3 Culture Material Culture Nonmaterial Culture Shared products of human groups. These products include both physical objects and the beliefs, values, and behaviors shared by the group.Material CulturePhysical objects created by human groups. Also called artifacts.Nonmaterial CultureAbstract human creations, such as language, ideas, beliefs, rules, skills, family patterns, work practices, and political and economic systems.
4 SocietyGroup of mutually interdependent people who have organized in such a way as to share a common culture and have a feeling of unity.
5 The Components of Culture TechnologyKnowledge and tools people use for practical purposes.SymbolsAnything that stands for something else and has a shared meaning attached to it.LanguageOrganization of written and spoken symbols into as standardized system.ValuesShared beliefs about what is good or bad, right or wrong, desirable or undesirable.NormsShared rules of conduct that tell people how to act in specific situations.Symbols: language, gestures, images, sounds, physical objects, events, and elements of the natural world can serve as symbols as long as people recognize that they convey a particular meaning.
6 Folkways Mores (More Ayz) Laws Norms that do not have great moral significance attached to them—the common customs of everyday life.Mores (More Ayz)Norms that have great moral significance attached to them.LawsWritten rules of conduct that are enacted and enforced by the government. By definition, the violation of these norms is considered a criminal act.
7 Culture trait Culture complexes Culture patterns Individual tool, act, or belief that is related to a particular situation or need.Culture complexesCluster of interrelated culture traits.Culture patternsCombination of a number of culture complexes into an interrelated whole.
8 Ethnocentrism Cultural relativism Tendency to view one’s own culture and group as superior to all other cultures and groups.Cultural relativismBelief that cultures should be judged by their own standards.
9 Subculture Counterculture Narcissism Group with its own unique values, norms, and behaviors that exists within a larger culture.CountercultureGroup that rejects the values, norms, and practices of the larger society and replaces them with a new set of cultural patterns.NarcissismExtreme self-centeredness