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Humanistic Psychology Bell Work: Get all sheets from back of room.

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Presentation on theme: "Humanistic Psychology Bell Work: Get all sheets from back of room."— Presentation transcript:

1 Humanistic Psychology Bell Work: Get all sheets from back of room

2 Humanism What is Humanistic Psychology What is Humanistic Psychology What is Humanistic Psychology What is Humanistic Psychology Basic Assumptions Basic Assumptions Basic Assumptions Basic Assumptions Significant Theorists Significant Theorists Significant Theorists Significant Theorists Key Terms Key Terms Key Terms Key Terms Application Movement in Education Strengths Weaknesses

3 What is Humanistic Psychology Study of Psychology that focuses on the study of the whole person. Study of Psychology that focuses on the study of the whole person. Look at behavior not only through eyes of observer, but through eyes of person. Look at behavior not only through eyes of observer, but through eyes of person. Study the meanings, understandings, and experiences involved in growing, teaching, and learning Study the meanings, understandings, and experiences involved in growing, teaching, and learning Study how people are influenced by their self-perceptions and the personal meanings attached to their experiences. Study how people are influenced by their self-perceptions and the personal meanings attached to their experiences. Focus on peoples responses to internal needs in shaping behavior. Focus on peoples responses to internal needs in shaping behavior. Humanism

4 Lesson Closing Task #1 Task #1 Write down three things you got from the video Write down three things you got from the video What do you think Self-Actualization/Humanistic Psychology is all about? What do you think Self-Actualization/Humanistic Psychology is all about?

5 Bell Work Task #2 Task #2 Read Article on Cognitive Psychology Read Article on Cognitive Psychology gy/a/hist_humanistic.htm gy/a/hist_humanistic.htm gy/a/hist_humanistic.htm gy/a/hist_humanistic.htm Write down 3 Strengths of Humanistic Write down 3 Strengths of Humanistic Summarize the weaknesses Summarize the weaknesses What was Maslow’s contribution to Psychology? What was Maslow’s contribution to Psychology?

6 Basic Assumptions 3 Really Basic Assumptions 3 Really Basic Assumptions 3 Really Basic Assumptions 3 Really Basic Assumptions Other Universally agreed views of Humanism Other Universally agreed views of Humanism Humanism

7 3 Basic Assumptions An individuals behavior is primarily determined by his/her perception of the world around him An individuals behavior is primarily determined by his/her perception of the world around him Perception: Allows us to organize, interpret, and act on outside stimuli based on past experiences Perception: Allows us to organize, interpret, and act on outside stimuli based on past experiences Individuals are not solely the product of their environment Individuals are not solely the product of their environment Individuals are internally directed and motivated to fulfill their human potential Individuals are internally directed and motivated to fulfill their human potential Humanism

8 Key Theorists Abraham Maslow Abraham Maslow Abraham Maslow Abraham Maslow Carl Rogers Carl Rogers Carl Rogers Carl Rogers Humanism

9 Abraham Maslow Co-Founder of Humanistic Psychology with Carl Rogers Co-Founder of Humanistic Psychology with Carl Rogers Believed we are all biologically driven to achieve self- actualization Believed we are all biologically driven to achieve self- actualization Came up with Hierarchy of Needs theory that is most important humanistic theory. Came up with Hierarchy of Needs theory that is most important humanistic theory. v=gi9lGv1jJv8 v=gi9lGv1jJv8 v=gi9lGv1jJv8 v=gi9lGv1jJv8 Theorists

10 Carl Rogers Co-Founder of Humanistic Psychology with Abraham Maslow Co-Founder of Humanistic Psychology with Abraham Maslow Main contribution was in clinical therapy and applications of Humanism Main contribution was in clinical therapy and applications of Humanism Started Person-Centered Psychology Started Person-Centered Psychology Theorists

11 Lesson Closing Task #3 Task #3 Read Article on Humanistic Psychology Read Article on Humanistic Psychology Especially the parts on Introduction and Carl Rogers. Especially the parts on Introduction and Carl Rogers. List some factors that distinguish Humanistic from other approaches. List some factors that distinguish Humanistic from other approaches. What did Carl Rogers do? What are some things he came up with that were important? What did Carl Rogers do? What are some things he came up with that were important? Keep this article in folders for later!! Keep this article in folders for later!!

