Presentation on theme: "Www.company.com Company LOGO www.company.com The Dual Court System Chapter 2.1 Federal & State Court Systems."— Presentation transcript:
Company LOGO The Dual Court System Chapter 2.1 Federal & State Court Systems
Company LOGO Terms to Know Jurisdiction - power & authority given to a court to hear a case and to make a judgement. Original Jurisdiction - power given to district courts to try a case before it goes to federal court. Appellate Jurisdiction - any party to a suit decided in a federal district court may appeal to the next highest court in the circuit where the case was tried. Chapter 2.1
Company LOGO The Federal Court System Supreme Court - highest court Appellate Court - middle court; also called intermediate courts District Court - lowest court; where trials begin. Chapter 2.1 There are 13 Circuits in the U.S. each with several District courts and 1 Appellate court All cases begin in the District Court.
Company LOGO The Federal Court System Supreme Court - highest court Chapter 2.1 Supreme Court has original jurisdiction in cases involving ambassadors, consuls, other public ministers and cases in which a state is a party. Appellate jurisdiction is it’s main function. Court must hear all cases involving the constitutionality of a federal law. The Court decides by a vote of at least 4 of 9 judges which additional cases it will hear from the U.S. court of appeals or state supreme courts.
Company LOGO The Federal Court System Appellate Court - middle court; also called intermediate courts Chapter 2.1 If a case is appealed it goes to the appellate court. There is no jury, witnesses or evidence presented in an appeal case. Appellate courts only determine whether the lower court correctly applied the law in the circumstances. Only a question of law is raised.
Company LOGO The Federal Court System Special U.S. Courts Chapter 2.1 Congress has established several special federal courts. They have special jurisdiction in certain kinds of cases. Ex: Disagreements on imported good taxation Ex: Cases involving citizens against the U.S. government Ex: Disputes with the IRS
Company LOGO The State Court System Each state can have its own court system but the following is a general pattern: Chapter 2.1 STATE COURT SYSTEM Supreme Courts Intermediate Appellate Courts Juvenile Courts Domestic Relations Courts Special Courts General Trial Courts Local Trial Courts
Company LOGO The State Court System Intermediate Appellate Courts Chapter 2.1 Hear cases of appeal from courts of general jurisdiction Similar to U.S. Appellate Court State Supreme Courts Cases can go on to U.S. Supreme Court Similar to U.S. Supreme Court
Company LOGO The State Court System Local Trial Courts Limited Jurisdiction - courts that have limited power Chapter 2.1 Handle minor matters Misdemeanors Civil actions involving small amounts of $ Petty crimes Includes: Traffic court Police Court
Company LOGO The State Court System General Trial Courts General Jurisdiction - courts that have general power and handle most cases Chapter 2.1 Also called: County Court Superior Court Court of Common pleas Circuit Court Handle: Criminal cases Civil cases
Company LOGO The State Court System Special State Courts Chapter 2.1 Domestic Relations Courts Handle divorce, annulment and dissolution proceedings. Handle distribution of property at the end of a marriage Alimony & Child support
Company LOGO The State Court System Special State Courts Chapter 2.1 Juvenile Courts Jurisdiction over delinquent, unruly, abused or neglected children up to a certain age. Procedures are less formal Juveniles do not have a right to trial by jury but proof beyond reasonable doubt must still exist to convict a juvenile. Delinquent child - a minor who has committed an adult crime. Unruly Child - a minor who has done something inappropriate (violate curfew). Neglected/Abusted Child - homeless, destitute or without adequate parental care