Presentation on theme: "Humanistic Psychology"— Presentation transcript:
1Humanistic Psychology Bell Work:Get all sheets from back of room
2Humanism What is Humanistic Psychology Basic Assumptions Significant TheoristsKey TermsApplicationMovement in EducationStrengthsWeaknesses
3What is Humanistic Psychology Study of Psychology that focuses on the study of the whole person.Look at behavior not only through eyes of observer, but through eyes of person.Study the meanings, understandings, and experiences involved in growing, teaching, and learningStudy how people are influenced by their self-perceptions and the personal meanings attached to their experiences.Focus on peoples responses to internal needs in shaping behavior.Humanism
4Lesson Closing Task #1 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tvySe_GFwE4 Write down three things you got from the videoWhat do you think Self-Actualization/Humanistic Psychology is all about?
5Bell Work Task #2 Read Article on Cognitive Psychology Write down 3 Strengths of HumanisticSummarize the weaknessesWhat was Maslow’s contribution to Psychology?
6Basic Assumptions 3 Really Basic Assumptions Other Universally agreed views of HumanismHumanism
73 Basic AssumptionsAn individuals behavior is primarily determined by his/her perception of the world around himPerception: Allows us to organize, interpret, and act on outside stimuli based on past experiencesIndividuals are not solely the product of their environmentIndividuals are internally directed and motivated to fulfill their human potentialHumanism
9Abraham Maslow Co-Founder of Humanistic Psychology with Carl Rogers Believed we are all biologically driven to achieve self-actualizationCame up with Hierarchy of Needs theory that is most important humanistic theory.Theorists
10Carl Rogers Co-Founder of Humanistic Psychology with Abraham Maslow Main contribution was in clinical therapy and applications of HumanismStarted Person-Centered PsychologyTheorists
11Lesson Closing Task #3 Read Article on Humanistic Psychology Especially the parts on Introduction and Carl Rogers.List some factors that distinguish Humanistic from other approaches.What did Carl Rogers do? What are some things he came up with that were important?Keep this article in folders for later!!
12Bell Work: Sit w/9 o’clocks Task #4: Copy this down and fill in the blanks!Study of Psychology that focuses on the study of the _______ person.Look at __________ not only through eyes of observer, but through eyes of person.Study the ________s, understandings, and experiences involved in growing, teaching, and learningStudy how people are influenced by their self-perceptions and the personal meanings attached to their ________.Focus on peoples responses to ______ needs in shaping behavior.wholebehaviorsmeaningexperiencesinternal
13Key Terms Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs Person-Centered Therapy Holistic Self-AwarenessIdeal SelfSelf-ActualizationSelf-FulfillmentPerson-Centered TherapyHolisticCongruenceEmpathyUnconditional Positive RegardConditional Positive RegardIncongruenceConditions for GrowthHumanism
14Lesson Closings: Day 4 and 5 Day 4: MaslowTask #5Write down three important things about Hierarchy of needsUse the article to help youThen right down 2-3 key words for each of the stages of hierarchyDay 5: PCT
15Humanistic Movement in Education Idea that students have a need to become self-actualized adults.Need classroom freedom to be creative and gain a desire to learn.Basic Objectives of Humanistic Education are to encourage students to:Be self-directed and independentTake responsibility for their learningBe creative and interested in the ArtsBe Curious about the world around themAsk Questions of things? Why, Who says, Purpose?
16Strengths Emphasizes individual choice and responsibility Satisfies most people’s idea of what being human is b/c it values personal ideas and self-fulfillmentProvides researchers w/flexible framework for observing behavior b/c it considers the person
17Weaknesses Many concepts are too vague Experiences can be taken different ways by different individualsMakes conclusions formed from experiences hard to verifyMakes research unreliableNot a true science b/c it involves too much common sense and not enough objectivity
19Hierarchy of Needs Physiological Safety Love/Belonging Esteem Basic Human needs of survival; breathing, food, water, sex, sleepSafetySecurity in lives important things: health, property, family, job, etc.Love/BelongingStrong relationships: friendship, family, sexual intimacyEsteemFeeling a sense of worth/respect: Self-esteem, confidence, respect for/by othersSelf-ActualizationHighest point of potential: Person is moral, creative, non-prejudice, accepting of truths (facts)
20PCT Definition Differences in Approach Differences in Approach Person-Centered-Therapy that uses congruence, empathy, and unconditional positive regard to develop a good relationship with a client.Differences in ApproachDidn’t follow previous perspectives ideas on patientsBasic motivating idea behind approach was that patients were active and responsible beings who participated in creating or at least in maintaining their mental illness states.Differences in ApproachPrevious thought was the psychologists regarded patients as passive, and the psychologists were the intervention or cure.Humanistic psych’s, wanted set up the conditions that would enable patients to choose to help themselves, rather than to require a doctor to administer interventionsMain approach of therapy is to move person from incongruence to congruence.Key Terms
21Person Centered Therapy PCT Founded by Carl RogersHow He approaches itMeetings w/GloriaKey Terms
22Of or relating to dealing with whole systems, not just smaller parts. HolisticOf or relating to dealing with whole systems, not just smaller parts.Key Terms
23CongruenceWhen there is a good fit between perceived self, ideal self, and real selfThe person has congruence and is able to move towards self-actualization.One of three main cogs of Roger’s PCT “machine”Key Terms
24EmpathyCapacity to recognize or understand another’s state of mind or emotionOne of three main cogs in Rogers PCT “machine”Key Terms
25Unconditional Positive Regard When one person (therapist) is completely accepting toward another person.Not just a showing of acceptance, but an attitude that is then demonstrated through behavior.One of three main cogs of Roger’s PCT “machine”Key Terms
26Self ActualizationThe need to become what one believes he/she is capable of being, realizing one’s own potentialHighest/last step on Maslow’s Hierarchy of needs.Key Terms
27Self AwarenessConcept that one exists as an individual, separate from other people, with private thoughts.May also include the understanding that other people are similarly aware of individualityKey Terms
28Self-FulfillmentAchievement of one's aspirations, hopes, etc. through one's own effortsKey Terms
29Ideal SelfPersonality we would like to be. Consists of our goals, and ambitions.Key Terms
30IncongruenceHaving a self-concept (ideal self/perceived self) and behavior that do not match one another.Makes it hard to reach self-actualizationKey Terms
31Conditional Positive Regard Positive regard rewarded based on things that society may like, not for things that make person better.Leads to people only liking themselves if they meet the standards of othersKey Terms
32Conditions for GrowthUse of congruence, empathy, and unconditional positive regard by counselor/therapist to help in therapy and give room for GROWTH towards self-actualizationKey Terms