12 Bell Work: Sit w/9 o’clocks Task #4: Copy this down and fill in the blanks! Study of Psychology that focuses on the study of the _______ person. Study of Psychology that focuses on the study of the _______ person. Look at __________ not only through eyes of observer, but through eyes of person. Look at __________ not only through eyes of observer, but through eyes of person. Study the ________s, understandings, and experiences involved in growing, teaching, and learning Study the ________s, understandings, and experiences involved in growing, teaching, and learning Study how people are influenced by their self-perceptions and the personal meanings attached to their ________. Study how people are influenced by their self-perceptions and the personal meanings attached to their ________. Focus on peoples responses to ______ needs in shaping behavior. Focus on peoples responses to ______ needs in shaping behavior. whole behaviors meaning experiences internal

13 Key Terms Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs Self-Awareness Self-Awareness Self-Awareness Ideal Self Ideal Self Ideal Self Ideal Self Self-Actualization Self-Actualization Self-Actualization Self-Fulfillment Self-Fulfillment Self-Fulfillment Person-Centered Therapy Person-Centered Therapy Holistic Congruence Empathy Unconditional Positive Regard Unconditional Positive Regard Conditional Positive Regard Conditional Positive Regard Incongruence Conditions for Growth Conditions for Growth Humanism

14 Lesson Closings: Day 4 and 5 Day 4: Maslow Day 4: Maslow Task #5 Task #5 Write down three important things about Hierarchy of needs Write down three important things about Hierarchy of needs Use the article to help you Use the article to help you Then right down 2-3 key words for each of the stages of hierarchy Then right down 2-3 key words for each of the stages of hierarchy Day 5: PCT

15 Humanistic Movement in Education Idea that students have a need to become self- actualized adults. Idea that students have a need to become self- actualized adults. Need classroom freedom to be creative and gain a desire to learn. Need classroom freedom to be creative and gain a desire to learn. Basic Objectives of Humanistic Education are to encourage students to: Basic Objectives of Humanistic Education are to encourage students to: Be self-directed and independent Be self-directed and independent Take responsibility for their learning Take responsibility for their learning Be creative and interested in the Arts Be creative and interested in the Arts Be Curious about the world around them Be Curious about the world around them Ask Questions of things? Why, Who says, Purpose? Ask Questions of things? Why, Who says, Purpose?

16 Strengths Emphasizes individual choice and responsibility Emphasizes individual choice and responsibility Satisfies most people’s idea of what being human is b/c it values personal ideas and self- fulfillment Satisfies most people’s idea of what being human is b/c it values personal ideas and self- fulfillment Provides researchers w/flexible framework for observing behavior b/c it considers the person Provides researchers w/flexible framework for observing behavior b/c it considers the person

17 Weaknesses Many concepts are too vague Many concepts are too vague Experiences can be taken different ways by different individuals Experiences can be taken different ways by different individuals Makes conclusions formed from experiences hard to verify Makes conclusions formed from experiences hard to verify Makes research unreliable Makes research unreliable Not a true science b/c it involves too much common sense and not enough objectivity Not a true science b/c it involves too much common sense and not enough objectivity

