Presentation on theme: "Millennium Development Goals"— Presentation transcript:
1 Millennium Development Goals The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) are eight international development goals that were officially established following the Millennium Summit of the United Nations in 2000, following the adoption of the United Nations Millennium Declaration. All 189 United Nations member states and at least 23 international organizations have agreed to achieve these goals by the year 2015.
2 The 8th Millenium GoalsTarget 3A: Eliminate gender disparity in primary and secondary education preferably by 2005, and at all levels by 2015Ratios of girls to boys in primary, secondary and tertiary educationShare of women in wage employment in the non-agricultural sector
3 Proportion of seats held by women in national parliament For girls in some regions, education remains elusivePoverty is a major barrier to education, especially among older girlsIn every developing region except the CIS, men outnumber women in paid employmentWomen are largely relegated to more vulnerable forms of employment
4 Goal 1: Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger Target 1A: Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people living on less than $1.25 a dayProportion of population below $1.25 per day (PPP values)Poverty gap ratio [incidence x depth of poverty]Share of poorest quintile in national consumption
5 Target 1B: Achieve Decent Employment for Women, Men, and Young People GDP Growth per Employed PersonEmployment RateProportion of employed population below $1.25 per day (PPP values)Proportion of family-based workers in employed population
6 Goal 2: Achieve universal primary education Target 2A: By 2015, all children can complete a full course of primary schooling, girls and boysEnrollment in primary educationCompletion of primary education
7 Goal 3: Promote gender equality and empower women Target 3A: Eliminate gender disparity in primary and secondary education preferably by 2005, and at all levels by 2015Ratios of girls to boys in primary, secondary and tertiary educationFor girls in some regions, education remains elusive
8 Poverty is a major barrier to education, especially among older girls In every developing region except the CIS, men outnumber women in paid employmentWomen are largely relegated to more vulnerable forms of employmentWomen are over-represented in informal employment, with its lack of benefits and security
9 Goal 4: Reduce child mortality rates Target 4A: Reduce by two-thirds, between 1990 and 2015, the under-five mortality rateUnder-five mortality rateInfant (under 1) mortality rateProportion of 1-year-old children immunized against measles
10 Goal 5: Improve maternal health Target 5A: Reduce by three quarters, between 1990 and 2015, the maternal mortality ratioProportion of births attended by skilled health personnelTarget 5B: Achieve, by 2015, universal access to reproductive healthContraceptive prevalence rateAdolescent birth rate
11 Goal 6: Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases Target 6A: Have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDSHIV prevalence among population aged 15–24 yearsTarget 6B: Achieve, by 2010, universal access to treatment for HIV/AIDS for all those who need it
12 Goal 7: Ensure environmental sustainability Target 7B: Reduce biodiversity loss, achieving, by 2010, a significant reduction in the rate of lossProportion of land area covered by forestConsumption of ozone-depleting substancesProportion of fish stocks within safe biological limitsProportion of total water resources used
13 Goal 8: Develop a global partnership for development Target 8A: Develop further an open, rule-based, predictable, non-discriminatory trading and financial systemIncludes a commitment to good governance, development, and poverty reduction – both nationally and internationallyTarget 8B: Address the Special Needs of the Least Developed Countries (LDCs)
14 Goal 8: Develop a global partnership for development Target 6C: Have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the incidence of malaria and other major diseasesPrevalence and death rates associated with malariaProportion of children under 5 sleeping under insecticide-treated bednetsIncidence, prevalence and death rates associated with tuberculosis
15 ImprovementsTo meet the challenge of overcoming global health inequalities and make foreign aid more effective in attaining the MillenniumDevelopment Goals, more health services are suggested to be provided to the developing countries.