving delinquent, unruly, abused or neglected children up to a certain age (have not right to a trial by jury or be released on bail).  A delinquent child—a minor undera certain age (16-18 ) who has committed an adult crime.  An unruly child—a minor who has done something inappropriate that is not considered an adult crime— violating curfew, skipping school, using tobacco, etc.  A neglected or abused child—one who is homeless, destitute (poor or needy ), without adequate parental care.

11  Intermediate Appellate courts—hear cases of appeals from courts of general jurisdiction.  Heard only if the parties believe they did not have a fair trial in the lower court or the judge did not properly interpret the laws.  Supreme Courts—The highest court in most states.  Decides matters of law appealed from lower courts  Decides whether an error was made in the lower courts  Choose what cases it hears.


13 4 th period--Law in Society Mrs. Baker—Instructor 9.13.12

14  Identify/know vocabulary words  Complete Section 2.1 assessment, pg. 33 # 1-5.  Complete article critique on any current event dealing with the law, government, etc.  BOTH ASSIGNMENTS ARE DUE TODAY, 9/14/12 BOTH ASSIGNMENTS ARE DUE TODAY, 9/14/12

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