18 Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs

19 Hierarchy of Needs Physiological Physiological Basic Human needs of survival; breathing, food, water, sex, sleep Basic Human needs of survival; breathing, food, water, sex, sleep Safety Safety Security in lives important things: health, property, family, job, etc. Security in lives important things: health, property, family, job, etc. Love/Belonging Love/Belonging Strong relationships: friendship, family, sexual intimacy Strong relationships: friendship, family, sexual intimacy Esteem Esteem Feeling a sense of worth/respect: Self-esteem, confidence, respect for/by others Feeling a sense of worth/respect: Self-esteem, confidence, respect for/by others Self-Actualization Self-Actualization Highest point of potential: Person is moral, creative, non-prejudice, accepting of truths (facts) Highest point of potential: Person is moral, creative, non-prejudice, accepting of truths (facts)

20 PCT Definition Definition Person-Centered-Therapy that uses congruence, empathy, and unconditional positive regard to develop a good relationship with a client. Person-Centered-Therapy that uses congruence, empathy, and unconditional positive regard to develop a good relationship with a client. Differences in Approach Differences in Approach Didn’t follow previous perspectives ideas on patients Didn’t follow previous perspectives ideas on patients Basic motivating idea behind approach was that patients were active and responsible beings who participated in creating or at least in maintaining their mental illness states. Basic motivating idea behind approach was that patients were active and responsible beings who participated in creating or at least in maintaining their mental illness states. Differences in Approach Previous thought was the psychologists regarded patients as passive, and the psychologists were the intervention or cure. Humanistic psych’s, wanted set up the conditions that would enable patients to choose to help themselves, rather than to require a doctor to administer interventions Main approach of therapy is to move person from incongruence to congruence. Key Terms

21 Person Centered Therapy PCT Founded by Carl Rogers Founded by Carl Rogers How He approaches it How He approaches it Meetings w/Gloria Meetings w/Gloria Key Terms

22 Holistic Of or relating to dealing with whole systems, not just smaller parts. Key Terms

23 Congruence When there is a good fit between perceived self, ideal self, and real self The person has congruence and is able to move towards self-actualization. One of three main cogs of Roger’s PCT “machine” One of three main cogs of Roger’s PCT “machine” Key Terms

24 Empathy Capacity to recognize or understand another’s state of mind or emotion Capacity to recognize or understand another’s state of mind or emotion One of three main cogs in Rogers PCT “machine” One of three main cogs in Rogers PCT “machine” Key Terms

25 Unconditional Positive Regard When one person (therapist) is completely accepting toward another person. When one person (therapist) is completely accepting toward another person. Not just a showing of acceptance, but an attitude that is then demonstrated through behavior. Not just a showing of acceptance, but an attitude that is then demonstrated through behavior. One of three main cogs of Roger’s PCT “machine” One of three main cogs of Roger’s PCT “machine” Key Terms

26 Self Actualization The need to become what one believes he/she is capable of being, realizing one’s own potential The need to become what one believes he/she is capable of being, realizing one’s own potential Highest/last step on Maslow’s Hierarchy of needs. Highest/last step on Maslow’s Hierarchy of needs. Key Terms

27 Self Awareness Concept that one exists as an individual, separate from other people, with private thoughts. Concept that one exists as an individual, separate from other people, with private thoughts. May also include the understanding that other people are similarly aware of individuality May also include the understanding that other people are similarly aware of individuality Key Terms

28 Self-Fulfillment Achievement of one's aspirations, hopes, etc. through one's own efforts Achievement of one's aspirations, hopes, etc. through one's own efforts Key Terms

29 Ideal Self Personality we would like to be. Consists of our goals, and ambitions. Personality we would like to be. Consists of our goals, and ambitions. Key Terms

30 Incongruence Having a self-concept (ideal self/perceived self) and behavior that do not match one another. Makes it hard to reach self-actualization Key Terms

31 Conditional Positive Regard Positive regard rewarded based on things that society may like, not for things that make person better. Positive regard rewarded based on things that society may like, not for things that make person better. Leads to people only liking themselves if they meet the standards of others Leads to people only liking themselves if they meet the standards of others Key Terms

32 Conditions for Growth Use of congruence, empathy, and unconditional positive regard by counselor/therapist to help in therapy and give room for GROWTH towards self-actualization Key Terms


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