Presentation on theme: "Living in a Democracy This section focuses on the following concepts:"— Presentation transcript:
1 Living in a Democracy This section focuses on the following concepts: ParticipationRepresentationRights and Responsibilities
2 Living in a Democracy It can be divided into three main sections: PoliticsPressure GroupsTrade Unions
3 Living in a Democracy It can be divided into three main sections: PoliticsPressure GroupsTrade Unions
4 Politics Complete the following paragraph using the word bank below The UK is a democracy and people have the right to choose their __________ through regular elections with a choice of political ______ and free media. However, people also have a __________to act within the law and to exercise their rights by ___________ in the political process.Responsibility Representatives Parties Participating
5 Politics – What you will learn: Rights and Responsibilities in a democracyRight to voteRepresentationElecting an MP – First Past the Post systemAdvantages and Disadvantages of the First Past the Post system
6 Politics – What you will learn: Electing an MP – Additional Member SystemAdvantages and Disadvantages of the Additional Member SystemUnder-representation of women and ethnic minoritiesHow representatives help their constituents – MPs, MSPs and councillorsWays in which people can participate in politics
8 What is a democracy?This is a way of running a country where people have the right to choose who represents them.
9 What is a democracy?This is a way of running a country where people have the right to choose who represents them.This happens though regular elections, a choice of political parties and free media.
10 Different kinds of democracy In a democracy, everyone has a say in the running of the country.In direct democracies, all people in an area vote on every issue.Can you think why this would be difficult in Scotland?
11 Different kinds of democracy Can you think why this would be difficult in Scotland?Too many people would be voting all the time!It’s hard enough getting people to vote once every 4 years!What do we do instead?
12 Different kinds of democracy What do we do instead?Representative democracyThis is where people in a country elect people to speak on their behalf.
13 Rights and Responsibilities in a Democracy People have rights in a democracyHowever, people have the responsibility to act within the law and exercise their rights by taking part in the political process.
14 Questions… What does “freedom of speech” mean? Who decides who rules a country in a democracy?Should people be allowed to criticise their government? Explain your answer.Are there any people in society that are not allowed to vote? Do agree with this? Explain your answer.
16 The Right to VoteBritish citizens (except the insane and long-term prisoners) have the right to vote if they are:Over 18On the electoralregister (list of voters)
17 Responsibilities of voters Voters have the responsibility to:Use their vote wiselyAccept the outcome of an election
18 Right to Stand as a Candidate RIGHT - All British citizens over 21 have the right to stand as a candidateRESPONSIBILITY – campaign within the rules, act honestly and legally
19 Right to ProtestRIGHT – to form pressure groups and take part in meetings, demonstrations and other forms of campaigningRESPONSIBILITY – respect other people’s opinions, protest peacefully
20 Right to a Fair TrialRIGHT – To be charged within 24 hours and brought to trial within a certain amount of time. Right to be defended by a lawyer.RESPONSIBILITY – obey the law, serve on a jury if called, tell the truth to police or in court
21 Freedom of SpeechRIGHT – To criticise the government if they disagree with policies or actionsRESPONSIBILITY – not to slander (lie about) other people or to incite religious or racial hatred
22 Freedom of the MediaRIGHT – Newspapers, TV and radio have right to criticise government. Under the Freedom of Information Act the media have access to more information about the work of the governmentRESPONSIBILITY – to report facts accurately and fairly and not to libel (tell lies about) people or to incite hatred
23 Rights and Responsibilities The table lists rights people have. Fill in the responsibilities that go along with these rights.RightResponsibilityRight to voteRight to stand as a candidateRight to protestRight to a fair trialFreedom of speechFreedom of the media
24 HW - Past Paper Question Describe the rights and responsibilities that voters in Britain have.8 marksUse the PEE method:PointExplainExample